45
Go Ahead London bus route nr 45, Kings Cross - Flickr - sludgegulper.jpg
A Plaxton President double-decker operated by London Central on route 45 in King's Cross, March 2012
Overview
OperatorAbellio London
GarageWalworth
VehicleAlexander Dennis Enviro400 MMC
Peak vehicle requirement21 (November 2017)
Began service1 October 1950
Former operator(s)London Central
Route
StartClapham Park
ViaBrixton
Camberwell Green
EndElephant & Castle

London Buses route 45 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Clapham Park and Elephant & Castle, it is operated by Abellio London.

History

An Alexander ALX400 double-decker operated by London Central on route 45, December 2007
An Alexander ALX400 double-decker operated by London Central on route 45, December 2007

Route 45 was introduced on 1 October 1950 as a replacement for trolleybus route 34 between Battersea and Farringdon Street via Clapham Junction, Clapham Common, Stockwell, Brixton, Camberwell Green, Elephant & Castle and Blackfriars Bridge.[1] It was operated by AEC Routemasters.[2] On 17 January 1951 it was extended from Battersea to South Kensington station. On 1 February 1961, the route was extended from Farringdon Street to Hampstead Heath via Grays Inn Road and King's Cross replacing trolleybus route 513. On 8 January 1972, it was withdrawn between King's Cross and Hampstead and replaced by route 46. On 28 October 1978, the route was extended from King's Cross to Archway station.[3]

On 3 August 1985, route 45 was converted to one man operation with the AEC Routemasters replaced by Leyland Titans.[4]

Having been operated by London Central out of Camberwell garage since first tendered in 1987,[5] on 11 November 2017 it was taken over by Abellio London's Walworth garage with Alexander Dennis Enviro400 MMCs introduced.[6][7][8] On 15 June 2019, the route was withdrawn between King's Cross and Elephant & Castle.[9]

Current route

Route 45 operates via these primary locations:[10]

References

  1. ^ Taylor, Hugh (1994). London Trolleybus Routes. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 9781854141552.
  2. ^ Blacker, Ken (1995). Routemaster Volume One 1954–1969. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-185414-178-1.
  3. ^ Warren, Kenneth (1986). The Motorbus in Central London. Shepperton: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-1568-6.
  4. ^ Blacker, Ken (2007). Routemaster Volume Two 1970–2005. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-185414-303-7.
  5. ^ Stagecoach loses out to Go-Ahead Buses issue 746 May 2017 page 22
  6. ^ London tender round reveals new wage of hybrids Coach & Bus Week issue 1282 14 March 2017 page 8
  7. ^ Tender News Bus Talk issue 45 April 2017 page 10
  8. ^ New TfL contract for route 45 Abellio London 14 November 2017
  9. ^ Permanent Bus Changes 12 April 2019 to 30 June 2019 Transport for London
  10. ^ Route 45 Map Transport for London