UN Security Council Chamber in New York.
UN Security Council Chamber in New York.

The following is a list of United Nations resolutions concerning Israel. As of 2013, Israel had been condemned in 45 resolutions by the United Nations Human Rights Council. Since the creation of the Council in 2006, it has resolved almost more resolutions condemning Israel than on the rest of the world combined. The 45 resolutions comprised almost half (45.9%) of all country-specific resolutions passed by the Council, not counting those under Agenda Item 10 (countries requiring technical assistance).[1] From 1967 to 1989 the UN Security Council adopted 131 resolutions directly addressing the Arab–Israeli conflict. In early Security Council practice, resolutions did not directly invoke Chapter VII. They made an explicit determination of a threat, breach of the peace, or act of aggression, and ordered an action in accordance with Article 39 or 40. Resolution 54 determined that a threat to peace existed within the meaning of Article 39 of the Charter, reiterated the need for a truce, and ordered a cease-fire pursuant to Article 40 of the Charter. Although the phrase "Acting under Chapter VII" was never mentioned as the basis for the action taken, the chapter's authority was being used.[2]

The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a number of resolutions saying that the strategic relationship with the United States encourages Israel to pursue aggressive and expansionist policies and practices.[3] The 9th Emergency Session of the General Assembly was convened at the request of the Security Council when the United States blocked efforts to adopt sanctions against Israel.[4] The United States responded to the frequent criticism from UN organs by adopting the Negroponte doctrine of opposing any Security Council resolutions criticizing Israel that did not also denounce Palestinian militant activity.

United Nations General Assembly resolutions

United Nations General Assembly resolutions are as follows:

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

Resolution 181: Recommending partition of the British Mandate for Palestine into Arab and Jewish states, and international status for the City of Jerusalem.

United Nations Security Council resolutions

United Nations Security Council resolutions are as follows:

