United Nations Office for Project Services[note 1]
AbbreviationUNOPS
FormationDecember 1973
TypeIndependent self-financing member of the United Nations family
Legal statusActive
Executive Director (ad interim)
Jorge Moreira Da Silva
Parent organization
United Nations System
Websitehttp://www.unops.org

The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) is a United Nations agency dedicated to implementing infrastructure and procurement projects for the United Nations System, international financial institutions, governments and other partners around the world. The organization's global headquarters is located at the UN City campus in Copenhagen, Denmark.[1] UNOPS is in charge of disbursing more than $3 billion worth of development projects and contracts for its partners every year. Its activities have ranged from managing the construction of schools in Afghanistan, to building shelters in Haiti, to procuring ambulances to support the Ebola response in Liberia.

UNOPS is a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group[2] and works closely with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Department of Peace Operations (DPO), and the World Bank.

UNOPS underwent a major scandal in 2022 that resulted in the resignation of its leaders after accusations of financial malfeasance and poor stewardship of the money under its care.

History and mission

UNOPS was established in 1973 as part of the UNDP. It became an independent, self-financing organization in 1995. UNOPS was created to unify standards on UN projects and contracts, which were often humanitarian or peacekeeping works in poorer countries where there was a high risk of failure. It would unify the expertise needed to accomplish goals and ensure that each UN agency did not necessarily have to re-learn the same lessons of working in certain challenging environments. UNOPS concentrates its support in the areas of infrastructure, procurement, project management, human resources and financial management services. UNOPS often works in post-disaster and peace and security settings, developing countries and economies in transition. Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan designated UNOPS as the lead United Nations entity for complex infrastructure projects in peacekeeping settings. In December 2010, the United Nations General Assembly reaffirmed the mandate of UNOPS "as a central resource for the UN system in procurement and contracts management as well as in civil works and physical infrastructure development, including the related capacity development activities".[3] Examples of such works include building roads, schools, and health clinics; removing landmines; and providing expertise for holding elections.

A new headquarters of UNOPS opened in Copenhagen in May 2009. [4]

Financing

UNOPS is a self-financing organization. It covers direct and indirect costs by charging a fee on each project supported. UNOPS pricing policy outlines how the organization aims to finance its projects.[5] UNOPS is not-for-profit.[6]

In the 2010s and early 2020s, UNOPS acquired a substantial surplus of funds from its practices; it was accused of overcharging other UN agencies that were required to go through UNOPS to fund their projects.[7]

Services

UNOPS offers implementation, advisory and transactional services in its five core areas of expertise:

UNOPS provides specialized services to a range of partners, including: the United Nations, its agencies, funds and programmes; international financial institutions; governments; intergovernmental organizations; non-governmental organizations; foundations; and the private sector.

In 2016, UNOPS created more than three million days of paid work for beneficiaries. The organization supported its partners with the construction, design and/or rehabilitation of more than 3,000 kilometers of roads, 50 schools, and 74 hospitals and 278 health clinics, among others. UNOPS also procured and/or distributed more than US$900 million worth of goods and services for its partners.[8]

In 2017, UNOPS formed a group to work on applications of blockchain for international assistance.[9]

UNOPS is the legal and administrative host for several organizations.[10] The following entities are currently under hosting agreements by UNOPS, grouped by theme:[11]

In addition, the UN-Water Secretariat is administered by UNOPS.

Transparency, accountability, and 2022 scandal

In 2008, UNOPS adopted a governance structure in line with General Assembly resolutions. Since then, the executive director reports directly to the UN Secretary-General and the Executive Board, and has the authority to apply United Nations staff rules and regulations to UNOPS staff. Since 2009 the executive director has been able to sign host country agreements with governments, and direct service agreements in consultation with a Resident or Humanitarian Coordinator, as well as having the authority to directly appoint UNOPS representatives in the field. Essentially, these direct service agreements can give UNOPS the authority to circumvent local regulations and bureaucracy in the name of avoiding waste and slowdown, but brought the risk that this lack of safeguards would be misused.

UNOPS attained a ISO 9001 quality management system certification in June 2011.[16][17] UNOPS gained an ISO 14001 certification for its commitment to protecting the environment in 2013.[18] In 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018 UNOPS achieved gold level in sustainable procurement from the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply.[19]

In 2014, Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon appointed Grete Faremo as head of UNOPS. Her appointment led to a change in direction for the organization. Between 2014 and 2021 its portfolio of projects expanded from $1.14 billion to more than $3.4 billion.[20][21][22] She bragged about how she immediately saw to it that "more than 1,200 pages of rules went into the trash" and that she would "rewrite (its) operational principles" in the name of running UNOPS more like a fast and agile business.[23] Under her tenure, UNOPS shed its former reputation as an invisible go-between meant to ease contracting. The rates charged to other UN agencies for the projects UNOPS managed for them went up, and UNOPS found itself with a surplus of funds it could use for itself. However, Faremo was accused of managing the money incompetently at best, and corruptly at worst: millions of US dollars worth of donor money was given to contractors that had repeatedly failed to work on the projects they were given. Additionally, the new lack of oversight meant that there was no way to review the funding of Faremo's favored projects, such as a troubled project called "Sustainable Investments in Infrastructure and Innovation" or S3i for short.[24] At a party hosted by Faremo in 2015, she met the British businessman David Kendrick. UNOPS proceeded to loan Kendrick's businesses over 61 million dollars in funding which appears to have simply been used to pay down Kendrick's business's own debts, and never actually produced anything; additionally, a company run by Kendrick's daughter (only a recent college graduate) was paid 3 million dollars to write a pop song and arrange the production of ocean-themed games. The complete trust in disbursing to Kendrick's business all these funds despite multiple warning signs that oversight was required was considered "baffling" by UN insiders. The UN is expected to have to write down over 25 million USD in bad loans to Kendrick.[7]

