Football in Palestine
CountryPalestine
Governing bodyPalestinian Football Association (PFA)
(formed in 1948, joined FIFA in 1998)
National team(s)Palestine
Nickname(s)أسود كنعان (Lions of Canaan)[1]
الفدائيون (The Fedayeen)
الفرسان (The Knights)
First played1950s
Club competitions
International competitions

The sport of football in the country of Palestine is run by the Palestinian Football Association.[2][3] The association administers the national football team as well as the West Bank Premier League. They are members of FIFA and the Asian Football Confederation.[4] Women's football is popular also in Palestine. The opening match of the Palestine Women's National Football League on February 10, 2011, in the Feisal al-Husseini Stadium was attended by an estimated 8,000 people. The Women's league has six teams.[5][6] Football is the most popular sport in Palestine. Honey Thaljieh is a pioneer in women's football[7]

History

The game was originally introduced during the time of the British Mandate. Palestine has one of the oldest histories of organized football in the Middle East with evidence of the game being played at an organized level amongst Palestinians youths since at least the early 1920s.[8] Some notable clubs during the early years of Palestinian football were Shabab Al Arab of Haifa, the Orthodox Club of Jerusalem, and Islami Yaffa. During these years, Palestinian stars, such as Jabra Al-Zarqa, George Mardeni, and Majed Assad represented an excellence that was second to none. Jabra Al-Zarqa received an offer to play for Arsenal FC while playing in the British Army's Haifa League in 1945.[8]

The Eretz Israel Football Association was formed in 1928[9][10] and joined FIFA in 1929. It is associated with the Israeli Football Association.[11][12] At the time the association was made up of Arab clubs, Jewish clubs and clubs representing British policemen and soldiers serving in the region during the British Mandate rule that spanned the period between World War One and the independence of the state of Israel in 1948. The qualification matches for the 1934 and 1938 World Cups were contested by a Mandatory Palestine national football team made up exclusively of Jewish players.[13]

Palestine applied to, and was admitted into FIFA in 1998. They played their first friendly matches against Lebanon, Jordan and Syria in July 1998. The following year, the team, led by Israeli-Arab coach Azmi Nasser took part in the 1999 Pan Arab Games, in which they won the bronze medal after beating Syria, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates, while only losing to hosts Jordan.

References

  1. ^ Smale, Simon. "Who the Socceroos are facing as the Asian Cup kicks off, and when to watch". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Soccer Is Under Fire in Palestine". Vice. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  3. ^ "For Palestine Soccer Even Coming Homer Is No Given". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  4. ^ Shrestha, Manesh (March 8, 2012). "Palestine: A national soccer team without a nation". CNN. Retrieved July 14, 2012.
  5. ^ "Girls FC". aljazeera. 27 Jun 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2012.
  6. ^ "Honey Thaljieh of FIFA has a dream for women's soccer - The Boston Globe". Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Honey Thaljieh, de Bethleem à la Fifa". Opinion-Internationale. 6 March 2016.
  8. ^ a b "The Rebirth of Palestinian Soccer". Boxscore News. 2011-07-05. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
  9. ^ "The early development of Hebrew football in Eretz Israel, 1910–1928" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-03. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  10. ^ HISTORY AND ACHIEVEMENTS http://www.footballtop.com/countries/israel
  11. ^ Association Information on FIFA
  12. ^ ASSOCIATION INFO on UEFA
  13. ^ "British Mandate of Palestine Official Games 1934-1948". 2008-10-24.