Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Hong Kong, followed by rugby union.[1][2][3] The Hong Kong Football Association (HKFA) is the governing body for football in Hong Kong.

History

The Hong Kong football team in 1923 or 1924
The Hong Kong football team in 1923 or 1924

The first football club of Hong Kong is Hong Kong Football Club, usually known as The Club, founded in 1886. The Club is one of the oldest existing football clubs in Asia.

The first football competition of Hong Kong is the Challenge Shield, which founded in 1898. Its format is similar to the FA Challenge Cup in England.

Tracing back to early 20th century, the Hong Kong football league was founded in 1908. It is probably the oldest professional league in Asia. Most records before the Second World War have been lost and not many people can remember the old glory of Hong Kong's professional football.

The Hong Kong Football Association, the governing body of Hong Kong football, was founded in 1914 and is one of the oldest football associations in Asia.[4]

In the 1970s and 1980s, football in Hong Kong was strong and popular, with competitive local teams boosted by well known overseas players and managers, playing in front crowds of tens of thousands.

In 1985, in a famous match, Hong Kong upset China, 2-1, in Beijing to move towards a place in the 1986 World Cup.[5] The team ultimately fell short of qualification.

In recent years, major attempts have been made by Hong Kong government to improve both HKFA’s governance and the quality of Hong Kong football under a government scheme called ‘Project Phoenix’.[6]

Football league system

All the football leagues are organised by the HKFA.

Premier League

The Hong Kong Premier League began its first season in 2014–15 and is the top flight in Hong Kong. There are eight teams who compete in the league, all of whom are fully professional.

Lower Divisions

The lower divisions consist of the Hong Kong First Division (D1 League), the Second Division League (D2 League), and the Third Division League (D3 League). Most of the teams in the lower divisions are amateur with the occasional semi-professional team. The bottom 4 teams of the Third Division League are eliminated from the league system

2021–22 season

Level League(s)/Division(s)
1 Hong Kong Premier League (Premier League)
8 clubs
↑↓ 1 club
2 Hong Kong First Division (D1 League)
14 clubs
↑↓ 2 clubs
3 Hong Kong Second Division (D2 League)
14 clubs
↑↓ 2 clubs
4 Hong Kong Third Division (D3 League)
20 clubs
↑↓ 4 clubs

Disaffiliation

Cup competitions

All the cup competitions are also organised by the HKFA. Among them, the HKFA Cup and Senior Shield are probably the oldest professional football competitions in Asia - even earlier than the league.

There are several cup competitions for clubs at different levels of the football pyramid. The most important cup competition is the Senior Shield, with the winners of the FA Cup qualifying for the AFC Cup.

There have also been a number of other cup competitions which are no longer run:

Cup eligibility

Notable clubs

National teams

Men's

Main article: Hong Kong national football team

The Hong Kong national football team represents Hong Kong in men's international football events. The team competed their first international match in 1947 against South Korea during the colonial period. Even after 1997 the transfer of sovereignty to China, it continues to represent Hong Kong separately from the People's Republic of China as its own national team in international competitions due to the "One country, two systems" principle. The team has never qualified for the FIFA World Cup, with the closest time being the 1986 World Cup cycle, which also highlighted their most successful period. Recent success include winning the East Asian Game in 2009.

Women's

Main article: Hong Kong women's national football team

The Hong Kong women's national football team qualified for 14 consecutive AFC Women's Asian Cups between 1975 and 2003. However, the team has not qualified for a major tournament since the 2003 AFC Women's Championship.

References

  1. ^ Chan Kin-wa kinwa.chan@scmp.com (24 January 2014). "'Football will die' in Hong Kong without funding under Project Phoenix | South China Morning Post". Scmp.com. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Time Out Hong Kong | Big Smog | Hong Kong news, current affairs, politics and social issues | Tackling the football crisis". Timeout.com.hk. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  3. ^ SCMP Editorial (24 January 2014). "Soccer in Hong Kong needs to clean up its act to win back fans | South China Morning Post". Scmp.com. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  4. ^ "HKFA". SCMP. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  5. ^ Will Hong Kong ever reach a World Cup .. ?, SCMP, 8 June 2014
  6. ^ "Project Phoenix". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 10 December 2018.