Russian manual alphabet written in Sutton SignWriting
Russian manual alphabet written in Sutton SignWriting

The Russian Manual Alphabet (RMA) is used for fingerspelling in Russian Sign Language.[1]

Like many other manual alphabets, the Russian Manual Alphabet bears similarities to the French Manual Alphabet. However, it was adapted to account for the letters of the Cyrillic alphabet found in the Russian written language. It is a one-handed alphabet.[2] RMA includes 33 hand gestures, each of which corresponds to one letter in the Russian alphabet. There are no signs denoting punctuation or capitalization.[3]

In 2015, researchers at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia developed a software–hardware system that converted RMA gestures into textual form.[3]


  1. ^ Daniel., Schein, Jerome (1995). Language in motion : exploring the nature of sign. Stewart, David Alan, 1954-. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press. ISBN 978-1563680397. OCLC 32349605.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ The Oxford handbook of deaf studies, language, and education. Volume 2. Marschark, Marc., Spencer, Patricia Elizabeth. New York: Oxford University Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0195390032. OCLC 607613491.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ a b Nahapetyan, V. E.; Khachumov, V. M. (2014). "Automatic transformation of Russian manual-alphabet gestures into textual form". Scientific and Technical Information Processing. 41 (5): 302–308. doi:10.3103/s0147688214050037. ISSN 0147-6882. S2CID 16028141.