Hanover, New Hampshire
Hanover Main Street
Hanover Main Street
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°42′08″N 72°17′22″W / 43.70222°N 72.28944°W / 43.70222; -72.28944
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyGrafton
Incorporated1761
Villages
Government
 • Selectboard
  • Athos Rassias
  • Joanna Whitcomb
  • Nancy Carter
  • Carey Callaghan
  • Jennie Chamberlain
 • Town ManagerAlex Torpey
Area
 • Total50.2 sq mi (129.9 km2)
 • Land49.0 sq mi (127.0 km2)
 • Water1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)  2.21%
Elevation
528 ft (161 m)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total11,870
 • Density242/sq mi (93.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03755 (Hanover)
03750 (Etna)
03748 (Enfield)
Area code603
FIPS code33-33860
GNIS feature ID0873619
Websitewww.hanovernh.org

Hanover is a town located along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2020 census, its population was 11,870.[2] The town is home to the Ivy League university Dartmouth College, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, and Hanover High School. The Appalachian Trail crosses the town, connecting with a number of trails and nature preserves.

Most of the population resides in the Hanover census-designated place (CDP)—the main village of the town. Located at the junctions of New Hampshire routes 10, 10A, and 120, the Hanover CDP recorded a population of 9,078 people at the 2020 census.[3] The town also contains the smaller villages of Etna and Hanover Center.

History

Hanover was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth on July 4, 1761, and in 1765–1766 its first European inhabitants arrived, the majority from Connecticut. Although the surface is uneven, the town developed into an agricultural community. Dartmouth College was established in 1769 beside the town common at a village called "the Plain"—an extensive and level tract of land a mile (1.6 kilometers) from the Connecticut River, and about 150 feet (46 m) above it.[4][5][6]

At one point in its history, the southwest corner of Hanover, site of "The Plain", was known as "Dresden", which in the 1780s joined other disgruntled New Hampshire towns along the Connecticut River that briefly defected to what was then the independent Vermont Republic.[7] After various political posturings, however, the towns returned to New Hampshire at the heated insistence of George Washington.[8] One remnant of this era is that the name "Dresden" is still used in the Dresden School District, an interstate school district serving both Hanover and Norwich, Vermont—the first and one of the few interstate school districts in the nation.

The film Winter Carnival (1939) was shot in Hanover.[9]

Etymology

"Hannover" (with a double n, as it was spelled in the 1761 charter and in its German original form as well) was named either after a local parish in Sprague, Connecticut, or after the German House of Hanover (which originated in 1635 as a cadet branch of the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg when George, Duke of Brunswick moved to the city of Hannover)[10]: 25  in honor of the reigning British-Hanoverian king, George III.[11] Today, the original Hannover is the capital and largest city of Lower Saxony, the second-largest state in Germany. The name of the German city is thought to derive from the Low German form of what is "hohes Ufer" in German, which translates into "high shore" in English, and describes the high shore of the Leine river at the site, and at the time, of the first known settlement (near today's street At the High Shore [de ]).

While it is likely that the name "Dresden" derived from Dresden in Germany, it has also been suggested that it could derive directly from the old Sorbian word drezg ("forest") or Drezd'ane, for an inhabitant of a forest.[12][13]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.2 square miles (129.9 km2), of which 49.0 square miles (127.0 km2) are land and 1.1 square miles (2.9 km2) are water, comprising 2.21% of the town.[1] The primary settlement in Hanover, where over 75% of the town's population resides, is in the southwest corner of the town and is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP). It contains the areas around Dartmouth College and the intersections of New Hampshire Routes 10, 10A, and 120. The CDP has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which 4.6 square miles (12 km2) are land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) are water.[14]

Hanover borders the towns of Lyme, Canaan, and Enfield, New Hampshire; Norwich, Vermont; and the city of Lebanon, New Hampshire. Inside the limits of Hanover are the small rural villages of Etna and Hanover Center.

The highest point in Hanover is the north peak of Moose Mountain, at 2,313 feet (705 m) above sea level. Hanover lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[15]

There are a number of trails and nature preserves in Hanover, and the majority of these trails are suitable for snowshoes and cross-country skis. The Velvet Rocks Trail, located on the Appalachian Trail, has a number of rock climbing and bouldering spots.[16]

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hanover has a warm-summer humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. The hottest temperature recorded in Hanover was 103 °F (39.4 °C) on August 2, 1975, while the coldest temperature recorded was −40 °F (−40.0 °C) on February 16, 1943.[17]

