Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) was a prolific composer and wrote in many genres. Perhaps his best-admired work is in opera, piano concerto, piano sonata, symphony, string quartet, and string quintet. Mozart also wrote many violin sonatas, and other forms of chamber music, violin concertos, and other concertos for one or more solo instruments, masses, and other religious music, organ music, masonic music, and numerous dances, marches, divertimentos, serenades, and other forms of light entertainment.

How Mozart's compositions are listed

Sacred choral music

Mozart's sacred choral music consists of Masses, Litanies, Vespers, Psalms, Church Music, Oratorios, Cantatas, Requiem among and other shorter and fragmented works. Beginning in 1768 and ending in 1791, his sacred works are considered some of the most important and influential ever written. Pulling away from the basis of the sacred works of Bach or Handel, which at the time of his later output (around 1780 to 1791) had gone out of fashion, his sacred works eventually resulted in the Requiem, which was left unfinished at his early death in 1791.

Masses (1768–1783)

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
49 47d Missa brevis in G October – November 1768 Vienna
139 47a Missa solemnis in C minor, "Waisenhaus" 1768 – 1769 Vienna
65 61a Missa brevis in D minor 14 January 1769 Salzburg
66 66 Mass in C, "Dominicus" October 1769 Salzburg
140 Anh. 235d Missa brevis in G, "Pastoral" 1773 Salzburg
167 167 Mass in C, "Missa in honorem Sanctissimae Trinitatis" June 1773 Salzburg
192 186f Missa brevis in F 24 June 1774 Salzburg
194 186h Missa brevis in D 8 August 1774 Salzburg
220 196b Mass in C, "Spatzen" 1775 or 1776 Munich
262 246a Missa longa in C 1776 Salzburg
257 257 Mass in C, "Credo" 1775 Salzburg
258 258 Mass in C, "Piccolomini" 1775–1777 Salzburg
259 259 Mass in C, "Organ Solo" 1775–1777 Salzburg
275 272b Mass in B flat 23 September 1777 Salzburg
317 317 Mass in C, "Coronation Mass" 23 March 1779 Salzburg
337 337 Mass in C, "Solemnis" March 1780 Salzburg
427 417a Great Mass in C minor July 1782 – October 1783 Vienna

Litanies (1771–1776)

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
109 74e Litaniae Lauretanae B.M.V. in B-flat May 1771 Salzburg
125 125 Litaniae de venerabili altaris sacramento in B-flat March 1772 Salzburg
195 186d Litaniae Lauretanae B.M.V. in D May 1774 Salzburg
243 243 Litaniae de venerabili altaris sacramento in E-flat March 1776 Salzburg

Vespers and psalms (1774–1780)

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
193 186g Dixit Dominus in C July 1774 Salzburg
321 321 Vesperae solennes de Dominica in C 1779 Salzburg
339 339 Vesperae solennes de Confessore in C 1780 Salzburg

Church music (1767–1791)

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
34 34 Offertory in C, "Scande coeli limina" early 1767 Bavaria
47 47 Veni sancte Spiritus in C Autumn 1768 Vienna
117 47b Offertory in C, "Benedictus sit Deus" October – November 1768 Vienna
141 66b Te Deum in C 1769 Salzburg
143 73a Recitative and aria for soprano; "Ergo interest" February 1773 Salzburg
85 73s Miserere in A minor July – August 1770 Bologna
86 73v Antiphon in D minor; "Quaerite primum regnum Dei" 9 October 1770 Bologna
108 74d Regina coeli in C May 1771 Salzburg
72 74f Offertorium in G; "Inter natos mulierum" May – June 1771 Salzburg
127 127 Regina coeli in B-flat May 1772 Salzburg
165 158a Motet for soprano in F; "Exsultate, jubilate" January 1773 Milan
198 Anh. C3.08 Offertorium; "Sub tuum praesidium" (doubtful) 1773 Salzburg
222 205a Offertory in D minor; "Misericordias Domini" January – February 1775 Munich
260 248a Offertorium in D; "Venite populi" June 1776 Salzburg
277 272a Offertorium in F; "Alma Dei creatoris" Summer – Autumn 1777 Salzburg
273 273 "Sancta Maria, mater Dei" in F 9 September 1777 Salzburg
276 321b Regina coeli in C 1779 Salzburg
618 618 "Ave verum Corpus" in D 17 June 1791 Baden

