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GMS, the first generation of Himawari
GMS, the first generation of Himawari

The Himawari (ひまわり, “sunflower”) geostationary satellites, operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), support weather forecasting, tropical cyclone tracking, and meteorology research. Most meteorological agencies in East Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia and New Zealand use the satellites for their own weather monitoring and forecasting operations.

Originally also named Geostationary Meteorological Satellites (GMS),[1] since the launch of GMS-1 (Himawari 1) in 1977, there have been three generations, including GMS, MTSAT, and Himawari 8/9. Himawari 8/9 satellites are currently available for operational use.

Status

Name Launch date
(UTC)
Retirement Rocket Launch site
GMS-1 (Himawari 1) 14 Jul 1977 30 Jun 1989 Delta 2914 Cape Canaveral
GMS-2 (Himawari 2) 11 Aug 1981 20 Nov 1987 N-II (N8F) Tanegashima
GMS-3 (Himawari 3) 3 Aug 1984 23 Jun 1995 N-II (N13F) Tanegashima
GMS-4 (Himawari 4) 6 Sep 1989 24 Feb 2000 H-I (H20F) Tanegashima
GMS-5 (Himawari 5) 18 Mar 1995 21 Jul 2005 H-II (F3) Tanegashima
MTSAT-1 (Mirai 1) 15 Nov 1999 Launch failure H-II (F8) Tanegashima
GOES-9 (Pacific GOES) [2] 23 May 1995 14 Jun 2007 Atlas I (AC-77) Cape Canaveral
MTSAT-1R (Himawari 6) 26 Feb 2005 4 Dec 2015 H-IIA (F7) Tanegashima
MTSAT-2 (Himawari 7) 18 Feb 2006 10 Mar 2017 H-IIA (F9) Tanegashima
Himawari 8 7 Oct 2014 Operational H-IIA (F25) Tanegashima
Himawari 9 2 Nov 2016 Stand-by H-IIA (F31) Tanegashima

See also

References