Edelweiss
Stella Alpina
SecretaryCarlo Marzi
PresidentMaurizio Martin
Founded25 November 2001
Preceded byAutonomists
HeadquartersVia Monte Pasubio, 40
11100 Aosta
IdeologyRegionalism[1]
Christian democracy[1]
Political positionCentre
Regional affiliationAutonomies for Europe
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Regional Council of Aosta Valley
1 / 35
Website
www.stella-alpina.org

Edelweiss (Italian: Stella Alpina, SA) is a regionalist,[1] Christian-democratic[1] political party active in Aosta Valley, Italy.

The party's long-time leader has been Maurizio Martin. Other leading members have included Rudi Marguerettaz (party secretary in 2001–2013) and member of the Chamber of Deputies in 2013–2018), Pierluigi Marquis (President of Aosta Valley in 2017) and Carlo Marzi (party secretary since 2016 and regional minister since 2020).

History

Early years

Edelweiss was founded in 2001 by the merger of the Autonomists and the Autonomist Federation. The Autonomists originated in the Valdostan section of the Italian People's Party, one of the successors of Christian Democracy, while the Autonomist Federation was formed by former Progressive Democratic Autonomists as well as former Socialists and Republicans.

In the 2003 Valdostan regional election, SA received 19.8% of the vote and[1] seven regional councillors.[2] In the 2003–2008 term, the party controlled five seats in the Regional Council. Of the five regional councillors, four were former members of Christian Democracy and one was a former Republican. In 2004, the Autonomist Federation re-gained its independence from SA.[3]

From 2001 to 2006 SA was represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Ivo Collé, elected on the Aosta Valley coalition (VdA) ticket, formed also by the Valdostan Union (UV) and the Autonomist Federation (FA). In the 2006 general election SA's Marco Viérin ran for the Chamber, but the VdA was soundly defeated by the centre-left Autonomy Liberty Democracy (ALD) list.

The regionalist coalition

In the 2008 regional election SA, which included four candidates of the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC) in its list, won 11.4% of the vote and four regional councillors (out of 35), while the three-party regionalist coalition won 62.0% and a large majority, composed of 22 regional councillors.[4] No candidate of UDC was elected.

In the 2013 general election Rudi Marguerettaz, secretary of SA since 2001, was elected to the Chamber.[5] Soon after the election, Marguerettaz chose to team up with Lega Nord (LN) and became vice president of the "Lega Nord and Autonomies" parliamentary group.[6][7] Consequently, Marguerettaz stepped down from secretary and the party was led by a provisional executive.[8] In March 2015 Marguerettaz would break ranks with LN and join the "Linguistic Minorities" sub-group within the Mixed Group, formed by the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP) and the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (PATT).[9][10]

For the 2013 regional election the party confirmed its alliance with the UV and SA, and formed a joint list with Lega Nord Valle d'Aosta (LNVdA).[11][12][13] In an election in which the UV lost a quarter of its votes and FA its entire representation in the Regional Council, SA increased its share of vote to 12.2% and its number of regional councillors to five.[14][15] Thanks to SA's result, the regionalist coalition retained its absolute majority in the Council. In July 2015 the regional government, led by UV's Augusto Rollandin, was enlarged to the centre-left Democratic Party (PD)[16] and in June 2016 by the Progressive Valdostan Union (UVP).[17][18]

Recent events

In May 2016 Carlo Marzi was elected secretary of the party, three years after Marguerettaz's resignation from the office.[19][20][21]

In March 2017, SA left the government and, along with the UVP, Autonomy Liberty Participation Ecology (ALPE) and For Our Valley (PNV), formed a new government without the UV, under President Pierluigi Marquis (SA), including another SA member, Stefano Borrello, as minister of Public Works.[22][23][24][25] This led two regional councillors, Mauro Baccega and André Lanièce, to quit the party and launch the Valdostan Autonomist Popular Edelweiss (EPAV).[26][27][28][29] Marquis' government lasted only until October 2017, when a new government led by Laurent Viérin (UVP), composed of the UV, the UVP, the EPAV and the PD, was formed.[30]

In the 2018 general election SA took part within the For All alliance, along with ALPE and PNV, but the list was defeated in both races (Chamber and Senate).

In the 2018 regional election SA formed a joint list with PNV; the list obtained 10.7% and four seats (two for SA and two for PNV). After the election, the Regional Council elected Nicoletta Spelgatti of LNVdA as President, at the head of a broad left-right coalition, comprising SA–PNV, ALPE, Mouv' and one defector from UV's ranks. In the new government Borrello was confirmed as minister of Public Works, along with PNV's Claudio Restano at Tourism, Sports, Commerce and Transports.[31][32] However, in December the government fell down and was replaced by a new one led by Antonio Fosson (PNV), at the head of a coalition composed of the UV, the UVP, ALPE, SA and PNV.[33][34][35] Under Fosson, Borrello was again appointed minister of Public Works.[36] In December 2019 Fosson resigned from President[37] and was replaced by his Vice President, UV's Renzo Testolin, as acting President, with Borrello retaining his post as minister.

