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Air transports for heads of state and government are, in many countries, provided by the air force in specially equipped airliners or business jets. One such aircraft in particular has become part of popular culture: Air Force One, used by the President of the United States and operated by the United States Air Force. Other well-known official aircraft include the Russian presidential aircraft, the British Royal Air Force VIP aircraft, the French Cotam 001, the Royal Canadian Air Force VIP aircraft, the German Konrad Adenauer, the Royal Australian Airforce VIP aircraft, the Japanese Air Force One, the South Korean Code One, the Indian Air India One, the Brazilian Air Force One, and the Israeli Wing of Zion.

Another well-known means of transportation for world leaders is by helicopter. Helicopters are seen as not only cheaper and more cost effective but also more convenient than a motorcade. These include the US President's Marine One, the South Korean Presidential Helicopter, King Charles III's Helicopter, and the Brazilian Presidential Helicopter.

If officials do not have their own aircraft or if their VIP aircraft are under maintenance, they would occasionally hire private jets, in which case a flag/coat of arms decal/sticker is often added on or near the door.

History

The Airspeed Envoy was used as air transport for the British Royal Family from 1937 onwards.

On 15 July 1910, the then Tsar of Bulgaria Ferdinand I became the first head of state to fly in an aircraft during a visit to Belgium.[1]

In 1919, during Paris Peace Conference, senior British politicians including Prime Minister David Lloyd George and Leader of the House of Commons Bonar Law used several Airco DH.4 planes for the cross-Channel trips. Originally designed as bombers, modified planes featured an enclosed compartment for two passengers (cockpit was left open) and a separate luggage compartment. Dubbed Lloyd George's airplane, it was probably one of the first aircraft to be widely used by a political leader.[2][3]

The British monarch became the first head of state or government to receive official and dedicated air transport when two Westland Wapitis were delivered to No. 24 Squadron RAF at RAF Northolt for the express purpose of the transportation of the Royal family in 1928. Between 1929 and 1935, Edward, Prince of Wales, purchased 13 aircraft. Although the RAF maintained at least one of these aircraft for a time, the Prince of Wales eventually became solely responsible for them. When the prince ascended to the throne in 1936 as Edward VIII, The King's Flight was formed as the world's first head of state aircraft unit.[4] This unit initially used the King's own de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide; however, this was replaced in May 1937 by an Airspeed AS.6J Envoy III.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Douglas C-54 Skymaster aircraft, nicknamed the Sacred Cow.

In the United States, prior to World War II overseas and cross-country presidential travel was rare. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first president to fly in an aircraft while in office. During World War II, Roosevelt traveled on the Dixie Clipper, a Pan Am-crewed Boeing 314 flying boat, to the 1943 Casablanca Conference in Morocco. The flight covered 5,500 miles in three legs.[5][6] The first dedicated aircraft proposed for presidential use was a Consolidated C-87 Liberator Express VIP transport aircraft. This aircraft, tail number 41-24159, was re-modified in 1943 for use as a presidential VIP transport, the Guess Where II, intended to carry President Franklin D. Roosevelt on international trips.[7] The Secret Service subsequently reconfigured a Douglas C-54 Skymaster for duty as a presidential transport. This VC-54C aircraft, nicknamed the Sacred Cow, included a sleeping area, radio telephone, and retractable elevator to lift Roosevelt in his wheelchair. As modified, the VC-54C was used by President Roosevelt only once, on his trip to and from the Yalta Conference in February 1945.[6]

In the postwar period, governments around the world have instituted similar provisions for the official aerial transportation of their heads of state and government.

Africa

Angola

The government of Angola currently operates two Bombardier Global Express, two De Havilland Canada Dash 8s, and one Dassault Falcon 900B. These aircraft are generally used for medium-haul travel, and more often than not, officials usually tend to travel on corporate aircraft from companies like Deer Jet, Comlux, and Royal Jet.

Previously operated aircraft include models like a Boeing 707, a Yakovlev Yak-40, and a Tupolev Tu-134.

Any aircraft when used by the president flies under the callsign "ANGOLA1".

Benin

The Government of Benin operated a now-dismantled Boeing 727 in 2015.[8] They also operated a now-retired Boeing 707. A Boeing 737-200 belonging to the Government of Niger briefly sported French "Republique du Benin" titles in the 1990s as it was being used by said government[9]. Officials now fly on private jets.

A Xi'an MA-600 aircraft bearing a Benin Government livery was spotted at Kunming Changshui Airport in December 2022.[10] It is unknown if this has been delivered to Benin as of 2023 or if it is being used for VIPs.

Any aircraft carrying the President flies under the callsign "BENIN01".

Botswana

The Botswana Defence Force operated a Bombardier Global Express for use by the President in 2015[8] which previously replaced a Gulfstream IV. A Pilatus PC-24 was also spotted in South Africa in 2018–2019 for training purposes.

Ay aircraft carrying the President flies under the callsign "F001"/2".

Burkina Faso

The government of Burkina Faso operated a Boeing 727 (registration XT-BFA) for medium-range travel, however as of 2023, this aircraft is reported to have been grounded. The government now uses private business jets for foreign travel. Any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "BFA1".

Burundi

The government of Burundi operated a Gulfstream IV in 2015.[11] This was sold to a private operator and has since been mothballed in Spain. The government now uses commercial and private aircraft for travel.

Cabo Verde

The government travels on either commercial or private aircraft.

Cameroon

The government of Cameroon operated a Gulfstream III in 2015.[11] A Boeing 767 and Boeing 727 were also previously used for travel. More often that not, however, politicians usually tend to travel on private jets, with notable examples being a Comlux 767 and an Aviation Link 777.

Any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "CMR001".

Central African Republic

Government officials of the Central African Republic normally travel on commercial flights or private. For example, when President Faustin-Archange Touadéra traveled to Beijing for the Forum on China–Africa Cooperation summit, he flew on a commercial Air France Boeing 777.

Chad

The private jet operated by Chad between 2016 and 2018 at London Heathrow

The Government of Chad operated a McDonnell Douglas MD-87 in 2015.[12] It also operates a Boeing Business Jet, ATR 72 and Dornier Do-328JET. For two years, President Idriss Deby also travelled on a Comlux Malta Boeing 767-200, registration P4-CLA. Any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "CHAD01".

Comoros

The Comorian government uses other countries' VIP aircraft or private aircraft for travel. For example, a delegation from Comoros travelled to a 2019 Africa Summit in Russia on a Nigerian 737-BBJ.

Democratic Republic of Congo

The government currently operates a Gainjet-owned Boeing 737-900 BBJ, registered T7-RDC. They also operate a Gulfstream which was impounded for several years in Spain due to debt disputes.

Previously operated aircraft include a Boeing 707 painted in a crude Boeing-style livery and a Boeing 727. Private aircraft are also occasionally used for travel.

Any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "DRC001".

Republic of Congo

The government previously operated a Dassault Aviation Falcon 7X, however, it was impounded at Paris Le Bourget Airport and has since been stored. They have nowadays resorted to hiring private jets. Previously operated aircraft have included a Boeing 707 in a JAR Aircraft Services livery and a Douglas DC-8.

Any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "CONGO01".

Djibouti

The Djiboutian government owns a Dassault Aviation Falcon 7X for travel. A Boeing B727, Boeing B767, and Dassault Aviation Falcon 50 were previously used. They have also been known to use private planes for select trips. The Dassault Aviation Falcon 7X flies with its registration as a callsign without the hyphen.

Egypt

The government of Egypt operates a Boeing B747-8 initially built for Lufthansa in 2015 bought in 2022,[citation needed] two Dassault Aviation Dassault Falcon 7X,[13] and one Airbus A340 from 1995 bought by Hosni Mubarak.

Equatorial Guinea

The government of Equatorial Guinea previously used aircraft from Ceiba Intercontinental, a Malabo-based airline, for international travel. This has since been discontinued and a separate Boeing 777-200LR is used solely for government officials. A Boeing 737 and a Dassault Falcon 900 have also been known to been used previously. These planes use their registrations as callsigns.

Eritrea

The government of Eritrea uses private aircraft for travel.

Eswatini

Eswatini acquired this Airbus A340-300 from China Airlines in 2018 to serve as a VIP plane.

The government of Eswatini operates two aircraft: a McDonnell Douglas MD-87 which was impounded in Ottawa for debt reasons, and an Airbus A340-300 which was sold from China Airlines. These aircraft use their registrations as callsigns.

Ethiopia

The government uses various aircraft from Ethiopian Airlines for travel.

Gabon

Before 2016, the Gabonese government operated one second-hand Boeing 777-200 for use by the President of Gabon. It was previously owned by British Airways, Khalifa Airways, leased from Air Algerie, then stored at Boeing after the lease. After it was bought, the aircraft was ferried to Charlotte Airport to be converted to VIP use, then ferried to Libreville. Due to the Gabonese government failing to pay US$8 million for cabin outfitting, it was impounded at Orly Airport in February 2015 before returning to service two months later. It is currently stored. Nowadays, the government travels on two Gulfstream Aerospace aircraft, registered TR-KSP and TR-KGM. Any plane carrying the president flies under the callsign "GABON01".

Gambia

President Yahya Jammeh of the Gambia flew on a Ilyushin Il-62.

The government of Gambia operated a Boeing 727 and a Bombardier Challenger in 2015. An Ilyushin Il-62 was used during the rule of Yahya Jammeh. All these planes, however, have since been grounded.[citation needed] The government now flies on private planes. Any plane carrying the president flies under the callsign GAM001.

Ghana

Republic of Ghana Falcon 900EX

The government of Ghana operate a Dassault Falcon 900EX, registered as 9G-EXE.[14] It carries the callsign "GHA1" when carrying the president.

Guinea

The government once operated a Turkish-owned Gulfstream for travel, among other private and commercial aircraft. Another notable private aircraft was a Royal Jet 737 which was temporarily painted in a "Republic of Guinea" livery for use during a trip to Russia.

Guinea-Bissau

The government does not have its own VIP aircraft, however recently the president was spotted using a Ghanaian Dassault Falcon 900 and an Ivory Coast Gulfstream for foreign trips. Private and commercial aircraft have also been used for travel. Aircraft which carry the President usually flies under the callsign "BISS001".

Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)

The Ivorian government uses a Gulfstream IV, registered TU-VAD as a VIP aircraft and a Gulfstream V, registered TU-VAE. It also uses an Airbus A320 registered TU-VAJ and Airbus A319 registered TU-VAS for longer trips. The planes when carrying the President fly under the callsign "IVY01".

Kenya

The government of Kenya currently operates a Fokker 70 registered KAF308 and officially named "Harambee One". It was purchased in 1995 and used for the first time on 26 January 1996 by President Daniel arap Moi.[15] Prior to the purchase of the Fokker, the Kenyan President primarily and occasionally still uses Kenya Airways for his international travel. The presidential fleet also includes three Bombardier Dash 8s, registered KAF304, KAF305, and KAF306, as well as an Aerospatiale Puma, and a Cessna 208B, mostly for domestic travel. However, most of the time the president flies on commercial aircraft from Kenya Airways overseas.

Lesotho

The government uses turbo-prop, commercial or private aircraft for travel.

Liberia

The government uses a French-registered Dassault Falcon 900EX for travel.

Madagascar

The government of Madagascar operated a Boeing 737-300 in 2015.[16] That was retired, and they now use commercial or private planes.

Malawi

During the presidency of Bingu wa Mutharika, the government operated a Dassault Falcon 900. After his death in 2012, the new president, Joyce Banda, sold it to use the money for the poor. The president of Malawi now travels abroad on chartered aircraft.

Mali

Republic of Mali Boeing 737-700

The government of Mali operated a Boeing 737-700/BBJ, registered TZ-PRM,[17] which flies under the callsign MALI01.

Mauritius

The government tends to use commercial or private aircraft for travel.

Mozambique

The government of Mozambique currently uses a Raytheon Hawker 850XP registered FAM-002, owned by the country's Air Force, and a VIP Bombardier Challenger 850 registered C9-MEL, owned by Mozambique Expresso Airlines, for VIP travel.

During Communist rule, a Tupolev TU-134AK was used by the government for travel. However, the aircraft was written off in a crash in South Africa which killed President Samora Machel and government officials in 1986.

In 2017, reports arose that President Filipe Nyusi had bought a $7 million private jet, which was spotted being used to transport the president to President Robert Mugabe's inauguration in Zimbabwe.

Namibia

The Namibian government uses a Dassault Falcon 7x and Dassault Falcon 900 for VIP transport. When these aircraft are carrying the president, the carry the callsign "NAM001". For domestic flights, a Learjet 31A and two AW139 helicopters are also used, with a Learjet 45 soon to be acquired.

Niger

A Boeing 737-700 used by Niger, seen in 2023

The Government of Niger used to operate a Boeing 737-200Adv for official flights. This was stored in 2014 and replaced by a Boeing 737-700 (BBJ).[18] The plane currently flies under the callsign "NIGER01" when transporting the President.

Nigeria

Nigerian Air Force BBJ

The Nigerian Air Force currently maintains a Boeing Business Jet (737) registered 5N-FGT as the primary means of transport for the President of Nigeria. The aircraft is known as "Eagle One" and is marked NAF-001. In addition, there is a Gulfstream V-SP registered 5N-FGS, a Gulfstream 550 registered 5N-FGW, two Falcon 7X registered 5N-FGV and 5N-FGU, a Dornier 228 and three A139 helicopters. There is also a Bombardier Challenger 605 registered 5N-FGZ. However, the Falcon 900s (two), a GIV-SP, and G II were all destroyed on advice by the Presidential Guard Brigade. A Citation Bravo and Hawker 800 were returned to the Air Force. The 737 flies under the callsign NGR1 when carrying the President.

Rwanda

The government of Rwanda leases a Qatar Executive Gulfstream G650ER for travel, which flies under the callsign "QQE".

São Tomé and Príncipe

The government uses commercial aircraft for travel.

Senegal

Senegal's A320neo in 2023

An Airbus A320neo registered 6V-SEN is currently used for VIP transport. An Airbus A319 registered 6V-ONE, acquired in 2011 to replace a Boeing 727, is also used.

