Cook Out Southern 500
NASCAR Cup Series
VenueDarlington Raceway
LocationDarlington, South Carolina, United States
Corporate sponsorCook Out[1]
First race1950 (1950)
Distance501.322 miles (806.800 km)
Laps367[2]
Stages 1/2: 115 each
Final stage: 137
Previous namesSouthern 500 (1950–1988)
Heinz Southern 500 (1989–1991)
Mountain Dew Southern 500 (1992–1997, 2001–2004)
Pepsi Southern 500 (1998–2000)
Dodge Charger 500 (2005–2006)
Dodge Avenger 500 (2007)
Dodge Challenger 500 (2008)
Southern 500 presented by GoDaddy.com (2009)
Showtime Southern 500 (2010–2011)
Bojangles' Southern 500 (2012–2019)
Most wins (driver)Jeff Gordon (6)
Most wins (team)Hendrick Motorsports (11)
Most wins (manufacturer)Chevrolet (27)
Circuit information
SurfaceAsphalt
Length1.366 mi (2.198 km)
Turns4

The Southern 500, officially known as the Cook Out Southern 500 for sponsorship reasons, is a NASCAR Cup Series stock car race at Darlington Raceway in Darlington, South Carolina, United States. The race distance is 501 miles (806 km) and consists of 367 laps. From 1950 to 2003, and again since 2015, the race has been held on Labor Day weekend. The Southern 500 is largely considered one of the Crown Jewels of the NASCAR calendar, and has been nicknamed NASCAR's "oldest superspeedway race." For decades, the race has been considered by competitors and media as one of the more difficult and challenging races on the NASCAR schedule, owing much to the track's unusual, asymmetrical egg-shape, rough pavement, and overall unforgiving nature. Darlington Raceway itself has a long and storied reputation as the "Track Too Tough to Tame."

The Southern 500 has a storied history, including Bill Elliott famously winning the Winston Million in 1985, and Jeff Gordon doing the same in 1997. It is also the site of Darrell Waltrip's final career victory (1992).

Through 2004, Darlington held two Cup series races annually, the Southern 500 in the fall, and a 400-mile event in the spring. In 2004, the Southern 500 was moved to November and was run as the second-to-last race in the inaugural Chase for the Championship. The following year, as the result of a settlement in the Ferko lawsuit, Darlington lost one of its two dates. The 500-mile race was moved to the Saturday of Mother's Day weekend in May and renamed for the sponsorship of Dodge. The race was held as a night race under-the-lights during this period.

The event re-assumed the Southern 500 name in 2009, and in 2015, moved back to its traditional Labor Day weekend date. From 2015 to 2020, the race weekend has been themed "NASCAR Throwback," with many cars fielding "Throwback" paint schemes (the revitalised spring race has taken that role in 2021). Since 2020, the event is currently scheduled to take place as the first race of the NASCAR playoffs.

The trophy features photos of all the past winners of the race.[3]

History

1950–2003: Original run on Labor Day Weekend

The race began in 1950, as NASCAR's first 500-mile race, and it was the only race of such distance until the Daytona 500 debuted in 1959. Through most of its history, the race was one of NASCAR's premier events, and was known as one of four majors on the NASCAR circuit. From 19851997, it served as the fourth race of the popular Winston Million. Two drivers, Bill Elliott (1985) and Jeff Gordon (1997), clinched the Winston Million with victories in the Southern 500.

The Southern 500 was one of the last races on the circuit to embrace naming rights in its title. In 1989, the race added Heinz as a title sponsor, but kept the traditional "Southern" moniker in its official name. From 1992 to 2004, it was sponsored by PepsiCo products (Pepsi or Mountain Dew).

From 1950 to 2003, this annual event was traditionally held on Labor Day weekend (typically the first weekend of September). In the years before 1984, the race was held on Monday, Labor Day itself.[4]

2004: November

For the 2004 season, a realignment of the NASCAR schedule saw the race move to November. Track management believed the November date would allow for cooler, more comfortable weather for fans, who had increasingly voiced concerns about the hot, humid, weather. Also, it meant the race would be part of the new Chase for the Championship. Rockingham lost its fall date to Fontana, and the Pop Secret 500 was moved to the prestigious Labor Day weekend date.

In 2004, Francis Ferko, a shareholder of the company that owned Texas Motor Speedway, sued NASCAR, saying they had violated antitrust laws by refusing to have a second race at Texas Motor Speedway, as many other tracks had. The case was settled in his favor, and NASCAR was forced to give up one of its Darlington dates so that a second race could be held at Texas.

2005–2013: Mother's Day weekend

Starting in 2005, Darlington was forced to contract down to one race per year. Officials replaced Darlington's two events with one 500-mile race. Besides, the event's traditional moniker "Southern 500" was dropped for the time being. The race was situated on the Saturday of Mother's Day weekend in mid-May. Mother's Day weekend was a date that was mostly avoided by NASCAR. In recent decades, the Nashville 420 had used the Saturday of Mother's Day weekend for a time until it was discontinued in 1984. Moving the Darlington race to May loosely mimicked the period in which the spring race, once known as the Rebel 500, was held on or around Confederate Memorial Day.

