This is a list of Stoic philosophers, ordered (roughly) by date. The criteria for inclusion in this list are fairly mild. See also Category:Stoic philosophers.
Name | Period | Notes |
---|---|---|
3rd Century BC | ||
Zeno of Citium | (c. 334–262 BC) | Founder of the Stoic school in Athens (c. 300 BC) |
Persaeus | (306–243 BC) | Pupil and friend of Zeno |
Aratus of Soli | (c. 315–c. 245 BC) | Pupil of Zeno and poet |
Athenodorus of Soli | fl. 275 BC) | Pupil of Zeno and brother of Aratus |
Aristo of Chios | (c. 310–c. 240 BC) | Pupil of Crates, leaned towards Cynicism |
Apollophanes of Antioch | (fl. 250 BC) | Stoic philosopher, friend of Aristo of Chios |
Dionysius the Renegade | (c. 325–c. 250 BC) | Pupil of Zeno who became a Cyrenaic |
Sphaerus | (c. 285–c. 210 BC) | Pupil of Zeno – moved to Sparta and Alexandria |
Herillus of Carthage | (fl. 250 BC) | Pupil of Zeno, who held that knowledge was the highest good |
Cleanthes | (of Assos) (331–232 BC) | Second leader of the Stoic school |
Eratosthenes (of Cyrene) | (fl. 225 BC) | Pupil of Aristo. Chief librarian at Alexandria |
Hermagoras of Amphipolis | fl. c. 225 BC) | Stoic philosopher and follower of Persaeus of Citium |
Chrysippus (of Soli) | (c. 280–c. 206 BC) | Third leader of the Stoic school. Wrote 705 books |
Dioscorides (Stoic) | (fl. 225 BC) | Pupil of Chrysippus. Father of Zeno of Tarsus |
Aristocreon | (fl. 210 BC) | Nephew of Chrysippus |
2nd Century BC | ||
Zeno of Tarsus | (fl. 200 BC) | Fourth leader of the Stoic school |
Crates of Mallus | (fl. 175 BC) | Grammarian. Head of the library at Pergamon |
Diogenes of Babylon | (c. 230–c. 150 BC) | Fifth leader of the Stoic school |
Zenodotus (Stoic) | (fl. 150 BC) | Pupil of Diogenes of Tite |
Apollodorus of Seleucia | (fl. 150 BC) | Pupil of Diogenes of Babylon |
Basilides (Stoic) | (fl. c. 150 BC) | Denied the existence of incorporeal entities |
Antipater of Tarsus | (c. 200–129 BC) | Sixth leader of the Stoic school |
Apollodorus of Athens | (fl. 150 BC) | Historian. Pupil of Diogenes and Antipater of Tarsus |
Archedemus of Tarsus | (fl. 140 BC) | Founded a Stoic school at Babylon |
Panaetius of Rhodes | (185–109 BC) | Seventh and last undisputed leader of the Stoic school |
Boethus of Sidon | (fl. 150 BC) | Pupil of Diogenes |
Polemon of Athens | (fl. 150 BC) | Geographer, follower of Panaetius |
Gaius Blossius | (fl. 133 BC) | Pupil of Antipater of Tarsus, insurgent of in the revolt of Aristonikos |
Marcus Vigellius | (fl. 125 BC) | Stoic who lived with Panaetius |
Heraclides of Tarsus | (fl. 125 BC) | Pupil of Antipater of Tarsus |
Dardanus | (c. 160–c. 90 BC) | Leading figure in the Stoic school in Athens |
Mnesarchus | (c. 160–c. 90 BC) | Leading figure in the Stoic school in Athens |
Publius Rutilius Rufus | (158–c. 75 BC) | Statesman, orator and historian. Pupil of Panaetius |
Stilo | (c. 154–74 BC) | Grammarian and scholar |
Dionysius of Cyrene | (fl. c. 125 BC) | Leading figure in the Stoic school in Athens |
Quintus Lucilius Balbus | (fl. c. 125 BC) | Stoic philosopher, and a pupil of Panaetius |
Hecato of Rhodes | (fl. 100 BC) | Pupil of Panaetius, wrote about ethics |
Diotimus the Stoic | (fl. 100 BC) | Stoic who slandered Epicurus |