Any plane carrying the president uses the callsign "SENE001".

Seychelles

The government uses commercial aircraft for travel. In particular, during a state visit to Mauritius in November 2020, President Wavel Ramkalawan used a Beechcraft 1900D (reg: S7-DES) from IDC Aviation (Islands Development Company).[19]

Sierra Leone

The government uses commercial or private aircraft for travel. They are also known to use VIP aircraft from other countries for travel.[20] Any aircraft carrying the President flies under the callsign "SIER001".

Somalia

The government of Somalia operated a Beechcraft 1900 turboprop which has been scrapped. They now use private or commercial planes, or they use other countries' government planes.

South Africa

Main article: Inkwazi

South African Air Force Boeing 737-7ED BBJ ZS-RSA

The President of South Africa travels in a Boeing 737 (BBJ) ZS-RSA "Inkwazi" which is designated as "South African One" and operated by the South African Air Force's 21 Squadron, which is based at AFB Waterkloof near Pretoria, the executive capital, i.e. the seat of the executive branch of the South African government.

21 Squadron also operates a fleet of two Falcon 50s ZS-CAS and ZS-CAQ and a Falcon 900B ZS-NAN. The Falcon 900 is normally used by the Deputy President and high-ranking cabinet ministers.

A Boeing 727 registered ZS-PVX and a Gulfstream registered P4-BFY have also, in the past, been used to VIP travel when the Boeing 737 is unavailable. The President also uses aircraft from South African Airways for particular long haul flights.

In 2015, President Jacob Zuma asked Armscor to procure a business jet with the capability of carrying at least 30 passengers and traveling long range distances and which is much larger than the current presidential jet (Inkwazi). Models being considered included the Boeing 777, Boeing 787 and Airbus A340.[21] This purchase was never authorised and the plans for a new jet were scrapped after Zuma was removed as president.

Any plane carrying the President uses the callsign "LMG1".

South Sudan

The government currently charters planes from RwandAir and Kenya Airways, due to their respective countries' having good relations with South Sudan. There were efforts made to purchase a designated presidential plane, but this was met with opposition from political parties.

Tanzania

Tanzanian Government Gulfstream G550

The Tanzania Government Flight Agency operates a Gulfstream G550 (5H-ONE)[22] and a Fokker F28-3000 (5H-CCM), and a Fokker 50 (5H-TGF). Whenever a plane is carrying the president, it uses the callsign "TANZANIA 001".

Togo

The Togolese government previously used multiple different aircraft for travel, such as a Boeing 707, a Douglas DC-8-55, a Gulfstream II, and a Fokker F-28-1000. All these aircraft have been scrapped, and the government now uses private planes, particularly a Burkina Faso-registered Dassault Falcon 8X, and an Airbus A318. Whenever a plane flies with the president, it carries the callsign "TOGO01".

Uganda

Uganda Gulfstream G550

The Gulfstream Aerospace G550 (reg: 5X-UGF) is used to transport the President and government officials.[23] The President of Uganda uses a Mil Mi-171 of the Uganda People's Defence Force for internal flights. The helicopter was delivered in early 2016 after the government had budgeted 11.3 billion Ugandan Shillings for the new helicopter.[24] It is equipped with a cloak room, snack bar, bathroom and luggage compartment[25] and seats up to 12 passengers.[26] The plane uses the callsign "RAU1/2".

Zambia

New aircraft of the President of Zambia

The first Zambian president, Kenneth Kaunda, used a Douglas DC-8 of the now liquidated Zambia Airways among other national carriers. His departure from office saw his successor Frederick Chiluba acquire a more modern look for government and thus a Challenger CL604 (reg: 9J-ONE) was acquired.

In 2019, a Sukhoi Superjet 100 in a business jet configuration was ordered[27] but was later cancelled.[28]

Also, at the end of 2018, the Zambian Air Force bought a Gulfstream G650 (AF001) for the president. This deal caused a scandal within the country.[29][30][31][32]

Any aircraft carrying the President uses the callsign "AFZ1".

Zimbabwe

Air Zimbabwe's "Presidential" Boeing 767-200ER

The President of Zimbabwe travels in a chartered Air Zimbabwe Boeing 767-200ER aircraft, which is part of the national airline's fleet. Occasionally, the president will share the aircraft with commercial passengers on scheduled flights. The president's own British Aerospace 146–200 Series aircraft ordered in the 1980s by the Ministry of Defence as a VIP aircraft for the President's use was leased to the national airline upon delivery after Air Zimbabwe's need for an aircraft that could land on the country's short local runways had become dire. The aircraft was leased to the airline under an arrangement that provided for Air Zimbabwe to maintain it and fly it as required, and the President to have the use of it when needed. After the British Aerospace 146–200 was retired, the national airline continued its role as a state VIP transporter, using the 767-200ER.In June 2023, it was reported that the president took delivery of a Dassault Falcon priced at 65 million

Any aircraft carrying the President uses the callsign "AZW1".

Asia

Afghanistan

The 767-200 opb. Kam Air occasionally used by Afghan officials.

The government of the former Islamic Republic of Afghanistan had no official plane for travel purposes. Instead officials usually travelled on rented aircraft of local commercial airlines, such as Ariana Afghan Airlines, Safi Airways, and Kam Air. There were also some occasions where the President travelled overseas on Azerbaijani-registered aircraft. For a while in the 2000s also, the government also used a former Saudi Boeing 727 for official travel[33].

In January 2022, months after the Taliban reclaimed power in Afghanistan, representatives of the government of the new Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan attended a series of meetings in Norway, the first official visit by a delegation from the group to Europe since taking power. The delegation used a Dassault Falcon 7X corporate jet operated by Finnish operator Jetflite, registered OH-WIX, which was reportedly paid for by the Norwegian government.

Armenia

Armenian Air Force Airbus A319

The Armenian Government operates an Airbus A319CJ for VIP use.[34] A Tupolev Tu-134 was previously used. The A319 usually flies under a four-digit callsign "ARY".

Azerbaijan

The President of Azerbaijan currently has several aircraft dedicated for travel. These include an Airbus A319 nicknamed "Baku", an Airbus A320 Prestige, a Boeing 767-300ER nicknamed "Baku-1", a leased Airbus A340-600 nicknamed "Baku-8",[35] and a Boeing 777-200. A number of Gulfstreams are also operated by the government for shorter travel. The long-haul aircraft are equipped with jamming equipment, anti-missile systems, and midair refueling equipment. These aircraft are all painted in the livery of national airline Azerbaijan Airlines. Previously used aircraft include a Tupolev 154, Tupolev 134, and a Sikorsky S-92.

The A340 and 777 usually flies under the callsign "AHY6731"/2", the 767 under the callsign "AHY6734", the A319 under the callsign "AH6735"/6", the A320 under the callsign "AHY6737"/8", and the Gulfstreams use their registrations as callsigns.

Bangladesh

Boeing 777-300ER
Boeing 787-8
A Biman Boeing 777-300ER (left) and Boeing 787-8 (right), which are mostly used by PM for VVIP trips

For most overseas trips, the President and the Prime Minister of Bangladesh travel on aircraft of the country's national flag carrier, Biman Bangladesh Airlines.

For long-distance flights or flights with an especially large entourage, a Boeing 777-300ER aircraft is usually used; for medium to short-distance flights a Boeing 787 Dreamliner[36] is typically used. In many cases two Biman aircraft are reserved for government flights, one as a standby aircraft. The aircraft carrying a government leader usually flies under the callsign "BBC001" or otherwise a special typical Biman callsign.

The Bangladesh Air Force has a VVIP fleet of four helicopters, two Mil Mi-17s and two Bell 212s. One is always reserved for VVIP flights; the other three are for carrying the staff and entourage.

Bhutan

An Airbus A319 of Royal Bhutan Airlines

The King and the Government of Bhutan use an Airbus A319 from the national flag carrier Drukair for travel, which flies under a regular Drukair (DRK) callsign.

Brunei

His Majesty The Sultan's Flight's Airbus A340-200 during a visit of the Sultan of Brunei to Australia in May 2013

His Majesty The Sultan's Flight (HMSF) has several aircraft in VIP configuration exclusively for the Sultan of Brunei and members of the Royal Family. These include a Boeing 767-200ER, a Boeing 747-8 BBJ, and a Boeing 787-8.

An Airbus A310, Boeing 747-400, Boeing 747SP, and Airbus A340-200 were previously used as well. The A340, 767, and 787 carry a hybrid Royal Brunei Airlines livery, whereas the 747s carry a white livery with brown lines and the coat-of-arms of Brunei on the tail.

All aircraft fly with their registrations without hyphens as callsigns.

Cambodia

Kingdom of Cambodia A320 at Phnom Penh airport on 29 September 2015

The Kingdom of Cambodia operated a Chinese-registered Airbus A320 in 2015 which flies under the callsign KOC01.[11] The government has also occasionally used private or commercial aircraft for travel.

China, People's Republic of (China)

China's paramount leader Xi Jinping, getting a ceremonial escort by eight Pakistani JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft in Pakistani airspace on a two-day visit in April 2015.

Air transportation for the CCP general secretary, president, premier or other government officials of China is managed and operated by the 34th division of the People's Liberation Army Air Force. Six Boeing 737-300s, two 737-700s, and four 737-800s, as well as three Airbus A319s and ten Bombardier Challenger 800 are used for these missions.

A Boeing 747-8I with Air China branding and registration B-2479 was converted and tested for exclusive use as head of state transport around 2016–2017. Although no official photos have been released, it is speculated that the interior is fitted with conference tables, private bedrooms, office suites, and more.[37][38] Boeing 747s from Air China's cargo subsidiary Air China Cargo are used to transport the President's limousines when traveling overseas.

A commercial Air China Boeing 747-4J6 has in the past, been converted for international travel when necessary. The three 747-400 used for this purpose have the following registrations: B-2445, B-2447, B-2472. At least one of them are specially retrofitted during official use and returns to commercial service afterwards;[39][40] however since 2020, all 747-400s have officially been retired from government use and have since been converted to a permanent commercial airline configuration.

A secondhand Boeing 767-300ER was purchased by the Chinese government for use by the then Chinese leader Jiang Zemin in 2000. An international incident occurred in 2001 when the government claimed it had discovered 27 bugs embedded in the aircraft's interior.[41] The aircraft had been refitted in San Antonio, Texas. It has since been converted back to a normal passenger airliner and sold.[42] A normal Air China Boeing 767 was occasionally used for travel from thereon.

Lower-ranking officials such as the Vice President are transported in an Air China Airbus A330.

In order not to confuse air traffic control between a VIP flight and a normal flight, planes carrying government officials fly under the callsign CA1 to CA99, since all commercial callsigns of Air China are from CA101 and above.

Georgia

Georgian Airways operated a single Bombardier Challenger 850 since 2007 to carry the President of Georgia and government officials. In 2011, a Gulfstream 450 was added to its inventory, possibly replacing the Challenger in its VIP transport role.[43] The planes fly under four-digit Georgian Airways callsigns.

Hong Kong

The chief executive of Hong Kong travels on commercial aircraft, usually operated by Cathay Pacific. He or she travels within the territory on helicopters operated by the Government Flying Service.

India

Main article: Air India One

Air India One B777-300ER used by the President, Vice President and Prime Minister of India.
IAF's BBJ 737, used for VIP transport for interstate travel in India.

Air India One (AIC001) is the callsign of any aircraft with the President, Vice President or the Prime Minister of India on board.[44] For international travel, two dedicated Indian Air Force Boeing 777-300ERs with registrations K7066 and K7067 which arrived in October 2020 are used.[45] The aircraft are equipped with encrypted satellite communication facilities and advanced navigation aids. The jets are also equipped with an advanced missile warning system, a missile deflecting shield, and electronic countermeasures to provide protection from any ground-based or airborne threat. The aircraft are also equipped with flares and glares to mislead any missile.

For domestic and short distance international travel, three Boeing 737 BBJ aircraft are used. The three Boeing 737-200 also used by the President, the Vice President or the Prime Minister were inducted in 2008.[46] These aircraft have a range of 3,000 to 4,000 nautical miles (5,600 to 7,400 km) and are fitted with encrypted satellite communication facilities and advanced navigation aids. The jets are also equipped with an advanced missile warning system, a missile deflecting shield and electronic counter measures so as to provide protection from any ground-based or airborne threats.

Other aircraft used by other government officials are four 14-seater Embraer 135s.[47]

Apart from these aircraft, there are several helicopters used such as the Mi-8 for carrying the President and the Prime Minister for travelling shorter distances. These aircraft and helicopters are operated by the Indian Air Force.

Indonesia

Main article: Indonesian presidential aircraft

Indonesian Air Force 01 (Boeing 737-800 Business Jet)
Aircraft Quantity
Boeing 777-300ER (Leased From Garuda Indonesia) 1
Boeing 737-800 BBJ 1
BAe 146 1
Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma 1
Garuda Indonesia Boeing 777-300ER registered PK-GIG, painted in red and white with "Republic of Indonesia" letter and Indonesian Red and white flag with Indonesian National emblem Garuda Pancasila attached in its livery. The plane was often chartered by the Indonesian Government and often used by the Indonesian President for the long-haul official trips, due to the aircraft's capacity that can fly for a longer duration than the Boeing 737-800NG Presidential Aircraft.

As Indonesia is a sprawling archipelagic nation,[48] the President of Indonesia frequently needs VVIP air transportation for visiting Indonesian provinces, attending international summits and meetings, and traveling on official foreign visits. Since April 2014, Indonesia has acquired Indonesia One, an aircraft dedicated for the President and their entourage.[49]

Prior to having their own aircraft, the President and Vice President formerly used aircraft chartered from Garuda Indonesia for their air travels. Boeing 737-800s were used for domestic flights and short-range international flights, and Airbus A330-300s were used for most overseas trips and state visits. The Indonesian Air Force also has special VIP squadrons for the President, Vice President and government ministers. These are the 17th Air Squadron (Indonesian: Skadron Udara 17) operating Avro RJ85, Boeing 737-400, Falcon 7X and 8X, and Lockheed L-100 fixed-wing aircraft; and the 45th Air Squadron (Indonesian: Skadron Udara 45) flying Aérospatiale AS 332L-1 Super Puma helicopters. Both squadrons are based at Halim Perdanakusuma Airforce Base, Jakarta, and almost all presidential flights depart from there.

