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This article refers to the situation of crime in the U.S. state of New York.

In 2012, there were 451,142 crimes reported in the state of New York, including 686 murders. In 2014, 409,386 crimes were reported in the state, including 616 murders.[1]

Crime in Yonkers

In 2000 The New York Times reported that there were at least 30 street gangs operating in Yonkers. Mexican immigrants have contributed to the rise of Mexican gangs in Yonkers. The largest Mexican gangs operating in Yonkers in 2000 were Chicano Nation, Aztec Pride, Vatos Locos and 13 Locos. A district attorney for Westchester County attributed the high levels of gang activity to strict law enforcement practices within the city limits of New York City. Gang units collected intelligence on gangs by photographing gang tags and passing the data on to graffiti cleanup crews.[2]

22 gang members were charged with narcotics and firearms offenses in 2012 in three federal indictments in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. United States v. Mark David et al charged the gang with intent to distribute crack cocaine and marijuana, and firearms charges related to that offense.[3][4] In 2016 the United States Department of Justice announced that Da'quan Johnson had been sentenced to 30 years for murder, racketeering and narcotics crimes that he committed as a member of street gang based in Yonkers.[5]

Gang violence was the source of over half the shootings in Yonkers in 2020. Shootings were up 60% in 2020 compared with the previous year, and gang related shootings were up 30%.[6] Mayor Mike Spano and the Yonkers Police Department announced that the rise of gang violence would be met with increased surveillance, law enforcement and collaboration with federal officials.[7]

Crime in New York City

Main article: Crime in New York City

In 2007, New York City had 494 reported homicides, down from 596 homicides in 2006. This marked the first year since 1963 (when crime statistics were starting to be published) that this total was fewer than 500.[8]

In 2008, there were 523 reported murders, a 5.2% rise from the previous year.[9]

In 2012, there were just 419 murders, an 18.6% decline from the previous year.[1] In 2014, there were 333 murders in New York City.[1]

Starting in 2005, New York City achieved the lowest crime rate among the ten largest cities in the United States.[10] Since 1991, the city has seen a continuous fifteen-year trend of decreasing crime. Neighborhoods that were once considered dangerous are now much safer.[11]

Violent crime in the city has dropped by three quarters in the twelve years ending in 2005, with the murder rate at its lowest then level since 1963 with 539 murders that year, for a murder rate of 6.58 per 100,000 people, compared to 2,245 murders in 1990. In 2009, the low would be displaced. Among the 182 U.S. cities with populations of more than 100,000, New York City ranked 136th in overall crime.[11]

Policing

Further information: List of law enforcement agencies in New York

In 2008, the state of New York had 514 state and local law enforcement agencies.[12] Those agencies employed a total of 95,105 staff.[12] Of the total staff, 66,472 were sworn officers (defined as those with general arrest powers).[12]

In 2008, New York had 341 police officers per 100,000 residents.[12]

Capital punishment laws

Main article: Capital punishment in New York

Capital punishment is not applied in this state.,[13] but in the past it was. The last execution took place in 1963, when Eddie Mays was electrocuted at Sing Sing Prison. The state was the first to adopt the electric chair as a method of execution, which replaced hanging. Following the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling declaring existing capital punishment statutes unconstitutional in Furman v. Georgia (1972), New York was without a death penalty until 1995, when then-Governor George Pataki signed a new statute into law, which provided for execution by lethal injection. In June 2004, the state's highest court ruled in People v. LaValle that the state's death penalty statute violated the state constitution,[14]

Human trafficking

Main article: Human trafficking in New York

New York has one of the highest rates of human trafficking in the country, partially due to its large immigrant population and status as a major port of entry. According to a 2011 Department of State report, New York, together with California, Texas, and Oklahoma, has the largest concentrations of survivors of human trafficking.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c http://www.criminaljustice.ny.gov/crimnet/ojsa/indexcrimes/Regions.pdf
  2. ^ O'Connor, James (April 30, 2000). "Special Unit Quells Gangs in Yonkers". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Manhattan U.S. Attorney Charges 22 Members of Violent Yonkers Gang with Narcotics Trafficking and Firearms Offenses". June 26, 2012.
  4. ^ "Strip Boyz Indictments" (PDF). Department of Justice. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Yonkers Gang Leader Sentenced To 30 Years In Prison For Murder, Racketeering, And Narcotics Crimes". DOJ. May 23, 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Yonkers Launches New Program To Keep Children From Getting Lured Into Gang-Related Crime". CBS. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Yonkers unveils anti-gang initiative amid spike in violence, shootings". ABC. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  8. ^ Hauser, Christine (January 1, 2008). "Fewer Killings in 2007, but Still Felt in City's Streets". The New York Times. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
  9. ^ New York Police Department CompStat report Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine for week ending June 14, 2009. Retrieved June 21, 2009
  10. ^ Zeranski, Todd (2006-06-12). "NYC Is Safest City as Crime Rises in U.S., FBI Say". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2006-10-30.
  11. ^ a b Zeranski, Todd. "How Safe is New York City?".
  12. ^ a b c d "U.S. Department of Justice, Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008, p.15" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
  13. ^ http://www.religioustolerance.org/execut3.htm
  14. ^ Glaberson, William. "4-3 Ruling Effectively Halts Death Penalty in New York". New York State's highest court ruled yesterday that a central provision of the state's capital punishment law violated the State Constitution.
  15. ^ Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States (PDF), Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley, September 2004, ISBN 0-9760677-0-6, archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-30 (archived from the original on 2007-08-30)