The article China's first-level administrative divisions by their gross domestic product per capita in main years. All figures are given in the national currency, renminbi (CNY), and in USD at nominal values according to recent exchange rates as well as according to purchasing power parity (PPP). The average CNY exchange rate used here is from the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and CNY PPP exchange rates are estimated according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Since the implementation of reform and opening up in mainland China in 1978, its economy has developed rapidly. In 1995, the GDP per capita of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai reached more than 1,000 US dollars; by 2000, there were 10 provinces with GDP per capita exceeding 1,000 US dollars, of which Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai exceeded 2,000 US dollars. By 2019, the per capita GDP of mainland China exceeded US$10,000, of which Beijing and Shanghai exceeded US$22,000, Jiangsu was nearly US$18,000, Zhejiang and Fujian exceeded US$15,000, Guangdong and Tianjin exceeded US$13,000, and Hubei, Chongqing and Shandong exceeded US$10,000. Except for Gansu and Heilongjiang, the remaining provinces all exceeded US$6,000.

For comparison purposes, this article also displays the GDPs the special administrative regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau, which maintain separate economic systems and currencies. These figures are shown in USD based on PPP, as estimated by the International Monetary Fund.[1]

Map of Chinese provinces and SARs by GDP per capita in US$:
  $5,000 - $7,499   $7,500 - $9,999   $10,000 - $14,999   $15,000 - $19,999   $20,000 - $24,999 above

2020 data

List of Chinese provinces by 2020 GDP per capita (based on 2020 census)[1]
Nominal rate: CNY 6.8974 per U.S. dollar;[2]
CN¥4.2082 per Int'l. dollar (according to International Monetary Fund in April 2021 publication[3])
provinces rank GDPpc Reference index
CNY USD PPP Share
(%)
GDP
(in bn of CNY)
2020 census
pop
China (mainland) 71,965 ¥ US$10,434 US$17,101 100 101,598.62 1,411,778,724
Beijing 1 164,904 ¥ US$23,908 US$39,186 229 3,610.26 21,893,095
Shanghai 2 155,606 ¥ US$22,560 US$36,977 216 3,870.06 24,870,895
Jiangsu 3 121,205 ¥ US$17,573 US$28,802 168 10,271.90 84,748,016
Fujian 4 105,690 ¥ US$15,323 US$25,115 147 4,390.39 41,540,086
Tianjin 5 101,570 ¥ US$14,726 US$24,136 141 1,408.37 13,866,009
Zhejiang 6 100,071 ¥ US$14,508 US$23,780 139 6,461.33 64,567,588
Guangdong 7 87,897 ¥ US$12,743 US$20,887 122 11,076.09 126,012,510
Chongqing 8 78,002 ¥ US$11,309 US$18,536 108 2,500.28 32,054,159
Hubei 9 75,223 ¥ US$10,906 US$17,875 105 4,344.35 57,752,557
Inner Mongolia 10 72,185 ¥ US$10,466 US$17,153 100 1,735.98 24,049,155
Shandong 11 72,029 ¥ US$10,443 US$17,116 100 7,312.90 101,527,453
Shaanxi 12 66,235 ¥ US$9,603 US$15,739 92 2,618.19 39,528,999
Anhui 13 63,383 ¥ US$9,189 US$15,062 88 3,868.06 61,027,171
Hunan 14 62,881 ¥ US$9,117 US$14,943 87 4,178.15 66,444,864
Liaoning 15 58,967 ¥ US$8,549 US$14,012 82 2,511.50 42,591,407
Sichuan 16 58,080 ¥ US$8,421 US$13,802 81 4,859.88 83,674,866
Jiangxi 17 56,854 ¥ US$8,243 US$13,510 79 2,569.15 45,188,635
Henan 18 55,348 ¥ US$8,025 US$13,152 77 5,499.71 99,365,519
Hainan 19 54,878 ¥ US$7,956 US$13,041 76 553.24 10,081,232
Ningxia 20 54,432 ¥ US$7,892 US$12,935 76 392.06 7,202,654
Xinjiang 21 53,371 ¥ US$7,738 US$12,683 74 1,379.76 25,852,345
Tibet 22 52,157 ¥ US$7,562 US$12,394 72 190.27 3,648,100
Yunnan 23 51,943 ¥ US$7,531 US$12,343 72 2,452.19 47,209,277
Jilin 24 51,141 ¥ US$7,414 US$12,153 71 1,231.13 24,073,453
Qinghai 25 50,742 ¥ US$7,357 US$12,058 71 300.59 5,923,957
Shanxi 26 50,556 ¥ US$7,330 US$12,014 70 1,765.19 34,915,616
Hebei 27 48,528 ¥ US$7,036 US$11,532 67 3,620.69 74,610,235
Guizhou 28 46,228 ¥ US$6,702 US$10,985 64 1,782.66 38,562,148
Guangxi 29 44,201 ¥ US$6,408 US$10,504 61 2,215.67 50,126,804
Heilongjiang 30 43,009 ¥ US$6,236 US$10,220 60 1,369.85 31,850,088
Gansu 31 36,038 ¥ US$5,225 US$8,564 50 901.67 25,019,831

