|Formerly||Società Europea Veicoli Leggeri |
Société Européenne de Véhicules Légers
|Products||Light commercial vehicles|
|Parent||Fiat / PSA (1978–2021)|
|Subsidiaries||Sevel Nord |
Sevel Argentina (1980–99)
Sevel S.p.A. (acronym of "Società Europea Veicoli Leggeri" - "Société Européenne de Véhicules Légers" (European Light Vehicle Company)) is an Italian automotive company which produces light commercial vehicles. It was first established in 1978 by Fiat S.p.A. and PSA Group. Formerly, Alfa Romeo, Lancia and Talbot were also part of the joint venture. Sevel Sud in Italy began manufacturing in 1981. Sevel Nord in France started in 1993. Fiat sold its share of Sevel Nord to PSA in 2012 and re-entered it through the merger of FCA and PSA into Stellantis in 2021. A joint venture extension for Sevel Sud was agreed upon by both automakers in February 2019, preceding the merger of both companies into Stellantis.
The versatile acronym was also used by Fiat and Peugeot's Argentinian subsidiary since December 1980, and later also in Uruguay. Here, however, the abbreviation signified "Sociedad Europea de Vehículos para Latinoamérica" (European Company for making Vehicles for Latin America).
"Sevel Nord" (from "Société Européenne de Véhicules Légers") is a car factory in Lieu-Saint-Amand, near Valenciennes, Denain and Cambrai, France, with manufacturing commencing in 1993. It was founded as a 50-50 joint venture between Groupe PSA (then named PSA Peugeot Citroën) and Fiat. Sevel Nord started manufacturing vans for Toyota in 2013. A third generation of light commercial vans and passenger minivans was launched by PSA and Fiat in 2016.
It has a production capacity of 200,000 vehicles per year, and a total of 2,400 employees. In 2011 some 94,000 vans were manufactured, 74,000 of which were Peugeot and Citroën and 20,000 were Fiat models.
Sevel Nord has produced:
The Sevel Sud (from Società Europea Veicoli Leggeri") is a car factory in Atessa, Italy. The complex is owned by Stellantis. The factory began manufacturing in 1981.
It occupies an area of more than 1.2 million square meters, of which 344,000 are covered. It has a production capacity of 250,000 vehicles per year, with a total of 6,300 workers employed. In 2013, Fiat and PSA announced their new investment for a new generation van, with a €550 million/€150 million split in investment, with the joint venture continuing through their merger company Stellantis. The facelifted third generation model was launched in 2014.
In September 2018 the 6 millionth vehicle (a Fiat Ducato) was built in the Sevel Atessa factory.
Production by model between 2000 and 2007 in the Sevel Sud factory:
|Year||Production Total||Fiat Ducato||Peugeot Boxer||Citroën Jumper|
|2000||205 317||106 464||61 008||37 845|
|2001||220 435||126 321||65 485||41 806|
|2002||233 612||127 351||54 425||38 659|
|2003||213 537||124 972||46 690||41 875|
|2004||219 125||126 166||47 038||45 921|
|2005||200 854||110 379||42 674||47 801|
|2006||217 866||129 796||43 879||44 191|
|2007||262 711||154 308||56 629||51 774|
Note: The Fiat Ducato is also manufactured in Brazil (6,000 ex per year) and in Russia (15,000 ex per year since 2007).
The Sevel Campania S.p.A. is the second factory of Sevel Sud located in Pomigliano d'Arco, near Naples. The factory produced the Fiat Ducato and Talento and the rebadged Alfa Romeo AR6 until 1994 when it was discontinued.
Main article: Sevel Argentina
The Sevel acronym was also used by Fiat and Peugeot's Argentinian subsidiary after they merged in December 1980. Here, however, the abbreviation signified Sociedad Europea de Vehículos para Latinoamérica (European Company for making Vehicles for Latin America). There was also a Sevel plant in Montevideo, Uruguay.
|Timeline of vehicles developed under the Sevel joint venture or produced in Sevel factories|
|Evasion / Synergie||C8||SpaceTourer|
|Jumpy / Dispatch I||Jumpy / Dispatch II||Jumpy / Dispatch III|
|C25||Jumper / Relay I||Jumper / Relay II|
|Ulysse I||Ulysse II||Ulysse III|
|Talento I||Scudo I||Scudo II||Scudo III|
|Ducato I||Ducato II||Ducato III|
|Expert I||Expert II||Expert III|
|J5||Boxer I||Boxer II / Manager|
|LCV||ProAce I||ProAce II|
Note that in some cases, models are also manufactured elsewhere. For example, as of 2020, the Citroën Jumpy, Peugeot Expert and Opel Vivaro are also produced in Kaluga, Russia.