Climate data for Hanover, New Hampshire, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
66
(19)
86
(30)
93
(34)
96
(36)
98
(37)
101
(38)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
79
(26)
76
(24)
103
(39)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 49.4
(9.7)
52.4
(11.3)
62.5
(16.9)
79.5
(26.4)
87.6
(30.9)
91.4
(33.0)
92.3
(33.5)
90.4
(32.4)
87.0
(30.6)
76.5
(24.7)
65.6
(18.7)
52.4
(11.3)
94.2
(34.6)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 30.3
(−0.9)
34.3
(1.3)
43.7
(6.5)
58.1
(14.5)
70.9
(21.6)
78.8
(26.0)
83.4
(28.6)
81.6
(27.6)
73.8
(23.2)
60.2
(15.7)
47.2
(8.4)
35.6
(2.0)
58.2
(14.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 21.6
(−5.8)
24.3
(−4.3)
33.6
(0.9)
46.5
(8.1)
58.5
(14.7)
67.1
(19.5)
72.1
(22.3)
70.5
(21.4)
62.9
(17.2)
50.2
(10.1)
38.9
(3.8)
28.0
(−2.2)
47.8
(8.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 13.0
(−10.6)
14.4
(−9.8)
23.6
(−4.7)
34.8
(1.6)
46.2
(7.9)
55.4
(13.0)
60.9
(16.1)
59.3
(15.2)
52.1
(11.2)
40.2
(4.6)
30.7
(−0.7)
20.4
(−6.4)
37.6
(3.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −11.8
(−24.3)
−9.0
(−22.8)
0.1
(−17.7)
21.0
(−6.1)
30.8
(−0.7)
41.7
(5.4)
49.4
(9.7)
47.5
(8.6)
36.2
(2.3)
25.3
(−3.7)
13.9
(−10.1)
−1.6
(−18.7)
−15.3
(−26.3)
Record low °F (°C) −34
(−37)
−40
(−40)
−22
(−30)
0
(−18)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
38
(3)
33
(1)
22
(−6)
11
(−12)
−12
(−24)
−37
(−38)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.73
(69)
2.38
(60)
2.96
(75)
3.24
(82)
3.34
(85)
3.70
(94)
4.48
(114)
3.55
(90)
3.33
(85)
4.00
(102)
3.00
(76)
3.44
(87)
40.15
(1,019)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 16.4
(42)
13.1
(33)
13.5
(34)
1.9
(4.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
2.2
(5.6)
13.4
(34)
60.6
(153.65)
Average extreme snow depth inches (cm) 12.0
(30)
15.3
(39)
13.2
(34)
3.3
(8.4)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.6
(4.1)
8.3
(21)
17.8
(45)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 8.9 9.7 10.7 11.7 12.1 12.6 10.7 11.3 12.2 10.2 10.7 131.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 8.3 6.5 4.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.6 6.1 27.7
Source 1: NOAA[18]
Source 2: National Weather Service[17]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
17901,380
18001,91238.6%
18102,13511.7%
18202,2224.1%
18302,3616.3%
18402,61310.7%
18502,350−10.1%
18602,308−1.8%
18702,085−9.7%
18802,1473.0%
18901,817−15.4%
19001,8843.7%
19102,07510.1%
19202,2649.1%
19303,04334.4%
19403,42512.6%
19506,25982.7%
19607,32917.1%
19708,49415.9%
19809,1197.4%
19909,2121.0%
200010,85017.8%
201011,2603.8%
202011,8705.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[2][19]

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,260 people, 3,119 households, and 1,797 families residing in the town. The population density was 220 people per square mile (85 people/km2). There were 3,278 housing units at an average density of 65.2 per square mile (25.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 81.0% White, 3.4% Black, 0.8% Native American, 10.8% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.[20]

There were 3,119 households, out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.[20]

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.8% at or under the age of 19, 25.5% from 20 to 24, 14.4% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years.[20]

For the period 2010–2014, the estimated median income for a household in the town was $94,063, and the median income for a family was $129,000. Male full-time workers had a median income of $87,550 versus $53,141 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,140. About 2.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Government

Hanover town vote
by party in presidential elections
[22]
Year GOP DEM Others
2020 11.8% 841 87.3% 6,210 0.93% 66
2016 11.94% 926 84.63% 6,561 3.43% 266
2012 23.67% 1,727 74.97% 5,469 1.36% 99
2008 17.67% 1,328 81.69% 6,140 0.64% 48
2004 21.70% 1,444 77.42% 5,152 0.89% 59
2000 29.56% 1,541 65.05% 3,391 5.39% 281
1996 31.71% 1,424 63.16% 2,836 5.12% 230
1992 25.91% 1,201 62.70% 2,906 11.39% 528
1988[23] 40.33% 1,472 58.96% 2,152 0.71% 26
1984[24] 44.17% 1,501 55.50% 1,886 0.33% 11
1980[25] 33.15% 1,108 34.20% 1,143 32.65% 1,091
1976[26] 46.17% 1,483 50.25% 1,614 3.58% 115
1972[27] 39.88% 1,377 59.75% 2,063 0.38% 13

In the New Hampshire Senate, Hanover is included in the 5th District and is represented by Democrat Suzanne Prentiss. On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Hanover is in the 1st District and is represented by Republican Joseph Kenney. In the United States House of Representatives, Hanover is a part of New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district and is currently represented by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster.