  1. Resolution 42: The Palestine Question (5 March 1948) Requests recommendations for the Palestine Commission
  2. Resolution 43: The Palestine Question (1 Apr 1948) Recognizes "increasing violence and disorder in Palestine" and requests that representatives of "the Jewish Agency for Palestine and the Arab Higher Committee" arrange, with the Security Council, "a truce between the Arab and Jewish Communities of Palestine ... Calls upon Arab and Jewish armed groups in Palestine to cease acts of violence immediately."
  3. Resolution 44: The Palestine Question (1 Apr 1948) Requests convocation of special session of the General Assembly
  4. Resolution 46: The Palestine Question (17 Apr 1948) As the United Kingdom is the Mandatory Power, "it is responsible for the maintenance of peace and order in Palestine." The Resolutions also "Calls upon all persons and organizations in Palestine" to stop importing "armed bands and fighting personnel ... whatever their origin; ... weapons and war materials; ... Refrain, pending the future government of Palestine...from any political activity which might prejudice the rights, claims, or position of either community; ... refrain from any action which will endanger the safety of the Holy Places in Palestine."
  5. Resolution 48: April 23, 1948, calls on all concerned parties to comply with UNSC Resolution 46 and establishes a Truce Commission for Palestine to assist the SC in implementing the truce. Approved 8–0, abstentions from Colombia, Ukrainian SSR and USSR.
  6. Resolution 49: May 22, 1948 issues a cease-fire order to come into effect at noon, May 24, 1948, New York City local time. Orders the Truce Commission for Palestine previously set up to report on compliance. Adopted by 8–0, abstentions from Ukrainian SSR, USSR and Syria.
  7. Resolution 50: May 29, 1948, calls for a four-week ceasefire covering Palestine, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan and Yemen. Urges all to protect the Holy Places and Jerusalem. Offers the UN Mediator as many military observers as necessary. Further violations and the Council would consider action under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Adopted in parts; no voting on the resolution as a whole.
  8. Resolution 53: The Palestine Question (7 Jul 1948)
  9. Resolution 54: The Palestine Question (15 Jul 1948)
  10. Resolution 56: The Palestine Question (19 Aug 1948)
  11. Resolution 57: The Palestine Question (18 Sep 1948)
  12. Resolution 59: The Palestine Question (19 Oct 1948)
  13. Resolution 60: The Palestine Question (29 Oct 1948)
  14. Resolution 61: The Palestine Question (4 Nov 1948)
  15. Resolution 62: The Palestine Question (16 Nov 1948)
  16. Resolution 66: The Palestine Question (29 Dec 1948)
  17. Resolution 69: Israel's admission to the UN (04 Mar 1949)
  18. Resolution 72: The Palestine Question (11 Aug 1949)
  19. Resolution 73: The Palestine Question (11 Aug 1949)
  20. Resolution 89 (17 November 1950): regarding Armistice in 1948 Arab–Israeli War and "transfer of persons".
  21. Resolution 92: The Palestine Question (8 May 1951)
  22. Resolution 93: The Palestine Question (18 May 1951)
  23. Resolution 95: The Palestine Question (1 Sep 1951)
  24. Resolution 100: The Palestine Question (27 Oct 1953)
  25. Resolution 101: The Palestine Question (24 Nov 1953)
  26. Resolution 106: The Palestine Question (29 Mar 1955) 'condemns' Israel for Gaza raid.
  27. Resolution 107: The Palestine Question (30 March)
  28. Resolution 108: The Palestine Question (8 September)
  29. Resolution 111: The Palestine Question (January 19, 1956) " ... 'condemns' Israel for raid on Syria that killed fifty-six people".
  30. Resolution 113: The Palestine Question (4 April)
  31. Resolution 114: The Palestine Question (4 June)
  32. Resolution 127: The Palestine Question (January 22, 1958) " ... 'recommends' Israel suspends its 'no-man's zone' in Jerusalem".
  33. Resolution 138: (June 23, 1960) Question relating to the case of Israel's capture of Adolf Eichmann, concerning Argentina's complaint that Israel breached its sovereignty.
  34. Resolution 162: The Palestine Question (April 11, 1961) " ... 'urges' Israel to comply with UN decisions".
  35. Resolution 171: The Palestine Question (April 9, 1962) " ... determines flagrant violations' by Israel in its attack on Syria".
  36. Resolution 228: The Palestine Question (November 25, 1966) " ... 'censures' Israel for its attack on Samu in the West Bank, then under Jordanian control".
  37. Resolution 233 Six-Day War (June 6, 1967)
  38. Resolution 234 Six-Day War (June 7, 1967)
  39. Resolution 235 Six-Day War (June 9, 1967)
  40. Resolution 236 Six-Day War (June 11, 1967)
  41. Resolution 237: Six-Day War June 14, 1967) " ... 'urges' Israel to allow return of new 1967 Palestinian refugees". and called on Israel to ensure the safety and welfare of inhabitants of areas where fighting had taken place.
  42. Resolution 240 (October 25, 1967): concerning violations of the cease-fire
  43. Resolution 242 (November 22, 1967): Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area. Calls on Israel's neighbors to end the state of belligerency and calls upon Israel to reciprocate by withdraw its forces from land claimed by other parties in 1967 war. Interpreted commonly today as calling for the land for peace principle as a way to resolve Arab–Israeli conflict.
