Stellantis N.V.
Company typePublic
ISINNL00150001Q9
Industry
Predecessors
Founded16 January 2021; 3 years ago (2021-01-16)
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Production output
6 million[a][2] (2022)
Brands
RevenueIncrease €189.5 billion[3] (2023)
Increase €24.3 billion[3] (2023)
Increase €18.6 billion[3] (2023)
Total assetsIncrease €186 billion[4] (2022)
Total equityIncrease €72.4 billion[4] (2022)
Owners
[5][6]
Number of employees
272,367[b][5] (2022)
Subsidiaries
WebsiteOfficial website Edit this at Wikidata
Footnotes / references
[2][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Stellantis N.V. is a multinational automotive manufacturing corporation formed from the merger of the Italian–American conglomerate Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) and the French PSA Group.[13][14][15] The company is headquartered in Amsterdam. As of 2022, Stellantis was the world's fourth-largest automaker by sales, behind Toyota, Volkswagen Group, and Hyundai Motor Group.[16]

The company's stock is listed on the Borsa Italiana, Euronext Paris and the New York Stock Exchange.[17] Stellantis designs, manufactures, and sells automobiles bearing its 14 brands: Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Citroën, Dodge, DS, Fiat, Jeep, Lancia, Maserati, Opel, Peugeot, Ram, and Vauxhall. At the time of the merger, Stellantis had approximately 300,000 employees, a sales presence in more than 130 countries, and manufacturing facilities in 30 countries.[18]

Etymology

The name comes from the Latin verb stello,[15] in present participle with adjectival value stellans, and carries the meaning "of that (latin all-gender genitive suffix) that brightens/is adorned/belongs with stars".[19][20][21] N.V. stands for Naamloze vennootschap, meaning "nameless partnership" in Dutch, refers to a type of public company whose shareholders are anonymous.

History

In early 2019, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) sought a merger with French automaker Renault and reached a provisional agreement with the company.[22] The behaviour of the French government during negotiations led to the abandonment of the deal; The Economist reported that "for FCA, this portended future interference".[23] Nissan also had various concerns about the impact of the proposal on its alliance with Renault.[23] Subsequently, FCA approached Peugeot S.A. (PSA). The merger agreed to in December 2019, was to create the world's fourth-largest carmaker by global vehicle sales with expected annual cost savings of €3.7 billion, or about US$4.22 billion.[15]

On 21 December 2020, the European Commission approved the merger, while imposing minimal remedies to ensure competition in the sector.[24] The merger was approved on 4 January 2021 by the shareholders of both FCA and PSA. The deal was completed on 16 January 2021. Common shares of the new company began trading on the Milan Stock Exchange and Euronext Paris on 18 January 2021 and on the New York Stock Exchange on 19 January 2021, in each case under the ticker symbol "STLA".[25][26][27]

PSA merged with and into Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., with Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. as the surviving company in the merger. On 17 January 2021, the combined company was renamed Stellantis N.V.[28] International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS, mandate the identification of the company acting as the acquirer and the company being acquired. Peugeot is considered the acquirer for accounting purposes, and statements reflect PSA's historical records.[28] Per the filing, the Stellantis board had 11 directors, six from PSA and five from Fiat Chrysler.[29]

The new company's first CEO, vested with full authority to represent Stellantis, was Carlos Tavares, the former president of the PSA managing board, as well as former CEO of PSA Group, with a five-year term as Stellantis CEO. PSA shareholders paid a pre-merger premium to FCA shareholders. Exor, the Agnelli family company that was the largest shareholder of FCA, held the largest stake in Stellantis with 14.4%.[29] The merger agreements allowed the Peugeot family to increase its current 7.2% stake in Stellantis by up to an additional 1.5% by acquiring shares from France's state lender Bpifrance, from Dongfeng, or on the market.[30]

The name Stellantis is exclusively used to identify the corporate entity, while group brand names and logos remain unchanged.[15] In 2021, CEO Carlos Tavares issued a challenge for the group's brands to prove themselves within a 10-year window, in exchange for much-needed investment in new models and technology.[31][32][33][34] The group planned to have 29 electrified vehicle models available by the end of 2021.[35] Stellantis planned to develop four EV platforms by the end of the 2020s.[36][37] Overall, the company announced more than €30bn would be invested by the end of 2021.[38]

