Slovak Air Force
Vzdušné sily Ozbrojených síl Slovenskej republiky
Emblem of the Slovak Air Force
Founded1 January 1993; 30 years ago (1993-01-01)
Country Slovak Republic
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
  • Approx 3,200 personnel
  • 15 aircraft
  • 18 helicopters
Part ofSlovak Armed Forces
Air Force CommanderMajor General Róbert Tóth[1]
Aircraft flown
Utility helicopterUH-60M
TransportC-27J, L-410UVP-E14/20

The Slovak Air Force, known since 2002 as the Air Force of the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Vzdušné sily Ozbrojených síl Slovenskej republiky), is the aviation and air defense branch of the Slovak Armed Forces. Operating 23 aircraft and 10 helicopters from three air bases : MalackyKuchyňa, Sliač, Prešov. It succeeded the Czechoslovak Air Force together with the Czech Air Force in 1993. The Slovak Air Force is part of NATO Integrated Air Defense System – NATINADS.[2][3][4][5][6]

The Slovak Air Force is tasked with the defense of the sovereign Slovak state and the support of the nation's ground troops.[7] Following the retirement of the Mikoyan MiG-29 in 2022, 7 L-39 Albatros provide the role fast-jet capability to the air force, awaiting the delivery of American F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft in 2024. 6 Let-410 Turbolet aircraft provide surveillance and transport capabilities, while 2 C-27 Spartan transports provide a light tactical airlift capability. The helicopter fleet consists of 9 Mil Mi-17, gradually being replaced by the UH-60 Black Hawk.

The Slovak Air Force has been under the command of Major General Róbert Tóth since January 1, 2021.[8][9][10][11][12][13]



Main article: Slovak Air Force (1939-1945)

After the division of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany in 1939, Slovakia was left with a small air force composed primarily of Czechoslovak combat aircraft. This force defended Slovakia against Hungary in 1939, and took part in the invasion of Poland in support of Germany. During the World War II, the Slovak Air force was charged with the defense of Slovak airspace, and, after the invasion of Russia, provided air cover for Slovak forces fighting against the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front. While engaged on the Eastern Front, Slovakia's obsolete biplanes were replaced with German combat aircraft, including the Messerschmitt Bf 109. The air force was sent back to Slovakia after combat fatigue and desertion had reduced the pilots' effectiveness. Slovak air units took part in the Slovak National Uprising against Germany from late August 1944.[14][15][16]


Main article: Czechoslovak Air Force

During this time Czechoslovakia was a member of the Eastern Bloc, allied with the Soviet Union, and from 1955 a member of the Warsaw Pact. Because of this, the Czechoslovak Air Force used Soviet aircraft, doctrines, and tactics. The types of aircraft were mostly MiGs. MiG-15, MiG-19, and MiG-21F fighters was produced in license; in the 1970s, MiG-23MF were bought, accompanied by MiG-23ML and MiG-29s in the 1980s.

During the 1980s and early 1990s, the Czechoslovak Air Force consisted of the 7th Air Army, which had air defense duties, and the 10th Air Army, responsible for ground forces support.[17] The 7th Air Army had two air divisions and three fighter regiments, and the 10th Air Army had two air divisions and a total of six regiments of fighters and attack aircraft. There were also two reconnaissance regiments, two transport regiments, three training regiments, and two helicopter regiments.

In November 1989 Communism fell across Czechoslovakia. The two parliaments of the two new states from 1993, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, decided how to split the assets of the former air force. The assets were divided 2:1 in the Czechs' favor, and thus the Slovak Air Force was (re)formed. However the 20 MiG 29s were shared equally between the two countries. [18]


After the formal dissolution of Czechoslovakia on January 1, 1993, Czech and Slovak aircraft were divided according to each nation's population, in a ratio of nearly 2:1 in the Czech Republic's favor.[19] The exceptions to this rule were the MiG-23's, which were given exclusively to the Czech Air force, and the MiG-29's, which were divided evenly between the two nations. Slovak bases were initially under-equipped to handle the aircraft transferred from the Czech bases, and required considerable improvements in infrastructure to facilitate the new air force. On March 1, 1995, the air force replaced the Soviet style aviation regiment organization with the western wing and squadron system.[20] Around 2000–2002, Slovakia gradually retired many of the older aircraft, including the entire fleet of Su-22, Su-25, and MiG-21.[21] In 2004, the flight training academy and national aerobatic demonstration team Biele Albatrosy, both based at Košice, were disbanded.[22][23]

On January 19, 2006, the Slovak Air Force lost an Antonov An-24 in a crash.

On September 20, 2011, all of the remaining Mil Mi-24 gunships were retired.[24][25][26][27]

In January 2014, Slovakia started discussions with the Swedish Government regarding leasing or purchasing JAS-39 Gripen aircraft to replace their MiG-29 fighters.[28][29]

On April 21, 2014, Slovakia and RAC MiG signed a contract for a three years long modernization programme for the air force's MiG-29 fighters.[30][31][32][33]

In April 2015, Slovak government announced it will buy nine UH-60 utility helicopters to replace its fleet of Mi-17 helicopters. The deal worth US$261 million includes also full life-cycle support for the aircraft and training for aircrews and ground personnel.[34]

On December 12, 2018, Slovakia signed a contract to acquire 14 F-16C/D Block 70. All are to be delivered by 2025.[35]