Appendix

Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2020)[4]
Year HK$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2020 350,947 45,175 58,165
2019 386,386 49,334 64,927
2018 380,263 48,517 64,216
2017 359,166 46,091 61,529
2016 337,615 43,496 58,433
2015 328,096 42,322 57,091
2014 311,600 40,182 55,602
2013 296,538 38,230 53,412
2012 284,069 36,620 51,195
2011 272,091 34,951 49,819
2010 251,887 32,422 46,937
2009 237,157 30,594 43,801
2008 245,191 31,488 44,774
2007 237,916 30,495 43,163
2006 217,741 28,028 39,676
2005 206,517 26,552 36,330
2004 193,735 24,874 33,002
2003 185,782 23,856 29,711
2002 192,890 24,731 28,466
2001 196,298 25,167 27,548
2000 199,285 25,574 26,881
1999 193,737 24,969 24,694
1998 198,693 25,649 23,943
1997 210,702 27,215 25,413
1996 191,028 24,699 23,955
1995 177,220 22,909 23,107
1994 170,323 22,039 22,653
1993 154,132 19,925 21,339
1992 136,129 17,586 19,996
1991 118,047 15,190 18,632
1990 103,453 13,281 17,238
1989 93,041 11,928 16,074
1988 81,602 10,454 15,270
1987 70,035 8,981 13,773
1986 57,186 7,328 11,920
1985 50,211 6,445 10,642
1984 47,903 6,127 10,374
1983 40,329 5,551 9,240
1982 37,002 6,096 8,531
1981 33,274 5,953 7,929
1980 28,185 5,664 6,791
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2020)[4]
Year MOP$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2020 309,437 38,769 58,931
2019 655,460 81,151 114,363
2018 665,072 82,388 116,808
2017 621,329 77,415 110,592
2016 561,878 70,278 100,187
2015 560,009 70,133 99,667
2014 694,860 86,998 127,869
2013 677,967 84,860 133,020
2012 590,753 73,938 122,711
2011 528,166 65,868 115,105
2010 407,481 50,921 93,506
2009 316,301 39,615 75,175
2008 305,462 38,087 72,682
2007 273,895 34,084 70,378
2006 230,487 28,806 62,762
2005 200,034 24,970 56,997
2004 183,556 22,881 53,545
2003 147,158 18,347 42,604
2002 133,537 16,623 37,987
2001 125,414 15,611 34,656

See also

Notes

Sources

References

  1. ^ GDP-2020 is a preliminary data pubilished on the 2018 CASEN: "Home - Regional - Quarterly by Province" (Press release). China NBS. April 15, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  2. ^ The average rate of Chinese yuan to US dollar in 2020 is according to the Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2020 National Economic and Social Development: The average exchange rate of the year was 6.8974 RMB to 1 USD dollar, appreciated by 0.02 percent over that of 2019. "Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2020 National Economic and Social Development" (Press release). China NBS. February 28, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  3. ^ the historical PPP GDP figures of Mainland China and exchange rates of Chinese yuan to Int'l. dollar are based on the World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021 "International Monetary Fund, April 2021" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  4. ^ a b All gdp data for Hong Kong, Taiwan Area and Macao is based on IMF WEO October 2020 ("Download WEO Data: October 2019 Edition" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. April 9, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.)