Maltese Sign Language
Native toMalta
Native speakers
200 (2014)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mdl
A Maltese Sign Language user, recorded in Malta.

Maltese Sign Language (Maltese: Lingwa tas-Sinjali Maltija, LSM) is a young sign language of Malta.[2] It developed into its modern form c. 1980 with the establishment of the first deaf club in Malta and subsequently with its use in education for the deaf. LSM's prior history is unrecorded, though there are some signs which indicate contact with British Sign Language (Malta was a British colony until 1964). These signs are relatively few, however, and LSM is not part of the BSL family.

Maria Galea has described the use of SignWriting when used to write Maltese Sign Language.[3]

The Maltese public broadcaster PBS Ltd. began airing a nightly newscast in LSM on its TVM2 network in 2012.[4]


  1. ^ Maltese Sign Language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Gatt, Albert (2018). The languages of Malta. ISBN 9783961100705.
  3. ^ Galea, Maria (2014). SignWriting (SW) of Maltese Sign Language (LSM) and its development into an orthography: Linguistic considerations (Ph.D. dissertation). Malta: University of Malta. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  4. ^ Vella, Matthew (5 March 2012). "PBS takes Education 22 in cultural revamp of station". MaltaToday. Retrieved 23 February 2016.