J-5
China airforce J5.jpg
Shenyang J-5
Role Fighter aircraft
National origin People's Republic of China
Manufacturer Shenyang Aircraft Corporation[1]
First flight 19 July 1956[1]
Introduction 1957
Retired 1992 (China)
Status North Korea has fighters and trainers in service.
Primary users People's Liberation Army Air Force (historical)
North Korean Air Force
Pakistan Air Force (historical)
Vietnam People's Air Force (historical)
Produced 1956-1969
Number built 1,820+[1]
Developed from Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17

The Shenyang J-5 (Chinese: 歼-5) (NATO reporting name Fresco[2]) is a Chinese-built single-seat jet interceptor and fighter aircraft derived from the Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17.[1] The J-5 was exported as the F-5[3] and was originally designated Dongfeng-101 (East Wind-101) and also Type 56 before being designated J-5 in 1964.[1]

The MiG-17 was license-built in China and Poland into the 1960s. The People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) obtained a number of Soviet-built MiG-17 Fresco-A day fighters, designated J-4 in the early 1950s. To introduce modern production methods to Chinese industry the PLAAF obtained plans for the MiG-17F Fresco-C day fighter in 1955, along with two completed pattern aircraft, 15 knockdown kits, and parts for ten aircraft. The first Chinese-built MiG-17F, (serialed Zhong 0101),[1] produced by the Shenyang factory, performed its initial flight on 19 July 1956 with test pilot Wu Keming at the controls.[1]

Plans were obtained in 1961 for the MiG-17PF interceptor and production began, as the J-5A (F-5A),[1] shortly afterwards. At this time the Sino-Soviet split occurred, causing much disruption to industrial and technical projects, so the first J-5A did not fly until 1964, when the type was already obsolete. A total of 767 J-5s and J-5As had been built when production ended in 1969.[1]

The Chinese also built a two-seat trainer version of the MiG-17, designated the Chengdu JJ-5 (Jianjiji Jiaolianji - Fighter Trainer - FT-5),[1] from 1968, by combining the two-seat cockpit of the MiG-15UTI, the VK-1A engine of the J-5, and the fuselage of the J-5A. All internal armament was deleted and a single Nudelman-Richter NR-23 23 mm cannon was carried in a ventral pack. Production of the JJ-5 reached 1,061 when it ceased in 1986, with the type exported to a number of countries.[1]

Operational history

China airforce J5.jpg
Albanian Air Force FT-5
Albanian Air Force FT-5

The J-5 and JJ-5 saw widespread use by the PLAAF until supplanted by more capable aircraft the Shenyang J-6 and later Chengdu J-7.

Variants

Operators

Current operators

 North Korea
 Sudan

Former operators

Bangladesh Air Force FT-5 trainer
Bangladesh Air Force FT-5 trainer
 Albania
 Bangladesh
 Cambodia
 People's Republic of China
 Pakistan
 Sri Lanka
 Tanzania
 United States
 Vietnam
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

Specifications (J-5A)

Data from Chinese aircraft : China's aviation industry since 1951[14]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. Chinese Aircraft. Hikoki Publications. Manchester. 2008. ISBN 978-1-902109-04-6
  2. ^ "Designations of Soviet and Russian Military Aircraft and Missiles". Designation-systems.net. 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  3. ^ Eriksson, Sören (2013). Clusters and Economic Growth in Asia. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 174. ISBN 9780-8579-3008-8.
  4. ^ "World Air Forces 2021". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 10 Jan 2021. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  5. ^ "The AMR Regional Air Force Directory 2012" (PDF). Asian Military Review. February 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ a b Cooper et al. 2011, p. 116
  7. ^ Cooper et al. 2011, p. 124
  8. ^ Cooper et al. 2011, p. 125
  9. ^ "PAF grounds ageing trainer aircraft". Dawn. January 6, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  10. ^ "Pakistan Air Force retires last FT-5". AirForces Monthly. Key Publishing (289): 32. April 2012. ISSN 0955-7091.
  11. ^ Cooper et al. 2011, p. 161
  12. ^ Cooper et al. 2011, p. 200
  13. ^ Cooper et al. 2011, p. 208
  14. ^ Gordon, Yefim; Komissarov, Dmitry (2008). Chinese aircraft : China's aviation industry since 1951 (1st ed.). Manchester: Hikoki Publications. pp. 24–31. ISBN 978-1-902109-04-6.

Bibliography

USAAS/USAAC/USAAF/USAF fighter designations 1924–1962, and Tri-Service post-1962 systems