On 10 April 2014, Indonesia One was delivered to Jakarta.[50] The government claimed the cost of operating its own aircraft would be lower than chartering Garuda aircraft.[51][52] The aircraft is the Boeing Business Jet variant of the 737-800. The aircraft was designed to meet the minimum safety and security requirements of Indonesia's VVIP air transportation,[53] and includes a modest self-defense system.[49]

In 2020, the Indonesian government chartered a Boeing 777-300ER, registration PK-GIG, from Garuda Indonesia for special use as a presidential aircraft on long-haul flights; the aircraft is painted in a special livery.[54]

The planes when carrying the President use the callsign "IDAF01".

Japan

Main article: Japanese Air Force One

Japanese Air Force One (Boeing 777-300ER)

The Japan Air Self-Defense Force operates two Boeing 777-300ER aircraft for use by the Prime Minister, the Emperor, Empress, and other members of the Imperial Family.

They have the radio callsigns Japanese Air Force One and Japanese Air Force Two when operating on official business, and Cygnus One and Cygnus Two when operating outside of official business (e.g., on training flights and ferry flights). The aircraft always fly together on government missions, with one serving as the primary transport and the other serving as a backup with maintenance personnel on board. The aircraft are officially referred to as Japanese government exclusive aircraft (日本国政府専用機 Nippon-koku seifu sen'yōki).

Until March 2019, two Boeing 747-400 aircraft were used. The aircraft were constructed at the Boeing factory at the same time as the United States Air Force One VC-25s, though the US aircraft were built to the 747-200 design, while the Japanese aircraft were built to the more contemporary 747-400 design. Both Japanese aircraft were delivered in 1990.[55]

Kazakhstan

Airbus A330-200 of Kazakhstan Government

The Kazakhstan government fleet consists of the following aircraft (August 2015):

The A330 and A321 have a blue and yellow-striped Comlux-style livery with blue "KAZAKHSTAN" titles in English and Kazakh, while the Boeing 757, Tupolev Tu-154 and A320 have a plain white livery with the flag of Kazakhstan on the tail, while the 737 has a white blue-stripe livery.

The planes fly under the callsign "BEC1" whenever one is carrying the President.[56]

Korea, North (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)

Air Koryo's Ilyushin Il-62M for official flights

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un travels overseas on one of two VIP configured Ilyushin Il-62M aircraft of the Korean People's Army Air Force operated by Air Koryo crew, known as Chammae-1.[57] Kim Jong-un's private aircraft is known as Goshawk-1.[58] These aircraft occasionally fly under the callsign "DPK".

Korea, South (Republic of Korea)

Government of South Korea, 22-001, Boeing 747-8B5

Main articles: Code One, Presidential Helicopter (South Korea), Transportation of the President of South Korea, and List of official vehicles of the president of South Korea

Since January 2022, a Boeing 747-8I leased from Korean Air to the Republic of Korea Air Force conducts official international travels by the President of South Korea. Known by the call sign "Code One" (KAF001), the aircraft is based in Seoul Air Base and operational support is provided by Korean Air.[59] From April 2010 to January 2022, a dedicated Boeing 747-400 leased from Korean Air served in this role. Originally even pilots and flight attendants were from Korean Air, though they were planned to be replaced by Air Force personnel.[60] Before the 747-400 was leased, the President used a Boeing 737-300 for short-distance trips and chartered a Boeing 747 aircraft belonging to Korean Air or Asiana Airlines for longer distance trips. In the latter case, the presidential seal would be mounted on the forward passenger door to show that that aircraft is carrying the President.

The VIP aircraft has been highly modified with much of the technology onboard being classified. What is publicly known is that the VIP aircraft has infrared vision, secure satellite communication, secure telephone communications, a missile defense system, a missile deflection system, and is made out of a special metal to reduce its radar footprint. It also has had a complete renovation of the interior of the plane, turning the plane into a flying command center so the President can continue his or her duties. When in operation, another aircraft acts as a decoy and a spare. [citation needed]

The Air Force also operates one Boeing 737-300 and several CASA/IPTN CN-235s for government travel. The 737, in service since 1983, was used in the country's first presidential visit to Pyongyang in 2000.

A Sikorsky S-92, acquired in 2007, is used as a presidential helicopter. It has secure telephone communications, secure satellite communications, Infrared vision, missile defense system and is made out of a special metal that makes it hard to detect on radar systems. Two other helicopters fly with it as decoys and spares. The helicopter is based at Seoul Air Base.

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Tupolev Tu-154 at Haneda Airport

The government of Kyrgyzstan operated a single Tupolev Tu-154M in 2010, which usually flies under four-digit callsigns "KGC" and "LYN".[16]

Laos

The Lao Government uses a Lao Airlines Airbus A320 (specifically registered RDPL-34199) for government trips, and uses a Xian MA-600 for special squadron flights and private travels. The plane usually flies under the callsign "QV1".

Macau

Air Macau Airbus A319

The Chief Executive of Macau travels abroad (and to mainland China destinations) on commercial aircraft operated by Air Macau, the de facto flag carrier of the territory. As Macau is a small locale, there is no need for air travel within the territory.

Malaysia

Malaysia Airbus ACJ319

Malaysia's Prime Minister and Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Ruling Monarch) travel aboard aircraft operated by the Royal Malaysian Air Force. For this purpose, an Airbus ACJ319 named Perdana 1 was purchased in 2007, and an Airbus ACJ320 named Perdana 2 in 2015. Other fixed wing aircraft in use include a Dassault Falcon 900, a Bombardier Global Express BD-700, and a Boeing 737-800 BBJ.[61][62] Helicopters including three S-70 Black Hawks and three S-61A4 Nuris are also used. Also latest addition to the fleet is 9M-JPM Agusta Westland AW139. The planes when carrying the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and/or the Prime Minister fly under the callsign "NR1".

Maldives

The government uses commercial aircraft for travel. In addition, the President has been known to use aircraft from the Saudi Government for religious trips.[63]

Mongolia

Mongolian Airlines Boeing 767-300

The Mongolian President and Prime Minister with other members of the State Great Khural use a Boeing 767-300ER or Boeing 737-800 for short to medium range from Government owned by MIAT Mongolian Airlines, which also uses a Mongolian Airlines callsign. In domestic routes, the head of Mongolia and other government officials use Saab 340B or Fokker 50 chartered from Eznis Airways and Aero Mongolia.

Myanmar

The government uses various commercial airliners for travel, particularly airlines based in Myanmar. If that is not available, however, other commercial aircraft or government aircraft from other countries is used.

Nepal

The present President of Nepal, Prime Minister of Nepal, and other senior government officials travel on regular scheduled commercial flights or chartered flights by either Nepal Airlines or Himalaya Airlines. There is no plane used specifically for VIP operations.[64]

Pakistan

Airbus A310-300 (PakAF) J-757

The history of VIP transport in Pakistan dates back to August 1947, when an ex-British Imperial Air Force Vickers VC.1 Viking was acquired to serve as the official transport aircraft for the Governor-General of Pakistan. This aircraft is considered as the first to use the call sign reserved for an aircraft flying Pakistan's head of state or head of government, 'PAKISTAN ONE'. Governor-Generals Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and Khawaja Nazimuddin used the aircraft until 195, when it was retired. It remained parked at Karachi's Mauripur Airbase and then at a Pakistan Air Force Base in Peshawar. In 1997, the aircraft was disassembled and transported to Karachi and put up for display at the Pakistan Air Force Museum.

In the 1960s and 70s, Presidents Muhammad Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto used Boeing 707 jetliners of the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines. In the 1980s, President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq used a Lockheed C-130B Hercules. In the 90s, Prime Ministers Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto used a Boeing 737 for their official trips which was maintained by the Pakistani Government. During the late 1990s, Sharif's government bought a Boeing 737-300 for official use. Initially its role was rotated between serving as a regular commercial aircraft for Pakistan International Airlines and as a VIP transport for the government. However, following a military coup in 1999 the aircraft was permanently transferred to Pakistan International Airlines. The President and Prime Minister then resorted to using two of the airline's Airbus A310s for official visits, while rare trips were done on regular commercial flights of the airline. In 2007 the Qatari government gifted an Airbus A310-300 of the Qatar Amiri Flight to Pakistan, which was operated for the Pakistan Air Force by Pakistan International Airlines.

Since 2010 two Gulfstream IVs with serial numbers J-755, J-756 and four AW 139 helicopters from the Pakistan Air Force are used by the President and Prime Minister for air travel. The planes all fly under regular Pakistan Air Force callsigns.

Philippines

Gulfstream G280 of the Philippine Air Force, seen landing at Ninoy Aquino International Airport.
Fokker F28 of the Philippine Air Force
Bell 412EPs of the Philippine Air Force

The 250th Presidential Airlift Wing of the Philippine Air Force is used to transport the President of the Philippines and the First Family. On occasion, the wing has also been tasked to provide transportation for other members of government, visiting heads of state, and other state guests.

The fleet includes: one Fokker F28, which is primarily used for the President's domestic trips and it is also called Kalayaan (Filipino "Freedom") One when the President is on board, one Fokker F27 aircraft, and seven Bell 412 helicopters. In October 2019, the government purchased an Airbus C-295 and a Gulfstream G280 for use by the President and other senior officials which were then delivered in April 2019 and September 2020 respectively. A Hawker 800XP business jet was donated by San Miguel Corporation in May 2022.

For trips outside of the Philippines, the President uses a Learjet 60, Challenger 850, Gulfstream G650ER or charters appropriate aircraft from Philippine Airlines. The aircraft with the flight number PR/PAL 001 and callsign PHILIPPINE 001/PILIPINAS 001 is a special aircraft operated by Philippine Airlines to transport the President. These aircraft have the Presidential Seal on the front left & front right door. The Airbus A321neo is used for short-haul flights, while the Airbus A330-300, Airbus A350-900 or Boeing 777-300ER are used for medium or long haul flights.

The presidential aircraft of President Jose P. Laurel was a Mitsubishi MC-20. A PAAC Douglas C-47 Skytrain named Lili Marleen was designated as the presidential plane of President Manuel Roxas. This aircraft crashed in May 1947, and a few months later was replaced by a C-47 of the newly formed Philippine Air Force. President Elpidio Quirino used a plane named Laong Laan (Filipino "The Predestined") which during the Carlos P. Garcia administration was renamed Dagohoy. President Ramon Magsaysay used two PAF C-47 presidential planes, the Pagasa (Filipino "Hope") and the Mt. Pinatubo. During the Diosdado Macapagal presidency the Pag-asa was renamed Common Man and was also used by President Ferdinand Marcos. Prior to 1962, the Air Force chartered aircraft from Pan American World Airways as the international services of Philippine Airlines were suspended.

Toward the end of the Marcos administration, the squadron of presidential aircraft consisted of: one Boeing 707, one BAC One-Eleven, one NAMC YS-11 and one Fokker F28 Fellowship airliner; along with one Sikorsky S-62A, two Bell UH-1N, one Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma and two Sikorsky S-70AS helicopters. President Corazon Aquino used some of these aircraft.

Singapore

Republic of Singapore Air Force A330 MRTT
Republic of Singapore Air Force Fokker 50

The President, Prime Minister of Singapore and government officials typically travel on regular scheduled commercial flights, mostly operated by Singapore's flag carrier, Singapore Airlines, or other commercial airlines depending on the location.

However, at the APEC Philippines 2015 summit, the Prime Minister travelled on an Australian-registered Gulfstream G550.[65][66]

Moreover, in case of need, the Singapore Government can count on the Republic of Singapore Air Force to provide airplanes such as the Airbus A330 MRTT and Fokker 50, specially retrofitted in passenger configurations.

Sri Lanka

The Sri Lankan President's private aircraft is called Sinhaya-1.[citation needed] This aircraft is a customized version of the Bombardier Global 5000 with extensive modifications for luxury and safety. The Bell 412 EPs helicopter is the President's preferred option and as a security measure the Presidential helicopter is always flown by a group of similar helicopters. One helicopter carries the president, while the others serve as decoys. These helicopters are arranged so that the location of the President is obscured after take-off. However, domestic travel for senior government officials and VIPs are provided by the No. 4 (VIP) Helicopter Squadron of the Sri Lanka Air Force using seven Bell 412EPs, Bell 206 or Mil Mi-17. Fixed wing transport aircraft of the Sri Lanka Air Force are used, such as the Y-12, Y-8 or C-130, in case of an emergency. In the post-World War II era, the de Havilland Heron, Douglas DC-3, de Havilland Dove, Westland WS-51 Dragonfly were used.

Taiwan

Boeing 777-300ER of China Airlines, taxiing in Taoyuan International Airport
Air Force 3701, the President of the Republic of China's Boeing 737-8AR.

Air transportation for the president or other high-ranking officials of the Republic of China is operated by the Republic of China Air Force using a customized Boeing 737-800 delivered from Boeing in 2001 called the Air Force 3701.[67] This aircraft operates out of Taipei's Songshan Airport and is not usually permitted to fly to countries without diplomatic relations with the ROC. Instead, a Boeing 777 or Airbus A350 operated by China Airlines or EVA Air is used, and is the type used for long-haul trips by the president and his/her staff. In addition, another three Fokker 50 turboprops perform the executive jet role for the Vice President of the Republic, premier, and other senior officials.

Excluding the 737s, which fly under a Republic of China Air Force callsign, any commercial plane carrying the president carries its regular callsign, albeit with some changes.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing 777-300ER 1
Boeing 737-800 1
Airbus A350 1
Fokker 50 3
Total 6

Tajikistan

The government currently uses a Boeing 787 from the Mexican government for travel.[citation needed] Previously a Boeing 737 from national airline Somon Air was used.[citation needed]

Thailand

Royal Thai Air Force, HS-TYV, Airbus A340-541
Royal Thai Air Force Boeing 737-800 Wadman

The Thai government operates, among others, (through Royal Thai Air Force's 602 Royal Guard Squadron) one Airbus A340-500, one Airbus A319CJ, two A320CJ, and two Embraer ERJ-135LR's as government transports. The A340-500, and the A319CJ are maintained by Thai Airways International, the Embraer ERJ-135LRs are maintained by Royal Thai Army.

