Coordinates: 3°8′30″N 101°42′2″E / 3.14167°N 101.70056°E / 3.14167; 101.70056

Merdeka 118
Merdeka 118 filled with cork was taken at Kuala Lumpur Tower.jpg
Merdeka 118 in 2022
Former namesKL 118, Heritage of Independence, Menara Warisan Merdeka, PNB Headquarters
Alternative namesPNB 118, Merdeka PNB118, Merdeka Tower
Record height
Tallest in Southeast Asia since 2022[I]
Preceded byLandmark 81
General information
StatusTopped out
TypeMixed-use: Shopping complex, Office, Housing Properties, Hotel, Observation
Architectural styleNeo-futurism & Malay traditional songket pattern
LocationJalan Hang Jebat, Kuala Lumpur
CountryMalaysia
Named forMalaysia's Merdeka Day
Construction startedJuly 2014[4]
Estimated completion2022[5]
CostRM5 billion ($1.5 billion USD)
OwnerPNB Merdeka Ventures Sdn Bhd (under PNB)
Height
Architectural678.9 m (2,227 ft)[3]
Antenna spire160 m (520 ft)[7]
Roof518.9 m (1,702 ft)
Top floor515.3 m (1,691 ft)
Observatory2 observatories. Building: 515.3 m (1,691 ft), Spire: 566 m (1,857 ft)
Technical details
Structural systemSteel
Reinforced concrete
Concrete encased steel
Floor count118 (with 5 below ground)
Floor area292,000 m2 (3,140,000 sq ft)
Lifts/elevators87
Design and construction
ArchitectFender Katsalidis in association with RSP KL
DeveloperPNB Merdeka Ventures Sdn Bhd
Structural engineerLeslie E. Robertson Associates, Robert Bird Group in association with Arup[6]
Main contractorSamsung C&T
UEM Group
Known forTallest building in Malaysia and Southeast Asia, first megatall skyscraper in Malaysia and Southeast Asia, second tallest building in the world, second tallest spire in the world
Other information
Parking8,100 parking bays
Website
www.merdeka118.com
References
[1][2]

Merdeka 118, also known as Merdeka PNB 118, Warisan Merdeka Tower and KL 118 is a 118-story, 678.9-metre-tall megatall skyscraper in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is the world's second-tallest building behind the Burj Khalifa.

The building's name, Merdeka (which means 'independence'), is inspired by its proximity to two stadiums: Stadium Merdeka and Stadium Negara.[8] The spire of the building was completed in November 2021.[9]

The building is expected to be finished by the end of 2022, and will become the tallest in Malaysia and Southeast Asia. It will surpass the 632 m (2,073 ft) Shanghai Tower as the world's second-tallest building and structure, surpassing the 451.9 m (1,483 ft) Petronas Twin Towers as the tallest building in Malaysia, and surpassing the 461 m (1,512 ft) Landmark 81 as the tallest building in ASEAN, also 47 m (154 ft) taller than the Shanghai Tower, 227 m (745 ft) taller than Petronas Twin Towers and 218 m (715 ft) taller than Landmark 81. Taking the title by virtue of its 168.5-metre-tall (553 ft) spire.[10] The building will also be the first in Malaysia to receive a triple platinum rating from worldwide sustainability certifications, including the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED).[10]

Background

The Merdeka 118 (the whole precinct's) development is a 19-acre land funded by Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB),[11][12] with a budget of RM5 billion (US$1.21 billion).[13] When completed in 2022, the tower will be the tallest building in Malaysia. It is planned to be constructed in three phases and will consist of 400,000 square metres (4,300,000 square feet) of residential, hotel and commercial space.[14]

The building will consist of 100 storeys of rentable space, including 83 storeys of office space, 12 storeys of hotel rooms, 5 storeys of hotel residences, and an observatory floor which will be the highest observation deck in Southeast Asia. It has two observation decks, the first inside the building and the second inside the spire, and a retail business centre (118 Mall). It will be surrounded by four acres of urban and linear park.[15] The non-rentable space consists of elevators, recreational and maintenance facilities, as well as parking spaces for up to 8,500 cars. 60 out of the 80 storeys of office space will be reserved for Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB), the developer of the project, and its subsidiaries.[16][17]