No Republican presidential nominee has received over 40 percent of the vote in the town since 1988.

Education

Students playing cricket at Dartmouth College in 1793
Public schools
Universities
Private schools

Economy

Ledyard National Bank on Main Street

Hypertherm,[29] White Mountains Insurance Group, and Daat Research Corp. are based in Hanover.

Infrastructure

Water

The Hanover Water Company supplies water for downtown Hanover from several local reservoirs. The company is owned by Dartmouth College (52.8%) and the Town of Hanover (47.2%), with management by the Town of Hanover under a contract. In 2000, all full-time company employees became town employees. In recent years, the town has spent over $20 million to upgrade main water lines, and will undergo another $6 million project to build a new water treatment plant. Outside the downtown area, residents rely on private wells that are not maintained by the town.

Other utilities

FairPoint Communications furnishes telephone communication. The municipality provides sewage treatment.

Plaudits

CNN and Money magazine rated Hanover the sixth best place to live in America in 2011,[30] and the second best in 2007.[31] "This just might be the best college town," read the headline of a story in the January–February 2017 issue of Yankee.[32]

Notable people

For a more comprehensive list, see List of people from Hanover, New Hampshire.

References

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Hanover town, Grafton County, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  3. ^ "Hanover CDP, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 516–519.
  5. ^ "A history of the town of Hanover, N.H. | WorldCat.org". www.worldcat.org. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  6. ^ Lord, John King (1928). A history of the town of Hanover, N.H. Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center. [Hanover] Printed for the town of Hanover by the Dartmouth Press.
  7. ^ Hill, Ralph Nading (1965). Hill, Ralph Nading (ed.). The College on the Hill: A Dartmouth Chronicle. Hanover, NH: Dartmouth Publishing. p. 46. doi:10.1349/ddlp.1484.
  8. ^ Daniell, Jere (1976). "The American Republic: 1760–1780: The Western Rebellion". New Hampshire Profile. The Flow of History. Archived from the original on November 22, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  9. ^ Barth, Jack (1991). Roadside Hollywood: The Movie Lover's State-By-State Guide to Film Locations, Celebrity Hangouts, Celluloid Tourist Attractions, and More. Contemporary Books. Page 249. ISBN 9780809243266.
  10. ^ Mlynek, Klaus; Röhrbein, Waldemar R. (eds.). "Chronik der Stadt Hannover von den Anfängen bis 1988 – Tabellarische Darstellung" [History of the City of Hannover from the Beginnings to 1988 – Tabulated Layout] (PDF). Stadtchronik Hannover [History of the City of Hannover] (in German). Stadtarchiv Hannover. Retrieved June 20, 2023.
  11. ^ "About the Town of Hanover". www.hanovernh.org. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  12. ^ The settlers in the riverside forest, an appellation fully compatible with that of the early inhabitants of the Hanover Plain.
  13. ^ Dick Hoefnagel and Virginia L. Close. "Dresden: What Is in the Name". Retrieved October 25, 2008.
  14. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Hanover CDP, New Hampshire". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  15. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  16. ^ "Climbing in Black Velvet Canyon Boulders, Red Rock". Mountain Project. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  17. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather Data – NWS Gray/Portland". National Weather Service. Retrieved February 5, 2023.
  18. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Hanover, NH". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 5, 2023.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  20. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1), Hanover town, Grafton County, New Hampshire". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  21. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03), Hanover town, Grafton County, New Hampshire". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  22. ^ "State Election Results - NHSOS".
  23. ^ "Manual for the General Court". 1989.
  24. ^ "Manual for the General Court". 1985.
  25. ^ "Manual for the General Court". 1981.
  26. ^ "Manual for the General Court". 1977.
  27. ^ "Manual for the General Court". 1973.
  28. ^ Hopkins, Robert C.; Rearick, Richard R. (1995). Cardigan Mountain School: History, 1945-1995. Littleton, NH: Sherwin Dodge. pp. 81–88.
  29. ^ Hypertherm
  30. ^ "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Hanover, N.H. (6)". Money Magazine. Cable News Network. A Time Warner Company. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  31. ^ "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Hanover, N.H. (2)". Money Magazine. Cable News Network. A Time Warner Company. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  32. ^ "Hanover, New Hampshire | Could You Live Here? - New England Today". New England Today. December 17, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2017.