The Royal Thai Air Force's 602 Royal Guard Squadron also operates a Boeing 737-800 for the Royal family flight.

Although available upon their request, members of the royal family usually fly on commercial flights operated by the national carrier, Thai Airways International, when traveling outside of the country.

All planes use a regular Thai Air Force callsign, "RTAF".

Timor-Leste

The government uses commercial aircraft for travel.[citation needed]

Turkmenistan

To transport the President and top officials of the state, Turkmenistan Airlines uses one Boeing 777-200LR of a special configuration (reg: EZ-A777), two Boeing 737-700 (reg: EZ-A007 and EZ-A700), one Bombardier CRJ700 Challenger 870 (reg: EZ-B024) and two Bombardier Challenger 605 (reg: EZ-B022 and EZ-B023).[68][69][70] The planes all use a special Turkmenistan Airlines callsign.

Uzbekistan

Boeing 767-300 used by the Military of Uzbekistan. This jet has Uzbekistan's flag on the vertical stabilizers instead of Uzbekistan Airways's typical logo.

As of December 2020, the Uzbek government use two Airbus A320-200, one Boeing 767-300, and one Boeing 787-8 for VIP transport.

It previously also operated a Boeing 757 with the tail number 7O-VIP, which was sold to the Yemeni Government.

Aircraft Quantity Registration
Airbus A320-200 2 UK002 & UK32000
Boeing 767-300 1 UK67000
Boeing 787-8 1 UK001

Any aircraft with the president onboard uses the callsign "UZB1".

Vietnam

Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner reg. VN-A868 of Vietnam Airlines carrying the Prime Minister of Vietnam, operating as Flight VN1, departing from Glasgow Prestwick Airport after Cop26. This airport is not a scheduled destination for the airline, nor is any airport in Scotland.

Vietnam has no dedicated airframe that is configured and used exclusively for VIP transport. Instead, the state uses general-purpose aircraft owned and commissioned by state-owned operators and armed forces' units for such special missions. It was designated that the General Secretary of the Communist Party, the President, Prime Minister and the Chairman of the National Assembly of Vietnam as well as equivalent representatives of other nations are objects to be served by such so-called "dignitary flights."[71]

A Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner (most commonly the one registered VN-A868)[72] or sometimes an Airbus A350-900 XWB (registered VN-A896 or VN-A898)[73][74][75][76] chartered from Vietnam Airlines is often used for international and long haul flights. For domestic and short haul flights, an Airbus A321 is chartered from the same carrier.[77] The callsign Viet Nam One (VN1/HVN1) is often used when the flight is chartered by the government, especially to transport key people of the Vietnamese state. None of those Vietnam Airlines airframes are reportedly configured specifically for VIP or Head of State transport missions, instead, they are all operating commercial services on daily basis and state leaders use the "casual" business class and are served with standard civilian crews employed by Vietnam Airlines on such VIP flights.

Helicopters of the Vietnam Helicopter Corporation and/or the Vietnam People's Air Force and/or the Vietnam People's Navy can also be used for VIP transport missions.

Europe

Albania

In January 2020, the Turkish government leased an Airbus A319, registered TC-ANA, to the Albanian government for VIP transport. Although Albanian titles have been placed over the previous Turkish government livery, the aircraft retains its Turkish registration. The livery bears a striking resemblance to that of national airline Air Albania. This aircraft flies under the callsign "TRK8", which is otherwise used by the Turkish government when this A319 is not in use.

Andorra

The Andorran government does not operate any official aircraft, and the country does not even have an airport other than a small one near its border with Spain, however former Prime Minister Antoni Martí once flew to a summit on a Spanish Air Force Boeing 707.[78]

Austria

The government of Austria has never operated any dedicated government transport aircraft. Instead, the President, as well as the prime minister and members of the government, fly on scheduled commercial flights, preferably using flag carrier Austrian Airlines, and occasionally chartering smaller aircraft or aircraft from other airlines depending on the location.

There were plans in the late 1980s to acquire a BAe 146-100STA,[79] which was capable of being converted into a VIP configuration, however, the already painted and registered aircraft was never flown to Austria, as the deal had to be cancelled due to political pressure which led to tensions within the Austrian Government.[80] Domestic VIP flights were also operated by a four-seater Saab 105OE of the Austrian Air Force up until the late 1990s.

Belarus

Boeing 737-800BBJ operated by Belavia on behalf of the Government of Belarus

Belarusian flag carrier Belavia operates a Boeing 767-300ER, a Boeing 737-800 BBJ, a Bombardier Challenger 850[81] and a Gulfstream Aerospace G550[82] on behalf of the government for use of the President and Prime Minister. In addition, a number of helicopters are also operated for domestic use by the President.

All of these aircraft fly under four-digit Belavia (BRU) callsigns. In particular, the Boeing 767 uses the callsign "BRU8001/2"[83] and the Boeing 737 under "BRU8701/2"[84].

The airline also operated a Tupolev Tu-154M aircraft before the acquisition of the current Boeing 767.

Belgium

Belgian Air Force Airbus A321-231, returned to lessor Hi Fly in December 2020

For the transport of the royal family and the members of the Government, Belgium uses one Dassault Falcon 900 and two Dassault Falcon 7X operated by the 15th Air Transport Wing of the Belgian Armed Forces,[85] which fly under three-digit Belgian Air Force (BAF) callsigns. An Airbus A321[85] and an Airbus A330 were previously operated, which were leased from Maltese airline Hi Fly.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina operate a Cessna Citation I, a Cessna CitationJet and a Cessna Citation CJ4.[8] Commercial flights are used for long-haul travel.

Bulgaria

Bulgarian Air Force 28th Air Detachment Airbus A319

In Bulgaria, governmental VIP air transport is provided by the State Aviation Operator, which is a civilian state-owned company under the control of the Prime Minister of Bulgaria's office. As of 2018 it operates an Airbus A319, a Dassault Falcon 2000, 2 Mil Mi-8s and an Augusta AW-109 Power for use by the president, the prime minister and other state officials. A Tupolev Tu-154M was previously operated.

Any aircraft carrying the president usually flies under the callsign "BGF1", however when not transporting the president the aircraft usually fly under three-digit BGF callsigns.

Croatia

Croatian Government Canadair CL604 Challenger

Pilots of the Croatian Air Force fly a low-visibility grey VIP-configured Challenger CL-604 9A-CRO business-jet, acquired in August 1997 to be used by the president, Government and Parliament officials, and other users upon the approval of the prime minister, especially in the case of flights for the transportation of organs or seriously injured persons.[86] This aircraft flies under the callsign "9ACRO". Additionally, a Mil Mi-8-1 twin-turbine helicopter is occasionally used for the short-range travel within the country. Directorate for the Use of Official Aircraft is an expert service of the Government that operates the aircraft.[87] Commercial aircraft are used for long-haul flights.

Czech Republic

Czech Air Force Airbus A319 corporate jet

The Czech Air Force operates two Airbus A319CJs, and Mil Mi-8 helicopters for VIP transport, primarily that of the President, Prime Minister, and members of Government and Parliament of the Czech Republic.

Any aircraft carrying the president usually flies under the callsign "CEF1".

Cyprus

The government of Cyprus uses an Embraer ERJ-135 for travel, which was gifted by the Greek government in 2022 and flies under the callsign "CAF001". Previously aircraft such as a Dassault Falcon 2000 and commercial aircraft were used.

Denmark

Royal Danish Air Force Bombardier Challenger CL-604

The Royal Danish Air Force operates four Bombardier Challenger 604s for VIP transport, primarily that of the government and the Danish Royal Family. These aircraft are also used for environmental control and fishery control around Greenland and the North Sea. Furthermore, the Danish Royal Family have one AgustaWestland EH101 Merlin at their disposal. Ministers also fly on commercial airlines, such as Scandinavian Airlines. The planes usually fly under the callsign "DAF001/002".[88]

Estonia

The government of Estonia uses private jets or commercial aircraft for travel. Prime Minister Kaja Kallas was spotted using a British A321 for use, along with the British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak.[citation needed]

Finland

Finnish Air force Learjet UC-35A

Finnish officials do not have individually allotted aircraft. The president and cabinet ministers usually travel on commercial flights for international travel. However, the Finnish Air Force operates three Learjet 35 aircraft with limited transport capability for use by senior government and military officials, and other aircraft from the Finnish Air Force can also be used. Helicopters of the Finnish Army or Coast Guard are used to provide transport to senior officials on some domestic trips.[89]

Prime minister Juha Sipilä, an avid aviator, also made official trips with aircraft that he has personally flown and paid for, such as a Cessna CitationJet/M2 525[90] and a Scanwings Cessna 525 (OH-SWI). The longest trip was to Ulaan Baatar in 2016.[91] The government leases private jets from companies such as Jetflite.

France

See also: Escadron de transport, d'entrainement et de calibration and Cotam 001

French President's Airbus A330-200 used since November 2011.

The Escadron de Transport 60, formerly Escadron de transport, d'entrainement et de calibration 00.065 (ETEC 65, "Transportation, training and calibration squadron"), is the unit of the French Air Force, under direct command of the Minister of Defence, in charge of the transportation of the President, the Prime Minister and other French government officials.

The squadron operates four Dassault Falcon 50s, two Dassault Falcon 900s, two Dassault Falcon 7Xs and four Airbus A330-200. Additionally, the unit operates three VIP-configured Super Puma helicopters.

French officials also use the aircraft of the Escadron de transport 3/60 Esterel, which operates three Airbus A310-304 and two Airbus A340-200s.

Both Airbus A340-200 aircraft have been sold to Kenya for AMREF Flying Doctors. Finally, the French Air Force use 8 A330 MRTT for military purposes.

Any aircraft carrying the President usually flies under the callsign CTM1.

Germany

Main articles: Executive Transport Wing (German Air Force) and Konrad Adenauer (aircraft)

Germany's Airbus A350-941 VIP 10+03 "Kurt Schumacher", shown here in Berlin.

The fleet used by Germany's senior government officials consists of 15 aircraft:

Airbus A350-900 3
Airbus A340-313X VIP 2
Airbus A319-133X CJ 2
Airbus A321-200 1
Bombardier Global 5000 3
Bombardier Global 6000 3
Eurocopter AS532 Cougar 3

They use two Airbus A340-313X VIP aircraft, previously of Germany's Lufthansa, redesigned by Lufthansa Technik in a VIP configuration, including sleeping rooms and an anti-missile system.[92] The aircraft are named after Konrad Adenauer, the first chancellor of (West) Germany, and Theodor Heuss, its first President. Until 2011 Germany's government officials used two Airbus A310-304 VIP carrying the same names, previously of East Germany's Interflug. In April 2019, the German Air Force ordered three Airbus A350-900 as their new government planes and as a replacement for the aging A340s.

In Summer 2019, the Luftwaffe also ordered three Bombardier Global 6000 as an addition to the existing fleet.

The planes fly under German Air Force callsigns.

Greece

Hellenic Republic Gulfstream V

Greece's prime minister has a Gulfstream V at his disposal, which is under the operational command of the Hellenic Air Force. The aircraft was bought by the government of Costas Simitis for the needs of Greece's 2003 EU presidency and the preparations of the 2004 Olympic Games. The VIP transport squadron (112 Combat Wing at the Elefsis Air Force Base) of the Hellenic Air Force also operates two Embraer business jets. For long haul flights the Prime Minister and other officials used one of the Airbus A340-300s of the government-owned Olympic Airlines when they were still in service. The A340 aircraft were used for the official visit of the Greek Prime Minister to Australia in 2007.

Two other aircraft used over the last two decades for the same purpose raised controversy. A Dassault Falcon 900 had a range of technical problems culminating in an accident that killed the deputy minister of foreign affairs Giannos Kranidiotis and five other people due to severe in-flight pitch oscillations 20 minutes before landing at Bucharest on 9 September 1999.[93]

Under executive order 2954/28-8-12, the Greek government bestowed the 30-seat Embraer to the Hellenic Air Force to be used for pilot training, patient airlift and organ transplant transportation.

In 2021 the Hellenic Air Force added a Falcon 7X to its fleet for VIP transport duties.

The planes fly under normal Hellenic Air Force callsigns.

Hungary

The Hungarian government uses two Dassault Falcon 7X and two Airbus A319 airliners, which are operated by the Hungarian Air Force and fly under its callsigns (HUAF).

Iceland

The government uses commercial aircraft and private aircraft for travel.

Ireland

Irish Air Corps Gulfstream IV used as VIP Transport

The Irish Ministerial Air Transport Service (MATS) is part of the Irish Air Corps, it provides secure transport to the President of Ireland, the Taoiseach, the Tánaiste, and members of the government and their staff, both within and outside Ireland.

A Learjet 45 is currently used. Until recently, a Gulfstream IV was also part of the fleet.[94] The Air Corps AW139 helicopters are also used as government transport.[95] The planes fly under an Irish Air Corps callsign.

Italy

Main article: 31º Stormo

Airbus A319CJ – Italian Air Force

The Italian Air Force operates three Airbus A319 Corporate Jets, three Dassault Falcon 900s and two Dassault Falcon 50s for government transport. Two AgustaWestland AW139s are operated for use by the President and government officials, and are also used by the Pope. An Airbus A340-500 was leased for longer-distance trips in 2016 and phased out in 2018. All aircraft and helicopters are operated by the 31st Wing based in Rome Ciampino Airport.[96]

The planes fly under the callsign "IAM9001" when transporting the Head of State.

Liechtenstein

The government tends not to travel a lot, however, commercial aircraft is used if necessary.

Lithuania

Lithuanian Air Force Alenia C-27J Spartan

The president and the government of Lithuania use one of the three Alenia C-27J Spartans of the Lithuanian Air Force in a passenger configuration,[97] which flies under a Lithuanian Air Force callsign. For longer trips, commercial aircraft are used.

