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Niconico, Inc.
Type of site
Video hosting service
Available inJapanese
Area servedWorldwide
OwnerDwango (Kadokawa Corporation)
Created byNiwango
URLwww.nicovideo.jp
CommercialYes
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedDecember 12, 2006; 17 years ago (2006-12-12)
Current statusActive

Niconico (ニコニコ, Nikoniko) (known before 2012 as Nico Nico Douga (ニコニコ動画, Niko Niko Dōga)) is a Japanese video-sharing service based in Tokyo, Japan. "Niconico" or "nikoniko" is the Japanese ideophone for smiling.[1] As of 2021, Niconico is the 34th most-visited website in Japan, according to Alexa Internet.[2]

The site won the Japanese Good Design Award in 2007,[3] and an Honorary Mention of the Digital Communities category at Prix Ars Electronica 2008.[4]

History

Nobuo Kawakami, the founder and CEO of Niconico[5]

The first version of Niconico used YouTube as a video source. When the site grew, YouTube's server infrastructure strained due to increased traffic and bandwidth, leading YouTube to make a decision to block access from Niconico. As a result, Niconico ceased operations, but two weeks later, the site relaunched with an on-premises video server. On May 7, 2007, Niconico announced a mobile phone version of the website. Since August 9, 2007, "Nico Nico Douga (RC) Mobile" has serviced mobile phones of NTT DoCoMo and au.[6]

As of October 31, 2011, Niconico has over 23,690,000 registered users, 6,870,000 mobile users and 1,390,000 premium users.[7] Due to the limited server capacity, Niwango limits the number of free users who can access the website at peak times (7 p.m. to 2 a.m.), based on the time of registration. The website is in Japanese, and the majority of the site traffic is from Japan, although approximately four percent is from outside Japan, notably one percent from Taiwan.[8] Niconico launched a Taiwanese version of the site on October 18, 2007.[9] In July 2008, Niconico launched German and Spanish-language versions of the site,[10] followed by an update for the Taiwanese-language version. An English-language version was added on October 17, 2012, superseding the Niconico.com website, with translation functionality allowing users to translate video descriptions into English or Chinese.[11]

On April 27, 2012, Nico Nico Douga announced it would be rebranding itself as Niconico. The site also introduced a new "Zero" update, which improves video resolution, along with various other upgrades.[12]

Hiroyuki Nishimura served as director at Niwango until February 2013.[13]

Niconico launched for the Nintendo Switch in Japan on July 13, 2017, and was the Switch's first third-party media app in any market.[14]

Support for the English and Chinese-language versions of Niconico were discontinued on July 5, 2023, with the company citing the advancements in automated translation as a reason to deprecate the translations of the user interface, with comment fields, video titles and video descriptions the only natively supported translation on the site.[15]

Niconico.com

In 2010, an English version was in the works.[16] Furthermore, in April 2011, an English-language beta website (Niconico) was launched. Unlike the Japanese counterpart of Niconico (nicovideo.jp), Niconico.com hosted videos from YouTube, DailyMotion, and Niconico. Similar to the pre-2007 version of Niconico, users can view the hosted videos via a version of the Niconico player, complete with commenting and tagging systems.[17] Niconico.com later introduced video upload and (for Premium users) live streaming functionalities. The site also simulcast select anime titles from June 2011. On October 14, 2011, Niconico announced a partnership with Funimation Entertainment to form Funico, to handle licensing of anime properties for streaming and home video.[18] With the implementation of English language features into Nicovideo.jp, Niconico.com was retired on November 19, 2012, and now redirects to the Japanese website.[11][19]

In March 2018, Niconico announced the end of English-language community services.[20]

In October and November 2018, DDoS attacks from outside Japan led to disconnected services for some areas outside the country to combat these attacks.[21]

In September 2019, the antenna shop "Niconico Douga Headquarters" was closed and its functions were consolidated into the new studio "Haresta" in Ikebukuro.

Features

Users can upload, view, and share video clips. Unlike other video-sharing sites, however, comments are overlaid directly onto the video, and synced to specific playback times. This feature allows comments to respond directly to events occurring in the video, in sync with the viewer—creating a sense of a shared watching experience. Niconico's atmosphere and cultural context are close to 2channel's or Futaba Channel's. Many popular videos on this site have otaku tastes, such as anime, computer games, and pop music. Niconico offers a feature for users (not just the uploader of the video) to tag videos. Each video may have up to eleven tags, of which up to five the uploader may lock. Frequently, this functionality can be used not only as categorization, but also as critical commentary, satire, or other humor related to the video's content. The site is also known for its MAD videos and its medleys of popular songs on the website, most notably Kumikyoku Nico Nico Douga. Niconico also distributed some original net animations, such as Candy Boy, Tentai Senshi Sunred, and Penguin Musume Heart.[22]

Other features include:

Business aspects

Income

The main income of Niconico comes from premium membership subscriptions, advertisements, and Nico Nico Ichiba (Affiliate).[23][24][25]

Premium membership

Until early 2019, users need to register an account to watch videos on Niconico. There are two types of registered accounts; free (basic tier) and premium (subscription) accounts. The premium membership fee is ¥550 per month or ¥6,600 per year. As of January 2, 2012, they reached 1,500,000 premium members. Users can purchase a premium subscription via PayPal. Japanese users can also pay with mobile, credit card, Line Pay, and WebMoney.