In the 2020 regional election the party won 8.9% of the vote, in a joint list with the Valdostan Alliance (AV), a brand new party formed by the merger of the UVP and ALPE. The list obtained 4 seats: two for Edelweiss members (Marquis and Marzi), one for former UVP member Luigi Bertschy and one for former ALPE member Albert Chatrian. After the election, SA joined a centre-left/regionalist government led by UV's Erik Lavévaz and composed of the UV, the Democratic Party (PD), Civic Network (RC), AV and Mouv'. Marzi, who continued to serve as party's secretary, was appointed minister of Finances, Innovation, Public Works and Land issues, while AV's Bertschy was appointed Vice President, as well as minister of Economic Development, Formation and Labour.[38][39][40] In April 2022 the party was left with only one regional councillor, after Marquis switched to Forza Italia.[41][42][43]

Leadership

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Aosta Valley/Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Consiglio Regionale della Valle d'Aosta - Gruppi consiliari". Consiglio.regione.vda.it.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2013-04-08.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Comunali 2015". Elezioni.regione.vda.it.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-28. Retrieved 2013-03-19.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Rudi Marguerettaz: "Con la Lega per essere più efficaci"". Aostasera.it. 17 March 2013.
  7. ^ "Bersani: al Colle con proposta Pd Capigruppo, tocca a Zanda e Speranza - Repubblica.it". Repubblica.it. 19 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Rudi Marguerettaz decade da segretario della Stella Alpina. Il movimento gestito da Maurizio Martin, Carlo Marzi e Flavio Serra". 12vda.it.
  9. ^ "PARLAMENTO: Marguerettaz lascia gruppo Lega Nord". Valledaostaglocal.it. 11 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Marguerettaz, il Deputato ribelle che dalla Lega passa al Misto". Temi.repubblica.it.
  11. ^ "Accordo Lega Nord - Stella Alpina per le elezioni regionali". Aostaoggi.it.
  12. ^ "Elezioni regionali, la Lega Nord va con la Stella Alpina". Aostasera.it. 5 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Regionali, tre candidate donne per la Lega Nord - News VDA ( Gazzetta Matin )". Gazzettamatin.com. 7 April 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-08. Retrieved 2013-06-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2013-06-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Ribaltone in Val d'Aosta, Pd in giunta". Ricerca.repubblica.it.
  17. ^ "Rafforzamento autonomia e riforma elettorale i pilastri della maggioranza Uv-Uvp-Stella alpina". Valledaostaglocal.it. 7 June 2016. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Accordo Uv-Uvp Rollandin: "E' l'anno della misericordia"". Lastampa.it. 3 June 2016.
  19. ^ "Marzi segretario, la Stella alpina fa quadrato". Lastampa.it. 8 May 2016.
  20. ^ "Stella Alpina: Carlo Marzi eletto nuovo segretario - Valle d'Aosta". Ansa.it. 7 May 2016.
  21. ^ "Congresso Stella Alpina: Maurizio Martin eletto Presidente, Carlo Marzi Segretario". Aostasera.it. 6 May 2016.
  22. ^ "Comunicato stampa". Consiglio Regionale della Valle d'Aosta.
  23. ^ ""Sì" alla sfiducia a Rollandin, via libera alla giunta Marquis". lastampa.it. 10 March 2017.
  24. ^ "Marquis nuovo presidente Regione Vda - Valle d'Aosta". Ansa.it. 10 March 2017.
  25. ^ "PIERLUIGI MARQUIS PRESIDENTE DELLA NUOVA GIUNTA REGIONALE". Valledaostaglocal.it. 10 March 2017. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  26. ^ "Baccega e Lanièce fuori da Stella alpina, in Regione nasce nuovo gruppo". Lastampa.it. 6 March 2017.
  27. ^ "Baccega e Lanièce fuori da Stella Alpina - Valle d'Aosta". Ansa.it. 6 March 2017.
  28. ^ "Consiglio Valle: nasce Stella Alpina popolare autonomista, La Torre in Pour Notre Vallée". Aostasera.it. 6 March 2017.
  29. ^ "Baccega e Lanièce escono da Stella Alpina, La Torre aderisce a PnV - News VDA ( Gazzetta Matin )". Gazzettamatin.com. 6 March 2017.
  30. ^ "Laurent Vierin nuovo presidente Vda - Valle d'Aosta". Ansa.it. 13 October 2017.
  31. ^ "Nicoletta Spelgatti (Lega) eletta presidente della VdA: è la prima donna al vertice della Regione". LaStampa.it. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  32. ^ "E' fatta, martedì nascerà la Giunta Spelgatti". Valledaostaglocal.it. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  33. ^ "Sfiduciata giunta regionale a trazione leghista, Fosson nuovo presidente". LaStampa.it. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Valle d'Aosta: cade la giunta della Lega. L'autonomista Fosson nuovo presidente". Il Fatto Quotidiano. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  35. ^ "Valle d'Aosta, sfiduciato governo lega - Ultima Ora". Ansa.it. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  36. ^ "Regione,definiti assessori giunta Fosson - Valle d'Aosta". Ansa.it. 4 December 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  37. ^ "'Ndrangheta, si dimette presidente Vda - Valle d'Aosta". 14 December 2019.
  38. ^ "Regione: Trovato accordo, nasce Giunta Lavevaz - Valle d'Aosta". 18 October 2020.
  39. ^ "Regione: Da Barmasse a Minelli, la nuova Giunta Lavevaz - Valle d'Aosta". 21 October 2020.
  40. ^ "Regione, c'è l'accordo. Ecco la nuova Giunta Lavevaz".
  41. ^ "Forza Italia: Baccega annuncia la costituzione del gruppo in Consiglio Valle". April 2022.
  42. ^ "Ufficializzato il gruppo Forza Italia in Consiglio Valle".
  43. ^ "Pierluigi Marquis capogruppo Forza Italia - Valle d'Aosta". 6 April 2022.