|Sudanese Air Force|
|Part of||Sudanese Armed Forces|
|Air Force Commander||Essam al-Din Saeed|
|Attack||Su-24, Su-25, Nanchang Q-5|
|Fighter||MiG-29, MiG-23, MiG-21, Chengdu J-7, Shenyang J-6|
|Helicopter||Mil Mi-8, Mil Mi-17, Mil Mi-2, Bell 205, Bell 212|
|Attack helicopter||Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-35|
|Trainer||Hongdu JL-8, Guizhou JL-9|
|Transport||Il-76, An-12, An-26, An-30, An-32, C-130, DHC-5|
The Sudanese Air Force (Arabic: القوّات الجوّيّة السودانيّة, romanized: Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya As-Sudaniya) is the air force operated by the Republic of the Sudan. As such it is part of the Sudanese Armed Forces.
The Sudanese Air Force was founded immediately after Sudan gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1956. The British assisted in the Air Force's establishment, providing equipment and training. Four new Hunting Provost T Mk 51s were delivered for jet training in 1961. In 1958, the Sudanese Air Force's transport wing acquired its first aircraft, a single Hunting President. In 1960 the Sudanese Air Force received an additional four re-furbished RAF Provosts and two more Hunting Presidents. Also in 1960, the transport wing's capability was increased by the addition of two Pembroke C Mk 54s. The Air Force gained its first combat aircraft when 12 Jet Provosts with a close air support capability were delivered in 1962. In the 1960s, the Soviet Union and China started supplying the Sudanese Air Force with aircraft. This included supply of Shenyang F-5 fighters (F-5/FT-5 variants).
The air force flies a mixture of transport planes, fighter jets and helicopters sourced from places including the European Union, Russia, China and the United States. However, not all the aircraft are in a fully functioning condition and the availability of spare parts is limited. In 1991, the two main air bases were at the capital Khartoum and Wadi Sayyidna near Omdurman.
On 4 April 2001, a Sudanese Antonov An-24 aircraft crashed in Adaril (Adar Yeil, Adar Yale), Sudan. The fifteen dead included a general, seven lieutenant generals, three brigadiers, a colonel, a lieutenant colonel and a corporal.
Sudan has also made a successful deal to buy two different batches of 12 MiG-29 Russian fighter jets each. There are 23 MiG-29s in active service as of late 2008. However, the rebel Justice and Equality Movement claimed to have shot down one MiG-29 with large-caliber machine-gun fire on 10 May 2008, killing the pilot of the plane, a retired Russian Air Force fighter pilot; the Sudanese government denied the allegation. South Sudan also claimed to have shot down a Sudanese MiG-29 during the 2012 border conflict.
During May, June, and August 2011, members of the UN Panel of Experts on the Sudan documented the following aircraft in Darfur, potentially indicating violations of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1556:'Letter dated 24 January 2011 from former members of the Panel of Experts on the Sudan established pursuant to Resolution 1591 (2005) and renewed pursuant to Resolution 1945 (2010) addressed to the Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to Resolution 1591 (2005) concerning the Sudan, page 30
In August 2013, pictures showed Su-24's in Sudanese colors, reporting that the aircraft were among the ex Belarusian Air Force Su-24's retired in 2012. Various reports have said that the air force uses Iranian drones such as the Ghods Ababil.
|MiG-29||Russia||multirole||30||One provides conversion training|
|Sukhoi Su-24||Soviet Union||attack||12||Delivered from Belarus starting in 2013.|
|Sukhoi Su-25||Soviet Union||attack||15|
|Nanchang Q-5||People's Republic of China||attack||A-5||20|
|Antonov An-32||Ukraine||heavy transport||8|
|Ilyushin Il-76||Russia||heavy transport||1|
|C-130 Hercules||United States||transport||C-130H||1|
|DHC-5 Buffalo||Canada||utility / transport||1||STOL capable aircraft|
|Bell 205||United States||utility||2|
|Bell 212||United States||utility||3|
|Mil Mi-8/Mil Mi-17||Soviet Union/Russia||utility||24|
|Guizhou JL-9||China||jet trainer||FTC-2000||6|
|Hongdu JL-8||China||jet trainer||K-8||5|
Previous notable aircraft operated were the BAC Jet Provost, Douglas C-47, MBB Bo 105, and the Agusta-Bell 212 helicopter.
|R-77||Russia||air-to-air BVR missile||R-77||N/A|
|R-73 (missile)||Russia||Short-range air-to-air missile||R-73 (missile)||N/A|
|R-27 (missile)||Russia||air-to-air BVR missile||R-27 (missile)||N/A|
|K-13 (missile)||Russia||Short-range air-to-air missile||K-13 (missile)||N/A|
|PL-8 (missile)||China||Short-range air-to-air missile||PL-8 (missile)||40|
|ZPU||Soviet Union||Anti-aircraft gun||ZPU||+3200||ZPU/1/2/4/23|
|AZP S-60||Soviet Union||Autocannon||S-60||+100||Both S-60 and Type 59 versions|
|KS-19||Soviet Union||Anti-aircraft gun||KS-19||+40||Status unknown|
|M163 VADS||United States||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||M163||+8|
|9K32 Strela-2||Soviet Union||Man portable surface-to-air missile launcher||SA-7||+400|
|FN-6||China||Man portable surface-to-air missile launcher||FN-6||+200|
|FIM-43 Redeye||United States||Manportable surface-to-air missile||FIM-43||+125|
|QW-2||China||Man portable surface-to-air missile launcher||QW-2||+200||Sudan operates QW-1/2|
|SA-2 Guideline||Soviet Union||Strategic SAM system||SA-2||+90 Launchers||Sudan has operated the S-75 and the Chinese HQ-2 since 1970.|
|9K33 OSA||Soviet Union||SAM system||SA-8||Unknown|