Oratorios and cantatas (1767–1785)

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
35 35 Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots 1767 Salzburg
118 74c La Betulia liberata March – July 1771 Italy and Salzburg
469 469 Davide penitente 13 March 1785 Vienna
42 35a Grabmusik 1767 Salzburg
146 317b Aria for soprano; "Kommet her, ihr frechen Sünder" March – April 1779 Salzburg
471 471 Cantata; "Die Maurefreude" 20 April 1785 Vienna
619 619 Cantata; "Die ihr des unermeßlichen Weltalls" July 1791 Vienna
623 623 Cantata; "Laut verkünde unsre Freude" 15 November 1791 Vienna

Requiem (1791)

The Requiem in D minor was Mozart's last composition, written between October and December of 1791. It was left unfinished at his death on 5 December 1791, and after his burial on 6 December, Constanze asked Franz Xaver Süssmayr to complete the remainder of the work (from bar 9 of the "Lacrimosa" to the final "Communio)". Constanze originally asked Joseph Eybler, but he could not. It is thought that his great respect for the late Mozart was too great. He wrote out the existing parts that Mozart had written out prior to his death, and did not go beyond the end of the ninth bar of the "Lacrimosa". Eybler's autograph is the only score of the original version of the Requiem, ending at the ninth bar of the "Lacrimosa".

Süssmayr continued writing the Requiem on Mozart's manuscript, and so it was never specified where Mozart stopped and Süssmayr started. The version by Süssmayr is the most commonly recorded and performed version of the work, with the completed "Offertorium", "Sanctus", "Benedictus" and "Communio". Süssmayr made minor corrections to the "Domine Jesu" and "Hostias", but the "Sanctus" is the first movement entirely by him. The 20th century has seen the appearance of numerous alternative completions that are either trying to simply correct Süssmayr's shortcomings or going so far as eliminating as much of Süssmayr as possible.

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
626 626 Requiem in D minor October–December 1791 Vienna

Fragments and unfinished works (1766–1791)

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
33 33 Kyrie in F 12 June 1766 Paris
89 73k Kyrie in G 1772 Rome
90 90 Kyrie in D minor 1771–1772 Salzburg
223 166e Hosanna in G Summer 1773 Salzburg
Anh. 18 166f Kyrie in C (fragment) 1772 Salzburg
Anh. 19 166g Kyrie in D (fragment) 1772 Salzburg
322 296a Kyrie in E-flat (fragment; completed by M. Stadler) early 1778 Mannheim
Anh. 16 196a Kyrie in G (fragment) 1787–1789 Munich
323 Anh. 15 Kyrie in C (fragment; completed by M. Stadler) 1779? Salzburg
Anh. 20 323a Gloria in C (in conjunction with K. 323) 1779? Salzburg
Anh. 14 422a Kyrie in D (fragment) 1787–1789 Salzburg
Anh. 13 258a Kyrie in C (fragment) 1787-1791 Vienna?
341 368a Kyrie in D minor 1787–1791 Vienna

Theatre music

Operas (1766–1791)

Main article: List of operas by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Mozart's operas, if Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots, Zaide, L'oca del Cairo, Lo sposo deluso and Der Stein der Weisen are included, add up to 23 works. The works mentioned are sometimes excluded from lists of Mozart's operas due to their debatable form. Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots is regarded as a "sacred drama", Zaide, L'oca del Cairo and Lo sposo deluso are unfinished, with only uncompleted fragments making up the latter, and Der Stein der Weisen is a collaborative work.

