Herb Elliot
Herb Elliott 1960c.jpg
Elliott at the 1960 Olympics
Personal information
Birth nameHerbert James Elliott
Nickname(s)Herb
NationalityAustralian
Born (1938-02-25) 25 February 1938 (age 84)
Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia
Height5 ft 11 in (180 cm)[1]
Weight150 lb (68 kg)[1]
Sport
CountryAustralia
SportMiddle-distance running
Coached byPercy Cerutty
Achievements and titles
Olympic finalsRome 1960
Personal best(s)

Herbert James Elliott AC MBE (born 25 February 1938) is a former Australian athlete and arguably the world's greatest middle distance runner of his era. In August 1958 he set the world record in the mile run, clocking 3:54.5, 2.7 seconds under the record held by Derek Ibbotson; later in the month he set the 1500 metres world record, running 3.36.0, 2.1 seconds under the record held by Stanislav Jungwirth. In the 1500 metres at the 1960 Rome Olympics, he won the gold medal and bettered his own world record with a time of 3:35.6.

Herb Elliot never lost a mile run and accomplished 36 wins over this distance.[2] During his career, he broke four minutes for the mile on 17 occasions.

Elliott retired from athletics soon after the 1960 Olympics, at the age of 22.[3] He made a career in business, and at one time was chairman of Fortescue Metals Group. He was also chairman of Global Corporate Challenge health initiative.

Biography

Elliott was born on 25 February 1938 at Kensington Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, to Herb[a] and Eileen Elliott, née Carmody.[5] He attended Christian Brothers College, Perth. The intense sporting culture at Christian Brothers provided an ideal grounding for Elliott to reach the highest levels of athletic achievement.[6] Elliott also attended the University of Cambridge.

On 6 August 1958, Elliott set a new world record for the mile (3:54.5) at Morton Stadium in Dublin. Later that month he broke the 1500 metres world record in Gothenburg with a time of 3:36.0. His closest Australian rival at the time was Merv Lincoln.

Commonwealth and Olympic Games

At the 1958 Commonwealth Games in Cardiff, Wales, he won gold in the 880 yards and the mile. Two years later, at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Elliott won the 1500 m gold medal in world record time (3:35.6), finishing 2.6 seconds ahead of second placed Michel Jazy of France.

Elliott credited his visionary and iconoclastic coach, Percy Cerutty, with inspiration to train harder and more naturally than anyone of his era. Cerutty was known to avoid the track, talk about role models outside athletics (such as Leonardo da Vinci and Jesus), and bring his athletes to the unspoiled seaside beauty of Portsea training camp south of Melbourne, where Elliott would sprint up sand dunes until he dropped. "Faster", Cerutty would say, "it's only pain."

University education

After winning in Rome in 1960, he started a degree course at the University of Cambridge, England. He retired from athletics after running the half-mile in the 1962 University v AAA match.[1][7]

Business

Elliott served as the CEO of Puma North America and between 2001 and 2006 as a board member at Ansell.[1] From May 2005, he served as deputy chairman of Fortescue Metals Group, the world's fifth largest iron ore miner by capacity, and was the non-executive chairman of the firm from March 2007.[8][9] On 18 August 2011, Elliott was expected to move from chairman to deputy chairman, handing over the role of chairman to Andrew Forrest.[10]

Sydney Olympics

Elliott was one of the Olympic Torch bearers at the opening ceremony of the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, and entered the stadium for the final segment before the lighting of the Olympic Flame.[11]

Family

Elliott with family in Europe c. 1960
Elliott with family in Europe c. 1960

On 2 May 1959, Elliott married Anne Dudley, a hairdresser from Perth. They have six children.[12][13]

Honours

Elliott carried the torch of peace to the MCG when Pope John Paul II visited Melbourne in 1986.[14]

In the Queen's Birthday Honours List of 1964, he was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE). In the Queen's Birthday Honours List of 2002, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC), to wit:

For service to community leadership through the development of sport in Australia, continuing involvement in the Olympic movement at national and international levels, and as a supporter and benefactor of community and charitable organisations for youth, health promotion and cultural understanding.

He is an Australian Living Treasure.[citation needed]

He was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in 1985.[3]

Fortescue Metals Group named a new port at Point Anderson (near Port Hedland, Western Australia) Herb Elliott Port Archived 19 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading

Notes and references

  1. ^ Herb Elliott sen. was a prominent member of Apex; president of the Perth club and appointed Life Governor in 1953[4]
  1. ^ a b c d "Herb Elliott Bio, Stats and Results". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Herb Elliott". Bring Back the Mile. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Herb Elliott". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  4. ^ V. M. Branson (1981). The Golden Years of Apex 1956–1981. Association of Apex Clubs of Australia. ISBN 0909854106.
  5. ^ "Family Notices". The West Australian. Vol. 54, no. 16, 120. Western Australia. 26 February 1938. p. 1. Retrieved 25 February 2022 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ Massam, Katharine (1998). On High Ground: Images of One Hundred Years at Aquinas College, Western Australia. Page 153. University of Western Australia Press ISBN 1-876268-05-0
  7. ^ Herb Elliott at Cambridge University, Track Stats, August 2007, retrieved 20 March 2010
  8. ^ Fortescue director profiles. Fortescue Metals Group Limited
  9. ^ FACTBOX-Capacity of world's largest iron ore producers. Reuters. 19 April 2010
  10. ^ Fortescue chief executive and Board Restructure. Fortescue Metals Group Limited. 1 June 2011
  11. ^ Overington, Caroline; Attwood, Alan; Perkins, Corrie (16 September 2000). "The spectacular opening of the Sydney Olympics". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  12. ^ The Amazing Herb Elliott, si.com, 10 November 1958
  13. ^ Herb Elliott, NNDB.com; accessed 8 June 2017.
  14. ^ Video on YouTube
Records Preceded by Stanislav Jungwirth Men's 1500 m World Record Holder 28 August 1958 – 8 July 1967 Succeeded by Jim Ryun Preceded by Derek Ibbotson Men's Mile World Record Holder 6 August 1958 – 27 January 1962 Succeeded by Peter Snell