Dodge, which had been sponsoring Darlington's 400-mile spring race at that point, took over sponsorship of the 500-miler. The title of the race was based on various Dodge models through 2008, including the Charger, Challenger, and Avenger. The race would be held under-the-lights and proved to be well-attended.

Without a title sponsor for 2009, the race tentatively re-adopted the generic moniker of "Southern 500." Track officials and fans were anxious to revive the traditional name. GoDaddy was signed as presenting sponsor, and it became known as the Southern 500 presented by GoDaddy.com for 2009.

The race was sponsored by Showtime Networks from 2010 to 2011 before Bojangles' took over in 2012. It remained on Mother's Day weekend through 2013, under the name Bojangles' Southern 500.

While enjoying renewed success in attendance and popularity in May, there was still desire by some fans, media, and others to move the race back to its traditional Labor Day date. Especially after replacement races (Fontana and Atlanta) failed to gain any foothold on the desirable Labor Day weekend holiday slot. Bruton Smith, CEO of Speedway Motorsports even offered to buy the Darlington track to return it to Labor Day weekend and "get it back where it belongs."[5]

2014: April

In 2014, the race switched dates with the spring Kansas race, and ran in the second weekend in April.[6] This change, like the one ten years earlier, would only last a year. The 2014 race was still run at night, whereas the Kansas race on that date had been run during the afternoon.

2015–present: Return to Labor Day weekend

A revived interest in moving the Southern 500 back to Labor Day grew over the summer of 2014. In August 2014, it was announced that 2015 Southern 500 would return to its traditional Labor Day weekend slot, the first time since 2003.[7] To combat the issue of heat and humidity that had resulted in the race originally being moved, the race is currently run Sunday night of Labor Day weekend, under the lights, with temperatures being cooler than they are during daytime hours.

To celebrate the return of the race to its traditional weekend, a concerted and highly publicized effort among NASCAR, the track, and teams were made to theme the weekend a "NASCAR Throwback." Thirty-two cars in the 43 car field ran throwback paint schemes during the event, with various other throwback aspects planned throughout the weekend.[8] It was announced days before the race that legendary broadcasters Ken Squier, Ned Jarrett and Dale Jarrett would announce part of the race. Some hour into the broadcasting, Squier, and the Jarretts called the race lap-by-lap for about an hour. NBC, which also utilized its logos from the 1970s during the broadcast, was widely praised by many for bringing back old memories in the sport. The success of the event led to a nomination for Sports Event of the Year.[9]

Due to the success and popularity in 2015, the "Throwback" theme for the weekend was run from 2015 to 2020. In 2021, with the reinstatement of the second weekend during the 2020 season, the theme was moved to the spring meeting in order to allow playoff teams to focus on the playoff.[10] The Labor Day weekend races (1950–2003) and the November race (2004), have been combined with the ten May/April races (2005–2014) and the Labor Day weekend races since 2015, to create a continuous lineage of the Southern 500 dating from 1950 to present.

Bojangles' ended its title sponsorship of the race after the 2019 race.[11]

2020: Return to the NASCAR playoffs

While still being held on Labor Day weekend, the Southern 500 became the first race of the NASCAR playoffs' Round of 16 due to NASCAR ending the season a week earlier than usual, at Phoenix Raceway. The race was previously held in the playoffs when it began in 2004. Cook Out, which had sponsored with Darlington Raceway as the official quick-service restaurant of the track, assumed naming rights for the Southern 500.[1] Starting in 2021, the throwback round theme was moved to the newly reinstated spring date, held on Mother’s Day.