K1 K6 Composition Period Premiere date Premiere location Notes
38 38 Apollo et Hyacinthus 1767 13 May 1767 Great Hall, University of Salzburg Latin intermezzo
51 46a La finta semplice 1768 1 May 1769 Archbishop's Palace, Salzburg Opera buffa. Originally composed in 1768, by the time Marco Coltellini had completed the libretto, the Mozarts were scheduled to leave Vienna, and so it received its premiere when they arrived back in Salzburg in 1769.
50 46b Bastien und Bastienne 1768 2 October 1890 Architektenhaus, Berlin Singspiel. Possibly premiered in Vienna, October 1768, in the garden of Dr. Franz Mesmer, but this is disputed. The first certified performance was on 2 October 1890 at the Architektenhaus, Wilhelmstraße 92 in Berlin
87 74a Mitridate, re di Ponto 1770 26 December 1770 Teatro Regio Ducale, Milan Opera seria. Libretto by Vittorio Amedeo Cigna-Santi, based on Racine's Mithridate.
111 111 Ascanio in Alba 1771 17 October 1771 Teatro Regio Ducale, Milan Festa teatrale. Libretto by Giuseppe Parini. Commissioned by the Empress Maria Theresa for the marriage of her son, Archduke Ferdinand Karl, to Maria Beatrice d'Este on 15 October 1771.
126 126 Il sogno di Scipione 1772 1 May 1772 Archbishop's Palace, Salzburg Azione teatrale. Libretto by Pietro Metastasio. Composed originally for Prince-Archbishop Sigismund von Schrattenbach, but he died before the work could be performed. Mozart then dedicated it to Schrattenbach's successor, Hieronymus Colloredo.
135 135 Lucio Silla 1772 26 December 1772 Teatro Regio Ducale, Milan Opera seria. Libretto by Giovanni de Gamerra, revised by Metastasio.
196 196 La finta giardiniera 1774–1775 13 January 1775 Salvatortheater, Munich Dramma giocoso. Libretto possibly by Giuseppe Petrosellini (disputed). Later converted into a German singspiel for performances in Vienna in 1790 (Die Gärtnerin aus Liebe). Until 1970, the only version of La finta giardiniera was the German one, until the Italian libretto and score was discovered.
208 208 Il re pastore 1775 23 April 1775 Archbishop's Palace, Salzburg Serenata. Libretto by Metastasio, edited by Giambattista Varesco, based on Tasso's Aminta (1573). Commissioned for a visit by the Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria to Salzburg.
345 336a Thamos, König in Ägypten 1773 and 1779 4 April 1774 Kärntnertor Theatre, Vienna Incidental music to a play written by Tobias Philipp von Gebler. The 1774 performance in Vienna consisted of only two choruses. The work in its entirety premiered sometime between 1779 and 1780 in Salzburg.
344 336b Zaide 1779–1780 27 January 1866 Frankfurt Singspiel (incomplete). Libretto by Johann Andreas Schachtner. Begun in Salzburg 1779, it was later abandoned in 1780. It was never performed in Mozart's lifetime, and received its premiere in Frankfurt on January 27, 1866, for the 110th Anniversary of Mozart's birth. Usually, either Mozart's Symphonies Nos. 26 or 32 are used as the overture, due to both works being in the Italian sinfonia form.
366 366 Idomeneo, re di Creta 1780–81 29 January 1781 Cuvilliés Theatre, Munich Opera seria. Libretto by Giambattista Varesco. Mozart wrote a ballet to accompany the opera (K. 367), which he himself considered more of a Lullian divertissement. Regarded as Mozart's first "mature" opera, it is one of his earliest operas to still be regularly performed today.
384 384 Die Entführung aus dem Serail 1781–82 16 July 1782 Burgtheater, Vienna Singspiel. Libretto by Gottlieb Stephanie, based on Bretzner's Belmont und Constanze, oder Die Entführung aus dem Serail.
422 422 L'oca del Cairo 1783 6 June 1867 Théâtre des Fantaisies-Parisiennes, Paris Dramma giocoso (incomplete). Libretto by Giambattista Varesco. Begun in July 1783 but abandoned in October. Only seven numbers in the first act survive, plus some recitative and a sketch for a further aria. The existing music amounts to around 45 minutes.
430 424a Lo sposo deluso 1783–84 6 June 1867 Théâtre des Fantaisies-Parisiennes, Paris Opera buffa (incomplete). Libretto once attributed to Lorenzo da Ponte, but may have been by Giuseppe Petrosellini. Begun in 1780 and abandoned in 1783, only the overture and four numbers survive. It received its first stage performance on 6 June 1867 at the Théâtre des Fantaisies-Parisiennes, along with L'oca del Cairo.
486 486 Der Schauspieldirektor 1786 7 February 1786 Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna Singspiel. Libretto by Gottlieb Stephanie. It was written as a musical entry in a competition, with Der Schauspieldirektor competing in the German category, against an Italian opera: Prima la musica e poi le parole by Antonio Salieri.
492 492 Le nozze di Figaro 1785–86 1 May 1786 Burgtheater, Vienna Opera buffa. Libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on Beaumarchais's La folle journée, ou le Mariage de Figaro.
527 527 Don Giovanni 1787 29 October 1787 Estates Theatre, Prague Dramma giocoso. Libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on Bertati's Don Giovanni Tenorio. For the Vienna premiere six months later, Mozart composed a new finale, in which the entire ensemble comes together in resolution ("Questo è il fin"). Mozart originally intended for the Commendatore scene ("Don Giovanni, a cenar teco m'invitasti") to end the opera, but the finale had to be changed due to the differing musical tastes between Prague and Vienna.
588 588 Così fan tutte 1789–90 26 January 1790 Burgtheater, Vienna Dramma giocoso. Libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. The subject of the opera did not offend Viennese audiences at the time, but during the 19th and 20th centuries the opera was considered risqué, vulgar and highly immoral. It was rarely performed, and when it was it was presented in a expurgated version.
592a 625 Der Stein der Weisen 1790 11 September 1790 Theater auf der Wieden, Vienna Singspiel. Libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. Pasticcio written by Mozart in collaboration with Johann Baptist Henneberg, Franz Xaver Gerl, Benedikt Schack and Emanuel Schikaneder. The only surviving part by Mozart is the duet "Nun, liebes Weibchen, ziehst mit mir", K. 625/592a. Everyone except Mozart contributed to act 1.
621 621 La clemenza di Tito 1791 6 September 1791 Estates Theatre, Prague Opera seria. Libretto by Metastasio, revised by Caterino Mazzolà.
620 620 Die Zauberflöte 1791 30 September 1791 Theater auf der Wieden, Vienna Singspiel. Libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder (who also played Papageno in the premiere).

