Gulfstream V
Role Business jet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Gulfstream Aerospace
First flight November 28, 1995[1]
Introduction June 1997[1]
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Coast Guard
United States Navy
Number built 193[2]
Developed from Gulfstream IV
Variants Gulfstream G550

The Gulfstream V (Model GV, pronounced "G-five") is a long-range, large business jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace, derived from the previous Gulfstream IV. It flies up to Mach 0.885 (508 kn; 940 km/h), up to 51,000 feet (16,000 m) and has a 6,500 nmi (12,000 km) range. It typically accommodates four crew and 14 passengers. It first flew on November 28, 1995, and entered service in June 1997.[1] It is used by the US military under the designation C-37A.[3] It is followed by an improved version, the Gulfstream 550 (Model GV-SP).


Model in wind tunnel

In the early 1990s, the Gulfstream V (GV) was developed as a response to the Bombardier Global Express.[4] It was certified on April 11, 1997.[5] Capable of flying up to 6,500 nmi (12,000 km), it rolled out in 1995 and was Gulfstream's first ultra-long range business jet. Total production of the Gulfstream V was 193 aircraft.[2] By 2018, 1997-1999 Gulfstream GVs were trading at $8.8-10.25 million.[6] By 2019, a GV was worth around $10 million: below $6 million for a fixer to up to $13 million for a late model low-time aircraft.[4]


Compared to the Gulfstream IV, the engines are changed from Rolls-Royce Tay to Rolls-Royce BR700-710A1-10 with increased thrust, higher bypass ratio, and Full Authority Digital Engine Controls (FADEC). Operating ceiling is increased from 45,000 to 51,000 ft (14,000 to 16,000 m). It has thrust reversers and composite flight control surfaces. The horizontal tail area is 30% larger, wingspan is increased from 74.6 to 93.5 ft (22.7 to 28.5 m), the fuselage is lengthened by 5 ft (1.5 m) forward of the main entry door, and by 2 ft (0.6 m) aft of the wing. Maximum takeoff and landing weights are increased by 15%.[5]

It has a new semi supercritical wing for a fuel capacity of 41,000–12,000 lb (18.6–5.4 t) more than the G-IV. The three zone cabin is similar to the G-IV, smaller than the Global Express, while its dispatch reliability, cabin noise and fuel efficiency compare favourably against its competitors of the same era. Compared to the comparably priced Global Express, the GV offers more range and is more fuel efficient while the Bombardier offers better runway performance, a larger cabin and a softer ride. BR710 overhaul comes at 8,000 hour or 10 years if it comes earlier and costs $1.25 million per engine.[4]


USCG C-37A in flight
Production aircraft powered by two BMW-Rolls-Royce 700-710A1-10 engines.
United States military designation for the G-V aircraft.[7]
Modified C-20B with enhanced, secure communications. Used to support senior-level personnel and to provide backup for Air Force One.Only 3 delivered to the Air Force in 1985 as the Reagan administration’s massive investment in “continuity of government” operations upgraded the government’s command-and-control systems.Their tail numbers were 50049, 50050 and 60403.One of three aircraft long tasked with evacuating the president in an emergency and preserving the so-called National Command Authorities,the officials with authority to launch nuclear weapons.The C-20Cs had slightly older dial-and-gauge cockpits to help protect the plane from the electromagnetic pulse that would accompany a nearby nuclear explosion.The gear aboard is top-notch, with special satellite communications networks and special classified defensive measures that would protect the plane during an attack.[8]


On ramp, Gulfstream V fuselage with six windows

Civil operators

The majority of G-Vs are operated by corporate and individual owners. Mark Cuban paid $40 million for a Gulfstream V in October 1999, earning a Guinness Record of "largest single e-commerce transaction". Steve Jobs received a Gulfstream V as compensation from Apple in 2000.[9]