Luxembourg

Luxair's Boeing 737-700

A private Cessna 550 Citation II, a Learjet 35A or even a 737-700 chartered from the flag carrier Luxair are sometimes used for governmental flights.[98] Other than that, commercial aircraft is used, for example Prime Minister Xavier Bettel used a Vietnam Airlines plane to travel to Vietnam for a working visit.[99]

Malta

The government uses a Learjet for travel, which flies under the callsign "JLN".

Moldova

In the 1990s, the Moldovan government operated a single Tupolev TU-134 for use by the government. In the 2000s, it was retired, and the Moldovan government leased an Air Moldova Yakovlev Yak-40 for VIP use. That was retired too, and the most recent aircraft used by the President or Prime Minister is an Air Moldova Airbus A320 family jet, which uses an Air Moldova callsign. President Maia Sandu was spotted taking low-cost carrier Wizz Air on a flight to Brussels.[100]

Monaco

Monaco Government Dassault Falcon 7X on finals into Innsbruck, Tirol (Austria)

The Prince and the Monegasque government (including the Minister of State) use a Dassault Falcon 7X based in Nice Côte d'Azur Airport in France.[101]

Since 2018 the prince and the government of Monaco uses a Dassault Falcon 8X with the same registration – 3A-MGA, which replaced a Dassault Falcon 900 also. The aircraft uses its registration as a callsign.

Montenegro

The Government of Montenegro operates one Learjet 45 for VIP transport. registration 4O-MNE. It uses its registration as a callsign.

Netherlands

The 737-700BBJ (PH-GOV) of the Dutch government

The government of the Netherlands operates as Dutch government aircraft [nl] a Boeing 737 BBJ as a means of transport for the Dutch Royal family and government officials such as the prime minister and other ministers. It is used not only to attend international conferences but also for private trips by King Willem-Alexander (who is a licensed commercial pilot type rated to fly the 737) and Queen Maxima. This aircraft, registered PH-GOV (GOVernment), was introduced in 2019 at a cost of 89m euros.[102][103] A Fokker 70 registered PH-KBX (Koningin Beatrix) had been operated, but was retired in May 2017 in line with the withdrawal of the Fokker 70 from the fleet of KLM Cityhopper which had maintained the aircraft.[104] Prior to the introduction of the Fokker 70, a Fokker F28 Fellowship registered PH-PBX (Princess BeatriX) had been used.

A Gulfstream G650ER of the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) is also available.

The planes use their registrations as callsigns.

North Macedonia

The government of North Macedonia operated a Learjet 25B and a Learjet 60 in 2015.[16] The planes use their registrations as callsigns.

Learjet 60, serving as VIP-transport with the North Macedonian Air Force.

Norway

Dassault Falcon 20, formerly serving as VIP transport with the Royal Norwegian Air Force.

The air transport of the King and Prime Minister of Norway is mostly handled by commercial airliners with the VIPs travelling in business or first class. However, the Norwegian government will charter small private jets for government ministers when needed. The Royal Norwegian Air Force 717 Squadron at Rygge Air Station formerly maintain one Dassault Falcon 20 (5–9 passengers) for VIP transport of the royal family, ministers and armed forces senior staff. This plane flew under regular Norwegian Air Force callsigns, albeit with some changes.

Poland

For the transport of VIPs in Poland before 10 April 2010, see 36th Special Aviation Regiment.

Polish Gulfstream G550 (in service since 2017)
Polish Air Force Boeing BBJ2 Ignacy Jan Paderewski (0112)

As of June 2022, the Polish Government operates a fleet of five aircraft for VIP transport. This includes two Boeing BBJ2 in custom configuration for 65 passengers and featuring secure communication systems as well as anti-missile defense systems, one reconfigured Boeing 737-800NG with 132 seats, and two Gulfstream G550 each capable of carrying 16 passengers. The aircraft are operated and maintained by the Polish Air Force 1st Airlift Air Base.[105][106]

During communist rule in the People's Republic of Poland the aircraft used for head of state transport included Lisunov Li-2, Ilyushin Il-14, Il-18, Tupolev Tu-134A, Yakovlev Yak-40. From 1990 the Polish Air Force operated two modified Tupolev Tu-154M Lux, additionally a number of Yakovlev Yak-40 and PZL M28 Bryza fixed-wing aircraft, Mil Mi-8, PZL W-3 Sokół and Bell 412 helicopters were used by 36th Special Aviation Regiment in Warsaw. On 4 December 2003, a Polish Air Force Mil Mi-8 carrying prime minister Leszek Miller crashed in a forest near Warsaw. Even though the helicopter was lost, all 15 people on board survived. Tu-154M tail number 101, carrying the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński, crashed in April 2010, killing him and everyone on board. The remaining Tu-154M and all Yak-40s were retired in 2011, while the 36th Regiment was disbanded.[107] Due to lack of the VIP fleet both the president and prime minister often used Polish Air Force EADS CASA C-295Ms for domestic flight and due to civil aviation restrictions.[108]

Between June 2010 and December 2018 the Government of Poland used two Embraer ERJ-175LR (ERJ-170-200LR) leased from LOT Polish Airlines to carry out state flights. Since 2012 Polish Air Force 1st Airlift Air Base in Warsaw-Okecie operates VIP helicopters for domestic transportation and since 2018 the long range passenger jets. The HEAD instruction for organizing the flights within the Polish Armed Forces gives the HEAD flight status when there is the president, prime minister or the parliament speakers on board. The flights carried by LOT are operated with both the rules of the civil procedures and in line with the unofficial civil HEAD instruction.[109]

Portugal

Dassault Falcon 50 of the Portuguese Air Force

The Portuguese Air Force operates three Dassault Falcon 50s and one Dassault Falcon 900 for use by the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister, as well as cabinet members and other dignitaries when appropriate. They are operated by the 504 Squadron "Linces", based at the Lisbon Military Airfield (AT1).

Additionally, for similar use, the Portuguese Air Force maintained three Dassault Falcon 20s, bought from FedEx as cargo aircraft and converted to VIP configuration maintaining the outsized cargo door. These aircraft are no longer operational, the last one being used as an Aeronautical Navigation Calibration aircraft. These aircraft also flew under Portuguese Air Force callsigns.

The three Dassault Falcon 50 are also often used for long range emergency human organ transports and medical evacuation, mainly from and to the Portuguese islands of Azores and Madeira.

The Portuguese heads of state often fly in modern Airbus A330-900 and other planes from TAP Air Portugal in long haul travels.

Romania

Main article: Romavia

Romania operated one Boeing 707 for the President, a BAC 1-11 mostly for the prime minister, and a SA-365 Dauphin for internal transport. The operator of these flights was the Ministry of National Defense, the owner of Romavia.

When Romavia was shutdown in October 2010, the presidential administration began chartering an Airbus A310-300 from TAROM, most notably one registered YR-LCB, which flew under a special TAROM callsign.

As of 2016 with the retirement of the Airbus A310 from TAROM's fleet, Romania no longer has an official aircraft, but a project to acquire one or more has been approved.

Russia

Main article: Russian presidential aircraft

Ilyushin Il-96-300PU of Russia at Vnukovo International Airport in 2015

The Russia State Transport Company operates two Ilyushin Il-96-300PU for use of the President of Russia.

At least one of the aircraft was refitted as a VIP transport in 2001 by a British company for a price of GBP 10 million.[citation needed] The aircraft is reported to have an escape capsule, much like the one featured in the film Air Force One.[55]

The Russian government fleet consists of the following aircraft (April 2016):

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Airbus ACJ319 2
Antonov An-148 2
Dassault Falcon 7X 2
Ilyushin Il-96-300 8
Ilyushin IL-62 8
Sukhoi Superjet 100 2
Tupolev Tu-204-300 2
Tupolev Tu-214 13
Total 31

These aircraft all fly under the callsign "RSD".

San Marino

It is currently unknown which aircraft are used by San Marinese officials for travel.

Serbia

The Government Aviation Service (Avio-služba Vlade) is responsible for transporting the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister abroad (outside the country). It operates a two-plane fleet, consisting of Embraer Legacy 600 and a Learjet 31. The Police Helicopter Unit (Helikopterska jedinica) is responsible for transporting the President, Prime Minister and Minister of Internal Affairs within the country, for which purpose it uses two helicopters: an Airbus H215 and a Sikorsky S-76.

Slovakia

Airbus ACJ319 of Slovak Government Flying Service painted in national colours and portraying famous Slovak politician Milan Rastislav Štefánik

The Slovak Government Flying Service operates two Airbus A319 – 115 ACE and two Fokker 100. It also operates one Bell 429 helicopter for Slovak Police and two Mil-171 helicopters for use by the President, Prime Minister and government officials. All planes under the Slovak Government Flying Service use the callsign "SSG", with "SSG1" used to denote a plane carrying a VIP.

Slovenia

Slovenian Falcon 2000 EX, L1-01
Slovenian LET L-410UVP-E L4-01

The Slovenian Armed Forces operate a Dassault Falcon 2000 EX state registration number: L1-01 (MSN: 15) for VIP transport, primarily of the President, Prime Minister, and members of the Government. The Government has decided in early 2015 to use the aircraft also for medical transportation of body organs. Another aircraft that is used for short flights and as a transport for military officers is the Let L-410 Turbolet state registration number: L4-01 (MSN: 912606). The Dassault Falcon 2000 flies under the callsign "LSV101" and the Let L-410 flies under the callsign "LSV401".

Spain

Main article: 45 Grupo de Fuerzas Aéreas

Airbus A310-300 of the Spanish Air and Space Force
Dassault Falcon 900 of the Spanish Air Force

The Spanish Air Force operates two customized Airbus A310s[110] and five Falcon 900s, for transportation of the King, the Prime Minister, high-ranking government officials and the Spanish Royal Family. These transportation services are provided by the 45th Group of the Air Force, based in Torrejón Air Base, 24 kilometers (15 mi) from Madrid. A new unit, an Airbus 330, is pending approval by the Council of Ministers of Spain. This will be the new official aircraft of the King and the Prime Minister. Usually when the Prime Minister and high-ranking officials travel, they use the Airbus A310 and use 1 of the Falcon 900s as a support aircraft. The planes use the current Spanish Air Force callsign "AME".

Previously, Spanish Air Force Boeing KC-707Cs were used.

Sweden

Gulfstream IV of the Swedish Air Force State Flight.

The Swedish Air Force Transport Squadron Bromma (Stockholm), based on Stockholm-Bromma Airport in Stockholm Municipality, operates the State Flight (Swedish: Statsflyget). It forms part of the Transport and Special Flying Unit (TSFE, Swedish: Transport och Specialflygenheten), which in its turn is a part of the Skaraborg Wing (F 7). Currently it operates two Gulfstream IV aircraft and one Gulfstream G550 in the VIP transport role.[111]

The Air Force also operates three Saab 340 in the VIP transport role.

The use of the State Flight is regulated in the State Flight Ordinance (Swedish: Statsflygsförordningen) issued by the Government of Sweden.[112] All aircraft serve the official transport needs of the King and other members of the Swedish Royal Family, the Prime Minister and cabinet ministers, and senior Swedish Armed Forces officers.

They also fly scheduled flights, then using business class and using VIP area for check in and security check.

All planes use a regular Swedish Air Force callsign, SVF.

Switzerland

The Swiss Air Force's Dassault Falcon 900EXl

The Lufttransportdienst des Bundes (LTDB) (English: Swiss Federal Government's air transport service), a unit of the Swiss Air Force located at Bern Airport, operates a fleet of VIP transport aircraft:[113]

These aircraft are mainly used by members of the Swiss Federal Council. Travel arrangements are coordinated by the Government Travel Centre in the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. A Swiss-built PC-24 of Pilatus Aircraft was used between 2019 and 2022.[114] The Beechcraft 1900D was replaced in 2020 by two Canadair CL-604 previously operated by Rega.[115] All of these aircraft are based at Bern Airport. The Citation Excel will be replaced in 2025 by a Bombardier Global 7500 purchased by the government for 109 million dollars.[116]

The 6th Air Transport Squadron, flying from the Alpnach Air Base, also operates two Eurocopter EC635 as VIP transport helicopters and has a number of Super Puma helicopters at its disposal, one of which is configured constantly as a VIP transport for domestic use and another one can be configured for VIP transport. Before the introduction of the EC635s, a Eurocopter Dauphin was used as a VIP helicopter.

The planes use the callsign "SUI".

Ukraine

Airbus A319 of Ukraine Air Enterprise

The President of Ukraine, along with high-ranking Ukrainian government officials are allotted two aircraft: an Airbus A319-100 (registered UR-ABA) and an Antonov An-148 (registered UR-UKR), both of which were originally operated by Ukraine Air Enterprise, under the state-owned State Management of Affairs.[citation needed] The An-148, along with an Mi-8MTV-1, was transferred to Ukrainian Ministry of Defence in 2021.[117] The planes use the callsign "UKN".

However, following the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine military hostilities in 2022, president Volodymyr Zelenskyy opted to use an assortment of different transport aircraft offered by NATO-members states over the Ukrainian state-owned A319 for international visits, ostensibly for security reasons.[citation needed] The A319 was not summoned for presidential transport until September 2023, when Zelenskyy used it to travel to the United States to attend the 78th session of the UN General Assembly; it was the first time that the plane had been summoned for presidential transport during wartime.[118]

Between 2022 and 2023, Zelenskyy used the following aircraft:

Aircraft Service-of-origin Visit
2022
Boeing C-40B Clipper United States Air Force 21 December visit to the United States[119]
2023
Boeing C-17 Globemaster III Royal Air Force 8 February visit to the United Kingdom[120]
Airbus A321 Royal Air Force 8–9 February connecting visit to France[121]
Dassault Falcon 7X French Air and Space Force 9 February connecting visit from to Belgium[122]
Boeing 737 BBJ Royal Netherlands Air Force 3–4 May visit to the Netherlands[123]
Airbus A319CJ Italian Air Force 13–14 May visit to Italy[124]
Airbus A330-200 French Air and Space Force 2023 Arab League summit, Jeddah;[125] 2023 G7 summit, Hiroshima[126]
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules Royal Danish Air Force 20–21 August visit to Denmark[127]

United Kingdom

Main articles: Air transport of the British royal family and government and VIP RAF Voyager

Airbus A330 Voyager (ZZ336)
The King's Helicopter
RAF No.32 Squadron A109SP

The British Government and Royal Family have use of an Airbus A330 Voyager,[128] two Dassault 900LX and an Airbus A321LR for official travel. The King's Helicopter Flight also provides two Sikorsky S-76+.

