Bolivian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Boliviana
Emblem of the Bolivian Air Force.svg
Emblem of the Bolivian Air Force
Founded26 September 1957; 64 years ago (1957-09-26)
Country Bolivia
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Part ofBolivian Armed Forces
Nickname(s)FAB
Commanders
General of the Air ForceCiro Orlando Álvarez Guzmán
Notable
commanders
Rafael Pabón
Bernardino Bilbao Rioja
Insignia
Roundel
Roundel of Bolivia.svg
Fin flash
Flag of Bolivia.svg
Aircraft flown
HelicopterHelibras HB350 Esquilo
TrainerHongdu JL-8VB, Pilatus PC-7 Turbo Trainer, Diamond DA40
TransportLockheed C-130 Hercules, BAE Systems 146
A UH-1 of the FAB in flight
A UH-1 of the FAB in flight

The Bolivian Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Boliviana or 'FAB') is part of the Military of Bolivia.

History

By 1938 the Bolivian air force consisted of about 60 aircraft (Curtiss Hawk fighters, Curtiss T-32 Condor II and Junkers W 34 bombers, Junkers Ju 86 used as transport craft, and Fokker C.V, Breguet 19 and Vickers Vespa reconnaissance planes), and about 300 staff; the officers were trained in Italy.[1]

In 2017 Bolivia finally retired the Lockheed T-33 marking the end of 44 years of service. Bolivia was the last operator of the T-33.[2]

Organization

FAB is organized into air brigades, which is formed by one to three air groups. The air groups are based at La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Puerto Suárez, Tarija, Villamontes, Cobija, Trindad, Riberalta, Roboré, Uyuni, Oruro, Sucre and Chimoré.

Major commands included the following:

A Cavalier Mustang, formerly of the Bolivian Air Force, parked on a Canadian airfield.
A Cavalier Mustang, formerly of the Bolivian Air Force, parked on a Canadian airfield.

Civil Aviation

The General Directorate of Civil Aeronautics (Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil—DGAC) formerly part of the FAB, administers a civil aeronautics school called the National Institute of Civil Aeronautics (Instituto Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil—INAC), and two commercial air transport services TAM and TAB.

Bolivian Military Airline (TAM)

Bolivian Military Airline (Transporte Aéreo Militar / TAM) is an airline based in La Paz, Bolivia. It is the civilian wing of the 'Fuerza Aérea Boliviana' (the Bolivian Air Force), operating passenger services to remote towns and communities in the North and Northeast of Bolivia. TAM (aka TAM Group 71) has been a part of the FAB since 1945.

A similar airline serving the Beni Department with small planes is Línea Aérea Amaszonas,[4] using smaller planes than TAM.

The Bolivian Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Public Works, Services and Housing announced on 8 December 2016 that TAM would cease transporting civilian passengers and cargo on 16 December 2016. The decision was to allow TAM to reorganize with a status akin to the state-sponsored Boliviana de Aviacion prior to resuming service under civilian regulations.[5]

Bolivian Air Transport (TAB)

Although a civil transport airline, Bolivian Air Transport (Transportes Aéreos Bolivianos / TAB, was created as a subsidiary company of the FAB in 1977. It is subordinate to the Air Transport Management (Gerencia de Transportes Aéreos) and is headed by an FAB general. TAB, a charter heavy cargo airline, links Bolivia with most countries of the Western Hemisphere; its inventory included a fleet of Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft. TAB's Base of operations was headquartered at El Alto, adjacent to La Paz's El Alto International Airport. TAB also flew to Miami and Houston, with stops in Panama.

Aircraft

Current inventory

A Bolivian K-8
A Bolivian K-8
A Bolivian Eurocopter EC145
A Bolivian Eurocopter EC145
Bolivia's Presidential Falcon 900 at El Alto International Airport
Bolivia's Presidential Falcon 900 at El Alto International Airport
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Transport
Falcon 900 France VIP transport 1[6]
Falcon 50 France VIP transport 1[7]
King Air 90 United States transport 90/200/350 5[8]
Cessna 402 United States utility / trainer 1[8]
Jetstream 31 United Kingdom transport 2[8]
C-130 Hercules United States transport C-130B 3[8]
Helicopters
Bell UH-1 United States utility UH-1H 11[8]
Eurocopter AS332 France utility / transport 6[8]
Eurocopter AS350 France utility 2[8]
Eurocopter EC145 Germany utility / SAR 2[8]
Aérospatiale SA316 France liaison 1[8]
Trainer Aircraft
Zlín Z 42 Czech Republic basic trainer Z 242L 8[8]
Hongdu K-8 China jet trainer 5[8]
Pilatus PC-7 Switzerland trainer 2[8]
Robinson R44 United States rotorcraft trainer 5[8] Air Training Group 22[9]
UAV
RemoEye-006 Republic of Korea surveillance 2[10]

Future acquisitions

During a 31 July 2017 ceremony, which was attended by the armed forces' high command, four models of lead-in fighter trainers (LIFT; L-15, M-346, T-50, and Yak-130) were presented with a potential to replace the T-33 and reequip the GAC-31. The FAB's Commander expressed the FAB's preference for the Yak-130.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ R. Schnitzler, G.W. Feuchter, R. Schulz (Eds.): Handbuch der Luftfahrt (Manual of Aviation). Jahrgang 1939. p. 17-18. J.F. Lehmanns Verlag, München & Berlin
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "AviacinBoliviana.Net ::". Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Home – Airline Amaszonas – Flights Bolivia, Cuzco, Sucre". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  5. ^ Olguin, Jonathan (21 December 2016). "Bolivian Air Force transport unit to suspend commercial operations". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. 53 (51): 10.
  6. ^ "FAB-001". flightradar24.com. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  7. ^ "FAB-002". flightradar24.com. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "World Air Forces 2022". Flightglobal. 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  9. ^ "Bolivia takes delivery of first two R44s". helihub.com. 7 August 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  10. ^ "Bolivia receives South Korean UAV". DMI 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Bolivia despide los últimos T-33 en servicio de todo el mundo - Noticias Infodefensa América". 2 August 2017.

Bibliography