1st Century BC | ||
Posidonius (of Apamea) | (c. 135–51 BC) | A philosopher, astronomer, and geographer |
Crinis | (fl. uncertain) | Stoic who wrote about logic |
Proclus of Mallus | (fl. uncertain) | Stoic philosopher and writer |
Diodotus the Stoic | (c. 130–59 BC) | Stoic teacher of Cicero who lived in Cicero's house |
Geminus of Rhodes | (c. 110–c. 40 BC) | Astronomer and mathematician |
Athenodoros Cordylion | (c. 130–60 BC) | Librarian at Pergamon, lived with Cato |
Apollonius of Tyre (philosopher) | (fl. 50 BC) | Stoic philosopher who wrote a biography of Zeno |
Cato the Younger | (95–46 BC) | Statesman who opposed Julius Caesar |
Antipater of Tyre | (c. 100–45 BC) | Friend of Cato. Wrote about practical ethics |
Porcia Catonis | (c. 70–43 BC) | Female Stoic, daughter of Cato the Younger |
Apollonides | (fl. 46 BC) | Stoic philosopher whom Cato consulted before committing suicide |
Jason of Nysa | (fl. 50 BC) | Grandson of Posidonius |
Athenodoros Cananites | (c. 74 BC–7 AD) | Pupil of Posidonius. Teacher of Augustus |
Quintus Sextius | (fl. 40 BC) | Set up a school teaching Stoicism mixed with Pythagoreanism |
Arius Didymus (of Alexandria) | (fl. 10 BC) | Collected excerpts from earlier Stoic writers |
1st Century AD | ||
Attalus (Stoic) | (fl. 25 AD) | Stoic philosopher frequently visited by Seneca |
Papirius Fabianus | (fl. 30 AD) | Teacher of Seneca. Rhetorician and philosopher |
Lucius Annaeus Seneca | (c. 4 BC–65 AD) | Statesman, philosopher, and playwright. Many of his works are extant |
Thrasea Paetus | (c. 10 AD–66 AD) | Roman senator and Stoic |
Lucius Annaeus Cornutus | (c. 20–c. 70 AD) | Stoic teacher who wrote a Compendium of Greek Theology |
Chaeremon of Alexandria | (fl. 50 AD) | Stoic philosopher and grammarian. Librarian at Alexandria |
Paconius Agrippinus | (fl. 60 AD) | Stoic philosopher spoken of with praise by Epictetus |
Publius Egnatius Celer | (fl. 60 AD) | Stoic philosopher. Informer in the reign of Nero |
Persius | (34–62 AD) | Stoic philosopher, poet and satirist |
Helvidius Priscus | (fl. 65 AD) | Stoic philosopher and statesman |
Arulenus Rusticus | (c. 30–93 AD) | Statesman. Friend and pupil of Thrasea Paetus |
Musonius Rufus | (c. 25–c. 90 AD) | Taught Epictetus. Some of his lectures are extant |
Fannia | (c. 100 AD) | Another female Stoic |
Euphrates the Stoic | (c. 35–118 AD) | Philosopher, orator and pupil of Musonius Rufus |
2nd Century AD | ||
Epictetus (of Hierapolis) | (c. 55–c. 135 AD) | Pupil of Musonius Rufus. His Discourses and Enchiridion are extant |
Hierocles (Stoic) | (fl. 150 AD) | Philosopher wrote "Elements of Ethics" |
Flavius Arrianus | (c. 90–175 AD) | Historian and pupil of Epictetus |
Basilides of Scythopolis | (fl. 150 AD) | Teacher of Marcus Aurelius |
Apollonius of Chalcedon | (fl. 150 AD) | Stoic teacher of Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus |
Claudius Maximus | (fl. 150 AD) | Stoic philosopher and friend of Marcus Aurelius |
Junius Rusticus | (c. 100–c. 170 AD) | Philosopher and Consul. Adviser of Marcus Aurelius |
Marcus Aurelius | (121–180 AD) | Roman Emperor from 161–180 AD. His philosophical notebook, Meditations is extant |