The A330 is the single VIP variant of the A330 MRTT operated by the Royal Air Force and AirTanker[129] for air refueling and military transport. The Voyager was reconfigured to include a secure satellite communications system, missile detection, conference facilities, 58 business class seats and 100 economy seats but retains its primary role for the Royal Air Force.[130] No. 32 (The Royal) Squadron of the RAF maintains an Agusta A109SP helicopter for use principally by the British Armed Forces. Until March 2022, the squadron operated four BAe 146s, which have been replaced by two Dassault 900LX aircraft.[131] The A321 is owned and operated by Titan Airways[132] on behalf of the UK Government.

On visits to Commonwealth realms – such as Australia, Canada and New Zealand – the Royal Family have often used the VIP aircraft of the host nation.

The British government used RAF Transport Command Vickers VC-10 aircraft until the late 1990s before their retirement from long-haul flight. During the 2000s and early 2010s they travelled on aircraft borrowed from British Airways or Virgin Atlantic for non-European or long-haul flights, and on rented private jets for inter-European flights. In 2012, then-Prime Minister David Cameron used a Boeing 747-400 operated by charter airline Atlas Air on his four-day state visit to Southeast Asia. Atlas Air typically uses this plane for SonAir, the air transport division of Sonangol Group, an Angolan state-owned oil company.[133] On 8 July 2016, the newly converted RAF Voyager was first used by the UK to transport government ministers from Heathrow Airport to the 2016 NATO conference in Warsaw, Poland. In 2020, Boris Johnson's government commissioned additional changes to the aircraft, including a new livery consisting of a mainly white colour scheme, the Union Jack at the rear of the aircraft, and "United Kingdom" written in gold across the sides, to replace the former military grey colour scheme. The changes cost the British Government £900,000 and were carried out at Cambridge City Airport. An Airbus A321-200neo with an identical livery was also commissioned in late 2020, with the ability for fast summoning and the capability of flying from London to Washington.

Vatican City/Holy See

President George W. Bush walks the red carpet with Pope Benedict XVI. Behind is an Alitalia aircraft. Alitalia and its successor, ITA Airways, traditionally flies the Pope within Italy, and from Italy to foreign lands

Typically, the Pope flies on a chartered ITA Airways fixed-wing aircraft when travelling to or from more distant destinations and making pastoral and state visits to a country. Prior to 2021, the Pope formerly flew on a chartered Alitalia flight before the airline ceased operations in 2021 and later reorganized into ITA Airways.[citation needed] Traditional protocol dictates that a Pope flies to a country he is visiting on a chartered ITA Airways jet and to return on a jet belonging to a flag carrier from the visited nation; this may vary when he is touring multiple nations. When Pope John Paul II visited South America in May 1988, he travelled to Paraguay from Peru in an AeroPerú DC-8, but left Asunción International Airport back to Europe in a transcontinental Alitalia Boeing 747, which was brought in just hours before his farewell ceremony. Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas' longest-range aircraft at the time were Boeing 707-320Bs, which had to stop in Dakar, Senegal to refuel. However, he politely travelled within the country in a LAP jet, which incidentally carried the distinguished visitor's coat of arms in the forward fuselage as courtesy. Pope Benedict XVI also returned to Rome from Brazil on Alitalia.

The call sign of a papal flight within Italy is "volo papale" ("papal flight" in Italian) followed by the number of flights the pope has made. Pope John Paul II made 104 papal flights, so his call sign would have been "Volo Papale 104".[134] The pope also uses a helicopter of the Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare), an AgustaWestland AW139, for short distances. There are two papal heliports, with the Vatican City Heliport being on the tiny state's western corner, and another on the southern edge of the extraterritorial papal residence of Castel Gandolfo. The former bears the official Latin designation Portus Helicopterorum.

Papal flights within the United States or chartered on a U.S. airline may be given the callsign "Shepherd One" by the Federal Aviation Administration.[135][136][137][138]

Middle East

Algeria

The Airbus A340-500 used by the Algerian Government, the largest aircraft currently in its fleet.

The Algerian Air Force operates a small fleet of aircraft for use by the President and government officials, the largest of which is an Airbus A340-500. This aircraft was purchased during the presidency of Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who only used it once before it was mothballed for several years. It has now been returned to regular use after the inauguration of current President Abdelmadjid Tebboune.

Other, smaller aircraft that can be used include 2 ATR 72s, one Gulfstream G-V, and 3 Gulfstream G-IVs. Formerly used aircraft include an Ilyushin Il-18V and a Dassault Falcon 20C. Officials also occasionally use aircraft from national airline Air Algérie for travel as well.

All government aircraft use their registrations as callsigns.

Bahrain

A formerly operated Bahrain Royal Flight Boeing 747SP.

The Bahrain Royal Flight and Bahrain Defense Force operate 2 Boeing 747-400s, 1 Boeing 767-400, 1 Boeing 737-800, 5 BAe-146 of various modifications and 3 Gulfstream Aerospace (G450, G550, G650) for VIP transportation of the Bahraini royal family.[139][140]

The 747-400s typically under the callsigns "BAH1"/2", the 767-400 under "BAH3", the Gulfstream G450 under "BAH4", the Gulfstream G550 under "BAH5", the Gulfstream G650 under "BAH6"/7", and the Avro RJ85 under "BAH8".

Egypt

The A340-200 used by the Egyptian government since the mid-1990s.

The government of Egypt operated an Airbus A340-200 along with a number of business jets including the Gulfstream IV and Dassault Falcon 20s in 2015.[141]

The first presidential aircraft in Egypt was a gift from Saudi Arabia to President Anwar Sadat. Before that, President Gamal Abdel Nasser, traveled using a rented aircraft from Egyptair.

On 10 September 2021, it was announced that the Egyptian government had acquired a Boeing 747-8I, registered SU-EGY for use as a VIP transport aircraft. The 747, which had originally been ordered by Lufthansa as D-ABYE, had not been accepted by the airline and spent a number of years in the Mojave Desert as N828BA.[citation needed]

In addition to Egyptian Air Force aircraft, a number of aircraft are directly under government control to transfer the president of Egypt, presidential logistics, the prime minister and members of the government, including:

Aircraft Origin In Service
fixed-wing
Boeing 747-8 USA 1
Airbus A340-200 France 1
Beechcraft Super King Air USA 4
Boeing 707 USA 1
Boeing 737-800 USA 4
Dassault Falcon 20 France 3
Dassault Falcon 7X France 4
Dassault Falcon 8X France 1
Gulfstream III USA 2
Gulfstream IV USA 4
VC-130H Hercules USA 1
Helicopters
Sikorsky H-3 Sea King USA 2
Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk USA 2
Westland Commando MK-2B UK 2

Any aircraft carrying the president, mostly the A340, flies under the callsign "EGY1".

Iran

Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his wife deplaning from the VIP-configured Boeing 707 Shahin (1970s). The aircraft remained in Iranian government service until the early 2010s.
Iranian Airbus A340-300 acquired in September 2015

Until the early 2010s, the supreme leader, the president and other high-ranking government officials of Iran were still using the aged but famous Shahin, a special VIP designed Boeing 707 which was ordered and purchased by the Shah in the 1970s. It was initially far more luxuriously outfitted than US Air Force One (also a Boeing 707 at the time), but after the Iranian Revolution in 1979 it was redesigned as a normal VIP aircraft. Another VIP airliner, an Airbus A321 which was purchased during the 1990s, is also used on medium range trips of high officials such as the Foreign Minister, the Speaker of Parliament and the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council. The other VIP aircraft in use by the government consist of one Dassault Falcon 20, three Dassault Falcon 50s and a Lockheed JetStar all operated by the Iranian Air Force, and an Airbus A340-300, operated (along with the A321) by Meraj Airlines. The government had also occasionally chartered an A340-300 from Mahan Air prior to the acquisition of the A340-300.

As of 2022, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei owns four planes: Airbus A340-313, Dassault Falcon 50, Dassault Falcon 900EX and the Airbus A321-231.

Any aircraft carrying the President uses the callsign "IRAN02".

Iraq

As of 2020, the government of Iraq operates a Boeing 737-800.[citation needed]

Prior to 2014, it used a Boeing 767-200 and an Airbus A310.

President Saddam Hussein had his own personal Boeing 747SP for his travel as well as few Boeing 727s and Dassault Falcons for governmental use. Now, they travel on either a Boeing 737-800 or a Boeing 767-300ER from Iraqi Airways.

The current 737 flies under the callsign "IPF", short for "Iraqi Presidential Office".

Israel

Main article: Wing of Zion

The "Israeli Air Force One" undergoing final tests.

Since 1948, senior officials of the Israel government, including the President and the Prime Minister, have either travelled on military aircraft supplied by the Israeli government or on commercially-chartered aircraft.[142]

In the early years of Israel's existence, prime minister David Ben-Gurion travelled using military aircraft belonging to the Israeli Air Force (IAF), such as the Douglas DC-3.[142][143] However, in the 1960s, the IAF chose to use a specially-adapted Boeing 377 Stratocruiser, for ministerial travel abroad.[142] From the 1970s onwards, government officials were transported internationally using second-hand Boeing 707 aircraft, which were purchased beforehand from commercial airlines and specifically configured for VIP transportation.[142] The 707 was retired by the IAF in 2001.[144]

Beginning from the 2000s, senior Israeli government officials have been transported abroad using commercial airliners leased by the Ministry of Defense from El Al.[145] For short-range international flights, El Al's inventory of Boeing 737 aircraft have been customarily used, while the larger wide-body aircraft such as the Boeing 767 and 777 have been supplied for long-range transcontinental travel.[142] Nonetheless, this practice has been criticized for its annual incurrence of high costs stemming from leasing and transportation, in addition to the planes' lack of secure communication facilities.[146][144]

In April 2014, Israel's Cabinet approved a decision to procure an aircraft dedicated exclusively for the transport of the president and the prime minister.[147] The move, which specified the purchase of a second-hand airliner and its reconfiguration for VIP transport, was initially estimated to cost around NIS 393 million.[142] In 2016, Israel purchased a second-hand Boeing 767-300ER originally operated by Qantas, which had first flown in 2000.[148] The 767, dubbed the Knaf Zion (Wing of Zion) was retrofitted with infrared missile-defense countermeasures and a secure communications suite over a span of two years, and first flew in November 2019.[148][149]

Jordan

Jordan Airbus A318J

The members of the royal family and government officials use an Airbus A318-112 Elite. They also can use either private aircraft or other government aircraft at their disposal. The Jordanian King has also been known to use a UAE Boeing 777-200 belonging to the Amiri Flight Wing.

Any plane carrying the royal family or government flies under a Royal Jordanian callsign "RJA" or the registration.

Kuwait

State of Kuwait Airbus A340-500
State of Kuwait Boeing 737-900ER (BBJ3).

Until April 2013, the Emir of Kuwait used a Boeing 747-400; since then he has used either one of two Airbus A340-500 airframes equipped with military defense equipment to protect the aircraft from any potential attacks, or since 2016, a Boeing 747-8 equipped similarly to the A340s. The aircraft are also used by the Crown Prince of Kuwait.

The rest of the official state aircraft used by senior ruling family members and cabinet members consist of:

Aircraft Quantity
Airbus A319 1
Airbus A320 1
Airbus A340-500 2
Boeing 737-900ER 1
Boeing 747-8 1
Gulfstream G550 1

These aircraft all fly under "KUG" (Kuwaiti Government) callsigns with some differences.

Lebanon

A Middle East Airlines Airbus A330-200 boarding the Lebanese President and the Lebanese delegation to the United Nations at New York-JFK Airport.

For his local and regional trips, the Lebanese president uses a Lebanese Air Force VIP variant of an AgustaWestland AW139 code named "Cedar 1"; the helicopter was a gift from the Emir of Qatar HH Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. The president uses Middle East Airlines (MEA) jets for his international trips. MEA aircraft use "Cedar Jet 1" (MEA1) as a special call sign when they are transporting the president.

Libya

During the rule of Muammar Gaddafi, the government operated an Airbus A340-200 for international travel. After his overthrow, the plane was ferried to Perpignan in France in 2014 for repairs. It was then released seven years later and now flies for the current government. A Dassault Falcon 900EX has also been used for travel, along with a retired Ilyushin Il-62M and a Lockheed L-1329 Jetstar. Any plane with the president flies under the callsign "LBY001".

Mauritania

The Mauritanian Air Force currently operates a Boeing 737 BBJ in a white-livery for use by the President and government officials, registered under the callsign 5T-ONE.[150]

Before the acquisition of this plane, the government would borrow aircraft from Mauritania Airlines, such as Boeing 737s and Embraer 175s.

Currently, any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "MRT001".

Morocco

Moroccan Air Force Boeing 747-8
Moroccan Air Force Boeing BBJ2, operated for the exclusive use by the royal family

The Moroccan Air Force operates a fleet of VIP aircraft for use by Moroccan officials, including the King and Prime Minister of Morocco:

Aircraft Quantity
Boeing 747-400 1
Boeing 747-8 1
Boeing 737-800 1
Cessna 560XL Citation XLS Plus 3
Dassault Falcon 50 1
Dassault Falcon 10 1
Gulfstream II 1
Gulfstream III 1
Gulfstream G550 2
Gulfstream G650 1
British Aerospace 146 1
AgustaWestland AW139 1

A fleet of smaller jets and Beechcraft Super King Air 200/350 turboprops, is also occasionally used for VIP-transport of the royal family, ministers and Royal Moroccan Armed Forces senior staff.

All aircraft use either a Royal Air Maroc callsign or the callsigns "RMAF" or "FRV".

Oman

Main article: Royal Flight of Oman

The Royal Flight of Oman operates the following aircraft for use by the Sultan of Oman and members of his government.

