Raions of Ukraine
Raions after the administrative reform of 2020
CategorySecond-level subdivision
Location Ukraine
Created
  • 1922
Number136 (as of 2020)
Populations~150,000
Areas1,200 km2 (460 sq mi)
Government
  • Raion council
Subdivisions

A raion (Ukrainian: район, romanizedraion; pl. райони, raiony), often translated as district, is the second-level administrative division in Ukraine. Raions were created in a 1922 administrative reform of the Soviet Union, to which Ukraine, as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, belonged.[1][nb 1]

On 17 July 2020, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) approved an administrative reform to merge most of the 490 raions, along with the "cities of regional significance", which were previously outside the raions, into just 136 reformed raions.[3] Most tasks of the raions (education, healthcare, sport facilities, culture, and social welfare) were taken over by new hromadas, the subdivisions of raions.[4] The 136 new districts include ten in Crimea, which have been de facto outside Ukrainian control since the start of the Russo-Ukrainian War in 2014.

Terminology

Ukrainian Ukrainian translit. English
Район Raion District[5][6]
Район у місті Raion u misti Urban district, district in a city

Districts of cities

Further information: Urban districts of Ukraine

Some cities of oblast significance, along with the two cities of national significance (Kyiv and Sevastopol[nb 2]), are also divided in city raions, also called urban raions. City raions have their own local administration and are subordinated directly to a city. They may contain other cities, towns, and villages.

July 2020 reform

On 17 July 2020, the number of raions in Ukraine was reduced to 136 (incl. 10 in Crimea) from the previous 490.[8]

List

Note: the Russian Republic of Crimea continues to use the same administrative divisions. Raions located in the occupied Donbas territories (see below in grey) are currently only de jure.[9][10]

Number of raions by region

Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

Region Number of raions
 Vinnytsia Oblast 6
 Volyn Oblast 4
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 7
 Donetsk Oblast 8
 Zhytomyr Oblast 4
 Zakarpattia Oblast 6
 Zaporizhzhia Oblast 5
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 6
 Kyiv Oblast 7
 Kirovohrad Oblast 4
 Luhansk Oblast 8
 Lviv Oblast 7
 Mykolaiv Oblast 4
 Odesa Oblast 7
 Poltava Oblast 4
 Rivne Oblast 4
 Sumy Oblast 5
 Ternopil Oblast 3
 Kharkiv Oblast 7
 Kherson Oblast 5
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 3
 Cherkasy Oblast 4
 Chernivtsi Oblast 3
 Chernihiv Oblast 5
 Ukraine 126

Autonomous Republic of Crimea

Following the 2014 Crimean crisis, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea was annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.[7]

The populations in the table are from the census of 2001.[needs update]

# Name Center Year Area
(km2)
Population Density Councils (municipalities)
City Town Village
1 Bakhchysarai Raion Bakhchysarai 1923 1,589 92,617 58 1 2 15
2 Bilohirsk Raion Bilohirsk 1930 3,106 122,259 39 1 2 35
3 Dzhankoi Raion Dzhankoi 1921 2,693 125,333 47 1 2 26
4 Feodosia Raion Feodosia 2020 3,177 231,666 73 3 8 47
5 Kerch Raion Kerch 2020 3,027 226,660 75 2 2 24
6 Perekop Raion Yany Kapu 1935 2,646 126,110 48 2 2 25
7 Kurman Raion Kurman 1944 3,240 134,035 41 0 3 34
8 Simferopol Raion Simferopol 1965 1,860 512,527 276 1 8 19
9 Yalta Raion Yalta 2020 883 198,161 224 3 22 33
10 Yevpatoria Raion Yevpatoria 2020 3,860 264,368 68 3 5 33
Changes

Other oblasts

  Raions located in the occupied territories of Ukraine.