Ballet music (1778–1783)

Mozart's small amount of ballet music are regarded as minor works, and a majority of them are either fragmented, incomplete or spurious. His only full-scale ballets are K. Anh. 10 and K. 367, the rest are all either small stand-alone works or incomplete works. The Gavotte in B-flat, K. 300, isn't technically ballet music, but a dance, and so would nowadays be catalogued with Mozart's other dance music. But the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe regards it as ballet music.

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
Anh. 10 299b Les petits riens 11 July 1778 Paris
299c Ballet (fragment) Summer 1778 Paris
Anh. 103 299d La Chasse in A (fragment) Autumn 1778 Paris
300 300 Gavotte in B-flat 1778 Paris
367 367 Ballet for Idomeneo 29 January 1781 Salzburg and Munich
446 416d Music to a Pantomime (fragment) February 1783 Vienna

Arias, songs and vocal ensembles (1765–1791)

Throughout Mozart's life, he wrote a large number of stand-alone arias and vocal ensembles. Most of these are concert arias, with some being alternative arias or ensembles to operas. His first work in this field was written in 1765 ("Va, dal furor portata") and the last in 1791 ("Io ti lascio, o cara, addio"). He also wrote two works for multiple vocalists (K. 479 and K. 480), either intended to be played alone or as an interjection ensemble in an operatic work. His other "secular" vocal works include canons and lieder.