Aircraft Origin In Service
fixed-wing
Boeing 747-8 USA 1
Boeing 747-400 USA 1
Boeing 747SP USA 1
Airbus A320 France 1
Airbus A319 France 3
Gulfstream G550 USA 2
Helicopters
Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma France 6
Eurocopter Fennec France 3

All planes fly under the callsign "OMAN" or "ORF.

Qatar

Main article: Qatar Amiri Flight

The government-owned carrier Qatar Amiri Flight is used to transport royal and other VIP government personnel.

These aircraft, with the exception of the A320, all fly under a regular Qatar Airways callsign. All aircraft fly under Qatari Air Force (QAF) callsigns.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabian Government Boeing 747-300 parked at JFK Airport in New York City.

The Saudi royal family and government have multiple fleets of aircraft at their disposal. The Saudi Arabian Government operates a Boeing 747-300, a Boeing 747-400, a Boeing 757-200, an Airbus A340-200 and a Boeing 777-300ER for use by the King of Saudi Arabia.[151] Saudi Royal Flight operates an Airbus A318 corporate jet. In the mid-2010s the Saudi government struck a deal with Boeing to purchase two Boeing 787s, registrations HZ-MF7 and HZ-MF8 for exclusive use by the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman. These aircraft were not painted in the normal Saudia livery, but in the livery for aircraft operated by the Saudi Ministry of Finance and Economy. Other aircraft operated by the ministry are three Boeing 737 Business Jets and three Gulfstream G300s. Other aircraft used by Saudi royals are two Boeing 737-700 BBJ and one Gulfstream G450 operated by the Saudi Air Force, painted in an all-white livery with a Saudi flag on the tail and green stripes across the fuselage, and aircraft operated by Saudi Aramco.

Aircraft Origin In Service
fixed-wing
Boeing 787 US 2
Boeing 747-400 US 1
Boeing 747-300 US 1
Boeing 747SP US 1
Boeing 777-300ER US 1
Boeing 757-200 US 1
Boeing 737 BBJ US 5
Airbus A340-200 France 2
Airbus A318 ACJ France 1
Gulfstream G450 US 1
Gulfstream G300 US 3
Helicopters
AW 101 Italy 1
AW 139 Italy 3
Sikorsky S-92 US 2

All planes except the 737 BBJ fly under the regular Saudi callsign SVA. The 737 flies under the callsign SHU.

Sudan

President Omar al-Bashir typically used to travel on an Ilyushin Il-62 or a Dassault Falcon 50.[152] Two Mil Mi-17 VIP helicopters are also used for domestic air transport.[153] An Embraer EMB-135 with a brown livery and a Dassault Falcon 20F are also used. Currently in the government fleet there is a Dassault Falcon 900 (reg: ST-PSA)

In 2021 an A320 was noted in Abu Dhabi with Sudanese government titles (registered A6-EIP). As this plane used to be operated by Etihad, the plane flies under a four-digit Etihad callsign and still retains its original registration.

Syria

Government of Syria Dassault Falcon 900

The government of Syria operated a Dassault Falcon 900 in 2016.[22] They also operate a Dassault Falcon 20E and a Dassault Falcon 50, which all use special Syrianair callsigns. President Bashar al-Assad used an Airbus A320 from Syrianair during a landmark trip to Saudi Arabia.[154]

Tunisia

Republic of Tunisia Boeing 737 BBJ

The government of Tunisia operates a Boeing 737 BBJ bought in 1999 and registered under TS-IOO. In 2008, President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali tried to replace it with an Airbus A340-542 registered TS-KRT, but he only used it once before he sent it back to France to change the interior design. Ben Ali was ousted in the Tunisian Revolution in 2011 and the post-revolutionary government sought to get rid of the aircraft, eventually selling it to the Turkish government in 2016.[22] Whenever a plane is carrying the President, it uses the callsign "TUNIS1".

Turkey

Turkish Government Boeing 747-8 landing at Beijing Capital International Airport in July 2019.
Turkish Government Airbus A330-200
Turkish Government Airbus A340 at Beijing Capital International Airport in September 2017.

The government of Turkey has a VIP fleet which is maintained by Turkish Airlines for and on behalf of the President. Airplanes and helicopters use the state aircraft hangar at Ankara Esenboğa Airport as its main base, which was opened in 2013. The maintenance and parking operations of these aircraft and helicopters are performed here. The airplanes and helicopters are used for the domestic and international flights of the President, Vice presidents, the Speaker of the Grand National Assembly and ministers. In 2016, there was a total of 2026 flight hours performed by 11 aircraft. In the same year, the three helicopters flew together for a total of 485 hours. Flight operations and catering services of the aircraft is done by Turkish Airlines staff, while the maintenance of aircraft is done by Turkish Technic staff. The maintenance and flight operations of the helicopters are carried out by Presidential personnel.[155]

The composition of the Turkish government fleet is shown in the table below.

The Airbus A340-500 was purchased from the Tunisian government after President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who ordered it to replace a Boeing BBJ, was ousted.

A heavily modified Boeing 747-8 was gifted to Turkey by the royal family of Qatar.[156][157]

When the President is on board any aircraft, the call-sign is "Turkish Republic One"/TRK1.

Aircraft In Fleet Registration
Fixed-wing
Airbus A318-112(CJ) 1 TC-ANK
Airbus A319-133(CJ) 1 TC-IST
Airbus A330-243 1 TC-TUR
Airbus A340-541 1 TC-CAN
Boeing 747-8(BBJ) 1 TC-TRK
Bombardier CL-600-2B19 1 TC-TRY
Gulfstream G550 1 TC-ATA
Gulfstream G550 1 TC-CBK
Gulfstream G550 1 TC-DAP
Gulfstream G-IV 1 TC-GAP
Gulfstream G-IV 1 TC-GVA
Gulfstream G-IV 1 TC-GVB
Total 13
Helicopters
Sikorsky S-92 3 EM-001
EM-002
EM-003

United Arab Emirates

Dubai Royal Air Wing – Boeing 747-400
Another Royal flight, a Boeing 747SP.

The United Arab Emirates has seven constituent Emirates, each one with its own private jet fleet. The most notable fleets are maintained by the Dubai Royal Air Wing and Presidential Flight (UAE).

The Dubai Royal Air Wing has 10 aircraft ranging in size from a Boeing 737-700 to a Boeing 747-400, used by the Emir of Dubai as well as government officials.[158]

The Presidential Flight of the Abu Dhabi Emirate has 8 aircraft, the smallest being an Airbus A320-200 and the largest being a Boeing 787-9.[159]

The Sharjah Royal Flight uses an Airbus A319 and Airbus A320.[160]

The Fujairah Amiri flight has one aircraft, an Airbus A320.[161]

The Boeing 777 in the fleet has also, in the past, been used by the Jordanian royal family for trips overseas; if this happens then any "UNITED ARAB EMIRATES" titles are removed from the fuselage of the plane to avoid confusion.

In 2024, the Royal Air Wing began repainting its 777 and 787 aircraft from the previous white and red livery into the liveries of national airlines Emirates and Etihad.[162]

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing 747-400 4
Boeing 777 2
Airbus A319-100 1
Airbus A320-200 3
Boeing 737-7/8 7
Boeing 787 Dreamliner 4
Total 21

The planes use the callsign "Dubai" or "AUH".


Yemen

A Boeing 747SP of the Yemeni government in Yemenia colors taking off from Frankfurt Airport (2004).

Yemenia operated a VIP-configured Boeing 747SP registered 7O-YMN for use by the government of Yemen. The aircraft carried the Yemenia Yemen Airways livery.[163] In March 2015, the Boeing 747SP was damaged by gunfire during a militia attack at Aden International Airport, and a subsequent blaze destroyed the aircraft completely.[164] In August 2016, the internationally-recognized government bought a Boeing 757-200 registered 7O-VIP that previously operated as a VIP transport for Uzbekistan Airways with UK75700 as its registration.[165] The 757 underwent refit and repaint in Yemen government's livery at GMF AeroAsia's maintenance facility at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, prior to delivery to Yemen.

Any aircraft carrying the president uses the callsign "IYE1".

North America

Antigua and Barbuda

The Prime Minister and members of the government use a Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander operated by the Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force Air Wing for short-haul trips, whereas commercial airlines are utilised for long-haul trips.

The Bahamas

The government travels on turbo-prop and commercial aircraft.

Barbados

The government travels on turbo-prop and commercial aircraft.

Belize

The government travels on turbo-prop and commercial aircraft.

Canada

Main article: Royal Canadian Air Force VIP aircraft

The CC-150 Polaris is used to transport the Canadian monarch, governor general, and/or prime minister

The Royal Canadian Air Force operates five CC-150 Polaris aircraft (Airbus A310-300), flown by crews of 437 Transport Squadron based at CFB Trenton; four are configured as normal airliners with cargo transport and aerial refuelling capability, while one, No. 001, is operated in a VIP configuration and charged with flying the monarch, other members of the Royal Family, the governor general, the prime minister, and other high-ranking government officials and foreign dignitaries. This aircraft flies under the callsign "CFC01". The CC-150 Polaris is primarily used for long-distance trips; for short-distance trips, four CC-144 aircraft (Bombardier Challenger 600), operated by 412 Squadron are used.[166][167] On 5 June 2020, it was announced that two of the CC-144 aircraft based on model 601 would be replaced by newer airframes based on model 650 due to issues of compatibility of the upcoming ADS-B standards.[168][169]

In November 2023, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau took his first flight aboard a refurbished Airbus A330-200 purchased from Kuwait Airways.[170] The aircraft, known as Airbus 02, replaced the previous Airbus A310-300 known as Airbus 01.

Costa Rica

The Air Surveillance Service is a department in the Ministry of Public Security which is in charge of police surveillance in airspace. This department has one Beechcraft King Air F90-1 and one MD 600N helicopter. The aircraft are available for surveillance and transportation for the president of Costa Rica and other government dignitaries. In 2018 Costa Rica bought one Beechcraft King Air 250.[171] Commercial aircraft are also used when necessary.

Cuba

Transportation for the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, President and Prime Minister is the responsibility of Cubana de Aviación, one of Cuba's state-owned airlines. Although the entire fleet is available for presidential use, the most commonly used aircraft is an Ilyushin Il-96 registered CU-T1250. The government has also been known to use aircraft from ally Venezuela's flag carrier Conviasa.

The aircraft fly under special Cubana callsigns.

Dominica

The government flies on turbo-prop or commercial aircraft.

Dominican Republic

The Air Force of the Dominican Republic maintains the presidential helicopter fleet, which includes a Bell 430 and Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin and Eurocopter EC155 models,[citation needed] to transport the President of the Dominican Republic. For overseas and long-distance travel the president is transported on an Aero Commander 500 or on commercial or private aircraft.[citation needed]

The government operated a Beech Super King Air in 2015.[172]

El Salvador

President Nayib Bukele uses a version of the Bell 412 helicopter for local flights. The president also has military aircraft, helicopters and a presidential turboprop for his use.

For short-haul flights, a Beechjet 400A is used from its base at Ilopango International Airport in the capital, San Salvador, and for long-haul flights, commercial aircraft are used.

Grenada

The government uses turbo-prop or commercial aircraft for travel.

Guatemala

Republic of Guatemala Beechcraft King Air 300 in 2016

The Guatemalan President usually travels in a Guatemalan Air Force Beechcraft King Air 300 turboprop aircraft, with capacity for 10 passengers, for international travels, or in a Guatemalan Air Force Bell 412 helicopter for travels inside Guatemala. For longer flights, or flights when Guatemalan Air Force aircraft are unavailable, the president has been known to travel using commercial or rented civilian aircraft.[citation needed]

Haiti

The government uses turbo-prop and commercial aircraft.

Honduras

Main article: Honduran presidential aircraft

Honduras Air Force EMB135BJ

The Honduran President used an IAI Westwind aircraft owned by the Honduran Air Force until October 2014 when it was changed for an Embraer Legacy 600.[173] Xiomara Castro promised during her presidential campaign in 2022 to sell the aircraft and fly commercially and use the money for social projects for the poor. She was later spotted using commercial aircraft during a state visit to China.[174] The Embraer flies under the callsign FAH001.

Jamaica

The Jamaican government charters either commercial or private aircraft for use. Various helicopters from the Jamaica Defense Force fleet may also be used.

Mexico

Mexican Air Force Boeing 787-8

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador strictly flies commercial flights where possible. His predecessors maintained a large fleet of aircraft for VIP use, including a Boeing 787 which was acquired under the Presidency of Felipe Calderón, and first and last used by president Enrique Peña Nieto in 2016. López Obrador has since sold most of these aircraft or stored them; in particular, the Boeing 787 was sold to the Government of Tajikistan in 2022.[175]

Aircraft Quantity
Boeing 787-8 0
Boeing 757-200 1
Boeing 737-300 2
Gulfstream III 2
Learjet 35A 2
Aero Commander 500 family 1
Gulfstream IV 1
Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma 2
Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma 5
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma 2

Nicaragua

The government uses turbo-prop or commercial aircraft for travel.

Panama

Panama presidential aircraft Embraer ERJ-135BJ Legacy 600.

The government of Panama operated two aircraft for transportation of the President of Panama:[176] one Embraer ERJ 145 (reg.no: HP-1A) for overseas flights, which replaced a Gulfstream II, and one Sikorsky S-76 (reg.no: HP-A1A) for domestic flights. The National Aeronaval Service is responsible for the maintenance and operation of the aircraft although it does not belong to them.[177] For long-haul trips, the government uses commercial aircraft. As of 2022, Panama is the only Central American country with a permanent presidential jet aircraft. Any plane carrying the president usually flies under PANAMA1/2 as a callsign.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

The government uses turbo-prop or commercial aircraft.

Saint Lucia

The government uses turbo-prop or commercial aircraft.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

The government uses turbo-prop and commercial aircraft.

Trinidad and Tobago

The government uses private or commercial aircraft for travel.

