M. S. Ramakumar
Nuclear engineer
Known forRobotics

Mallasamudram Subramanyam Ramakumar was an Indian mechanical engineer, scientist and roboticist, known for developing robotic and automation technologies for Indian nuclear and defence purposes.[1] He was the director of Nuclear Fuels, Automation and Manufacturing Group of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Trombay.[2] He was the first Head of Division of Remote Handling of Robotics (DRHR) at the organization. He pioneered robotic technology in India.[3] Ramakumar was one of the key persons behind the Pokhran-II test, conducted by India in 1998.[4][5] It was his team, which developed the online fuelling and coolant channel inspection systems for the power reactors for the 1998 tests.[6]

Ramakumar published several articles on Robotics[7][8] and Remote handling technologies[2][9] and peer reviewed a few journals of international repute. He was a member of the advisory board of the Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing, organised by Space Applications Centre of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) at Ahmedabad, in 2002[10] and was an external examiner of the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai.[11] Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian award of the Padmashri in 1999.[12]


  1. ^ T. S. Subramanian (May 1998). "Key players in Pokhran". Frontline. 15 (11).
  2. ^ a b M. S. Ramakumar. "Remote Technologies for Handling Spent Fuel" (PDF). International Atomic Energy Agency.
  3. ^ M. L. Sondhi, ed. (2000). Nuclear Weapons and India's National Security. Har-Anand Publications. pp. 202 of 202 pages. ISBN 9788124106617.
  4. ^ "Operation Shakti: 1998". Nuclear Weapon Archive. 30 March 2001. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  5. ^ Robert Curley, ed. (2011). Weapons of Mass Destruction. Britannica Educational Publishing. pp. 53 of 168. ISBN 9781615307517.
  6. ^ Kanavi, Shivanand (September 1999). "Thorium is the Word". Business India. ISBN 0253220939.
  7. ^ K Jayarajan; D Venkatesh; MS Ramakumar (1991). "Development of a 4 axis robot for automation in nuclear industry". International Symposium on Intelligent Robots: 120–125.
  8. ^ M. S. Ramakumar (1999). Role of Indigenous R&D in the Area of Robotics and Automation. Allied Publishers. pp. 270–277 of 833 pages. ISBN 9788170239390.
  9. ^ D. Venkatesh; M. S. Ramakumar (January 1998). "Design of a Telemanipulator for Radioactive Waste Management". International Symposium on Intelligent Robotics. ISBN 9788177646719.
  10. ^ "Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing". Space Applications Centre. 2015. Archived from the original on 25 June 2003. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  11. ^ "External Examiner" (PDF). Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai. 2015. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  12. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.