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Poltava Oblast
Полтавська область
Poltavska oblast[1]
Полтавщина (Poltavshchyna)
Coordinates: 49°35′22″N 34°33′05″E / 49.58944°N 34.55139°E / 49.58944; 34.55139
Country Ukraine
Administrative center Poltava
 • GovernorFilip Pronin [uk][2]
 • Oblast council84 seats
 • ChairpersonOleksandr Bilenky
 • Total28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 6th
 • TotalDecrease 1,352,283
 • RankRanked 12th
 • Total₴ 267 billion
(€6.906 billion)
 • Per capita₴ 195,825
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code+380-53
ISO 3166 codeUA-53
Vehicle registrationВІ, НІ
Cities (total)15
FIPS 10-4UP18

Poltava Oblast (Ukrainian: Полта́вська о́бласть, romanizedPoltavska oblast), also referred to as Poltavshchyna (Ukrainian: Полта́вщина), is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava. Most of its territory was part of the southern regions of the Cossack Hetmanate. Population: 1,352,283 (2022 estimate).[3]

Two other important cities there are Horishni Plavni and Kremenchuk.


The Poltava Oblast was established on 22 September 1937 according to the resolution of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union. It was based mostly on rayons (districts) that were part of Kharkiv Oblast and only few from Kyiv Oblast. The region somewhat corresponds to the earlier Poltava Governorate (1802-1925).

During the Nazi Germany occupation in 1941-43, most of the region belonged to Kiew Generalbezirke (general district), while the rest was part of the German military rear area.

After withdrawal of German forces, the region was reinstated almost to the same borders. In 1950s it lost some of its territories to Kyiv Oblast and the newly created Cherkasy Oblast as well as some were submerged under the Kremenchuk Reservoir in 1959.

In 2020 as part of all Ukrainian administrative reform, Poltava Oblast decreased number of its raions by increasing them in size.

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the town of Myrhorod was bombed. However as of August 2023, there has been no ground fighting and the province remains completely under Ukrainian control.


Poltava Oblast is situated in the central part of Ukraine. Located on the left bank of the Dnieper, the Poltava region was part of the Cossack Hetmanate. It has an area of 28,800 km2. The oblast borders upon Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy and Kyiv oblasts. The oblast does not contain any notable landforms apart from the Dnieper river, the land is gently undulating.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.


As of 2018, its population was 1,400,000 and population density was 49 people per 1 km2.[5]

Age structure

0–14 years: 13.2% Increase (male 99,444/female 93,949)
15–64 years: 69.9% Steady (male 483,389/female 530,911)
65 years and over: 16.9% Decrease (male 81,435/female 164,861) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 41.4 years Increase
male: 38.0 years Increase
female: 44.7 years Increase (2013 official)



The oblast is a center of Ukraine's oil and natural gas industry, with many wells and pipelines situated here. There is a major oil refinery plant in the city of Kremenchuk. Important iron ore processing facilities also present. In general, there are 374 large industrial organization and 618 small industrial organizations.[citation needed]


In 1999 the gross grain yield was about 14,529 thousand tons, sugar beets – 1,002,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 166,200 tons, potatoes – 279,900 tons. The oblast also produced 120,500 tons of meat, 645,900 tons of milk and 423,200,00 eggs.[citation needed] At the beginning of 1999 there were 1,311 registered farms in the region.[citation needed]

Administrative divisions

Raions of Poltava Oblast as of August 2020.

Main article: Administrative divisions of Poltava Oblast

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (May 2023)

The oblast is divided into 4 districts and 60 hromadas.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Poltava Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Poltava Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Poltava Oblast:

On 18 July 2020, the number of raions was reduced to four.[6][7] These are:

  1. Kremenchuk Raion (Кременчуцький район), the center is in the city of Kremenchuk;
  2. Lubny Raion (Лубенський район), the center is in the city of Lubny;
  3. Myrhorod Raion (Миргородський район), the center is in the city of Myrhorod;
  4. Poltava Raion (Полтавський район), the center is in the city of Poltava.

Until 2020

Name Ukrainian name Area
census 2015[8]
Admin. center Urban population
Poltava Полта́ва (місто) 103 293,945 Poltava (city) 293,945
Horishni Plavni Горішні Плавні (місто) 34 54,701 Horishni Plavni (city) 52,144
Kremenchuk Кременчу́к (місто) 96 223,942 Kremenchuk (city) 223,942
Lubny Лубни (місто) 46 46,820 Lubny (city) 46,820
Myrhorod Миргород (місто) 20 40,440 Myrhorod (city) 40,440
Chornukhy Raion Чорнухинський район 682 11,485 Chornukhy 2,581
Chutove Raion Чутівський район 861 22,976 Chutove 9,468
Dykanka Raion Диканський район 679 18,993 Dykanka 7,804
Hadiach Raion Гадяцький район 1,595 29,767 Hadiach 24,005
Hlobyne Raion Глобинський район 2,500 44,007 Hlobyne 16,182
Hrebinka Raion Гребінківський район 595 22,589 Hrebinka 10,926
Karlivka Raion Карлівський район 854 34,121 Karlivka 14,997
Khorol Raion Хорольський район 1,062 34,670 Khorol 13,304
Kobeliaky Raion Кобеляцький район 1,823 42,419 Kobeliaky 14,982
Kotelva Raion Котелевський район 800 19,674 Kotelva 12,406
Kozelshchyna Raion Козельщинський район 930 19,575 Kozelshchyna 5,981
Kremenchuk Raion Кременчуцький район 1,200 39,699 Kremenchuk (city) N/A *
Lokhvytsia Raion Лохвицький район 1,300 43,274 Lokhvytsia 20,187
Lubny Raion Лубенський район 1,378 31,983 Lubny (city) N/A *
Mashivka Raion Машівський район 889 19,609 Mashivka 3,815
Myrhorod Raion Миргородський район 1,540 32,115 Myrhorod (city) N/A *
Novi Sanzhary Raion Новосанжарський район 1,300 34,620 Novi Sanzhary 8,375
Orzhytsia Raion Оржицький район 1,000 24228 Orzhytsia 5,369
Poltava Raion Полтавський район 1,259 67,095 Poltava (city) N/A *
Pyriatyn Raion Пирятинський район 864 31,809 Pyriatyn 15,796
Reshetylivka Raion Решетилівський район 1,009 26,399 Reshetylivka 9,340
Semenivka Raion Семенівський район 1,300 25,456 Semenivka 6,244
Shyshaky Raion Шишацький район 790 20,423 Shyshaky 4,545
Velyka Bahachka Raion Великобагачанський район 1,000 25,145 Velyka Bahachka 8,350
Zinkiv Raion Зіньківський район 1,360 34,700 Zinkiv 15,179

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the raion is housed in the city that it is named after, cities do not answer to the raion authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of raion statistics.


Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Poltava is the center of the Poltavs'ka oblast' (Poltava Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Poltava Oblast, Poltavshchyna.

See also: Romanization of Ukrainian



  1. ^ Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-01-25. Retrieved 2020-10-06. ((cite book)): |website= ignored (help)
  2. ^ "Zelenskyy appoints new head of Poltava Oblast Military Administration". Ukrainska Pravda. 10 October 2023. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  3. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  4. ^ "Валовий регіональний продукт".
  5. ^ "Poltava Oblast, Ukraine Travel Guide". Archived from the original on 2019-09-04. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  6. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  7. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  8. ^ "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 30 December 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.