  44. Resolution 248: (March 24, 1968) " ... 'condemns' Israel for its massive attack on Karameh in Jordan".
  45. Resolution 250: (April 27) " ... 'calls' on Israel to refrain from holding military parade in Jerusalem".
  46. Resolution 251: (May 2) " ... 'deeply deplores' Israeli military parade in Jerusalem in defiance of Resolution 250".
  47. Resolution 252: (May 21) " ... 'declares invalid' Israel's acts to unify Jerusalem as Jewish capital".
  48. Resolution 256: (August 16) " ... 'condemns' Israeli raids on Jordan as 'flagrant violation".
  49. Resolution 258: (September 18) ... expressed 'concern' with the welfare of the inhabitants of the Israeli-occupied territories, and requested a special representative to be sent to report on the implementation of Resolution 237, and that Israel cooperate.
  50. Resolution 259: (September 27) " ... 'deplores' Israel's refusal to accept UN mission to probe occupation".
  51. Resolution 262: (December 31) " ... 'condemns' Israel for attack on Beirut airport".
  52. Resolution 265: (April 1, 1969) " ... 'condemns' Israel for air attacks on Salt".
  53. Resolution 267: (July 3) " ... 'censures' Israel for administrative acts to change the status of Jerusalem".
  54. Resolution 270: (August 26) " ... 'condemns' Israel for air attacks on villages in southern Lebanon".
  55. Resolution 271: (September 15) " ... 'condemns' Israel's failure to obey UN resolutions on Jerusalem".
  56. Resolution 279: (May 12, 1970) "Demands the immediate withdrawal of all Israeli armed forces from Lebanese territory."(full text)
  57. Resolution 280: (May 19) " ... 'condemns' Israeli's attacks against Lebanon".
  58. Resolution 285: (September 5) " ... 'demands' immediate Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon".
  59. Resolution 298: (September 25, 1971) " ... 'deplores' Israel's changing of the status of Jerusalem".
  60. Resolution 313: (February 28, 1972) " ... 'demands' that Israel stop attacks against Lebanon".
  61. Resolution 316: (June 26) " ... 'condemns' Israel for repeated attacks on Lebanon".
  62. Resolution 317: (July 21) " ... 'deplores' Israel's refusal to release Arabs abducted in Lebanon".
  63. Resolution 331: (April 20, 1973)
  64. Resolution 332: (April 21) " ... 'condemns' Israel's repeated attacks against Lebanon".
  65. Resolution 337: (August 15) " ... 'condemns' Israel for violating Lebanon's sovereignty and territorial integrity and for the forcible diversion and seizure of a Lebanese airliner from Lebanon's air space".
  66. Resolution 338 (22 October 1973): " ...'calls' for a cease fire" in Yom Kippur War and "the implementation of Security Council Resolution 242 (1967) in all of its parts", and "Decides that, immediately and concurrently with the cease-fire, negotiations shall start between the parties concerned under appropriate auspices aimed at establishing a just and durable peace in the Middle East."
  67. Resolution 339 (23 October 1973): Confirms Res. 338, dispatch UN observers.
  68. Resolution 340 (25 October): "Demands that immediate and complete cease-fire be observed, per 338 and 339, and requests to increase the number of United Nations military observers
  69. Resolution 341 (27 October): "Approves the report on the implementation resolution 340
  70. Resolution 344 (15 December)
  71. Resolution 346 (April 8, 1974)
  72. Resolution 347: (April 24)" ... 'condemns' Israeli attacks on Lebanon".
  73. Resolution 350 (31 May 1974) established the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, to monitor the ceasefire between Israel and Syria in the wake of the Yom Kippur War.
  74. Resolution 362 (October 23) decides to extend the mandate of the United Nations Emergency Force for another six months
  75. Resolution 363 (November 29)
  76. Resolution 368 (April 17, 1975), called on the parties involved in the prevailing state of tension in the Middle East to immediately implement Resolution 338.
  77. Resolution 369 (May 28, 1975), expressed concern over the prevailing state of tension in the Middle East, reaffirmed that the two previous agreements were only a step towards the implementation of Resolution 338 and called on the parties to implement it, and extended the mandate of the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  78. Resolution 371, expressed concern at a lack of progress towards a lasting peace in the Middle East.
  79. Resolution 378, called for the implementation of Resolution 338 and extended the mandate of the United Nations Emergency Force.
  80. Resolution 381, expressed concern over continued tensions, extended the mandate of the United Nations Emergency Force, and scheduled a later meeting to continue the debate on the Middle East.
  81. Resolution 390, considered a report regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force and extended its mandate, noted the efforts to establish peace in the Middle East, but expressed concern over the prevailing state of tensions, and called for the implementation of Resolution 338.
  82. Resolution 396
  83. Resolution 408
  84. Resolution 416
  85. Resolution 420, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  86. Resolution 425 (1978): " ... 'calls' on Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon". Israel's withdrawal from Lebanon was completed by 16 June 2000.