[clarification needed]

Oblast Name Center Center population Area
(km2)
Population
(2021 estimate)[11]
No. of
Hromadas
Cherkasy Oblast Cherkasy Raion Cherkasy 274,8 6,882.1 591,313 26
Uman Raion Uman 83,1 4,527.2 251,408 12
Zolotonosha Raion Zolotonosha 28,3 4,249.1 138,036 11
Zvenyhorodka Raion Zvenyhorodka 17,1 5,279.9 197,509 17
Chernihiv Oblast Chernihiv Raion Chernihiv 288,3 10,249.0 451,430 20
Nizhyn Raion Nizhyn 71,1 7,226.6 220,640 17
Pryluky Raion Pryluky 56,3 5,214.2 152,632 11
Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion Novhorod-Siverskyi 13 4,630.5 63,670 4
Koriukivka Raion Koriukivka 12,9 4,578.7 88,329 5
Chernivtsi Oblast Chernivtsi Raion Chernivtsi 266,5 4,101.5 651,772 33
Dnistrovskyi Raion Kelmentsi 7,3 2,122.5 154,440 10
Vyzhnytsia Raion Vyzhnytsia 4 1,882.0 90,354 9
Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Dnipro Raion Dnipro 987,2 5,605.7 1,159,302 17
Kryvyi Rih Raion Kryvyi Rih 624,6 5,717.4 755,667 15
Kamianske Raion Kamianske 240,5 4,821.2 430,066 12
Nikopol Raion Nikopol 110,7 3,240.4 255,505 8
Pavlohrad Raion Pavlohrad 105,2 2,420.9 169,509 7
Novomoskovsk Raion Novomoskovsk 71,4 3,482.9 169,275 8
Synelnykove Raion Synelnykove 31,4 6,616.6 202,711 19
Donetsk Oblast Donetsk Raion Donetsk 924,2 2,895.1 1,490,301 6
Mariupol Raion Mariupol 440,4 2,623.8 510,425 5
Horlivka Raion Horlivka 244 2,468.4 664,949 9
Kramatorsk Raion Kramatorsk 153,9 5,186.3 553,559 12
Bakhmut Raion Bakhmut 74,1 1,747.6 224,528 7
Pokrovsk Raion Pokrovsk 63,0 4,020.0 393,487 14
Volnovakha Raion Volnovakha 21,9 4,449.1 141,797 8
Kalmiuske Raion Kalmiuske 11,5 3,132.6 121,234 5
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast Ivano-Frankivsk Raion Ivano-Frankivsk 236,6 3,913.1 558,130 20
Kalush Raion Kalush 66,5 3,555.0 282,692 13
Kolomyia Raion Kolomyia 61,3 2,484.5 275,512 13
Nadvirna Raion Nadvirna 22,1 1,872.0 129,939 8
Kosiv Raion Kosiv 8,6 853.7 84,437 5
Verkhovyna Raion Verkhovyna 5,8 1,271.7 30,399 3
Kharkiv Oblast Kharkiv Raion Kharkiv 1443,2 2,644.3 1,745,734 15
Lozova Raion Lozova 64,7 4,025.9 150,400 5
Izium Raion Izium 48,2 5,910.2 175,986 8
Chuhuiv Raion Chuhuiv 32,5 4,807.0 197,695 9
Kupiansk Raion Kupiansk 28,7 4,618.1 133,135 8
Krasnohrad Raion Krasnohrad 20,9 4,912.8 105,948 6
Bohodukhiv Raion Bohodukhiv 15,2 4,510.3 124,936 5
Kherson Oblast
Kherson Raion Kherson 289,1 3,649.9 456,548 10
Kakhovka Raion Nova Kakhovka 45,4 6,289.7 219,783 15
Henichesk Raion Henichesk 19,5 6,521.7 119,901 4
Skadovsk Raion Skadovsk 17,6 5,248.5 124,508 9
Beryslav Raion Beryslav 12,4 4,764.0 95,967 11
Khmelnytskyi Oblast Khmelnytskyi Raion Khmelnytskyi 273,9 10,755.8 679,374 27
Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion Kamianets-Podilskyi 99 4,521.2 284,010 15
Shepetivka Raion Shepetivka 41,2 5,346.7 280,403 18
Kirovohrad Oblast Kropyvnytskyi Raion Kropyvnytskyi 227,4 9,716.9 437,018 17
Oleksandriia Raion Oleksandriia 79,3 5,409.7 223,451 9
Novoukrainka Raion Novoukrainka 16,7 5,198.9 138,509 13
Holovanivsk Raion Holovanivsk 6 4,244.3 121,150 10
Kyiv Oblast Bila Tserkva Raion Bila Tserkva 208,9 6,513.1 436,115 13
Brovary Raion Brovary 108,7 2,883.1 242,180 8
Boryspil Raion Boryspil 62,3 3,874.9 203,273 11
Fastiv Raion Fastiv 45,9 2,886.7 183,794 9
Bucha Raion Bucha 35,6 1,544.3 362,382 12
Obukhiv Raion Obukhiv 33,6 3,526.3 228,829 9
Vyshhorod Raion Vyshhorod 29,9 6,913.4 131,957 7