Site

The building is situated on Petaling Hill, on the location of the former Merdeka Park (subsequently repurposed into an open-air car park). The site lies within the vicinity of landmarks such as Petaling Street, sporting venues including Merdeka Stadium, and the stalled Plaza Rakyat project (across the Ampang Line).[13] The Merdeka 118 development, when completed, will also have access to the newly built Merdeka MRT Station on the Kajang Line (SBK)[18][19] and be directly linked from three major roads via the Belfield Tunnel, which will be a 2-storey underground tunnel passing underneath Kampung Attap and Jalan Maharajalela to the basement of the precinct.[20]

Design

Merdeka 118 was designed to resemble Tunku Abdul Rahman's stature as he proclaimed Malaysian independence on 31 August 1957, chanting "Merdeka!" seven times
Merdeka 118 was designed to resemble Tunku Abdul Rahman's stature as he proclaimed Malaysian independence on 31 August 1957, chanting "Merdeka!" seven times

The building is designed with a mixture of diamond shaped glass facades to signify the diversity of Malaysians. The design was made to resemble and inspired by Tunku Abdul Rahman's outstretched hand gesture while chanting "Merdeka!",[21] when he proclaimed the independence of Malaysia on 31 August 1957. The building's cladding will comprise 18,144 panels, 114,000 square-metre of glass and 1,600 tonnes of window frame extrusions. It will contain the 118 Mall, Grade-A offices, hotels, and residential areas. The structural engineers are Leslie E. Robertson Associates and Robert Bird Group while the civil and structural engineer of record for this tower is Arup.[22][23] The building will be equipped and illuminated at night with 8.4 km of LED light strips which would gradually move from one corner to another.[24] The Neapoli Group, an environmental design and engineering firm, was employed to provide consultancy services towards achieving platinum rating with three Green Building certification bodies: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), Green Building Index and GreenRE.[25]

Floor plans

All of the floor plans were obtained from the building's proposals and are subject to change.[26]

Floors Purpose
118 VIP lounge
117 Mechanical
115 – 116M The View At 118 (Skydeck and observatory)
114 Luxury restaurant
113 Mechanical
100 – 112 Park Hyatt Kuala Lumpur (hotel)
99 Indoor gym, spa and swimming pool (hotel)
97 – 98 Park Hyatt Kuala Lumpur (hotel)
78 – 96 High zone offices
77 Mechanical
75 – 76 Sky lobby
43 – 74 Mid zone offices
42 Mechanical
40 – 41 Sky lobby
8 – 39 Low zone offices
PNB headquarters and its subsidiaries
6 – 7 Mechanical
5 Office lobby
4 Reception, office lobby, lift lobby, exit to Merdeka Boulevard At 118
(South foyer from Jalan Stadium)
2 – 3 Side entrance to 118 mall and future development
1 Concourse level, commercial lobby, hotel elevators
(North foyer from Jalan Hang Jebat)
B1 – B5 Basement parking

Height

The height of the spire, crown, roof, top floor, observation and residential towers of Merdeka 118.

Height information Height
Architectural 678.9 m (2,227 ft)
Spire 160 m (520 ft)
Crown 523 m (1,716 ft)
Roof 518.9 m (1,702 ft)
Top floor 515.3 m (1,691 ft)
Observation 515.3 m (1,691 ft) and 566 m (1,857 ft)
Merdeka Residential Tower 1 195 m (640 ft)
Merdeka Residential Tower 2 185 m (607 ft)
Oakwood Premier Residential Tower 175 m (574 ft)

Progress

Construction of the tower's base as viewed from Jalan Hang Jebat in September 2021.
Construction of the tower's base as viewed from Jalan Hang Jebat in September 2021.

