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IEC 61850 is an international standard defining communication protocols for intelligent electronic devices at electrical substations. It is a part of the International Electrotechnical Commission's (IEC) Technical Committee 57 reference architecture for electric power systems.[1] The abstract data models defined in IEC 61850 can be mapped to a number of protocols. Current mappings in the standard are to MMS (Manufacturing Message Specification), GOOSE (Generic Object Oriented System Event) [see section 3, Terms and definitions, term 3.65 on page 14[2]], SV (Sampled Values) or SMV (Sampled Measure Values),[3] and soon to Web Services. In the previous version of the standard, GOOSE stood for "Generic Object Oriented Substation Event",[4][5] but this old definition is still very common in IEC 61850 documentation.[6] These protocols can run over TCP/IP networks or substation LANs using high speed switched Ethernet to obtain the necessary response times below four milliseconds for protective relaying.

Standard documents

IEC 61850 consists of the following parts:

Features

IEC 61850 features include:

  1. Data Modeling — Primary process objects as well as protection and control functionality in the substation is modelled into different standard logical nodes which can be grouped under different logical devices. There are logical nodes for data/functions related to the logical device (LLN0) and physical device (LPHD).
  2. Reporting Schemes — There are various reporting schemes (BRCB & URCB) for reporting data from server through a server-client relationship which can be triggered based on pre-defined trigger conditions.
  3. Fast Transfer of eventsGeneric Substation Events (GSE) are defined for fast transfer of event data for a peer-to-peer communication mode. This is again subdivided into GOOSE & GSSE.
  4. Setting Groups — The setting group control Blocks (SGCB) are defined to handle the setting groups so that user can switch to any active group according to the requirement.
  5. Sampled Data Transfer — Schemes are also defined to handle transfer of sampled values using Sampled Value Control blocks (SVCB)
  6. Commands — Various command types are also supported by IEC 61850 which include direct & select before operate (SBO) commands with normal and enhanced securities.
  7. Data StorageSubstation Configuration Language (SCL) is defined for complete storage of configured data of the substation in a specific format.

Related standards

See also

References

  1. ^ "IEC 61850:2021 SER | IEC Webstore | LVDC". webstore.iec.ch. Retrieved 2021-11-10.
  2. ^ "IEC TS 61850-2:2019 | IEC Webstore". webstore.iec.ch. Retrieved 2021-11-10.
  3. ^ "IEC 61850-9-2:2011+AMD1:2020 CSV | IEC Webstore | cyber security, smart city, LVDC". webstore.iec.ch. Retrieved 2021-11-10.
  4. ^ "IEC TS 61850-2:2003 | IEC Webstore | LVDC". webstore.iec.ch. Retrieved 2021-11-10.
  5. ^ "IEC 61850-8-1:2011 | IEC Webstore | LVDC". webstore.iec.ch. Retrieved 2021-11-10.
  6. ^ "IEC 61850-8-1:2011+AMD1:2020 CSV | IEC Webstore | LVDC". webstore.iec.ch. Retrieved 2021-11-10.