Following a request for military aid by Ukraine, the Slovakian Air Force provided a number of aircraft and equipment as aid. In April, this included the donation of a Soviet era S-300PMU (NATO designation: SA-10F Grumble) air defence battery, in addition to 4 Mil Mi-17 and one Mil Mi-2 helicopters, through the European Peace Facility.[36][37][38] On 31 August 2022, the Soviet origin MiG-29s operated by the Slovak Air Force were retired.[39] An agreement with fellow NATO members Poland and the Czech Republic was signed in order to establish joint patrols of airspace, until the delivery of American F-16s to the Slovak Air Force in 2024.[40][41] In August 2022 the decision was yet to be made whether the retired MiGs would be donated to Ukrainian Air Force as military aid.[42]


On 17 March 2023, the Slovak government approved sending its retired fleet of thirteen MiG-29 fighter jets to Ukraine.[43]


Slovak Air Force is located in Slovakia
Slovak Air Force locations 2018:
Fighter jets Helicopters Transports planes
Air Defense Missile unit Air Operations Centre
Organization of the Slovak Air Force in 2021


A Mi-17 performing the SAR mission
A C-27J on take off

Current inventory

Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
F-16 Fighting Falcon United States multirole F-16V 14 on order[48]
Alenia C-27J Italy transport 2[48]
L-410 Turbolet Czech Republic transport L-410UVP-E 6[48] one used for reconnaissance
Mil Mi-17 Russia utility / SAR M/LPZS 13[48]
Sikorsky UH-60 United States utility UH-60M 9[48]
Trainer Aircraft
Aero L-39 Czech Republic jet trainer L-39CM/ZAM 7[48]
Elbit Skylark Israel UAV I-LEX 5[49] assigned to 5th Regiment.

Retired aircraft

A retired upgraded multirole fighter aircraft MiG-29AS

Previous aircraft operated include the MiG-21, MiG-29, Sukhoi Su-22, Sukhoi Su-25, Yakovlev Yak-40, Tupolev Tu-154, Aero L-29, Antonov An-12, Antonov An-24/An-26, Mil Mi-2, and the Mil Mi-24 helicopter.[50][51]

Air Defense

Name Origin Type In service Notes
2K12 Kub 2M Soviet Union SAM system 5 batteries Tracked medium-range surface-to-air missile system.[52]
MANTIS Germany Anti Aircraft Artillery 0/2 systems Germany announced in December 2022, they will donate two MANTIS systems to Slovakia.
9K38 Igla2 Soviet Union MANPADS 72 ? portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile system.[52]

See also


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  2. ^ "The ambitions of the Slovak armed forces. Theory and reality."
  3. ^ ""Trends in Slovak Republic military spending"" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Východiská strategického hodnotenia obrany Slovenskej republiky 2011"
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-28. Retrieved 2022-05-14.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Na obranu pôjde v roku 2014 jedno percento HDP" 10 October 2013
  7. ^ "The Military Balance 2014"., February 05, 2014.
  8. ^ "Biela kniha o obrane SR 2013"
  9. ^ "Ozbrojené sily nemajú praktické kroky, tvrdí Martin Fedor". 30 July 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  10. ^ "CÉROVSKÝ: Ozbrojené sily sú vo veľmi zlej situácii". 28 May 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Ročenka MO SR 2012"
  12. ^ "Ročenka MO SR 2013"
  13. ^ "Commander of the Slovak Air Force". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  14. ^ "Hkans Aviation page – The Slovak National Uprising". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  15. ^ Slovak Insurgent Air Force
  16. ^ List of World War II aces from Slovakia
  17. ^ ed David Oliver, Eastern European Air Power, No 3 in the AFM Airpower Series, Key Publishing Ltd, Stamford, Lincs, 1990–91, p.38-41
  18. ^ John Pike. "Slovak Republic Air Force – Equipment". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  19. ^ Ed. David Donald.The Pocket Guide to Military Aircraft and the World's Air Forces. Ed. David Donald. London:Hamlyn. 2001 ISBN 0-600-60302-4
  20. ^ "Slovak Air Arms".
  21. ^ White October Ltd. "The Conventional Imbalance and Debate on Russian Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  22. ^ "Scramble". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Situácia na Ukrajine 2013" 12 December 2013
  24. ^ "Vrtuľníky Mi-24 vzlietli v Prešove naposledy – Spravodajstvo". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  25. ^ (3 June 2012). "Vojakov je menej. Za desať rokov klesol ich počet o 8000". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  26. ^ "Nie je obrana už dávno v kríze?!" 24 April 2011
  27. ^ "Obrana po slovensky alebo Armáda, kam ťa to dovedú..." Retrieved 24 December 2014.
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  35. ^ "Slovakia to purchase 14 Lockheed Martin F-16s". 12 July 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2022.
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  39. ^ Ruivo, Jorge (2022-08-31). "Slovakia Retires MiG-29 Freeing Fulcrum Jets For Ukraine". Retrieved 2023-02-05.
  40. ^ "Poles, Czechs Vow to Protect Slovak Airspace as MiGs Retired". VOA. 27 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  41. ^ "Slovakia to get new F-16 fighter jets a year later". Reuters. 2022-03-10. Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  42. ^ "Czech Republic, Poland Agree To Protect Slovak Airspace Until Delivery Of U.S.-Supplied F-16s". 27 August 2022.
  43. ^ "Slovakia sends MIG-29 fighter jets to Ukraine - PM". Los Angeles Times. 17 March 2023. Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  44. ^[bare URL]
  45. ^ "L-39 Albatros". Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  46. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-06-15.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  51. ^ "Slovakia Retires MiG-29 Freeing Fulcrum Jets For Ukraine". The Aviationist. 31 August 2022. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  52. ^ a b (, AGLO solutions. "Druhy techniky". Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2013-06-07.