Gulfstream G500/G550
C-37B
A Netjets Europe G550 business jet on final approach
Role Business jet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Gulfstream Aerospace
First flight 18 July 2002[a]
Introduction 2004
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Navy
Israeli Air Force
Produced 2003–2021
Number built >600[1]
Developed from Gulfstream V

The Gulfstream G550 is a business jet aircraft produced by General Dynamics' Gulfstream Aerospace unit in Savannah, Georgia, US. The certification designation is GV-SP. A version with reduced fuel capacity was marketed as the G500. Gulfstream ceased production of the G550 in July 2021.

Development

G550 cabin

The first production G550 (GV-SP) flew on 18 July 2002 and the aircraft received its FAA type certificate on August 14, 2003.[2][3] In 2014, Gulfstream looked at a re-engine with the Rolls-Royce Pearl BR700 development announced in May 2018 for the new Global Express 5500 and 6500 variants but preferred the BR725-powered, 7,500 nmi G650.[4] The 500th Gulfstream G550 aircraft was delivered in May 2015.[5]

Deliveries went from 50 aircraft in 2011 to 19 in 2016 and with 40 units for sale in a fleet of 540. Valuations of the G550 are falling: a 10-year-old G550 valued $28 million a year before is worth $18-$20 million in January 2017, while a two-year-old went from $40 to $35 million.[6] In May 2017, early 2003 G550s were valued at $14 million against more than $45 million for newly purchased aircraft, flying an average of 425 hours per year.[7] In December 2018, a 2012-2013 G550 was valued $28-31 million, and cost $7,135 per hour for 400 hours a year.[8]

As it was replaced by the Gulfstream G600 by October 2019, the G550 was kept in limited production for long-term special missions applications and government orders.[9]

The final commercially available G550 was delivered in June 2021 after more than 600 of the aircraft were produced.[10][11]

Design

G550 flight deck

Compared to the Gulfstream V, drag reduction details boost range by 250 nmi (460 km) and increase fuel efficiency. Maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) is increased by 500 lb (230 kg) and takeoff performance is enhanced. A seventh pair of windows is added and the entry door is moved 2 ft (0.61 m) forward to increase usable cabin length. The PlaneView flight deck features cursor control devices, Honeywell Primus Epic avionics, standard head-up guidance system by Rockwell Collins and enhanced vision system by Elbit, improving situational awareness in reduced visibility conditions.[7]

Initial long-range cruise altitude is FL 400-410, first hour fuel burn is 4,500–5,000 lb (2,000–2,300 kg) decreasing for the second hour to 3,000 and 2,400 lb (1,400 and 1,100 kg) for the last hour. Flight hourly budget is $700-950 for engine reserves, $250 for parts and 2.5 maintenance hours. It competes against the Bombardier Global 6000, which has higher direct operating costs and less range but a more spacious cross section, and the Dassault Falcon 7X with fly-by-wire flight controls, better fuel efficiency and a wider but shorter cabin.[7]

Variants

GV-SP
The same as the Gulfstream V or GV with a new flightdeck display system, airframe aerodynamic and engine improvements, main entry door moved forward, also marketed as the G550.
G500
The Gulfstream G500 has a reduced fuel capacity.[2] Introduced in 2004 as a shorter 5,800 nautical miles (10,700 km) range version, it has the same exterior appearance, as well as the PlaneView cockpit, but Visual Guidance System (HUD) and Enhanced Vision System (EVS) are options. Its unit cost was US$48.25 million (2012)[12] (equivalent to US$63.31 million in 2023)[13] .
G550
Marketing name for the GV-SP. In 2021, its equipped price was $54.5M (~$60.5 million in 2023).[14]
U.S. Air Force C-37B.
C-37B
U.S. military designation for the G550 in a VIP passenger configuration.
EA-37B
U.S. military designation G550 version in an Electronic Warfare configuration to replace USAF's existing EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.[15][16] Previously known as EC-37B, on November 14, 2023, Air Combat Command redesignated the platform as EA-37B to better identify its mission of finding and attacking enemy land or sea targets.[17][18]
NC-37B
U.S. military designation for proposed G550 with the "Conformal AEW" body shape for use as range telemetry aircraft for U.S. Navy.[19][20]
MC-55A Peregrine
Royal Australian Air Force designation for SIGINT and ELINT intelligence gathering variant.[21]
Republic of Singapore Air Force G550 with IAI EL/W-2085 radar system
G550 CAEW
Israel has acquired a number of G550s, fitted with the IAI EL/W-2085 sensor package (a newer derivative of the Phalcon system) for Airborne Early Warning (AEW) use and named the aircraft Eitam. This aircraft is heavily modified for the AEW role by Gulfstream's partner, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), and is also called CAEW (Conformal Airborne Early Warning) by Gulfstream Special Missions Department.[22] Israel has also acquired a number of G550s dubbed SEMA (Special Electronic Missions Aircraft) with systems EL/I-3001 integration also carried out by IAI.[23] In 2012, Italy acquired two G550 CAEWs as part of a counter-deal to Israel's $1 billion (~$1.31 billion in 2023) order for 30 Alenia Aermacchi M-346 advanced jet trainers.[24] In 2022, Italy ordered two additional aircraft.[25] Singapore ordered four similar G550 CAEW aircraft equipped with the EL/W-2085 sensor package from Gulfstream and IAI.[26]
E-550A
Italian military designation for the G550 CAEW[27]
Air-to-air refueling variant
Israel Aerospace Industries has studied adapting the G550 for air-to-air refueling use.[28][29]

Operators

Gulfstream G550 government and military operators

Main article: List of Gulfstream G550 operators

The aircraft is operated by numerous governments, private individuals, companies and executive charter operators. A number of companies also use the aircraft as part of fractional ownership programs.

