Montague, Massachusetts
Old Town Hall
Old Town Hall
Official seal of Montague, Massachusetts
Five fingers on one hand
Location in Franklin County in Massachusetts
Location in Franklin County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°32′08″N 72°32′08″W / 42.53556°N 72.53556°W / 42.53556; -72.53556
CountryUnited States
 • TypeRepresentative town meeting
 • Total31.5 sq mi (81.5 km2)
 • Land30.2 sq mi (78.1 km2)
 • Water1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)
Elevation259 ft (79 m)
 • Total8,580
 • Density270/sq mi (110/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01351, 01376
Area code413
FIPS code25-42285
GNIS feature ID0618171[1]

Montague is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 8,580 at the 2020 census.[2] It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts metropolitan statistical area.

The villages of Montague Center, Montague City, Lake Pleasant, Millers Falls, and Turners Falls are located in the town of Montague; Turners Falls, comprising over half the population of the town and its main business district, is sometimes used as a metonym for the entire town of Montague.[3][4][5][6]


Originally inhabited by the Pocomtuc tribe, the area was known as Peskeompskut. Montague was first settled by Europeans in 1715 and was incorporated in 1754. The town has five villages within it: Montague Center, Montague City, Turners Falls, Millers Falls, and Lake Pleasant. Montague Center was the original European settlement and was originally a part of the town of Sunderland.[7] Lake Pleasant was a prominent spiritualist campground. Turners Falls was a planned mill community (similar to but less successful than that at Lowell, Massachusetts) that developed when the canal was converted to use for power production rather than transportation in the mid 19th century. Between 1974 and 1980, the Montague Nuclear Power Plant was proposed for construction in the town. In October 2010, the village of Turners Falls hosted the 1st annual Franklin County Pumpkinfest, now known as The Great Falls Festival.

Musician Tiny Tim suffered a heart attack on stage on September 28, 1996, at what was then the Montague Grange Hall; his health never recovered and he died on November 30, 1996, in Minnesota.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.5 square miles (81.5 km2), of which 30.2 square miles (78.1 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), or 4.14%, is water.[8] Bounded on the west by the Connecticut River, Montague is drained by the Millers River.

The town is served by state routes 2, 47 and 63.


Historical population

Source: United States census records and Population Estimates Program data.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 8,489 people, 3,616 households, and 2,169 families residing in the town. The population density was 279.2 inhabitants per square mile (107.8/km2). There were 3,844 housing units at an average density of 126.4 per square mile (48.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.13% White, 0.84% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.56% of the population.

There were 3,616 households, out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $43,194. Males had a median income of $33,705 versus $27,303 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,794. About 9.1% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.


Montague is home to 2 public elementary schools. The Hillcrest Elementary School serves K–1, and the Sheffield Elementary School serves 2–5. Middle School students attend Great Falls Middle School, and high school students attend Turner Falls High School.

Notable people

Connecticut River at Turners Falls

See also


  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Montague, Massachusetts
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Montague town, Franklin County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  3. ^ Graham, George. "Cause of fire that destroyed garage in Turners Falls remains under investigation". Springfield Republican. Springfield, Massachusetts. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  4. ^ Marcus, Max (May 20, 2020). "Towns ask state to remove erroneous plaque on Turners Falls-Gill Bridge". Greenfield Recorder. Greenfield, Massachusetts.
  5. ^ Tourangeau, Ariana (May 20, 2020). "Turners Falls firefighters reminding residents to not overload outlets, power strips". WWLP. Springfield, Massachusetts.
  6. ^ Boucher Croll, Louise (September 5, 2020). "A road trip to Turners Falls". Greenfield Recorder. Greenfield, Massachusetts.
  7. ^ Pressey, Edward Pearson (1910). History of Montague : a Typical Puritan Town. Montague, MA: New Clairvaux Press.
  8. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Montague town, Franklin County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
  9. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  10. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. ^ "City and Town Population Totals: 2020−2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  20. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.