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New York's legislature constitutional set up is similar to other states in the country. It is a bicameral legislature composed of a Senate house and an Assembly. The Assembly Speaker of the House, Hon. Carl E. Heastie and Senate Majority Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins along with the Governor (Kathy Hochul) are responsible for negotiating what becomes law in New York State with the help of each leaders colleagues (assemblymembers, senators, committees).[1]

Politics of New York have evolved over time. The Democratic Party dominates politics in the state, with the Democrats representing a plurality of voters in New York State, constituting over twice as many registered voters as any other political party affiliation or lack thereof.[2] Democrats control all levels of state and local government, holding all state-level elected offices.

Current issues

For a long time, same-sex marriages were not allowed in New York, but those marriages from other jurisdictions were recognized. In May 2008, Governor David Paterson issued an affirmation that the state would recognize same-sex marriages performed elsewhere. In December 2009, the senate declined to pass a same-sex marriage bill, though polling earlier that year had indicated that a majority of New Yorkers supported same-sex marriages.[3][4] Since 2004, the public pension systems of both the state and New York City allocate benefits in recognition of same-sex marriages performed outside New York. Former Governor Eliot Spitzer stated he would introduce legislation to legalize same-sex marriage. On April 27, 2007 then-Governor Spitzer unveiled such a bill. Same-sex marriage was legalized in June 2011.[5]

From 1984 through 2004, no budget was passed on time. The state has a strong imbalance of payments with the federal government. New York State receives 82 cents in services for every $1 it sends to Washington in taxes. The state ranks near the bottom, in 42nd place, in federal spending per tax dollar. For decades, it has been the established practice for the state to pass legislation for some meritorious project, but then mandate county and municipal government to actually pay for it. New York State has its counties pay a higher percentage of welfare costs than any other state, and New York State is the only state which requires counties to pay a portion of Medicaid.[citation needed]

Presidential election results
Year Democratic Republican
1952 43.6% 3,104,601 55.5% 3,952,815
1956 38.8% 2,750,769 61.2% 4,340,340
1960 52.5% 3,830,085 47.3% 3,446,419
1964 68.6% 4,913,156 31.3% 2,243,559
1968 49.8% 3,378,470 44.3% 3,007,932
1972 41.2% 2,951,084 58.5% 4,192,778
1976 51.9% 3,389,558 47.5% 3,100,791
1980 44.0% 2,728,372 46.7% 2,893,831
1984 45.8% 3,119,609 53.8% 3,664,763
1988 51.6% 3,347,882 47.5% 3,081,871
1992 49.7% 3,444,450 33.9% 2,346,649
1996 59.5% 3,756,177 30.6% 1,933,492
2000 60.2% 4,113,791 35.2% 2,405,676
2004 58.4% 4,314,280 40.1% 2,962,567
2008 62.9% 4,804,945 36.0% 2,752,771
2012 63.4% 4,485,877 35.2% 2,490,496
2016 59.0% 4,556,142 36.5% 2,819,557
2020 60.8% 5,244,006 37.7% 3,250,230

Voter registration

Voter registration as of February 21, 2021[6]
Party Total voters Percentage
Democratic 6,748,493 50.38%
Unaffiliated 3,015,340 22.51%
Republican 2,914,677 21.76%
Conservative 162,330 1.21%
Working Families 48,207 0.36%
Minor parties 504,988 3.77%
Total 13,394,027 100%

See also



  1. ^ Creelan, Jeremy (February 18, 2019). "The New York State Legislative Process: An Evaluation and Blueprint for Reform" (PDF). Brenan For Justice at NYU School of Law.
  2. ^ NYSVoter Enrollment by County, Party Affiliation and Status Archived July 30, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Accessed April 30, 2016.
  3. ^ Bases, Daniel (June 23, 2009). "New Yorkers supportive of gay marriage: poll". Reuters.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Wiessner, Dan (June 25, 2011). "New York governor signs law approving gay marriage". Reuters.
  6. ^ "Enrollment by County | New York State Board of Elections". Retrieved 8 April 2021.

Further reading