A network of charging stations started in November 2021.[39] In the third quarter of 2021, Stellantis sales of new vehicles dropped due to issues related to the supply chain shortage of semiconductor chips used in their vehicles. Stellantis made an agreement with semiconductor manufacturer Foxconn to supply chips for the company and others in the automotive industry.[40] In June 2022, the company paused production at two French plants due to shortages in semiconductors.[41]

In May 2022, Stellantis pleaded guilty to criminal conduct and paid $300 million to settle a probe into its effort to illegally conceal the amount of pollution created by its diesel-engined vehicles. This settled a years-long probe by the United States Department of Justice into the auto maker's efforts to evade emissions requirements for more than 100,000 older models.[42] On 8 July 2022, Stellantis acquired the carsharing platform Share Now.[43][44] Stellantis placed Share Now's operational management under Free2move.[45] In November 2022, Stellantis acquired the Budapest-headquartered autonomous vehicle technology company aiMotive.[46]

On 15 February 2023, Stellantis said it would establish a new software development and engineering hub in Gliwice, Poland.[47]

On 26 October 2023, Stellantis acquired "approximately 20%" of Chinese electric vehicle manufacturer Leapmotor in a transaction worth €1.5 billion.[48] Under the terms of the agreement, Stellantis gained exclusive rights to sell, export, and manufacture Leapmotor products outside of China under the newly established joint venture Leapmotor International.[49]

Brands

The active brand portfolio of Stellantis as of 2023 is shown below.[50] This list does not contain any discontinued brands owned by the company which has been placed into dormancy either directly or by its predecessor organisations.

Brand Origin Established Brand CEO
Abarth Italy 1949 Olivier François
Alfa Romeo Italy 1910 Jean-Philippe Imparato
Chrysler United States 1925 Christine Feuell[51]
Citroën France 1919 Thierry Koskas
Dodge United States 1914 Timothy Kuniskis
DS Automobiles[note 1] France 2014 Béatrice Foucher
Fiat Italy 1899 Olivier François
Jeep United States 1943 Antonio Filosa
Lancia Italy 1906 Luca Napolitano
Maserati Italy 1914 Davide Grasso
Opel Germany 1862 Florian Huettl
Peugeot France 1810 Linda Jackson
Ram[note 2] United States 2010 Timothy Kuniskis
Vauxhall United Kingdom 1857[52] James Taylor
Notes
  1. ^ Spun off from Citroën brand
  2. ^ Spun off from Dodge brand

Ownership

Following the 50% FCA and 50% PSA merger, the owners were:[53]

Leadership

Senior management

Board of directors

The executive board of Stellantis has 11 members. Six members come from PSA and leading shareholders (Bpifrance, FFP), including Carlos Tavares, former CEO of PSA, and five others come from Fiat Chrysler Automobiles and its main shareholder, Exor.

Assembly plants

Africa

Asia

Europe

Opel Eisenach
Assembly line in Gliwice
Factory in Gliwice

North America

South America

Assembly line in the Goiana, Pernambuco plant, Brazil

Oceania

Former plants

Motorsport

Stellantis Motorsport is a department led by director and senior vice president Jean-Marc Finot.[62] It is responsible for the motorsport activities of the corporation's brands, divisions, and subsidiaries;

Except for Maserati, the four remaining brands belonged to PSA Motorsport, a department of the former PSA Group before the creation of Stellantis.[69]

The Stellantis Motorsport Racing Shop combines Citroën Racing, Peugeot Sport and Opel Motorsports' customer racing distribution and retail sales operations.[70] It is also known as Peugeot Citroën Racing Shop[71] and Peugeot Citroën Opel Racing Shop.[72]

The Stellantis Motorsport Cup is a rally competition run in Belgium, France and Spain using Peugeot 208 and Opel Corsa Rally4 cars.[73] The cup originated in Belgium and Luxembourg as PSA Motorsport Cup Belux.[74]