K1 K6 Composition Date Location
21 19c Aria for tenor; "Va, dal furor portata" 1765 London
23 23 Aria for soprano; "Conservati fedele" October 1765 The Hague
78 73b Aria for soprano; "Per pietà, bell'idol mio" 1766 Milan
79 73d Recitative and aria for soprano; "O temerario arbace...Per quel paterno amplesso" 1766 Milan
36 33i Recitative and aria for tenor; "Or che il dover...Tali e cotanti sono" December 1766 Salzburg
70 61c Recitative and aria for soprano; "A Berenice...Sol nascente" 28 February 1767 Salzburg
deest Aria for soprano; "Cara, se le mie pene" 1769 Salzburg
88 73c Aria for soprano; "Fra cento affanni" February – March 1770 Milan
77 73e Recitative and aria for soprano; "Misero me...Misero pargoletto" March 1770 Milan
82 73o Aria for soprano; "Se ardire, e speranza" 25 April 1770 Rome
83 73p Aria for soprano; "Se tutti i mali miei" April – May 1770 Rome
74b Aria for soprano; "Non curo l'affetto" early 1771 Milan or Pavia
209 209 Aria for tenor; "Si mostra la sorte" 19 May 1775 Salzburg
210 210 Aria for tenor; "Con ossequio, con rispetto" May 1775 Salzburg
217 217 Aria for soprano; "Voi avete un cor fedele" 26 October 1775 Salzburg
152 210a Aria (canzonetta) for soprano and piano; "Ridente la calma" (arranged from J. Mysliveček) 1772 and 1775 Salzburg?
255 255 Recitative and aria for alto; "Ombra felice...Io ti lascio, e questo addio" September 1776 Salzburg
256 256 Aria for tenor; "Clarice cara mia sposa" September 1776 Salzburg
272 272 Recitative and aria for soprano; "Ah, lo previdi...Ah, t'invola agl'occhi miei" August 1777 Salzburg
294 294 Recitative and aria for soprano; "Alcandro lo confesso...Non sò d'onde viene" 24 February 1778 Mannheim
295 295 Aria for tenor; "Se al labbro mio non credi" 27 February 1778 Mannheim
486a 295a Recitative and aria for soprano; "Basta, vincesti...Ah, non lasciarmi, no" 27 February 1778 Mannheim
316 300b Recitative and aria for soprano; "Popoli di Tessaglia!...Io non chiedo" 8 January 1779 Mannheim
368 368 Recitative and aria for soprano; "Ma che vi fece, o stelle...Sperai vicino il lido" January 1781 Munich
369 369 Recitative and aria for soprano; "Misera, dove son!...Ah! non son io che parlo" 8 March 1781 Munich
374 374 Recitative and aria for soprano; "A questo seno deh vieni...Or che il cielo" April 1781 Vienna
Anh. 109a 626b/35 Sketch for K. 256 1776 Salzburg
383 383 Aria for soprano; "Nehmt meinen Dank, ihr holden Gönner!" 10 April 1782 Vienna
416 416 Recitative and rondo for soprano; "Mia speranza adorata...Ah non sai" 8 January 1783 Vienna
418 418 Aria for soprano; "Vorrei spiegarvi, oh Dio!" 20 June 1783 Vienna
419 419 Aria for soprano; "No, no, che non sei capace" June 1783 Vienna
420 420 Aria (rondo) for tenor; "Per pietà, non ricercate" 21 June 1783 Vienna
432 421a Recitative and aria for bass; "Così dunque tradisci...Aspri rimorsi atroci" 1783 Vienna
431 425b Recitative and aria for tenor; "Misero! O sogno...Aura, che intorno spiri" December 1783 Vienna?
479 479 "Dite almeno in che mancai" (Score) for soprano, tenor and two basses, for La villanella rapita (1785) 5 November 1785 Vienna
480 480 "Mandina amabile" (Score) for soprano, tenor and bass, for La villanella rapita (1785) 21 November 1785 Vienna
505 505 Recitative and aria (rondo) for soprano; "Ch'io mi scordi di te?...Non temer, amato bene" 26 December 1786 Vienna
119 382h Aria for soprano; "Der Liebe himmlisches Gefühl" 1782 Vienna
178 417e Aria for soprano; "Ah, spiegarti, oh Dio" June 1783 Vienna?
512 512 Aria for bass; "Alcandro lo confesso" 19 March 1787 Vienna
513 513 Aria for bass; "Mentre ti lascio" 23 March 1787 Vienna
528 528 Recitative and aria for soprano; "Bella mia fiamma...Resta, oh cara" 3 November 1787 Prague
538 538 Aria for soprano; "Ah se in ciel, benigne stelle" 4 March 1788 Vienna
539 539 A German battle song for bass; "Ich möchte wohl der Kaiser sein" 5 March 1788 Vienna
541 541 Arietta for bass; "Un bacio di mano" May 1788 Vienna
577 577 Rondo for soprano; "Al desio, di chi t'adora" July 1789 Vienna
578 578 Aria for soprano; "Alma grande e nobil core" August 1789 Vienna
582 582 Aria for soprano; "Chi sà, chi sà, qual sia" October 1789 Vienna
583 583 Aria for soprano; "Vado, ma dove? oh Dei!" October 1789 Vienna
612 612 Aria for bass; "Per questa bella mano" 8 March 1791 Vienna
71 71 Aria for tenor; "Ah più tremar non voglio" (fragment) early 1770 Salzburg
209a Aria for bass; "Un dente guasto e gelato" (fragment) 1775 Salzburg
440 383h Aria for soprano; "In te spero, o sposo amato" May 1782 Vienna?
433 416c Aria for bass; "Männer suchen stets zu naschen" (sketch) 1783 Vienna
434 480b Aria for tenor and 2 basses; "Del gran regno delle amazzone" End of 1785 Vienna
Anh. 109a 626b/33 Sketch for K. 434 1785 Vienna
435 416b Aria for tenor; "Mußt' ich auch durch tausend Drachen" (sketch) 1783 Vienna
580 580 Aria for soprano; "Schon lacht der holde Frühling" 17 September 1789 Vienna

