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November is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Its length is 30 days. November was the ninth month of the calendar of Romulus c. 750 BC. November retained its name (from the Latin novem meaning "nine") when January and February were added to the Roman calendar. November is a month of late spring in the Southern Hemisphere and late autumn in the Northern Hemisphere. Therefore, November in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of May in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa. In Ancient Rome, Ludi Plebeii was held from November 4–17, Epulum Jovis was held on November 13 and Brumalia celebrations began on November 24. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

November was referred to as Blōtmōnaþ by the Anglo-Saxons. Brumaire and Frimaire were the months on which November fell in the French Republican calendar.

Astronomy

November meteor showers include the Andromedids, which occurs from September 25 to December 6 and generally peak around November 9–14, the Leonids, which occurs from November 15–20, the Alpha Monocerotids, which occurs from November 15–25 with the peak on November 21–22, the Northern Taurids, which occurs from October 20 to December 10, and the Southern Taurids, which occurs from September 10 – November 20, and the Phoenicids; which occur from November 29 to December 9 with the peak occurring on December 5–6. The Orionids, which occurs in late October, sometimes lasts into November.

Astrology

The Western zodiac signs for November are Scorpio (October 23 – November 21) and Sagittarius (November 22 – December 21).[1][2]

Symbols

Chrysanthemum
Topaz crystal
Topaz crystal
Citrine gemstone
Citrine gemstone

November's birthstone is the topaz (particularly, yellow) which symbolizes friendship and the citrine. Its birth flower is the chrysanthemum.[3]

Observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Non-Gregorian

(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Month-long

United States

Movable

First Sunday

First Monday

Tuesday after the first Monday

First Wednesday

First Thursday

First Friday

First Saturday

Second Sunday

Week of November 8

Week of November 11

Second Monday:

Second Saturday

Third Sunday:

Third week

Third Monday

Weekdays of the third week

Wednesday of the third week

Third Thursday

Third Friday

Third Friday until the next Monday

Saturday before Fourth Thursday

Last Week

Day before fourth Thursday

Last Wednesday

Fourth Thursday

Day after fourth Thursday

Fourth Saturday

Saturday after Thanksgiving

Fourth Sunday

Last Sunday

Monday after fourth Thursday in November

Fixed

Thanksgiving is celebrated in November

References

  1. ^ The Earth passes the junction of the signs at 20:39 UT/GMT November 21, 2020, and will pass it again at 02:33 UT/GMT November 22, 2021.
  2. ^ "Astrology Calendar", yourzodiacsign. Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.
  3. ^ "SHGresources.com". SHGresources.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  4. ^ Jesuit Institute, November Lists, accessed 5 November 2023
  5. ^ "Pulmonary Hypertension Awareness Month".
  6. ^ NSFC Admin. "Stomach Cancer Awareness Month".
  7. ^ "National Blog Posting Month". 6 October 2016.
  8. ^ "National Homeless Youth Awareness Month (November 2015)".
  9. ^ "November Is National Pomegranate Month!". Farmers' Almanac. Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2015-11-02.
  10. ^ "Home - Mitzvah Day".
  11. ^ "November 10: World Keratoconus Day". Keratoconus Group.
  12. ^ "NKCF, December 2016 E-Update" (PDF). National Keratoconus Foundation (NKCF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2017-10-06.