New beat is a Belgian electronic dance music genre that fuses elements of new wave, hi-NRG,[2] EBM and hip hop (e.g. scratching).[3][4] It flourished in Western Europe during the late-1980s.[1]

New beat spawned a subgenre called "hard beat" (a blend of EBM, new beat and acid house)[5] and became a key influence on the evolution of European electronic dance music styles such as Belgian techno, hardcore techno and gabber.


New beat originated in Belgium in 1987,[6] and was popular in several music clubs across Western Europe.[7][8] Sometimes described as "new wave disco beat"[9] the genre has been characterized as a blend of new wave, hi-NRG,[2] EBM (which also developed in Belgium[10]), and acid house.[3][4] New beat is the immediate precursor of hardcore electronic dance music, which developed in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany around 1990. Belgium's native form of hardcore that emerged from new beat is also known as Belgian techno or rave techno.[citation needed]

The genre was "accidentally invented" in the nightclub Ancienne Belgique (AB) in Antwerp when DJ Dikke Ronny (literally "Fat Ronny") played the 45 rpm EBM record "Flesh" by A Split-Second at 33 rpm, with the pitch control set to +8.[7][11][12] In addition to A Split-Second, new beat was also heavily influenced by other EBM acts such as Front 242, Signal Aout 42 and the Neon Judgement, as well as new wave acts such as Fad Gadget, Gary Numan, New Order, Boytronic[9] and Anne Clark. Nightclubs such as the Boccaccio[9] soon made the genre a major success.[7]

In contrast to EBM, new beat records did not appear within a certain subcultural context[4] and were mostly produced to enter the international music charts.[9][2] In Belgium, compilations such as New Beat Take 1 sold 40.000 units.[9] The Belgian sound was re-introduced to the United States market in 1989 through a compilation album known as This Is the New Beat, released through Polygram Records.[3]

From 1988 to 1990, new beat spawned two short-lived subgenres with hard beat, a style that incorporated more elements of EBM (e.g. the Concrete Beat – "I Want You"; Major Problem – "I Still Have a Dream"; Tribe 22 – "Acid-New Beat"),[5] and skizzo, a techno-influenced style, considerably faster than the original slow new beat style.

The most commercially successful new beat groups were Confetti's[9] and Lords of Acid, who received heavy airplay on the MTV Europe show Party Zone. A memorable novelty song was "Qui...?" (1989) by Brussels Sound Revolution, who sampled parts of a press conference speech by former prime minister Paul Vanden Boeynants after he was kidnapped by the gang of Patrick Haemers.[13][14]

New beat artists and bands include Lords of Acid and Technotronic, while Belgian hardcore techno bands that emerged from the hard beat and skizzo subgenres include T99, Praga Khan, Cubic 22, and the Immortals.[15]

Midtempo bass

Modern new beat is known as midtempo bass.[16] Modern artists described as "new beat" include 1788-L,[17] and Rezz.[17] Notaker described the subgenre as a "fresh sound that’s been generally unexplored in the mainstream electronic realm," further commenting on the versatility of the subgenre, stating "the range of which you can produce in this tempo range can be extremely gritty and heavy to really melodic and beautiful to calm, relaxing and atmospheric."[18] Rezz's studio album Certain Kind of Magic peaked at number 12 on the US Billboard Dance/Electronic Albums and her previous album Mass Manipulation received the Electronic Album of the Year awarded at the Juno Awards.[19][20][17]

Record labels

The rise of the new genre did not only launch new artists; a few new record labels also were set up, especially to release new beat records. They lived a golden era with, despite not being mainstream, massive sales, and not only in their home country Belgium but also in the rest of Europe and specifically Ireland and the United Kingdom. Roland Beelen (Bellucci of the above-mentioned Morton Sherman Bellucci) and Maurice Engelen (of Praga Khan) set up Antler-Subway Records.[21] There was also R&S Records, launched by Renaat Vandepapeliere and his wife.[22] Other labels include ARS, PIAS, ZYX Records and Music Man.

Notable musicians

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Sounds of Belgium – day one: a history of Belgian pop in 10 songs". The Guardian. 2 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d Simon Reynolds: Generation Ecstasy: Into the World of Techno and Rave Culture. Routledge 1999, ISBN 978-0415923736, p. 124.
  3. ^ a b c d Sicko, Dan (2010). Techno Rebels: The Renegades of Electronic Funk. Wayne State University. ISBN 978-0814337127.
  4. ^ a b c d Timor Kaul: Electronic Body Music. In: Thomas Hecken, Marcus S. Kleiner: Handbook Popculture. J.B. Metzler Verlag 2017, ISBN 3-476-02677-9, pp. 102–103.
  5. ^ a b Nikki van Lierop: Hard Beat 1st Compilation., 1989.
    "Hard Beat is the perfect link between Electronic Body Music and New Beat."
  6. ^ Marc Grouls: In-D – Virgin In-D Sky's., 1988.
    "In 1987 Belgian New-Beat groups proved that New-Beat is a fact and the salesfigures in and out of Belgium are the best proof."
  7. ^ a b c (in Dutch)"Belpop: New Beat". 2013-08-29. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  8. ^ "One Nation Under A (Slowed Down) Groove". MIT NME.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Philipp Anz, Arnold Meyer: New Beat. In: Philipp Anz, Patrick Walder: Techno, Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag, Reinbek, June 1999, ISBN 3-499-60817-0, pp. 25–26.
  10. ^ Reed, S. Alexander (2013). Assimilate: A Critical History of Industrial Music. Oxford University Press. pp. 247–250. ISBN 9780199832583.
  11. ^ New Beat: One Nation Under A (Slowed Down) Groove - A New Musical Express article by Richard Norris of the Grid
  12. ^ (in Dutch) Dikke Ronny, godfather van de New Beat, Studio Brussel (2 September 2013)
  13. ^ "'Qui..?' van Brussels Sound Revolution". 2014-01-14. Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  14. ^ "25 jaar geleden werd VDB ontvoerd: Gemarchandeerd zoals op de beestenmarkt". 2014-01-14. Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  15. ^ Reynolds, Simon (2012). Energy Flash: A Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture. Picador. ISBN 978-1-59376-407-4. As the nineties progressed, the b.p.m. returned to normal, then accelerated, as DJs started playing techno with their turntables set to +8. A native hardcore was born, with labels like Hithouse, Big Time International, Who's That Beat, Beat Box and Music Man, and groups like Set Up System, Cubic 22, T99, 80 Aum, Incubus, Holy Noise and Meng Syndicate.
  16. ^ "B.O.M x KYB – Odyssey [Midtempo Bass]". EKM.CO. Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  17. ^ a b c d e "[LISTEN] REZZ x 1788-L - H E X -". EDMTunes. 2018-06-29. Retrieved 2018-07-15.
  18. ^ "[Interview] Notaker Gets Gritty with New EP EREBUS I - EDMTunes". EDMTunes. 2018-07-09. Retrieved 2018-07-15.
  19. ^ "Rezz – Top Dance/Electronic Albums Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  20. ^ "2018 ELECTRONIC | Rezz | The JUNO Awards". The JUNO Awards. Retrieved 2018-07-15.
  21. ^ "Billboard: International, newsline". Billboard. 1995-09-30.
  22. ^ "Renaat Vandepapeliere from R&S Records on DJing with TRAKTOR". Native Instruments Blog. 2017-11-13. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  23. ^ a b Bogdanov, Vladimir (2001). All Music Guide to Electronica, AMG (Rovi Corporation), p. 647.
  24. ^ a b Reynolds, Simon (1998).Energy Flash: viaggio nella cultura rave, Arcana, pp. 166-167.