The piling and foundation work for the project was awarded to Pintaras Geotechnics Sdn Bhd.[27][28] The Permodalan Nasional Berhad shortlisted six groups for various construction jobs: Samsung C&T and UEM Group Bhd; IJM Corp Bhd, Norwest Holdings Sdn Bhd, and Shimizu Corp; Malaysian Resources Corp Bhd and State Construction Engineering Corp; WCT Bhd and Arabtec Construction LLC; TSR Capital Bhd and Daewoo Group; Seacera Group Bhd with Spaz Sdn Bhd, Sinohydro Corp, and Shanghai Construction Group. These companies submitted their bids by January 28, 2015.[29][30] KONE, a Finnish group, is supplying around 87 elevators and escalators for the project.[31]

On 23 November 2015, PNB announced a contract worth RM3.4 billion has been awarded to the joint venture of South Korea's Samsung C&T and UEM Group Berhad.[32] Furthermore, on 9 November 2017, PNB planned to raise up to RM2 billion fund for its project via a green sukuk, the Merdeka Asean Green SRI Sukuk, with a 15-year tenure. The sukuk covered the development of its 83-storey office space, which forms part of the tower. It is the first adopter of the Asean Green Bond Standards launched by the Securities Commission Malaysia that validates PNB commitment to develop the project as a sustainable and environmentally-friendly project.[33]

On 27 February 2018, it was announced that Park Hyatt will open up a hotel in Merdeka 118.[34] The Park Hyatt Kuala Lumpur will occupy the top 17 floors of the building; It is slated to have 232 units, including 28 suites and 30 apartments.

The construction was halted on 18 March 2020 due to the Movement Control Order in Malaysia caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in the country, but works resumed in mid-May 2020.[35] In early August 2020, the building's concrete core topped out at 118 floors surpassing the Vincom Landmark 81 as the tallest building in Southeast Asia. On 25 October 2020, PNB president, Ahmad Zulqarnain Onn, announced that Phases 1 and 2 are expected to be finished in 2022 Q3. Phase 3 is expected to be completed in 2024 or 2025. The construction is currently in Phase 1, which focuses on the tower.[36]

As of 8 June 2021, the tower was at 81% completion, with the installation of the glass façade in progress at Level 108 and has successfully reached Level 118 with its spire already 50% assembled along with the retail podium.[37] Turner International plays the role of Project Management Consultant for this complex development.[38] The tower was topped out in November 2021.[9]

Criticism

See also: 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal and The Exchange 106

Many Malaysians have criticized this project, adding that it is unnecessary and a waste of "public funds" (even it was actually a private-funded project).[39] Amounting to more than RM5 billion, it is said that the money could have been better used for other practical causes, such as education and healthcare, which has been increasingly deteriorating in the country.[39] In response to the criticism, former Prime Minister Najib Razak, who would eventually be directly involved with the 1MDB scandal, claimed that the project was not a waste and it would "bring more benefits" by generating "economic opportunities".[11]

Transportation

The building will be served by the Kajang Line's  KG17  Merdeka MRT station located along Jalan Hang Jebat, which is connected to an interchange with the Ampang/Sri Petaling Line's  AG8  SP8  Plaza Rakyat LRT station.[citation needed]

It will also be accessible from the  MR3  Maharajalela Monorail station connected through the precinct's linear park under the development.[citation needed]