Specifications

Gulfstream G500

Data from G550 Brochure[30]

General characteristics

  • Cabin dimensions: height × width × length 6 ft 2 in × 7 ft 4 in × 43 ft 11 in (1.88 m × 2.24 m × 13.39 m); total length including baggage hold: 50 ft 1 in (15.27 m)
  • Cabin volume: 1,669 cu ft (47.26 m3); usable baggage compartment volume: 170 cu ft (4.81 m3)
  • Cabin altitude: 6,000 ft (1,829 m)[31]

Performance


See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ This is the date of the first flight of a production aircraft. A prototype aircraft flew before this date.

Notes

  1. ^ "Gulfstream G550 Production Reaches End of the Line". AIN.
  2. ^ a b "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A12EA, revision 46" (PDF). FAA. February 22, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2016. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  3. ^ "Gulfstream's GV-SP Makes First Flight July 18". Aviation Week Network. 29 July 2002. Retrieved 15 October 2023.
  4. ^ Molly McMillin (May 30, 2018). "What's On The Radar For Gulfstream?". Aviation Week Network.
  5. ^ "Gulfstream Delivers 500th G550" (Press release). General Dynamics. 2015-05-17.
  6. ^ "Gulfstream G550 could bow out in 2019". Flight Global. 18 January 2017.
  7. ^ a b c Fred George (Apr 27, 2017). "Gulfstream G550: Price/Performance Sweet Spot In Large-Cabin Class". Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week Network.
  8. ^ Nick Copley (Dec 6, 2018). "The Costs to Own and Operate a Gulfstream G550". SherpaReport.
  9. ^ Fred George (Oct 23, 2019). "Pilot Report: Gulfstream G600 Is A Worthy Successor To The G550". Business & Commercial Aviation.
  10. ^ Spruce, Terry. "GULFSTREAM DELIVERS FINAL G550 BUSINESS JET". Corporate Jet Investor. Specialist Insight. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Gulfstream G550 Production Reaches End of the Line". AIN.
  12. ^ "Operations Planning Guide" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. 2012.
  13. ^ Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2023). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved November 30, 2023. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the MeasuringWorth series.
  14. ^ "Purchase planning handbook - Ultra long-range jets table". Business & Commercial Aircraft. Second Quarter 2021.
  15. ^ "Moving Compass Call electronic warfare system to modern business jet". Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  16. ^ "L3Harris flies EC-37B Compass Call electronic warfare jet for first time".
  17. ^ "EC-37B Mission Design Series designation change to EA-37B". Air Combat Command. 14 November 2023. Retrieved 22 November 2023.
  18. ^ Tirpak, John A. (20 November 2023). "New EC-37B Gets a Designation Change to EA-37B". Air & Space Forces Magazine. Retrieved 22 November 2023.
  19. ^ "US Navy to customise G550 AEW airframe for range telemetry support". Jane's International Defence Review. 1 April 2016.
  20. ^ Trevithick, Joseph (7 September 2018). "Behold The First Official Photo Of The Navy's New NC-37B Missile Tracking Jet". The Drive. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  21. ^ "RAAF gets four new EW aircraft - Australian Defence Magazine". australiandefence.com.au. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  22. ^ "ELW-2085 - CAEW - Conformal Airborne Early Warning & Control". IAI.
  23. ^ "Israel to receive the first of three Eitam AEW aircraft". Penton. February 13, 2008.
  24. ^ "Italy signs G550 AEW deal with Israel". Flight Global. 20 July 2012.
  25. ^ "Secret NATO Client of Israeli Spy Planes Revealed". Haaretz. 28 April 2022. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  26. ^ Govindasamy, Siva (February 23, 2009). "Singapore takes delivery of first G550 AEW". Flight International.
  27. ^ "Utilizzo della Nomenclatura "Mission Design Series" (MDS) nelle Pubblicazioni Tecniche (PP.TT.) di competenza della DAAA AER(EP).0-0-12" (PDF). Ministero Della Defesa. 11 December 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  28. ^ Egozi, Arie (August 13, 2007). "IAI and Gulfstream planning G550 tanker". Flight International.
  29. ^ Egozi, Arie (December 23, 2010). "IAI continues to evaluate G550 for air refuelling". Flight International.
  30. ^ "G550 Brochure" (PDF). Gulfstream. July 2016.
  31. ^ "Gulfstream V in Service For 10 years" (Press release). Gulfstream. June 18, 2007.
  32. ^ Lednicer, David. "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". m-selig.ae.illinois.edu. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
United States tri-service EW aircraft designations post-1962