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The Brodmann areas of a human brain
Most famous parts of the brain highlighted in different colours

The human brain anatomical regions are ordered following standard neuroanatomy hierarchies. Functional, connective, and developmental regions are listed in parentheses where appropriate.

Hindbrain (rhombencephalon)

Main article: Hindbrain

Embryonic vertebrate subdivisions of the developing human brain
hindbrain or rhombencephalon is a developmental categorization of portions of the central nervous system in vertebrates. It includes the medulla, pons, and cerebellum.



Midbrain (mesencephalon)

Cross-section of the midbrain.

Forebrain (prosencephalon)




Third ventricle


See also: List of thalamic nuclei

Hypothalamus (limbic system) (HPA axis)

Subthalamus (HPA axis)

Pituitary gland (HPA axis)

Telencephalon (cerebrum) Cerebral hemispheres

  red: frontal lobe
  orange: parietal lobe
  yellow: occipital lobe
  green: temporal lobe
  blue: cerebellum
  black: brainstem

White matter


Rhinencephalon (paleocortex)

Cerebral cortex (neocortex)

Neural pathways

Motor systems / Descending fibers

Somatosensory system

Visual system

Auditory system


Neuro endocrine systems

Neuro vascular systems

Neurotransmitter pathways

See also: Neuromodulation

Dural meningeal system

Limbic system

The limbic system, also known as the paleomammalian cortex, is a set of brain structures located on both sides of the thalamus, immediately beneath the medial temporal lobe of the cerebrum primarily in the midbrain.[1] The classification of structures as part of the limbic system is historical and originates from the position of the structures at the boundary between two functionally distinct components (hence, the name limbus, meaning border) and the structures' shared roles in emotional processes (see limbic system for more details). Hence, there is overlap of structures in the limbic system and in other classifications of brain structures. The following areas have been considered part of the limbic system.[2][3]

Other areas that have been included in the limbic system include the:

Related topics


  1. ^ Schacter, Daniel L. 2012. Psychology.sec. 3.20
  2. ^ Swenson, Rand. "Chapter 9 - Limbic System". Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2015.:
  3. ^ Rajmohan V, Mohandas E (2007). "The limbic system". Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 49 (2): 132–139. doi:10.4103/0019-5545.33264. PMC 2917081. PMID 20711399.