XC-120 Packplane
Role Military transport aircraft
Manufacturer Fairchild
First flight 11 August 1950
Number built 1
Developed from C-119 Flying Boxcar

The Fairchild XC-120 Packplane was an American experimental transport aircraft built in the late 1940s. It was developed from the company's C-119 Flying Boxcar, and was unique in the unconventional use of removable cargo pods that were attached below the fuselage, instead of an internal cargo compartment.

Design and development

The XC-120 Packplane began as a C-119B fuselage (s/n 8330) which was cut down to just below the flight deck. The wings were raised between the engines and the fuselage, giving the plane a gull wing appearance. Smaller wheels were installed forward of each of the main landing gear struts to serve as nose wheels, while the main struts were extended backwards. All four landing gear could be raised and lowered in a scissor like fashion to lower the aircraft and facilitate the removal of a planned variety of pods which would be attached below the fuselage for the transport of cargo. The goal was to allow cargo to be pre-loaded into these movable pods, which would then be rolled under the airframe for aerial transport, thus simplifying and hastening the load/unload procedure.

Production aircraft were to be designated C-128.

Only one XC-120 was built and tested. Though the aircraft made numerous airshow appearances in the early 1950s, the project went no farther.

See also

Related development

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