|Hans Christian Andersen Award|
|Awarded for||Outstanding and lasting contribution to children's literature|
|Presented by||International Board on Books for Young People|
The Hans Christian Andersen Awards are given by the International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY) every two years to an author and an illustrator whose complete works have made an important, lasting contribution to children's literature". The writing award was first given in 1956, the illustration award in 1966.
The awards are named after Hans Christian Andersen, the 19th-century Danish author of fairy tales, and each winner receives the Hans Christian Andersen Medal, a gold medal with the head of Andersen, and a diploma. Medals are presented at the biennial IBBY Congress.
The International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY) was founded by Jella Lepman in the 1950s. The Hans Christian Andersen Award was first proposed in 1953 and awarded three years later, in 1956. It was established in the aftermath of World War II to encourage development of high-quality children's books. The award was set to be given biennially and was initially awarded for individual works that had been published in the preceding two years. By 1962 the award's formal criteria were amended "to a living author who is judged to have made a lasting contribution to good juvenile literature by the outstanding value of his or her work. The author's complete works, in particular those in fiction, will be taken into consideration in awarding the medal."
Runners up were listed in 1960, 1962, and 1964. In reflection of what IBBY considered to be a trend of increasing quality in picture books, the award was expanded to include illustrators in 1966. From 1966 to 1996 runners up were named as "Highly Commended". In 1998 this was replaced with a list of three to four "Finalists". The patron of the awards is Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and the awards are sponsored by Nami Island Inc. A special issue of Bookbird, a journal published by IBBY, is published as the award is given out.
The winner of the Hans Christian Andersen Awards is selected by a jury which is put together by IBBY's executive committee. The Jury's president is elected by IBBY's General Assembly. There were initially seven jurors, but this was increased to eight and in 2000 to ten. The jurors are specialists in children's literature and represent a diverse group. It generally takes nine months to review candidates and select a winner.
Jella Lepman served as Jury President for the first three Andersen Awards, 1956, 1958 and 1960, and remained on the jury until her death in 1970. Current four-year terms cover two award cycles. Other notable presidents have included Virginia Haviland (1970-1974), Patricia Crampton (1982-1986), and Ana Maria Machado (1986-1990).
The award's regulations read: "The Hans Christian Andersen Award is presented every two years by IBBY to an author and to an illustrator, living at the time of the nomination, who by the outstanding value of their work are judged to have made a lasting contribution to literature for children and young people. The complete works of the author and the illustrator will be taken into consideration in the selection process". The selection criteria include the aesthetic and literary qualities of writing and illustration as well as the ability to see things from the child's point of view and the ability to stretch the child's curiosity and imagination.
Every IBBY member nation has its own organization, known as a "national section", that is active across the country. All national sections can nominate candidates for consideration in the Hans Christian Andersen Awards. Some national sections repeatedly nominate the same author or illustrator, others nominate a new candidate each time. To nominate a candidate, a dossier is prepared that provides information including a list of works, appreciative essays, interviews or articles and biographical sketch. The dossier, including digital copies of five books is submitted electronically and three hard copies of the selected books are sent to the IBBY Secretariat. The Jury interacts online and then meet in person, usually in January of the award year to review the physical books and select the finalists and Award winners. There are sixty-two nominees from thirty-three countries for the 2022 Hans Christian Andersen awards.
The winners are announced at the International Children's Book Fair in Bologna. Each winner receives the Hans Christian Andersen Medal and a diploma, which are presented at the biennial IBBY Congress.
|1956||Eleanor Farjeon (for The Little Bookroom)||United Kingdom|
|1958||Astrid Lindgren (for Rasmus på luffen)||Sweden|
|1960||Erich Kästner (for Als ich ein kleiner Junge war )||Germany|
|José Maria Sanchez-Silva||Spain|
|1982||Lygia Bojunga Nunes||Brazil|
|1988||Annie M. G. Schmidt||Netherlands|
|2000||Ana Maria Machado||Brazil|
|2002||Aidan Chambers||United Kingdom|
|2006||Margaret Mahy||New Zealand|
|2010||David Almond||United Kingdom|
|2012||María Teresa Andruetto||Argentina|
|1972||Ib Spang Olsen||Denmark|
|1976||Tatjana Mawrina||Soviet Union|
|1978||Svend Otto S.||Denmark|
|2000||Anthony Browne||United Kingdom|
|2002||Quentin Blake||United Kingdom|
|2012||Peter Sís||Czech Republic[b]|
|2016||Rotraut Susanne Berner||Germany|