Advertisement

Niconico uses Google Ads and other web advertisements. On May 8, 2008, Dwango announced a partnership with Yahoo! Japan and plans to adopt search-related ads and other Yahoo-related services.

Nico Nico Ichiba (Affiliate)

Nico Nico Ichiba is a unique advertisement system in which users can place banners freely on each video page. Uploaders and viewers can choose which items they want to place in the advertisement banners. Users also can know how many clicks each banner accrued, and how many items purchased. Ranking info of numbers of items bought through Nico Nico Ichiba is also officially provided. Items available are from Amazon.co.jp, Yahoo Shopping, and Dwango mobile service.

As of July 2010, Nico Nico Ichiba has been extended to the Taiwanese website.

Financial condition

On October 30, 2007, Dwango and the JASRAC (a Japanese copyright holders' society) agreed to form a comprehensive partnership. For this agreement, Dwango will pay two percent of its earnings to JASRAC as copyright royalties.[26]

In the fiscal year from Q4 2010 to Q3 2011, Niconico has had a gross income of approximately 10.81 billion yen (US$139.1 million as of November 10, 2011), and posts a 670 million yen (US$8.6 million) operating profit.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ Katayama, Lisa (May 19, 2008). "Meet Hiroyuki Nishimura, the Bad Boy of the Japanese Internet". Wired. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  2. ^ "Alexa Traffic ranking". Alexa Internet. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  3. ^ "Good Design Award No.07C02037" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on April 23, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  4. ^ "Ars Electronica Prix Honorary Mentions". Prix Ars Electronica. Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  5. ^ Amano, Takashi (November 15, 2013). "Nintendo Rises After Buying Stake in Web Company Dwango". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  6. ^ "Nico Nico Douga Mobile Tester Starting" (in Japanese). Nico Nico Douga Developer's Blog. May 7, 2007. Archived from the original on February 22, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  7. ^ 2011年9月期決算説明会 [September 2011 Balance Sheet Explanation Meeting] (PDF) (in Japanese). Dwango. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 19, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2010.
  8. ^ "Gudadada Notice" (in Japanese). Nico Nico Douga Developer's Blog. August 8, 2007. Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved October 12, 2007.
  9. ^ "Nico Nico Douga's Expansion" (in Japanese). CNET Japan. October 10, 2007. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved October 12, 2007.
  10. ^ "Nico Nico Douga Announcement: Specific User Function Addition" (in Japanese). IT Media. July 4, 2008. Archived from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved July 6, 2008.
  11. ^ a b "English Niconico.com to Retire, Re-Open Under Main Site on October 17". Anime News Network. October 2, 2012. Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  12. ^ "Nico Nico Douga Renamed as niconico in Service Upgrade". Anime News Network. April 26, 2012. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  13. ^ "Hiroyuki Nishimura Resigns as Director at Niconico's Niwango". Anime News Network. February 18, 2013. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  14. ^ Frank, Allegra (July 12, 2017). "Nintendo Switch is getting its first streaming app". Polygon. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  15. ^ "【Updated 7/5】To users using Niconico videos display in English/Chinese|ニコニコインフォ". 【Updated 7/5】To users using Niconico videos display in English/Chinese|ニコニコインフォ. Archived from the original on July 5, 2023. Retrieved July 12, 2023.
  16. ^ "Nico Nico Douga". Nico Nico Douga, Inc. Archived from the original on January 30, 2003. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
  17. ^ "Japan's Nico Nico Douga Video Site Starts English Beta". Anime News Network. April 20, 2011. Archived from the original on April 23, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  18. ^ "Funimation, Niconico to Jointly License Anime". Anime News Network. October 14, 2011. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
  19. ^ "Final Transfer to the Official Niconico Site". Nico Nico Douga. November 11, 2012. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  20. ^ "[Notice] End of Services for Niconico Community (English Version)". Nico Nico Douga. March 20, 2018. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  21. ^ "niconico info: October 2018 Archives". blog.nicovideo.jp. Archived from the original on March 28, 2020. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  22. ^ Nagata, Kazuaki (June 9, 2011). "Video-sharing website sparks Net revolution". The Japan Times. Retrieved June 9, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ "Nico Nico Ichiba's Proceeds" (in Japanese). ASCII. May 9, 2008. Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  24. ^ "Midway to September 2008 Balance Explanation" (PDF) (in Japanese). Dwango. May 9, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 5, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  25. ^ "Yahoo! Japan and Nico Nico Douga Cooperation Start" (in Japanese). May 9, 2008. Archived from the original on June 11, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  26. ^ "Nico Nico Douga and YouTube Copyright Fee Payment" (in Japanese). IT Media. October 30, 2007. Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.