Luhansk Oblast Luhansk Raion Luhansk 403,9 2,147.4 529,716 3
Alchevsk Raion Alchevsk 107,4 2,006.1 437,513 3
Sievierodonetsk Raion Sievierodonetsk 102,4 2,685.7 369,421 6
Dovzhansk Raion Dovzhansk 64,2 2,139.0 206,360 2
Rovenky Raion Rovenky 46,7 2,087.6 295,057 3
Svatove Raion Svatove 17,1 5,329.1 78,278 7
Starobilsk Raion Starobilsk 16,9 6,930.6 126,010 8
Shchastia Raion Novoaidar 8,6 3,380.4 78,967 5
Lviv Oblast Lviv Raion Lviv 724,3 4,968.5 1,146,538 23
Drohobych Raion Drohobych 76 1,496.9 235,405 5
Chervonohrad Raion Chervonohrad 67,2 2,971.6 228,945 7
Stryi Raion Stryi 59,3 3,840.5 322,853 14
Sambir Raion Sambir 34,8 3,250.4 224,126 11
Zolochiv Raion Zolochiv 24,3 2,913.4 160,664 7
Yavoriv Raion Yavoriv 15 2,378.4 179,219 6
Mykolaiv Oblast Mykolaiv Raion Mykolaiv 483,2 7,433.7 645,562 19
Pervomaisk Raion Pervomaisk 66,1 3,797.2 147,757 8
Voznesensk Raion Voznesensk 34,4 6,081.0 178,336 13
Bashtanka Raion Bashtanka 12,7 6,714.9 136,739 12
Odesa Oblast Odesa Raion Odesa 1017,7 3,922.8 1,382,541 22
Izmail Raion Izmail 71,8 3,434.4 207,333 6
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi 49 5,220.6 198,572 16
Podilsk Raion Podilsk 40,4 7,063.6 224,163 12
Rozdilna Raion Rozdilna 17,8 3,564.4 102,584 9
Bolhrad Raion Bolhrad 15 4,559.4 146,424 10
Berezivka Raion Berezivka 9,6 5,551.6 106,490 16
Poltava Oblast Poltava Raion Poltava 286,7 10,849.6 589,922 24
Kremenchuk Raion Kremenchuk 220,1 6,105.8 392,341 12
Lubny Raion Lubny 46,2 5,476.9 187,538 7
Myrhorod Raion Myrhorod 39,1 6,287.4 201,728 17
Rivne Oblast Rivne Raion Rivne 245,6 7,218.0 629,531 26
Varash Raion Varash 42,4 3,327.2 138,599 8
Dubno Raion Dubno 38 3,294.6 167,728 19
Sarny Raion Sarny 29,2 6,219.0 212,598 11
Sumy Oblast Sumy Raion Sumy 263,5 6,499.4 440,618 16
Konotop Raion Konotop 86,3 5,190.6 198,238 8
Shostka Raion Shostka 75 5,072.3 182,792 10
Okhtyrka Raion Okhtyrka 48,5 3,196.6 122,146 9
Romny Raion Romny 40,5 3,882.7 109,658 8
Ternopil Oblast Ternopil Raion Ternopil 221,8 6,162.3 562,142 25
Chortkiv Raion Chortkiv 29 5,022.0 326,745 22
Kremenets Raion Kremenets 21,2 2,635.7 141,675 8
Vinnytsia Oblast Vinnytsia Raion Vinnytsia 370,7 6,888.9 652,126 16
Zhmerynka Raion Zhmerynka 34,3 3,150.6 161,544 8
Mohyliv-Podilskyi Raion Mohyliv-Podilskyi 31,2 3,220.5 142,456 7
Khmilnyk Raion Khmilnyk 27,4 3,701.1 183,913 9
Haisyn Raion Haisyn 25,8 5,674.8 236,803 14
Tulchyn Raion Tulchyn 14,9 3,858.4 152,281 9
Volyn Oblast Lutsk Raion Lutsk 221,1 5,247.8 456,928 15
Kovel Raion Kovel 68,2 7,647.9 268,082 23
Volodymyr Raion Volodymyr 38,9 2,558.2 171,264 11
Kamin-Kashyrskyi Raion Kamin-Kashyrskyi 12,5 4,693.4 131,123 5
Zakarpattia Oblast Uzhhorod Raion Uzhhorod 114,9 2,359.5 255,532 14
Mukachevo Raion Mukachevo 85,9 2,054.0 252,616 13
Khust Raion Khust 28,5 3,174.4 267,333 13
Berehove Raion Berehove 23,7 1,458.7 207,719 10
Rakhiv Raion Rakhiv 15,5 1,845.2 82,397 4
Tiachiv Raion Tiachiv 9 1,869.5 184,532 10
Zaporizhzhia Oblast
Zaporizhzhia Raion Zaporizhzhia 731,9 4,674.6 855,297 17[12]
Melitopol Raion Melitopol 153,1 7,081.0 280,816 16[12]
Berdiansk Raion Berdiansk 109,2 4,461.6 179,118 8[12]
Polohy Raion Polohy 19,3 6,762.5 167,060 15[12]
Vasylivka Raion Vasylivka 13,7 4,287.3 184,224 11[12]
Zhytomyr Oblast Zhytomyr Raion Zhytomyr 264,5 10,505.8 613,311 31
Berdychiv Raion Berdychiv 75,4 3,014.1 159,164 10
Korosten Raion Korosten 63,3 11,066.8 255,480 13
Zviahel Raion Zviahel 56,3 5,242.6 167,540 12

