Dhofar Mountains
Salalah Oman.jpg
The area of Salalah during the annual Khareef season
Highest point
Coordinates17°06′N 54°00′E / 17.1°N 54.0°E / 17.1; 54.0Coordinates: 17°06′N 54°00′E / 17.1°N 54.0°E / 17.1; 54.0
Native nameجِبَال ظُفَار  (Arabic)
Dhofar Mountains is located in Oman
Dhofar Mountains
Dhofar Mountains
Dhofar Mountains is located in Middle East
Dhofar Mountains
Dhofar Mountains
Dhofar Mountains is located in Asia
Dhofar Mountains
Dhofar Mountains
Country Oman

The Dhofar Mountains (Arabic: جِبَال ظُفَار, romanizedJibāl Ẓufār) are a mountain range in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. In a broad sense, they extend from Dhofar Governorate in Oman to Hadhramaut Governorate in Yemen, and are located between the Hajar in the northern part of Oman, and the Sarawat in the western part of Yemen.[1] Otherwise, the range in the eastern part of Yemen, particularly near Mukalla, is referred to as the "Hadhramaut"[2] or "Mahrat".[1]


See also: Geology of Oman

The rugged landscape outside Salalah, outside the Kharīf season
The rugged landscape outside Salalah, outside the Kharīf season

Al-Qara Mountains (Arabic: جِبَال ٱلْقَارَة, romanizedJibāl Al-Qārah) are a subrange of the Dhofar,[1] Jabal Al-Qamar (Arabic: جَبَل ٱلْقَمَر) and Jabal Samhan are part of this range,[3][4] The latter is the highest point at about 2,100 m (6,900 ft).[5]


See also: Wildlife of Oman and Ischnocolus vanandelae

The Arabian leopard thrives here, particularly in Jabal Samhan Nature Reserve.[3][6]

The Asiatic cheetah used to occur in this region. Oman's last known cheetah was killed near Jibjat in 1977 (Harrison, 1983).[7]

In December 2018, a Schokari sand racer was spotted in a mountain in this region.[8]


See also


  1. ^ a b c Cavendish, Marshall (2006). "I: Geography and climate". World and Its Peoples: The Middle East, Western Asia, and Northern Africa. Cavendish Publishing. pp. 8–22. ISBN 0-7614-7571-0.
  2. ^ Scoville, Sheila A. (2006). Gazetteer of Arabia: a geographical and tribal history of the Arabian Peninsula. Vol. 2. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt. pp. 117–122. ISBN 0-7614-7571-0.
  3. ^ a b Spalton, J. A. & Al-Hikmani, H. M. (2006). "The Leopard in the Arabian Peninsula – Distribution and Subspecies Status" (PDF). Cat News (Special Issue 1): 4–8.
  4. ^ Ghazanfar, Shahina A.; Fisher, Martin (2013-04-17). "11–13". Vegetation of the Arabian Peninsula. Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman: Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 270–345. ISBN 978-9-4017-3637-4.
  5. ^ "Samhan Mountain". Ministry of Tourism, Sultanate of Oman. Retrieved 2019-01-14.
  6. ^ Spalton, J. A.; Hikmani, H. A.; Willis, D.; Said, A. B. (2006), "Critically Endangered Arabian leopards Panthera pardus nimr persist in the Jabal Samhan Nature Reserve Oman", Oryx, ORYX-LONDON, 40 (3): 287, doi:10.1017/S0030605306000743
  7. ^ Nowell, K., Jackson, P. (1996). "Asiatic cheetah". Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. pp. 41–44. ISBN 2-8317-0045-0.((cite book)): CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ "One of the fastest snakes caught on camera". The Times of Oman. 2018-12-23. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  9. ^ "Tomb of Job near Salalah". www.usna.edu. Retrieved 2018-12-24.