The  AG9  MR4  Hang Tuah station, serving both the Ampang Line and KL Monorail, is a 600-metre walk southeast.[citation needed]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Merdeka PNB118 - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Warisan Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur - Building 1221285 - EMPORIS". Emporis. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Merdeka 118 tower on track for completion late 2022". The Malaysia's Reserve. 30 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Piling Work Starts on KL118". KiniBiz (defunct). 3 July 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  5. ^ "Merdeka 118, Menara Ke-2 Tertinggi Di Dunia Bakal Siap Tahun 2021. Tak Sabar!". LIBUR. 27 November 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  6. ^ "KL118 Tower - The Skyscraper Center". skyscrapercenter.com.
  7. ^ Omar Zin (1 December 2021). "Merdeka 118 dilengkapi pelbagai keistimewaan" [Merdeka 118 is equipped with various privileges]. Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  8. ^ Rani, Nur Amirah Abd (3 September 2021). "Merdeka 118 mercu tanda integrasi masa depan" [Merdeka 118, landmark of future integration] (in Malay). Berita Harian. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  9. ^ a b Ngui, Yantoultra (30 November 2021). "Malaysia completes Merdeka Tower cone". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  10. ^ a b Rahim, Rahimy (30 November 2021). "PM: Completion of Merdeka 118 tower spire, the world's second-tallest building, a 'proud moment'". The Star. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  11. ^ a b PM: 118-storey Warisan Merdeka to generate economic opportunities for all. TheStar.com.my
  12. ^ "End-to-End BIM Improves Project Design of 2nd Tallest Building in the World Under Construction in Malaysia". gwprime. 2 November 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  13. ^ a b RM5bil Warisan Merdeka will be country's new landmark. TheStar.com.my
  14. ^ "Malaysia Chronicle | A place to speak up on Politics, Business, Social". 30 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Amenities : Merdeka 118". Merdeka 118. Retrieved 13 September 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ "Malaysia to Get New Iconic Landmark KL118". www.kl118.com.my. 18 March 2016. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016.
  17. ^ "New PNB skyscraper to meet the demand for space - Daily Express Newspaper Online, Sabah, Malaysia". dailyexpress.com.my.
  18. ^ "Malaysia Chronicle | A place to speak up on Politics, Business, Social". 30 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Underground jewels for the Klang Valley MRT - Features - The Star Online". thestar.com.my. 4 March 2015.
  20. ^ "This unconventional 'kampung' is Kuala Lumpur's next property hot spot". The Edge Markets. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  21. ^ "Set to be one of the world's tallest buildings in 2022". www.arup.com. Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  22. ^ Skyscraper Center "KL118 Tower - The Skyscraper Center". skyscrapercenter.com.
  23. ^ "A spectacular blend of the historic and contemporary in the heart of Kuala Lumpur with approximately one million sq ft of retail opportunities". 118 Mall. Retrieved 8 September 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ "Menara Merdeka 118, bangunan kedua tertinggi dunia selepas Burj Khalifa? Ini faktanya…". Sinar Plus. 2 September 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  25. ^ NEAPOLI SDN BHD "NEAPOLI TO HELP BUILD THE WORLDS THIRD TALLEST BUILDING". neapoli.com.
  26. ^ "Technical : Merdeka 118 building". www.merdeka118.com.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. ^ "Pintaras shares up after bagging RM74mil Warisan Merdeka job - Business News - The Star Online". thestar.com.my. 13 March 2014.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ Sharen (5 December 2014). "Six in the running". NST Online. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  30. ^ "Malaysia Chronicle | A place to speak up on Politics, Business, Social". 30 September 2020.
  31. ^ Joakim Persson (11 October 2015). "PAnother big KONE order in Malaysia". ScanAsia.com. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  32. ^ Zainul, Intan Farhana (23 November 2015). "PNB confirms RM3.4b Menara KL118 contract awarded". The Star. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  33. ^ "PNB to raise RM2b via green sukuk to fund Merdeka 118 Tower". The Edge Markets. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  34. ^ "Park Hyatt to take up residence at PNB 118".
  35. ^ "Construction of PNB's Merdeka 118 tower reaches 111 floors". The Star. 4 May 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  36. ^ "Merdeka 118 project back on track after MCO". New Straits Times. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  37. ^ "Merdeka 118 tower safely tops out".
  38. ^ https://www.investkl.gov.my/Relevant_News-@-Malaysia_Begins_Construction_of_the_Country%E2%80%99s_Tallest_Skyscraper.aspx
  39. ^ a b Chen, Heather (2 December 2021). "This Country Is Building the World's Second-Tallest Skyscraper. But Citizens Aren't Thrilled". www.vice.com. Retrieved 31 December 2021.