Former raions

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union from 1922 until declaring its independence in 1991.[2]
  2. ^ Sevastopol, a city with special status under Ukrainian law, was annexed by Russia in 2014.[7]

References

  1. ^ Liber, George O. (2016). Total Wars and the Making of Modern Ukraine, 1914-1954. University of Toronto Press. p. ix/xx. ISBN 9781442627086.
  2. ^ Magocsi, Paul Robert (2010). A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples. University of Toronto Press, pp. 563/564 & 722/723. ISBN 1442610212
  3. ^ "Україна з новим адмінтерустроєм: парламент створив 136 нових районів та ліквідував 490 старих". Decentralization Reform (in Ukrainian). 17 July 2020.
    "The council reduced the number of districts in Ukraine: 136 instead of 490". Ukrainska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 17 July 2020.
  4. ^ Where did 354 districts disappear to? Anatomy of loud reform, Glavcom (7 August 2020) (in Ukrainian)
  5. ^ "Regions and cities". vininvest.gov.ua. Archived from the original on 2016-12-26.
  6. ^ "Regions of Ukraine". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
  7. ^ a b Gutterman, Steve (18 March 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
  8. ^ Автор. "Те, чого ніколи не було в Україні: Уряд затвердив адмінтерустрій базового рівня, що забезпечить повсюдність місцевого самоврядування". decentralization.gov.ua. Retrieved 2023-06-18.
  9. ^ "New rayons: maps and structure". decentralization.gov.ua. Retrieved 2023-06-17.
  10. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад". decentralization.gov.ua. Retrieved 2023-06-17.
  11. ^ Official estimate as at 1.1.2021 by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine (on web).
  12. ^ a b c d e Атлас Адміністративно-територіального устрою Запорізької області