Orchestral works


Main article: List of symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Mozart's symphonic production covers a 24-year interval, from 1764 to 1788. According to most recent investigations, Mozart wrote not just the 41 symphonies reported in traditional editions, but up to 68 complete works of this type. However, by convention, the original numbering has been retained, and so his last symphony is still known as "No. 41". Some of the symphonies (K. 297, 385, 550) were revised by the author after their first versions.

Piano concertos

Main article: Mozart piano concertos

Mozart's concertos for piano and orchestra are numbered from 1 to 27. The first four numbered concertos are early works. The movements of these concertos are arrangements of keyboard sonatas by various contemporary composers (Raupach, Honauer, Schobert, Eckart, C. P. E. Bach). There are also three unnumbered concertos, K. 107, which are adapted from piano sonatas by J. C. Bach. Concertos 7 and 10 are compositions for three and two pianos respectively. The remaining twenty-one, listed below, are original compositions for solo piano and orchestra. Among them, fifteen were written in the years from 1782 to 1786, while in the last five years Mozart wrote just two more piano concertos.

There are also two isolated rondos for piano and orchestra:

The early arrangements are as follows:

Violin concertos

Mozart's five violin concertos were written in Salzburg around 1775, except the first around 1773. They are notable for the beauty of their melodies and the skillful use of the expressive and technical characteristics of the instrument, though Mozart likely never went through all the violin possibilities that others (e.g. Beethoven and Brahms) did after him. (Alfred Einstein notes that the violin concerto-like sections in the serenades are more virtuosic than in the works titled Violin Concertos.)

Mozart also wrote a concertone for two violins and orchestra, an adagio and two stand-alone rondos for violin and orchestra.

In addition, there are three works that are spuriously attributed to Mozart.

Brass concertos

Main article: Horn Concertos (Mozart)

Arguably the most widely played concertos for horn, the four Horn Concertos are a major part of most professional horn players' repertoire. They were written for Mozart's lifelong friend Joseph Leutgeb. The concertos (especially the fourth) were written as virtuoso vehicles that allow the soloist to show a variety of abilities on the valveless horns of Mozart's day.

The Horn Concertos are characterized by an elegant and humorous dialogue between the soloist and the orchestra. Many of the autographs contain jokes aimed at the dedicatee.

There are some other unfinished Mozart works for horn and orchestra:

Woodwind concertos


Concertante symphonies

These were not Mozart's only attempts at the genre; another fragmentary work was also composed around the same time, though not completed.

Other concertos

Piano music

Mozart's earliest composition attempts begin with piano sonatas and other piano pieces, as this is the instrument on which his musical education took place. Almost everything that he wrote for piano was intended to be played by himself (or by his sister, also a proficient piano player). Examples of his earliest works are those found in Nannerl's Music Book. Between 1782 and 1786, Mozart wrote 20 works for piano solo (including sonatas, variations, fantasias, suites, fugues, rondo) and works for piano four hands and two pianos.

Solo piano works

Main article: List of solo piano compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Dual piano/performer works

Piano four-hands


Two pianos


Chamber music

Chamber music with piano

Violin music

Mozart also wrote sonatas for keyboard and violin. For the most part, these are keyboard-centric sonatas where the violin plays a more accompanying role. In later years, the role of the violin grew to not just a support to the other solo instrument, but to build a dialogue with it.

The 'Violin Sonatas', KV 10–15, are unique in that they include an ad lib. cello part along with the score for violin and keyboard. The Neue Mozart-Ausgabe (1966) therefore includes them along with the other keyboard trios, although the Köchel catalogue (K6, 1964) lists them as normal violin sonatas.

