Cranfield University is a British postgraduatepublicresearch university specialising in science, engineering, design, technology and management. Cranfield was founded as the College of Aeronautics (CoA) in 1946. Through the 1950s and 1960s, the development of aircraft research led to growth and diversification into other areas such as manufacturing and management, and in 1967, to the founding of the Cranfield School of Management. In 1969, the College of Aeronautics was renamed the Cranfield Institute of Technology, was incorporated by royal charter, gained degree awarding powers, and became a university. In 1993, it adopted its current name.
Cranfield University was formed in 1946 as the College of Aeronautics, on the then Royal Air Force base of RAF Cranfield. A major role was played in the development of the college by Roxbee Cox, later Lord Kings Norton, who was appointed to be the first governor of the college in 1945 and then served as vice-chair and (from 1962) chair of the board. He led the drive for the college to diversify, with the Cranfield University School of Management being established in 1967, and petitioned successfully for a royal charter and degree awarding powers. When these were granted in 1969, he became the first chancellor of the Cranfield Institute of Technology, serving until 1997.
Cranfield Institute of Technology (1969–1993)
The Cranfield Institute of Technology was incorporated by royal charter in 1969, giving the institution its own degree-awarding powers and making it a full university in its own right.
In 1993 the institution's Royal Charter was amended changing its name to Cranfield University. A decade later in 2003, Cranfield became wholly postgraduate and the Shrivenham site admitted its last undergraduates.
In 2009 Silsoe College was closed and its activities were relocated to the main campus at Cranfield.
Location and campus
Location of Cranfield and Shrivenham campuses in England
Cranfield University Library
Cranfield campus is approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of central London and adjacent to the village of Cranfield, Bedfordshire. The nearest large towns are Milton Keynes and Bedford, the centres of which are both about 8 miles (13 km) away. Cambridge is about 30 miles (48 km) east.
Shrivenham is about 73 miles (117 km) west of London, adjacent to Shrivenham village, 7 miles (11 km) from the centre of the nearest town, Swindon, and around 23 miles (37 km) from Oxford.
There are a number of companies located on the Cranfield University Technology Park ranging from large international companies to small start-ups. Major companies on the park include:
The Nissan Technical Centre Europe, which designs and develops cars for the European market. The NTC Europe facility occupies 19,700 square metres (0.0076 square miles) of the Technology Park, representing an investment of £46m by Nissan.
Innovation Centre: the Technology Park is also the location for a large number of smaller companies.
Prior to 2016:
Trafficmaster plc occupied a 10-acre (40,000 m2) site for its European Headquarters. A leading company in telematics, Trafficmaster's advanced technology enables cars and roads to be used more efficiently.
Cranfield University is the academic partner in project with Milton Keynes Council to establish a new university, code-named MK:U, in nearby Milton Keynes. The plan anticipates opening by 2023, with a campus in Central Milton Keynes. In January 2019, the partners announced an international competition to design a new campus near the Central railway station. In May 2019, Santander Bank announced a 'seed funding' grant of £30 million to help with building and initial running costs. On 4 July 2019, the shortlisted proposals for the campus were announced. On 30 July 2019, the evaluation panel announced that Hopkins Architects had produced the winning design.
As of January 2022[update], the project is stalled pending assurance of government funding.
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Coat of arms
Coat of arms of Cranfield University
On a wreath Argent and Gules, out of an Astral Crown Azure in front of an owl wings displayed Argent two keys addorsed wards upwards Or.
Per chevron barry undy Or and Azure and Azure in base a torch of three branches Or inflamed Proper.
On either side a crane Proper, pendant from the neck of each a Crown Rayonnée Or; the whole on a Compartment composed of a marshy bank with reeds Proper.
'Post Nubes Lux'
The university's coat of arms reflects a number of key aspects of its heritage. The ‘bars undy wavy’ in chief of the shield are intended in combination with the cranes to allude to the University's name, Cranfield, which etymologically derives from ‘cranuc-feld’, meaning a field frequented by Cranes. The three-branched torch in the base refers to learning and knowledge in the sciences of Engineering, Technology and Management.
In the crest, the astral crown alludes to the College of Aeronautics and also commemorates The Lord Kings Norton as Chancellor, having regard to his contribution to the development of aeronautical research and his links with the College. The keys are intended to signify the gaining of knowledge by study and instruction and the owl, with its wings expanded, may also be taken to represent knowledge in the widest sense.
In the badge, the significance of the keys has already been alluded to and the crown rayonny refers both to the Royal Charter under which Cranfield came into being and, by the finials being composed of the rays of the sun, to energy and its application through engineering and technological skills to industry, commerce and public life.
The chain which surrounds the badge shows the link between the various disciplines to be studied at the University and in itself also refers to engineering where it plays so many parts.
The compartment upon which the cranes stand represents the area of riverside where cranes are likely to be found, this being of course in reference also to the name ‘Cranfield’.
The university's motto, post nubes lux, means 'after clouds light'. It is depicted on the university coat of arms which was introduced when the university was awarded its royal charter.
