Peruvian Sign Language
Native toPeru
Native speakers
10,000 (2017 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3prl
ELPPeruvian Sign Language

Peruvian Sign Language (LSP by its acronym in Spanish: "lengua de señas peruana") (Glottocode: peru1235, ISO 639-3: prl) is a Peruvian language created and used by the Deaf community in Peru. It has been officially recognized by Peruvian law since 2010.[2] It is not clear how many users there are in the country; the most recent general census registered little more than 10,000,[3] but the more specific census on people with special needs found around half a million people with hearing disabilities.[4]

Variations exist in several geographically and among generations and religious groups,[5][6] while the variety used in Lima is the most prestigious one. The government has tried to integrate deaf students into mainstream educational programs with no real success, resulting in low levels of education for deaf students.[7] On the other hand, deaf social gatherings and private schools keep the Peruvian Sign Language strong.[5]


Clark[8] notes that Peruvian, Bolivian, Ecuadorian and Colombian sign languages "have significant lexical similarities to each other" and "contain a certain degree of lexical influence from ASL" as well (30% in the case of LSP), at least going by the forms in national dictionaries. Chilean and Argentinian share these traits, though to a lesser extent. Clark counts the lexical similarities to Peruvian SL as Ecuadorian (54%), Bolivian (53%), Colombian (47%), Chilean (41%), and Argentinean (33%).

See also


  1. ^ Perú: resultados definitivos. Vol. I. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Lima, October 2018
  2. ^ Ley 29535, que otorga reconocimiento oficial a la Lengua de Señas Peruanas
  3. ^ Perú: resultados definitivos. Vol. I. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Lima, October 2018
  4. ^ Encuesta Nacional sobre la Discapacidad, 2012
  5. ^ a b Parks, Elizabeth; Parks, Jason (2010). "A Sociolinguistic Profile of the Peruvian Deaf Community". Sign Language Studies. 10 (4): 409–441. doi:10.1353/sls.0.0054. JSTOR 26190600. S2CID 144702529.
  6. ^ Clark, Brenda (2017). "Sign Language Varieties in Lima, Peru". Sign Language Studies. 17 (2): 222–264. doi:10.1353/sls.2017.0003. S2CID 152160864. Project MUSE 648904.
  7. ^ Goico, Sara Alida (2019). "The Impact of 'Inclusive' Education on the Language of Deaf Youth in Iquitos, Peru". Sign Language Studies. 19 (3): 348–374. doi:10.1353/sls.2019.0001. S2CID 181911057. Project MUSE 724363.
  8. ^ Clark, Brenda R. (December 2017). A Grammatical Sketch of Sivia Sign Language (Thesis). hdl:10125/62503.