  87. Resolution 426, established the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).
  88. Resolution 427: " ... 'calls' on Israel to complete its withdrawal from Lebanon".
  89. Resolution 429
  90. Resolution 434, renewed the mandate of UNIFIL and called upon Israel and Lebanon to implement prior resolutions.
  91. Resolution 438
  92. Resolution 441
  93. Resolution 444: " ... 'deplores' Israel's lack of cooperation with UN peacekeeping forces".
  94. Resolution 446 (1979): 'determines' that Israeli settlements are a 'serious obstruction' to peace and calls on Israel to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention".
  95. Resolution 449, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  96. Resolution 450: " ... 'calls' on Israel to stop attacking Lebanon".
  97. Resolution 452: " ... 'calls' on Israel to cease building settlements in occupied territories".
  98. Resolution 456, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  99. Resolution 459, regarding UNIFIL.
  100. Resolution 465: " ... 'deplores' Israel's settlements and asks all member states not to assist Israel's settlements program".
  101. Resolution 467: " ... 'strongly deplores' Israel's military intervention in Lebanon".
  102. Resolution 468: " ... 'calls' on Israel to rescind illegal expulsions of two Palestinian mayors and a judge and to facilitate their return".
  103. Resolution 469: " ... 'strongly deplores' Israel's failure to observe the council's order not to deport Palestinians".
  104. Resolution 470, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  105. Resolution 471: " ... 'expresses deep concern' at Israel's failure to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention".
  106. Resolution 474, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  107. Resolution 476: " ... 'reiterates' that Israel's claim to Jerusalem are 'null and void'". The altering of the status of Jerusalem constitutes as a flagrant violation of the 4th Geneva Convention.
  108. Resolution 478 (20 August 1980): 'censures (Israel) in the strongest terms' for its claim to Jerusalem in its 'Basic Law'.
  109. Resolution 481, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  110. Resolution 483, noted the continuing need for UNIFIL given the situation between Israel and Lebanon, and extended its mandate.
  111. Resolution 484: " ... 'declares it imperative' that Israel re-admit two deported Palestinian mayors".
  112. Resolution 485, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  113. Resolution 487: " ... 'strongly condemns' Israel for its attack on Iraq's nuclear facility".
  114. Resolution 488, regarding UNIFIL.
  115. Resolution 493, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  116. Resolution 497 (17 December 1981), decides that Israel's annexation of Syria's Golan Heights is 'null and void' and demands that Israel rescinds its decision forthwith.
  117. Resolution 498: " ... 'calls' on Israel to withdraw from Lebanon".
  118. Resolution 501: " ... 'calls' on Israel to stop attacks against Lebanon and withdraw its troops".
  119. Resolution 506, regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
  120. Resolution 508: demanded an end to hostilities between Israel and the PLO taking place in Lebanon, and called for a cease-fire.
  121. Resolution 509: " ... 'demands' that Israel withdraw its forces forthwith and unconditionally from Lebanon".
  122. Resolution 511, extended the mandate of UNIFIL.
  123. Resolution 515: " ... 'demands' that Israel lift its siege of Beirut and allow food supplies to be brought in".
  124. Resolution 516, demanded an immediate cessation of military activities in Lebanon, noting violations of the cease-fire in Beirut.
  125. Resolution 517: " ... 'censures' Israel for failing to obey UN resolutions and demands that Israel withdraw its forces from Lebanon".
  126. Resolution 518: " ... 'demands' that Israel cooperate fully with UN forces in Lebanon".
  127. Resolution 519, extended the mandate of UNIFIL, and authorized it to carry out humanitarian tasks.
  128. Resolution 520: " ... 'condemns' Israel's attack into West Beirut".
  129. Resolution 523, regards UNIFIL
  130. Resolution 524
  131. Resolution 529
  132. Resolution 531
  133. Resolution 536
  134. Resolution 538
  135. Resolution 543
  136. Resolution 549
  137. Resolution 551
  138. Resolution 555
  139. Resolution 557
  140. Resolution 561
  141. Resolution 563
  142. Resolution 573: " ... 'condemns' Israel 'vigorously' for bombing Tunisia in attack on PLO headquarters.
  143. Resolution 575
  144. Resolution 576
  145. Resolution 583
  146. Resolution 584
  147. Resolution 586
  148. Resolution 587 " ... 'takes note' of previous calls on Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon and urges all parties to withdraw".
  149. Resolution 590: UNDOF
  150. Resolution 592: " ... 'strongly deplores' the killing of Palestinian students at Birzeit University by Israeli troops".
  151. Resolution 594
  152. Resolution 596
  153. Resolution 599
  154. Resolution 603
  155. Resolution 605: " ... 'strongly deplores' Israel's policies and practices denying the human rights of Palestinians.
  156. Resolution 607: " ... 'calls' on Israel not to deport Palestinians and strongly requests it to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention.
