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Strawberry jam created from gelling sugar

Gelling sugar or (British) Jam sugar or (US) Jelly sugar or sugar with pectin is a kind of sugar that is used to produce preserves, and which contains pectin as a gelling agent. It also usually contains citric acid as a preservative, sometimes along with other substances, such as sorbic acid or sodium benzoate

Gelling sugar from German suppliers comes in three different varieties, labeled 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1, where the first number indicates the amount of fruit to be used in relation to the sugar. Sugar regulates the gelling of fruit jellies and preserves and is essential to obtain the desired consistency and firmness.[1] This gel-forming process is called gelation. Sugar is essential because it attracts and holds water during the gelling process.[2] Gelling sugar is used for traditional British recipes for jam, marmalade and preserves with the following formulas:

Gelling sugar cannot be stored as long as normal sugar, because of its pectin content. Pectin requires acid and sugar for the gelling process.[4]

Gelling sugar is different from preserving sugar, which does not contain pectin and is just sugar with larger crystals to avoid foam.

References

  1. ^ "Sugar in Jellies and Preserves". Archived from the original on 2012-06-23. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-06-26. Retrieved 2013-05-15.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Gelling Sugar". CooksInfo.
  4. ^ "Science of Cooking: Pectin & Preserves | Exploratorium". Exploratorium: the museum of science, art and human perception.