This list of unrefined sweeteners includes all natural, unrefined, or low-processed sweeteners.

Sweeteners are usually made from the fruit or sap of plants, but can also be made from any other part of the plant, or all of it. Some sweeteners are made from starch, with the use of enzymes. Sweeteners made by animals, especially insects, are put in their own section as they can come from more than one part of plants.

From sap

A block of Indian jaggery, a type of raw sugar
Three cakes of commercially produced palm sugar

The sap of some species is concentrated to make sweeteners, usually through drying or boiling.

From roots

The juice extracted from the tuberous roots of certain plants is, much like sap, concentrated to make sweeteners, usually through drying or boiling.

From nectar and flowers

From seeds

The starchy seeds of certain plants are transformed into sweeteners by using the enzymes formed during germination or from bacterian cultures. Some sweeteners made with starch are quite refined and made by degrading purified starch with enzymes, such as corn syrup.

From fruits

Further information: List of culinary fruits

Many fresh fruits, dried fruits and fruit juices are used as sweeteners. Some examples are:

A variety of molasses are made with fruit:

From leaves

Dried and powdered Stevia leaves

In a few species of plants the leaves are sweet and can be used as sweeteners.

By animals

See also


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