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A reply girl was a type of female YouTube user who uploaded video responses to popular YouTube videos, at a time when such responses were displayed prominently by the site.

Algorithm

In 2012, YouTube gave significant weight to video responses when suggesting further viewing for any given video, putting them "almost automatically" at the top of the list. Users known as "reply girls" realised that by responding to popular videos, such as those featured on the YouTube home page, their own content could receive a significant audience.[1] By selecting a suggestive thumbnail for the response, often filmed in a push-up bra or low-cut top, posters could encourage viewers to click the image and view the video.[1][2] Although many users would click the "dislike" button on the videos, this was interpreted by YouTube's algorithm as legitimate engagement, and the videos would be ranked more highly.[3]

Prior to YouTube and social media, companies were promoting their products through the television, radio, or newspaper. The abuse of YouTube's algorithm through the use of "sexually suggestive thumbnails" would allow for the monetization of the reply girl's content.[4] The YouTube algorithm would be utilized by companies to detect which influencer would attract a larger audience. A large audience would allow companies to expose their products in a new medium and differing target audiences can be formed. For example, beauty gurus attract young people who are interested in expanding their knowledge of makeup; therefore, companies such as Sephora or Ulta are willing to hire the influencer for brand deals. If companies noticed the popularity of the reply girls, their monetary value would then increase due to external revenue from brand deals or partnerships.

Dispute

With YouTube rewarding users for large numbers of video views, reply girls were able to earn significant income by exploiting this aspect of the website. Megan Lee Heart, whose YouTube channel reached 38,000 subscribers and had over 47 million views at the time, made tens of thousands of dollars,[1] claiming to have made $80,000 on her channel page description.

Alejandra Gaitan was thought to be earning around a hundred dollars for each of the "short, rambling [and] usually pointless" videos that she posted, with some of the more popular ones raising close to a thousand.[3] Gaitan's username for her channel was thereplygirl and her videos were titled as "Re: [Title of trending video]" which would result in her video having priority because the previous YouTube algorithm would suggest videos that were correlated or similar to the previous video watched by the viewer.[4] Considering the fact that Gaitan was able to manipulate the YouTube algorithm, YouTube users began to revolt and created anti-reply girl videos in protest of the low quality but high quantity of videos posted by reply girls.[4] Male YouTube users would make a mockery of the reply girls by exposing their chest as well and expressing their distaste towards the content being produced. The revolt was addressing the spamming of the platform along with the fact that videos of content creators who were creating original content were being neglected by the YouTube algorithm. The platform would be spammed because followers of Gaitan began to acknowledge the profits that she would receive and wanted to jump on the bandwagon. Being a reply girl became known as an easier way to make money on YouTube.

In March 2012, YouTube updated its algorithm to give less weight to suggested videos which were only watched briefly by users, announcing that the site would be "focusing more prominently on time watched". Gaitan expressed concern that this would "kill almost every reply channel", despite that being the stated intention of the action.[5] YouTube previously wanted to base the value off of view count because they believed it would "reward great videos" and although this was true to some extent, it excluded a variety of factors.[6] For example, clickbait became prominent amongst content creators who were aspiring to increase the monetary value of their video; although the video will most likely be clicked on, viewers had a tendency to leave at an earlier time due to the lack of correlation between the video and title or the fact that the video will address the title of the video after an excess amount of time. Reply girls would also misuse the algorithm that focused on view count by attracting viewers through provocative thumbnails, therefore, misleading the actual concept of the video.

References

  1. ^ a b c Tessa Stuart (June 27, 2012). "Megan Lee Heart, real name Chrissie Barmore, and Reply Girls Game the System". Los Angeles Weekly. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  2. ^ "Alejandra Gaitain And YouTube 'Reply Girls'". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-03-25.
  3. ^ a b Read, Max. "Weird Internets: How TheReplyGirl's Breasts Earned Her YouTube Death Threats". Gawker.com. Retrieved 2014-03-25.
  4. ^ a b c "What does reply girls mean?". Dictionary.com. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  5. ^ Megan O'Neill (March 13, 2012). "YouTube Responds To Reply Girls, Changes Related & Recommended Videos Algorithm". Social Times. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  6. ^ Paige Cooper (April 8, 2018). "How Does the YouTube Algorithm Work? A Guide to Getting More Views". Hootsuite. Retrieved November 17, 2019.