Kailash Sankhala
Born(1925-01-30)January 30, 1925
DiedAugust 15, 1994(1994-08-15) (aged 69)
Known forEnvironmental activism; Role as first Director of Project Tiger
AwardsPadma Shri
Indira Gandhi presenting award to Kailash Sankhala

Kailash Sankhala (30 January 1925 – 15 August 1994) was an Indian biologist and conservationist. He was the Director of Delhi Zoological Park and Chief Wildlife Warden of Rajasthan.[1] He is best known for his work in preserving tigers. Sankhala was the first Director of Project Tiger, a conservation programme set up in India in 1973.[2] He was well known as "The Tiger Man of India". He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1992 and Rajasthan Ratan in 2013.

Wildlife manager

Sankhala started at the Forest Service in 1953.[3] From 1953 to 1964, he managed wildlife sanctuaries in Sariska, Bharatpur, Banvihar and Ranthambhor, as well as forests in Rajasthan. In 1965, he was appointed Director of the Delhi Zoological Park. In 1973 he was appointed head of Project Tiger, an attempt to save the Indian tiger from extinction.[4]

Tiger conservation

In 1971, Sankhala conducted a survey of the tiger population in India.[5] His research later lead him to become the first Director of Project Tiger in 1973.[6] Sankhala created the Tiger Trust in 1989.[7] Sankhala's son, Pradeep Sankhala, took over the charge of the Tiger Trust after his father's death. Upon his death in 2003, his son Amit Sankhala stepped in.

Personal life

Kailash Sankhala was born in Jodhpur, Rajasthan on 30 January 1925. Sankhala died on 15 August 1994 in Jaipur.

Awards and honours

The Ministry of Environment and Forests established the Kailash Sankhala Fellowship award for conservation efforts in his honour.[8]


See also


  1. ^ Valmik Thapar (1 February 2006). Saving Wild Tigers 1900–2000. Orient Blackswan. pp. 155–. ISBN 978-81-7824-150-0.
  2. ^ Sujit Mukherjee (1 January 1993). Forster and Further: The Tradition of Anglo-Indian Fiction. Orient Blackswan. pp. 222–. ISBN 978-0-86311-289-8.
  3. ^ *Kailash Sankhala (1978). Tiger! The Story of the Indian Tiger. William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. ISBN 0-00-216124-9.
  4. ^ Reed Business Information (28 March 1974). New Scientist. Reed Business Information. pp. 804–. ISSN 0262-4079. ((cite book)): |author= has generic name (help)
  5. ^ Ronald Tilson; Philip J. Nyhus (30 November 2009). Tigers of the World: The Science, Politics and Conservation of Panthera tigris. Academic Press. pp. 5–. ISBN 978-0-08-094751-8.
  6. ^ Administrator. "Kailash Sankhala". kidsfortigers.org. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Tiger trust".
  8. ^ "Shri Kailash Sankhla National Wildlife Fellowship Award – Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India". envfor.nic.in. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Tiger! The Story of the Indian Tiger". Diary – Tales from Wild India – Conservation Magazine.