  157. Resolution 608: " ... 'deeply regrets' that Israel has defied the United Nations and deported Palestinian civilians".
  158. Resolution 609
  159. Resolution 611: "... condemned Israel's assassination of Khalil al-Wazir as a 'flagrant violation of the Charter'
  160. Resolution 613
  161. Resolution 617
  162. Resolution 624
  163. Resolution 630
  164. Resolution 633
  165. Resolution 636: " ... 'deeply regrets' Israeli deportation of Palestinian civilians.
  166. Resolution 639 (31 Jul 1989)
  167. Resolution 641 (30 Aug 1989): " ... 'deplores' Israel's continuing deportation of Palestinians.
  168. Resolution 645 (29 Nov 1989)
  169. Resolution 648 (31 Jan 1990)[1][permanent dead link] The Security Council extends the mandate of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon until July 31, 1990.
  170. Resolution 655 (31 May 1990)
  171. Resolution 659 (31 Jul 1990): Regards UNIFIL, extends the mandate for UNIFIL
  172. Resolution 672 (12 Oct 1990): " ... 'condemns' Israel for "violence against Palestinians" at the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount.
  173. Resolution 673 (24 Oct 1990): " ... 'deplores' Israel's refusal to cooperate with the United Nations.
  174. Resolution 679 (30 Nov 1990)
  175. Resolution 681 (20 Dec 1990): " ... 'deplores' Israel's resumption of the deportation of Palestinians.
  176. Resolution 684 (30 Jan 1991)
  177. Resolution 694 (24 May 1991): " ... 'deplores' Israel's deportation of Palestinians and calls on it to ensure their safe and immediate return.
  178. Resolution 695 (30 May 1991)
  179. Resolution 701 (31 Jul 1991)
  180. Resolution 722 (29 Nov 1991)
  181. Resolution 726 (06 Jan 1992): " ... 'strongly condemns' Israel's deportation of Palestinians.
  182. Resolution 734 (29 Jan 1992)
  183. Resolution 756 (29 May 1992)
  184. Resolution 768 (30 Jul 1992)
  185. Resolution 790 (25 Nov 1992)
  186. Resolution 799 (18 Dec 1992): ". . . 'strongly condemns' Israel's deportation of 413 Palestinians and calls for their immediate return.
  187. Resolution 803 (28 Jan 1993)
  188. Resolution 830 (26 May 1993)
  189. Resolution 852 (28 Jul 1993)
  190. Resolution 887 (29 Nov 1993)
  191. Resolution 895 (28 Jan 1994)
  192. Resolution 904 (18 Mar 1994): Cave of the Patriarchs massacre.
  193. Resolution 938 (28 Jul 1994): extends mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon until January 31, 1995.
  194. Resolution 1039 (29 Jan 1996): Extends mandate of the UNIFIL until 31 July 1996.
  195. Resolution 1052 (18 Apr 1996)
  196. Resolution 1057 (30 May 1996)
  197. Resolution 1068 (30 Jul 1996)
  198. Resolution 1073 (28 Sep 1996) on the status of Jerusalem
  199. Resolution 1081 (27 Nov 1996)
  200. Resolution 1095 (28 Jan 1997)
  201. Resolution 1109 (28 May 1997)
  202. Resolution 1122 (29 Jul 1997)
  203. Resolution 1139 (21 Nov 1997)
  204. Resolution 1151 (30 Jan 1998)
  205. Resolution 1169 (27 May 1998)
  206. Resolution 1188 (30 Jul 1998)
  207. Resolution 1211 (25 Nov 1998)
  208. Resolution 1223 (28 Jan 1999)
  209. Resolution 1243 (27 May 1999)
  210. Resolution 1254 (30 Jul 1999)
  211. Resolution 1276 (24 Nov 1999)
  212. Resolution 1288 (31 Jan 2000)
  213. Resolution 1300 (31 May 2000)
  214. Resolution 1310 (27 Jul 2000)
  215. Resolution 1322 (7 Oct 2000) deplored Ariel Sharon's visit to the Temple Mount and the violence that followed
  216. Resolution 1328 (27 Nov 2000)
  217. Resolution 1337 (30 Jan 2001)
  218. Resolution 1351 (30 May 2001)
  219. Resolution 1397 (12 Mar 2002) the first resolution to explicitly call for a two-state solution.
  220. Resolution 1435 (24 Sep 2002) demanded an end to Israeli measures in and around Ramallah, and an Israeli withdrawal to positions held before September 2000.
  221. Resolution 1583 (28 January 2005) calls on Lebanon to assert full control over its border with Israel. It also states that "the Council has recognized the Blue Line as valid for the purpose of confirming Israel's withdrawal pursuant to resolution 425.
  222. Resolution 1648 (21 December 2005)
  223. Resolution 1701 (11 August 2006) called for the full cessation of hostilities between Israel and Hezbollah.
  224. Resolution 1860 (9 January 2009) called for the full cessation of war between Israel and Hamas.
  225. Resolution 2334 (23 December 2016) called for an end to Israeli settlement building

See also

References

  1. ^ Compilation of UNCHR resolutions Archived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine from Eye on the UN
  2. ^ See Patrik Johansson, UN Security Council Chapter VII resolutions, 1946-2002. An Inventory. Uppsala:Department of Peace and Conflict Research 2003 Archived 2005-12-16 at the Wayback Machine and "Special Research Report on Security Council Action Under Chapter VII: Myths and Realities. June 23, 2008.
  3. ^ see General Assembly resolutions 36/226 A and B of 17 December 1981, ES-9/1 of 5 February 1982, 37/123 F of 20 December 1982 and 38/180 A to D of 19 December 1983, A/RES/39/146, 14 December 1984
  4. ^ General Assembly resolution ES-9/1, 5 February 1982. The UN General Assembly approved a measure which 'Strongly deplores the negative vote by a permanent member of the Security Council which prevented the Council from adopting against Israel, under Chapter VII of the Charter, the "appropriate measures" referred to in resolution 497 (1981) unanimously adopted by the Council;'