United States

Main articles: Army One, Air Force One, Marine One, Navy One, Coast Guard One, and Transportation of the President of the United States

United States Air Force Boeing VC-25 (also known as Air Force One)

Air travel arrangements for the President are made by the White House Military Office, and may use one of three different types of aircraft depending on the flight and available runways. The first type is two customized Boeing 747-200B jetliners with military designation VC-25A. With a livery first designed by Raymond Loewy in 1962, they are among the most recognizable aircraft in the world and are a global symbol of the country as well as the President of the United States.[citation needed] They are also considered to have inspired other nations to acquire dedicated aircraft for state travel. These aircraft are primarily used by the President and are scheduled to be replaced by Boeing 747-8i aircraft, military designation VC-25B, in the near future. The VC-25 is used for airfields with runway lengths of 3,100 m (10,200 ft) or longer because the four-engine jets require longer runways for take-offs and landings. For long-distance domestic travel and all international travel, the United States Armed Forces requires that the presidential aircraft have at least four engines.[178]

The Vice President of the United States, the First Lady and Second Ladies/Gentlemen, the Secretary of State and other high-ranking officials may use customized Boeing 757-200, Boeing 737 or Gulfstream G550 aircraft with military designations C-32A, C-40B and C-37A/B, respectively. The President-elect and Vice President-elect of the United States may also use these aircraft, upon courtesy extended by the departing Administration. Each of these aircraft bear liveries based on the Loewy design. The exact aircraft used will depend on the length and destination of the flight, as these aircraft may take off and land using runways of 1,600 m (5,200 ft) in length.[179][180] However, the President only uses either VC-25A or C-32 aircraft – though, exceptionally, President Barack Obama once used a C-37A for private travel to New York City in 2009[181] – while the Vice President almost always uses C-32 aircraft. For long-distance domestic travel and international trips, the Secretary of Defense uses one of four modified Boeing 747-200B aircraft with the military designation of E-4B. These aircraft are specially fitted to serve as National Emergency Airborne Command Posts during wartime.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing VC-25A 2
Boeing VC-25B 2
Boeing C-32A 8
Boeing C-40 Clipper 2
Total 12 2
Marine One, carrying George W. Bush, flies over the devastated community of Greensburg, Kansas, after a tornado outbreak in May 2007.

The callsign of any aircraft is regular if it is not currently carrying the President or vice-president. The callsign of any military aircraft that currently carries the President is called that military branch name followed by "One", such as Army One, Air Force One, Navy One, or Marine One (which is typically associated with a helicopter). The callsign of any military aircraft that currently carries the Vice President is called that military branch name followed by "Two", such as Air Force Two, Coast Guard Two, or Marine Two (which is typically associated with a helicopter). In the one instance that the President traveled on a private aircraft its callsign was Executive One, and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller's private Gulfstream was Executive Two when he was on board during his term of office.

In addition, the US military maintains separate fleets of Boeing C-40 Clippers (Boeing 737-700), C-37As (Gulfstream V) and C-37Bs (Gulfstream G550) for use by government officials, Members of Congress and the White House. These may have different liveries than the Loewy design.

Oceania

Australia

See also: Royal Australian Air Force VIP aircraft

An RAAF Boeing 737 BBJ at Sydney Airport

The Royal Australian Air Force operates a number of specialised aircraft to carry the King of Australia, members of the Royal Family, the Governor-General of Australia, the Prime Minister of Australia, senior members of the Australian government, and foreign, mostly Pacific Island, dignitaries.

An Airbus A330 MRTT multi-role tanker was announced by Defence Minister David Johnston in 2014 to be acquired for VIP transport, while maintaining its original ability to serve as a military tanker and transport aircraft.[1] The aircraft has the registration A39-007 and is painted in an "air force grey" livery rather than the white colour scheme. The aircraft has 100 lie-flat seats for its passengers.

The RAAF's other VIP aircraft are two leased Boeing Business Jets and three Dassault Falcon 7Xs which are operated by the No. 34 Squadron RAAF and are based at Canberra Airport. The Falcon 7Xs replaced three Bombardier Challenger 604s in 2019. The Boeing Business Jets are custom configured Boeing 737-700s, fitted with facilities such as conference tables, offices suites, secure satellite and communication capabilities. These two aircraft have a longer range than what is standard for Boeing Business Jets. The Prime Minister regularly makes use of the aircraft for domestic and international travel.

The BBJs and Challenger 604s replaced five No. 34 Squadron Dassault Falcon 900s and passenger-configured Boeing 707s tanker transports of No. 33 Squadron RAAF in 2002. These in turn replaced two BAC One-Elevens, three Dassault Falcon 20s and two Hawker Siddeley HS 748s.

These aircraft usually fly under the typical RAAF callsign "ASY".

Fiji

The government uses commercial aircraft, e.g. Fiji Airways, for travel abroad, or they use government aircraft borrowed from other countries.

Kiribati

The government of Kiribati uses commercial aircraft.

Marshall Islands

The government uses commercial aircraft for travel.

Nauru

The government uses commercial aircraft.

New Zealand

Royal New Zealand Air Force Boeing 757-200 at Kemble Airfield, Gloucestershire, England, UK, for an air display.

The Royal New Zealand Air Force maintains two Boeing 757-200s which are occasionally used to transport the Governor-General, the Prime Minister, various other government officials, as well as members of the Royal Family when on New Zealand business. As multi-role aircraft, they are more often used as transport aircraft for troops or freight. Generally, the Prime Minister and government officials use commercial or chartered flights (with Air New Zealand where available) to travel both domestically and internationally. The 757s replaced a pair of aging Boeing 727s. The planes use a regular RNZAF "KIWI/KIW" callsign.

Palau

The government uses turbo-prop or commercial aircraft for travel.

Papua New Guinea

The government uses a Dassault Falcon 900EX (Reg: P2-ANW) for overseas travel, which flies under a special Air Niugini callsign. Otherwise, the government utilises commercial aircraft.

Samoa

The government uses commercial aircraft.

Solomon Islands

The government uses commercial aircraft for travel.

Tonga

The government uses private or commercial aircraft.

Tuvalu

The government uses commercial aircraft for travel.

Vanuatu

The government can use turbo-prop or commercial aircraft for international travel.

South America

Argentina

Tango 01 of Argentine Republic

The Argentinian government currently uses a Boeing 757 outfitted in a VIP configuration for use as presidential transport, which was delivered in May 2023.[182][183]

The government under Cristina Fernández de Kirchner once operated a much larger fleet of aircraft and helicopters for exclusive use by the President of Argentina and his or her family. This fleet of aircraft was known as the "Agrupación Aérea Presidencial" (literally Spanish for "Presidential Air Group") and belonged to one of the Departments of the Presidency, called the Military House (known in Spanish as "Casa Militar"). This department was responsible for presidential security and transportation. The fleet of the Presidential Air Group in 2014 was composed of:

The Agrupación Aérea Presidencial was closed in 2016 by then-president Mauricio Macri due to the high cost of repairs and maintenance, the lack of adequate pilots and spare parts and a lack of economic viability[185].

All aircraft from the Agrupación Aérea Presidencial remained stored after closure, however Macri used the Boeing 737-500 for domestic and short-haul trips, while using private jets for long-haul trips.

In 2014, economy minister Axel Kicillof and foreign minister Héctor Timerman traveled to the G20 Summit in Brisbane in place of President Kirchner, however, due to maintenance issues, a private Swiss-registered Dassault Falcon 7X was leased and used. The plane flew from Rio Gallegos to Christchurch for a stopover before flying to Brisbane. President Kirchner also once used a Comlux Aviation Bombardier when she attended the 2010 G20 meeting in Seoul.[186]

When President Alberto Fernandez assumed power, his mode of air transport was an Aerolineas Argentinas Airbus A330-200, which would fly under the callsign "PRESI01".

When the current Boeing 757 is carrying the president it flies under the callsign "ARG1".

Bolivia

Dassault Falcon 900 - Avion presidencial de bolivia.jpg
A Dassault Falcon 50EX and a 900EX of the Bolivian Air Force for presidential and vice-presidential use

The first known government jet owned by the Bolivian government was a Rockwell Sabreliner business-jet, acquired in 1975 for use by the president and government officials and operated by the Bolivian Air Force. In July 2010, the government bought a Dassault Falcon 900EX for use by the president, and in July 2013, the government acquired a Dassault Falcon 50EX for use by the Executive Body.

Any aircraft carrying the President flies under the callsign "FAB001".

Brazil

Main article: Brazilian Air Force One

Airbus A319 VC-1A of the Brazilian Air Force One

The main Presidential aircraft used by the Brazilian Government is a modified Airbus A319, designated by the Brazilian Air Force as VC-1A and officially christened as the "Santos-Dumont", after the Brazilian aviation pioneer. The VC-1A is used for transporting the President on international medium-range travel.

For certain long-range flights the government uses a Boeing 767, which has a lease from 2017 to 2025.[187] For short-range flights the President is transported in one of the two modified Embraer 190 presidential jets. When an aircraft is transporting the President of Brazil it uses the callsign "BRS1", or "Força Aérea 01" in Portuguese.

Meanwhile, the Special Transport Group (GTE) of the Brazilian Air Force is mainly responsible for transporting the President, the vice-president and senior ministers of the Brazilian Government. The fleet of the GTE comprises 22 aircraft:

The fleet is headquartered at the Brasília Air Force Base (BABR).

Chile

FACh Boeing 737-500 VIP transport at Sydney Airport in Australia

The transportation of the president was formerly operated by state-owned flag carrier Lan Airlines, providing a Boeing 707 or a Boeing 737-200.

Nowadays, the transportation is under the responsibility of the Chilean Air Force, which operates the following aircraft:

Formerly, the Air Force also used a Boeing 707-320C which is still in service for military purposes.

Any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "FACH1".

Colombia

Colombian presidential aircraft, FAC 0001

In 1933, Colombia acquired its first presidential transport aircraft, a Junkers Ju 52/3m, one of the most advanced aircraft of that time. It served President Enrique Olaya Herrera until its retirement from service in 1950. From 1953 to 1972, a Douglas C-54 Skymaster served as the presidential aircraft starting with the dictatorship of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla (1953–57).

In 1972 a new Fokker F28-1000 became the presidential aircraft during the presidency of Misael Pastrana Borrero.

In 2005, Colombia operated the following aircraft for presidential transport:

Aircraft Quantity
Fixed-wing
Boeing 737-700BBJ 1
Fokker F28 Fellowship 2
Embraer Legacy 600 1
Learjet 60 1
Helicopters
Bell 412 2
Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk 1

The Colombian president may use the modified "Jupiter" Boeing KC-767 for longer-range flights.

Any aircraft carrying the president flies under the callsign "FAC0001".

Ecuador

Rafael Correa's presidential Embraer Legacy 600 arriving at Camilo Ponce Enríquez Airport in Loja, Ecuador, in September 2013.

Ecuador had a Dassault Falcon 7X and an Embraer Legacy 600 for presidential long and short range transport respectively, both acquired in recent years by Rafael Correa's government.[189] They replaced an older fleet of Rockwell Sabreliners and Avro 748s. Aircraft from commercial airline TAME have also been used. In 2021, president Guillermo Lasso ordered the retirement and sale of the presidential plane as part of a decree to "rationalize public spending and balance the national budget by selling unproductive assets whose conservation would be inefficient or unnecessary".[190][191]

Any plane carrying the president flies under the callsign "FAE001".

Guyana

A Beechcraft B300 King Air is currently used by the Guyanese government for overseas travel, registered 8R-GPW.

Paraguay

In 2019, a Cessna Citation Sovereign donated by the Taiwanese government was placed in service with the Paraguayan Air Force (FAP) as a VIP and presidential aircraft. Alfredo Stroessner, head of state from 1954 to 1989, used a de Havilland Dove and later a de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter as a VIP transport; although the Twin Otter remained in the FAP inventory, subsequent presidents instead used two privately-owned aircraft, a Beechcraft King Air 350 and a Boeing 707, until the 707 was retired without replacement in 1998.[192] The Cessna is registered as FAP-3001 and is painted in the colors of the Paraguayan flag. A regular Paraguayan Air Force callsign is used.[citation needed]

Peru

Boeing 737 of Republic of Peru

The official aircraft of the President of Peru is a Boeing 737-500 of the Peruvian Air Force, acquired in 1995 during Alberto Fujimori's presidency. President Pedro Castillo promised to sell the aircraft and fly commercial, use the money for health and education for the poor, as well as considering banning government officials from flying first class.[193] The plane flies under a Peruvian Air Force callsign.

Suriname

An Airbus A340-313 is chartered from Surinam Airways and has been used for international and long haul flights. For flights in the Americas, a Boeing 737-300 is also chartered from Surinam Airways. For domestic flights, a helicopter is chartered from Hi-Jet Helicopter Services.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Airbus A340-300 1
Boeing 737-300 1
Total 2

A China Southern Airlines Airbus A330 was also used to transport the President during a 2019 trip to China.

Uruguay

Main article: Presidential air transport of Uruguay

Uruguayan Air Force Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia

The President of Uruguay uses an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, operated by the Uruguayan Air Force, which uses a regular Uruguayan Air Force callsign, for flights within South America. Outside the continent, commercial flights are used.

Venezuela

Two government aircraft in 2019 were transferred to the management of the national airline Conviasa, repainted in its colors and re-registered. These aircraft include one Airbus A319CJ (ex-reg: 0001) – YV2984, and one Boeing 737-200 (ex-reg: 0207) – YV3434. An Embraer Lineage 1000 (reg:YV3016) from Conviasa is used too.[194]

President Hugo Chavez often traveled on board an Ilyushin Il-96 aircraft owned by Cubana de Aviacion. A fleet of about 15 Dassault Falcons 900EXes, Falcon 50s and Learjets 45s is used for high-ranking officials.

The planes use the callsign "Venezuelan Air Force 001/FAV0001" when carrying the President.

See also

References

Citations

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Sources

Books
  • Philip Hancock (2016). Military Transports Quick Reference 2016. Air-Britain Historians. ISBN 978-0-85130-477-9.
  • Howard J Curtis (2016). Military Aircraft Markings 2016. Crecy Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85780-374-7.
  • Von Hardesty. Air Force One: The Aircraft that Shaped the Modern Presidency. Creative Publishing international; illustrated edition (1 September 2005). ISBN 978-1-58923-233-4.

Media related to Aircraft of heads of state and government at Wikimedia Commons