Government and military operators



Israeli SEMA Gulfstream G550 inflight
 Saudi Arabia
 United States
U.S. Air Force C-37A in VIP livery

The 89th Airlift Wing's 99th Airlift Squadron, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, operates four C-37As. The 6th Air Mobility Wing's 310th Airlift Squadron, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida operates three C-37As. The 15th Airlift Wing's 65th Airlift Squadron, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A.[19] The 86th Airlift Wing's 76th Airlift Squadron, Ramstein Air Base, Germany has two C-37As. The Executive Transport Detachment Pacific, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A. The United States Army Priority Air Transport Det. (USAPAT), Andrews AFB, MD, operates two C-37As.[citation needed]

On March 11, 2005, Gulfstream delivered an ultra-long-range G-V to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The aircraft—known as the High-performance, Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER), based in Boulder, Colorado, is being used by environmental and atmospheric scientists from both public and private research facilities.[20] The GV was chosen by NCAR for its exceptionally high cruising altitude, long range, endurance, payload, reliability, and low operating costs, as well as worldwide product support.[21] The HIAPER Gulfstream V is modified to accept wing/pylon mounted instrumentation.


Viewed from below
Front view

Data from HIAPER GV Brochure[24]

General characteristics


See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era


  1. ^ a b c "Gulfstream History". Gulfstream. Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
  2. ^ a b c "Gulfstream V Fleet Achieves 1 Million Flight Hours" (Press release). gulfstream. May 13, 2012. Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  3. ^ "Model Designation of Military Aerospace Vehicles" (PDF). DoD. 12 May 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  4. ^ a b c Fred George (Dec 24, 2018). "Gulfstream V: Tokyo To New York Range For $10 Million". Business & Commercial Aviation.
  5. ^ a b c "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A12EA, revision 46" (PDF). FAA. February 22, 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 15, 2016. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  6. ^ Mark Huber (December 2018). "For many models, market hitting the apex" (PDF). Aviation International News. pp. 20–21, 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-12-27. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  7. ^ a b "C-37A". US Air Force. May 12, 2003. Archived from the original on August 20, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  8. ^ "The President's Secret Air Force". Politico.
  9. ^ "Apple Board of Directors Announces CEO Compensation" (Press release). Apple. January 19, 2000. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  10. ^ "Gulfstream Special Electronic Mission Aircraft Delivered to Israeli Ministry of Defense" (Press release). Gulfstream. 14 June 2005. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  11. ^ [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Italy receives first of two G550 CAEW aircraft from Israel IHS Jane's 360
  13. ^ [1] Italy receives second G550 for AEW duties
  14. ^ Singapore to get new AWACS
  15. ^ "File Not Found". Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  16. ^ "Gulfstream Delivers Four Special Mission Aircraft And Receives Order For One More In 1Q05" (Press release). Gulfstream. April 21, 2005. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  17. ^ "Gulfstream Aerospace G-V Gulfstream V - State of Kuwait". Archived from the original on 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  18. ^ "Gulfstream Aerospace G-V Gulfstream V - Saudi Medevac". Archived from the original on 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  19. ^ "C-37A arrives at Hickam AFB". U.S. Air Force. November 29, 2006. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  20. ^ "HIAPER Gulfstream GV". National Center for Atmospheric Research. Archived from the original on 2016-07-13. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  21. ^ "Gulfstream Delivers Four Special Mission Aircraft And Receives Order For One More In 1Q05" (Press release). Gulfstream. April 21, 2005. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  22. ^ "C-37A (Gulfstream V) and C-37B (Gulfstream 550)". U.S. Navy. Archived from the original on 2007-11-12. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  23. ^ "C-37A: Gulfstream V". Office of Aviation Forces. United States Coast Guard. January 26, 2012. Archived from the original on April 17, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  24. ^ "Gulfstream GV Brochure" (PDF). HIAPER. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-05-25. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g "Gulfstream aerospace G-V Gulfstream V". Archived from the original on 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2016-07-22.