Lipan
Ndé miizaa
Native toMexico, United States
RegionChihuahua, Coahuila, New Mexico, Texas
EthnicityLipan Apache people
Native speakers
110 (in Mexico)[1]
Latin
Official status
Official language in
 Mexico
Regulated byInstituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas
Language codes
ISO 639-3apl
Glottologlipa1241
ELPLipan

Lipan (ndé miizaa) is an Eastern Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Lipan Apache in the states of Coahuila and Chihuahua in northern Mexico, some reservations of New Mexico and parts of southern Texas. Lipan belongs to the Na-Dene languages family and it is closely related to Jicarilla language, which is also part of the Eastern Southern Athabaskan languages.

History

In 1981, it was reported that in New Mexico there were only 2 or 3 elderly speakers still alive.[2]

On March 22, 2023, a speech in Lipan was given in the tribune of the Chamber of Deputies of Mexico.[3]

On July 22, 2023, the Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas presented and validated an official alphabet for Lipan in the Assembly Hall of Casas Grandes, Chihuahua.

Distribution

In Mexico, Lipan is traditionally spoken in some native communities in the states of Coahuila and Chihuahua: In Coahuila it was mainly spoken in Los Lirios and San Antonio de Alanzas in Arteaga Municipality, El Remolino and Zaragoza in Zaragoza Municipality, Sierra de Santa Rosa de Lima and Múzquiz in Múzquiz Municipality and the cities of Sabinas and Saltillo. In Chihuahua it is mainly spoken in Ciudad Juarez, the city of Chihuahua and other native towns.[4]

Lipan was spoken in New Mexico in the Mescalero Reservation and in Texas near the Mexico-U.S. border.

Toponymy

The Lipan people preserve their own toponymic names to name important places within their history and culture that are part of the Ndé Bikéyaa ("Ndé land" in Lipan):[5]

Mexico Mehigu
Chihuahua City Ją’éłąyá
Ciudad Juárez Tsé Tahu’aya / Yaa tu enéé
Coahuila Nacika

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ [1] Lengua N'dee/N'nee/Ndé
  2. ^ 1981 R. W. Young
  3. ^ "Hablante de lengua nde' mizaa, pronuncia discurso en la tribuna de la Cámara de Diputados".
  4. ^ "Historia de la lengua y cultura n'dee/n'nee/ndé; Ndé miizaa".
  5. ^ "Toponimia en lengua Ndé".