Violin sonatas
Childhood violin sonatas (1762–66)
Mature violin sonatas (1778–88)
Variations for violin and piano

Piano trios


Piano quartets

Other chamber music with piano


Chamber music without piano

String duos

String trios


String quartets

This cycle, in three movements, is interesting as far as these works can be considered precursors of the later—more complete—string quartets.
  • String Quartet No. 2 in D major, K. 155/134a (1772)
  • String Quartet No. 3 in G major, K. 156/134b (1772)
  • String Quartet No. 4 in C major, K. 157 (1772–73)
  • String Quartet No. 5 in F major, K. 158 (1772–73)
  • String Quartet No. 6 in B major, K. 159 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 7 in E major, K. 160/159a (1773)
Much more stylistically developed. In Vienna Mozart is believed to have heard the op. 17 and op. 20 quartets of Joseph Haydn, and had received from them a deep impression.
  • String Quartet No. 8 in F major, K. 168 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 9 in A major, K. 169 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 10 in C major, K. 170 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 11 in E major, K. 171 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 12 in B major, K. 172 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 13 in D minor, K. 173 (1773)
Mozart returned to the quartet in the early 1780s after he had moved to Vienna, met Haydn in person, and developed a friendship with the older composer. Haydn had just published his set of six quartets, Op. 33, which are thought to have been a stimulus to Mozart in returning to the genre. These quartets are often regarded as among the pinnacles of the genre.
This work was published by (dedicated to?) Franz Anton Hoffmeister, as well as the Prussian Quartets.
Mozart's last three quartets, dedicated to the King of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm II, are noted for the cantabile character of the parts for cello (the instrument played by the king himself), the sweetness of sounds and the equilibrium among the different instruments.

String quintets

The string quintets (K. 174, 406, 515, 516, 593, 614), for two violins, two violas and cello. Charles Rosen wrote that "by general consent, Mozart's greatest achievement in chamber music is the group of string quintets with two violas."[2]


Other chamber music without piano


Serenades, divertimenti, and other instrumental works

The production for instrumental ensembles includes several divertimenti, cassations, notturni, serenades, marches, dances, and a quodlibet, besides, of course, his symphonies. Mozart's production for orchestra is written for string ensembles (like the early Divertimenti K. 136–138), as well as for wind ensembles and the varied combinations of strings and winds.





Three Milanese Quartets called "Divertimento":






Autograph manuscript of the Minuet K.164, number 5

See also: Mozart and dance

Mozart left a huge production of dances for orchestra in different genres, including more than 100 minuets, over 30 contra dances, over 50 allemandes (Teitsch, Ländler, or German Dances), a gavotte (French folk dance) and ballet and pantomime music.

In his production of minuets, Mozart generally followed Haydn's example, preferring the slow character of the dance. Allemandes written between 1787 and 1791 were mainly for public balls in Vienna. In the Contredanse production, also written mainly in Vienna, some examples of program music are found, like Il Temporale, K. 534, La Bataille, K. 535, Canary, K. 600/5, etc.


Contra dance



Sacred music

Mozart's sacred music is mainly vocal, though also instrumental examples exist, like the seventeen Sonate da chiesa, composed between 1772 and 1780. His sacred music presents a rich stylistic mosaic: Gregorian choral elements meet rigorous counterpoint, and even operatic elements can sometimes emerge. Stylistic unity and consistency is present over all his sacred music work.


Main article: List of masses by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart



Liturgical works








Three settings of the Marian antiphon Regina coeli:


Te Deum



Other sacred works


Hymns and aria

Church sonatas

Main article: Church Sonatas (Mozart)


Organ music

Concert arias, songs and canons

Main article: List of concert arias, songs and canons by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Masonic music

Main article: Mozart and Freemasonry

The following are compositions written for the Masonic Lodge:

Handel adaptations

See also


  1. ^ King, Alec Hyatt (1973). "Some Aspects of Recent Mozart Research". Journal of the Royal Musical Association. 100 (1): 9–10. doi:10.1093/jrma/100.1.1. ISSN 0080-4452. OCLC 478409660.
  2. ^ Rosen, Charles (1997). The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven (2nd ed.). New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-04020-3. OCLC 35095841.
  3. ^ Palmer, Willard A., ed. (2006). W. A. Mozart: An Introduction to His Keyboard Works (illustrated ed.). Alfred Music Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 9780739038758. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  4. ^ Hinson, Maurice; Roberts, Wesley (2013). Guide to the Pianist's Repertoire (4th ed.). Indiana University Press. p. 707. ISBN 9780253010230. Retrieved 27 November 2015.