Cranfield University's specialist areas of focus, or Cranfield themes, aims to bring a range of academic disciplines together in order to tackle the grand challenges facing the world within a range of industrial and commercial sectors. These are Water, Agrifood, Energy and Power, Aerospace, Manufacturing, Transport Systems, Defence and Security and Business/Management.
Within Cranfield University's postgraduate environment, the academic disciplines work closely together, blending as they do in the commercial world and industry to deliver real world solutions.
Agriculture and agrifood
Applied Artificial Intelligence
Automation and control systems
Business and management
Design and innovation
Ecology and sustainability
Economics and finance
Electrical and electronic engineering
Energy and power
Instruments and instrumentation
Design and innovation
Materials sciences and engineering
Mathematics and statistics
Meteorology and atmospheric sciences
Plant and soil science
Safety and Accident Investigation
Transportation science and technology
Reputation and rankings
As an exclusively postgraduate university, Cranfield University is excluded from the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, The Times World Rankings, The Complete University Guide and The Guardian, which focuses on helping prospective undergraduate students to compare universities. As the university is postgraduate, direct comparison with undergraduate institutions is difficult. Some key facts and figures are:
Cranfield University is in the top 1% of institutions in the world for alumni who hold CEO positions at the world's top companies, according to the Centre for World University Rankings, 2017.
Cranfield School of Management's full-time one-year MBA programme was named 7th in the world and 1st in the UK and its MSc in Finance and Management was named 6th in the world and 2nd in the UK by the Times Higher Education/Wall Street Journal in 2018.
Cranfield University ranked 27th in the world and 5th in the UK for mechanical, aeronautical and manufacturing engineering in the 2022 QS World University Rankings.
Cranfield University is ranked 9th in UK in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) for Aeronautical, Mechanical, Chemical and Manufacturing engineering. It is ranked 2nd in terms of Research Power, and 6th in terms of research Output Quality with 81% achieving 3*-4* research activity.
Cranfield has received the Queen's Anniversary Prize six times: in 2005 for Further and Higher Education for the Fellowship in Manufacturing Management (FMM) programme; in 2007 for its role in humanitarian demining; in 2011 for contribution to aviation safety through research and training in accident investigation; in 2015 for its work in water and sanitation; in 2017 for its research and education in large-scale soil and environmental data for the sustainable use of natural resources. and in 2019 for the work of the National Flying Laboratory Centre;
Students on Cranfield's Global Security programme were awarded the Imbert Prize in 2006, 2008 and 2009 for the development of ideas for the advancement of risk and security management in the UK.
In 2015/16, 49% of Cranfield University's students were from the United Kingdom, 25% from Europe and 26% from the rest of the world. Cranfield University's student to staff ratio is 5:1, second among all UK universities.
More than half of Cranfield University's students are over 30 years of age.
Cranfield University has links with more than 130 universities in the Americas, Asia and Oceania, Europe, Middle East and Africa. The university collaborates with the Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS) on SUSS's BEng Aerospace Systems.
The IMRC – Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre at Cranfield University is a project funded by the EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) undertaking research that addresses issues identified in the UK government's High Value Manufacturing strategy.
Cranfield University Student Accommodation
Facilities at the Cranfield University campus include a sports centre, which incorporates a fitness centre and aerobics studio, playing fields, sports pitches and several tennis courts. On campus there are two small shops, one run by the CSA and one by Budgens. There are a limited range of eateries open during mealtimes, two Costa Coffee outlets, and one bar, also run by the CSA, which is open intermittently Monday to Friday.
Cranfield Students Association (CSA) is the students' union and runs the main student bar, cafe and shop on the Cranfield campus. It is based in building 114 close to the centre of the campus.
The CSA is run by a team of elected students and supported by a small team of staff. The aim of the CSA is to support and represent Cranfield University students, promote student welfare and organise social, cultural and sporting activities.
At the Cranfield University campus there are a wide range of accommodation options for full-time students, from halls of residence to shared houses, apartments for couples and houses for families.
For part-time students, there are two options available – the 186-room Cranfield Management Development Centre and the 114-room Mitchell Hall, both of which are situated on campus.
This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they merit inclusion in this article AND are alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (April 2019)
Cranfield University has a number of notable academic staff and alumni, including politicians, business people, entrepreneurs, engineers, scientists, authors, and TV personalities.
Cranfield University is in the top 1% of institutions in the world for alumni who hold CEO positions at the world's top companies according to the Centre for World University Rankings, 2017.
^ abc"Cranfield College of Aeronautics history". Cranfield University. n.d. p. 1. Archived from the original on 9 July 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2017. The institution ... was granted university status in 1969 becoming the Cranfield Institute of Technology and it changed its name to Cranfield University in 1993
^Parsons, Alexander (7 July 2017). "Torrens Building". Adelaidia. Retrieved 15 November 2019. This entry was first published in S.A.'s Greats: The men and women of the North Terrace plaques, edited by John Healey (Historical Society of South Australia Inc., 2001).