Faremo's deputy Vitaly Vanshelboim was placed on executive leave in December 2021 as the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services investigated the allegations and audited the matter. Faremo resigned in early May 2022 after a series of scathing blog posts by the respected humanitarian Mukesh Kapila drew attention to the problems under Faremo's tenure; Kapila called UNOPS under Faremo a "self-promoting business cartel."[7][25][26]

Jens Wandel was appointed acting executive director of UNOPS by the secretary general on 9 May 2022.[27] Wandel has served the UN in many different capacities over a long career, most recently as the secretary-general’s designate for the COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund. Previously, he served as special adviser to the Secretary-General on UN Reforms and before that, he was Director of UNDP's Bureau for Management Services.[28] He has been tasked with correcting the failures surrounding UNOPS S3i initiative and reforming the organisation. His plans to realign UNOPS were accepted by the executive board in June 2022.[29]

UNOPS was involved in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[30]

Notes

  1. ^ Other languages:
    • مكتب الأمم المتحدة لخدمات المشاريع (in Arabic)
    • 联合国项目事务署 (in Chinese)
    • Bureau des Nations Unies pour les services d'appui aux projets (in French)
    • Управление Организации Объединенных Наций по обслуживанию проектов (in Russian)
    • Oficina de las Naciones Unidas de Servicios para Proyectos (in Spanish)

References

  1. ^ "United Nations in Denmark". United Nations. Archived from the original on 2013-07-15. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
  2. ^ "UNSDG Members". UNSDG. Retrieved 2020-04-07.
  3. ^ "UN General Assembly Resolution 65/176". UN. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  4. ^ "Strategic plan 2010-2013". UNOPS. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  5. ^ "Pricing policy". www.unops.org. Archived from the original on 2015-09-26. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
  6. ^ "Information disclosure". www.unops.org. Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
  7. ^ a b c Fahrenthold, David A.; Fassihi, Farnaz (May 7, 2022). "A Pot of U.N. Money. Risk-Taking Officials. A Sea of Questions". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  8. ^ "Annual report of the Executive Director" (PDF). Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund and the United Nations Office for Project Services. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-11-18. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  9. ^ [1] 18 July 2017
  10. ^ UNOPS (2021) Operational Instruction Ref. OI.IPS.2021.01 Hosting Engagements, Headquarters, Copenhagen.
  11. ^ "UNOPS Geneva". UNOPS. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  12. ^ "About us". Stop TB Partnership. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  13. ^ UNOPS (2019) United Nations Office for Project Services UNOPS Geneva Service, oversight and cost recovery principles in relation to The Defeat-NCD Partnership Secretariat on the UNOPS platform
  14. ^ SUN (2018) Secretariat of the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement Annual Financial Report of Expenditures 1 January 2017 – 31 December 2017
  15. ^ "WSSCC". Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  16. ^ "DP/OPS/2015/5-Annex 2". Strategy and Audit Advisory Committee Annual Report 2011. UNDP. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  17. ^ "Daily Brief". UNDP, UNFPA and UNOPS Executive Board Second Regular Session 2011 New York, 6 to 9 September. UNFPA. Archived from the original on 4 December 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  18. ^ "UNOPS commits to greening its infrastructure projects". UNOPS. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  19. ^ "SPHS Annual Report 2016". Issue. UN Interagency on Sustainable Procurement in the Health Sector. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  20. ^ "2016 Annual report of the Executive Director" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  21. ^ "2022 Annual report of the Executive Director" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  22. ^ "2021 report on UNOPS net assets". UNOPS. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  23. ^ Faremo, Grete (May 2019). "The Executive Director of a UN Agency on Running It Like a Business". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  24. ^ Gridneff, Ilya (April 16, 2022). "What went wrong with UNOPS' ambitious impact-investing initiative?". Devex. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  25. ^ Fahrenthold, David A.; Fassihi, Farnaz (May 8, 2022). "Head of U.N. Agency Resigns After Questions Arise About Loans". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  26. ^ Kapila, Mukesh (May 1, 2022). "Ten reasons why the World Bank and other donors must stop funding fraud-tainted UNOPS". Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  27. ^ "Guterres welcomes new acting chief of UN projects services". United Nations. May 9, 2022. Retrieved July 18, 2022.
  28. ^ "UN profile of Jens Christian Wandel". United Nations. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  29. ^ "Statement to the Annual Session of the Executive Board 2022". UNOPS. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  30. ^ "COVID-19 Stay up to date with the latest on UNOPS support to response efforts". UNOPS. Retrieved July 18, 2022.