See also

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ shipments by consolidated subsidiaries and unconsolidated joint ventures
  2. ^ excluding employees of joint arrangements, associates and unconsolidated subsidiaries

References

  1. ^ "Unofficial English translation articles of association Stellantis (English)" (PDF). Stellantis.
  2. ^ a b "Full Year 2022 Results" (PDF). Stellantis N.V. 22 February 2023. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  3. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference FY2023 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b "2022 Annual Results" (PDF). Stellantis N.V. Retrieved 15 April 2023.
  5. ^ a b "Stellantis N.V. Annual Report and Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022" (PDF). Stellantis. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  6. ^ "Stellantis buys back shares worth $1 bln from Chinese JV partner Dongfeng". Reuters. 22 November 2023.
  7. ^ "Annual Report and Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021" (PDF). Stellantis N.V. 25 February 2022. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Fiat-Chrysler & Peugeot Agree on Merger to Create 4th-Largest Carmaker". NPR. 19 October 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  9. ^ Beresford, Colin (19 January 2021). "It's Official: Fiat Chrysler and PSA Group Are Now Stellantis". Car and Driver.
  10. ^ "Top jobs for Stellantis: electrification, restructure Europe, compete in China". Detroit News.
  11. ^ "Stellantis Surges in Trading Debut After Fiat-PSA Merger". Bloomberg. 18 January 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  12. ^ "STLA - Stellantis NV Shareholders - CNNMoney.com". money.cnn.com.
  13. ^ "Fiat Chrysler to Be Renamed Stellantis After Merger With PSA". Wall Street Journal. 15 July 2020.
  14. ^ Stellantis weighs closing production line at Italy's Melfi plant - union, Reuters, 25 March 2021
  15. ^ a b c d "Fiat Chrysler and PSA Group rename merged automaker 'Stellantis'". Fox Business. 16 July 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2022. Stellantis is rooted in the Latin verb "stello" meaning "to brighten with stars."
  16. ^ "Top 15 Automakers in the World | Car Sales Rank Worldwide". F&I Tools.
  17. ^ Smith, Elliot (18 January 2021). "World's fourth-largest carmaker rallies on first day of trade after $52 billion merger". CNBC. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Overview". Stellantis. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  19. ^ "stellans, stellantis M - Latin is Simple Online Dictionary". www.latin-is-simple.com. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  20. ^ "stellantis" is the genitive, singular form, male and neutral, of "stellans" - or, also, the present active participe of "stello", in that case still meaning "of (he/that who) brights with stars"
  21. ^ "stello, stellas, stellare A, -, stellatum -". Latin is Simple Online Dictionary. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
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  25. ^ "Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot shareholders vote to merge, creating world's fourth-largest car maker". NBC News. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
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  27. ^ "The merger of FCA and Groupe PSA has been completed" (PDF). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  28. ^ a b "Stellantis N.V. (formerly Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V.) Annual Report and Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020" (PDF). Stellantis. 4 March 2021. p. 6.
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  30. ^ a b Stellantis shareholder Dongfeng sells down stake for 600 mln euros, Reuters, 8 September 2021
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  40. ^ "Automakers Announce Agreements to Improve Supply of Semiconductor Chips". PYMNTS.com. 13 December 2021. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
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  42. ^ "Stellantis pleads guilty, will pay $300 million over allegations of emissions fraud". The Verge. 25 May 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
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  57. ^ A360, Rédaction (29 November 2022). "Fiat Algérie va produire 60.000 voitures en 2023 : qu'en est-il du prix ?". www.algerie360.com (in French). Retrieved 26 January 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
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  69. ^ "LinkedIn Login, Sign in". LinkedIn.
  70. ^ "The 208 Rally Cup joins the Stellantis Motorsport Rally Cup". www.media.stellantis.com. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  71. ^ "Legal notice". boutique.citroenracing.com. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  72. ^ "PEUGEOT CITROËN OPEL RACING SHOP". Rallyes magazine (in French). Retrieved 6 February 2023.
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  74. ^ "Peugeot Sport". Facebook. Retrieved 6 February 2023.

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