Tajik Air Force and Air Defence
Военно-воздушные силы и противовоздушная оборона Таджикистана (Russian)
Қувваҳои ҳавоӣ ва мудофиаи Тоҷикистон (Tajik)
Emblem of the Tajik Air Force and Air Defence
Founded1994; 30 years ago (1994)
Country Tajikistan
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Aerial defence
Size1 squadron
Part ofTajik Armed Forces
Anniversaries23 February
Commander of the Air Force and Air Defense ForcesLieutenant General Rahmonali Safaralizoda
Aircraft flown
HelicopterMil Mi-8
Attack helicopterMil Mi-24
TrainerAero L-39
TransportAntonov An-26

The Tajik Air and Air Defense Forces (Russian: Военно-воздушные силы и противовоздушная оборона Таджикистана; Tajik: Қувваҳои ҳавоӣ ва мудофиаи Тоҷикистон, romanizedQuvvahoi Havoī va Mudofiai Tojikiston) is the aerial military service branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan, which currently consists of 20 helicopters. The force engages in search and rescue missions, as well as military raids.


The Air Force was established the same year as the National Army. The Air Defense Forces were established in 1994. As a result of military reforms and the common goals and objectives, in 2005 the two forces were merged.

In 2007, it consisted of sixteen combat and support helicopters, prior to which the country had relied on the Russian Air Force for protection. Tajikistan is part of the Joint CIS Air Defence System, and its airspace is monitored by Russia. Currently, no air defense capabilities exist, with the exception of a few surface-to-air missiles that were transferred to the Tajik Army. Russia opposes Tajik's ambition of a more capable air force, and Moscow has consistently declined to supply fighter aircraft or assist modernizing its military air traffic control system. Russia's assessment is that its own air force contingent at Gissar and in Kazakhstan is sufficient to ensure adequate security for Tajikistan. Tajikistan's modest number of combat-capable helicopters are primarily tasked with search and rescue and airlift duties; they have been occasionally deployed to attack opposition forces. Dushanbe receives minimal foreign military aid and has no funding available for procurement of fixed-wing combat aircraft. Moscow bolstered Tajikistan's rotary wing capability in 2006 by providing six Mi-8 and Mi-24 attack helicopters. It also provided four L-39 training aircraft.

India's defence ministry signed a basing agreement with Tajikistan that gives it access to Tajik's Ayni Air Base that is also shared with the Russians. Under this trilateral agreement, the runway was extended, perimeter fencing erected and aircraft hangars built. Since 1985, this decaying airbase was used by the former Soviet Union during its Afghan war, and after renovation, it was officially opened in September 2010. India contributed 70 million dollars toward the renovation and sent specialists to help with the work. The airfield, located some 20 kilometers west of Dushanbe, now has state-of-the-art navigational and defense technology. Its runway was also extended to 3,200 meters so that all types of aircraft can land there.[1]



Current inventory

A Mil Mi-24 similar to this one is used by Tajikistan
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Antonov An-26 Soviet Union transport 1[3]
Tupolev Tu-134 Soviet Union transport 1[4]
Mil Mi-8 Soviet Union transport 14[3]
Mil Mi-24 Soviet Union attack 6[3]
Trainer Aircraft
Aero L-39 Czechoslovakia trainer / light attack 4[3]


  1. ^ Kucera, Joshua (7 September 2010). "Tajikistan's Ayni airbase opens – but who is using it?". The Bug Pit – The military and security in Eurasia. The Open Society Institute. Archived from the original on 5 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  2. ^ http://www.ww2.dk/new/pvo/sam/536zrp.htm
  3. ^ a b c d "World Air Forces 2022". Flightglobal. 2022. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  4. ^ The Military Balance 2021. Routledge. February 2021. p. 206.