Selected race summaries

Past winners

Year Day Date No. Driver Team Manufacturer Race Distance Race Time Average Speed Report
Laps Miles (km)
1950 Monday September 4 98 Johnny Mantz Hubert Westmoreland Plymouth 400 500 (804.672) 6:38:40 75.250 mph (121.103 km/h) Report
1951 Monday September 3 92 Herb Thomas Herb Thomas Hudson 400 500 (804.672) 6:30:05 76.906 mph (123.768 km/h) Report
1952 Monday September 1 14 Fonty Flock Frank Christian Oldsmobile 400 500 (804.672) 6:42:37 74.512 mph (119.915 km/h) Report
1953 Monday September 7 87 Buck Baker Bob Griffin Oldsmobile 364 500.5 (805.476) 5:23:19 92.881 mph (149.477 km/h) Report
1954 Monday September 6 92 Herb Thomas Herb Thomas Hudson 364 500.5 (805.476) 5:16:01 95.026 mph (152.930 km/h) Report
1955 Monday September 5 92 Herb Thomas Herb Thomas Chevrolet 364 500.5 (805.476) 5:25:25 92.281 mph (148.512 km/h) Report
1956 Monday September 3 99 Curtis Turner Charlie Schwam Ford 364 500.5 (805.476) 5:15:33 95.167 mph (153.156 km/h) Report
1957 Monday September 2 46 Speedy Thompson Speedy Thompson Chevrolet 364 500.5 (805.476) 5:00:01 100.094 mph (161.086 km/h) Report
1958 Monday September 1 22 Fireball Roberts Frank Strickland Chevrolet 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:52:44 102.585 mph (165.095 km/h) Report
1959 Monday September 7 7 Jim Reed Jim Reed Chevrolet 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:28:30 111.836 mph (179.983 km/h) Report
1960 Monday September 5 47 Buck Baker Jack Smith Pontiac 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:43:34 105.901 mph (170.431 km/h) Report
1961 Monday September 4 29 Nelson Stacy Dudley Farrell Ford 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:54:45 117.787 mph (189.560 km/h) Report
1962 Monday September 3 66 Larry Frank Ratus Walters Ford 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:14:34 117.965 mph (189.846 km/h) Report
1963 Monday September 2 22 Fireball Roberts Holman-Moody Ford 364 500.5 (805.476) 3:51:23 129.784 mph (208.867 km/h) Report
1964 Monday September 7 3 Buck Baker Ray Fox Dodge 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:15:01 117.757 mph (189.512 km/h) Report
1965 Monday September 6 11 Ned Jarrett Bondy Long Ford 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:19:09 115.878 mph (186.488 km/h) Report
1966 Monday September 5 16 Darel Dieringer Bud Moore Engineering Mercury 364 500.5 (805.476) 4:21:31 114.830 mph (184.801 km/h) Report
1967 Monday September 4 43 Richard Petty Petty Enterprises Plymouth 364 500.5 (805.476) 3:50:15 130.423 mph (209.895 km/h) Report
1968 Monday September 2 21 Cale Yarborough Wood Brothers Racing Mercury 364 500.5 (805.476) 3:58:05 126.132 mph (202.990 km/h) Report
1969 Monday September 1 98 LeeRoy Yarbrough Junior Johnson & Associates Ford 230* 316.25 (508.955) 2:59:40 105.612 mph (169.966 km/h) Report
1970 Monday September 7 6 Buddy Baker Cotton Owens Dodge 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:55:03 128.817 mph (207.311 km/h) Report
1971 Monday September 6 21 Bobby Allison Holman-Moody Mercury 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:48:55 131.398 mph (211.465 km/h) Report
1972 Monday September 4 12 Bobby Allison Richard Howard Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:54:46 128.124 mph (206.196 km/h) Report
1973 Monday September 3 11 Cale Yarborough Richard Howard Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:44:25 134.033 mph (215.705 km/h) Report
1974 Monday September 2 11 Cale Yarborough Junior Johnson & Associates Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:30:48 111.075 mph (178.758 km/h) Report
1975 Monday September 1 16 Bobby Allison Penske Racing AMC 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:17:28 116.825 mph (188.012 km/h) Report
1976 Monday September 6 21 David Pearson Wood Brothers Racing Mercury 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:09:33 120.534 mph (193.981 km/h) Report
1977 Monday September 5 21 David Pearson Wood Brothers Racing Mercury 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:41:48 106.797 mph (171.873 km/h) Report
1978 Monday September 4 11 Cale Yarborough Junior Johnson & Associates Oldsmobile 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:17:46 116.828 mph (188.016 km/h) Report
1979 Monday September 3 2 David Pearson Rod Osterlund Racing Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:58:14 126.259 mph (203.194 km/h) Report
1980 Monday September 1 44 Terry Labonte Billy Hagan Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:21:05 115.210 mph (185.413 km/h) Report
1981 Monday September 7 21 Neil Bonnett Wood Brothers Racing Ford 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:57:57 126.410 mph (203.437 km/h) Report
1982 Monday September 6 27 Cale Yarborough M. C. Anderson Racing Buick 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:21:00 115.224 mph (185.435 km/h) Report
1983 Monday September 5 22 Bobby Allison DiGard Motorsports Buick 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:03:52 123.343 mph (198.501 km/h) Report
1984 Sunday September 2 33 Harry Gant Mach 1 Racing Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:54:02 128.270 mph (206.431 km/h) Report
1985 Sunday September 1 9 Bill Elliott* Melling Racing Ford 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:08:02 121.254 mph (195.139 km/h) Report
1986 Sunday August 31 25 Tim Richmond Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:08:45 121.068 mph (194.840 km/h) Report
1987 Sunday September 6 3 Dale Earnhardt Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 202* 275.932 (444.069) 2:23:19 115.520 mph (185.911 km/h) Report
1988 Sunday September 4 9 Bill Elliott Melling Racing Ford 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:54:27 128.297 mph (206.474 km/h) Report
1989 Sunday September 3 3 Dale Earnhardt Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:42:03 135.462 mph (218.005 km/h) Report
1990 Sunday September 2 3 Dale Earnhardt Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:04:16 123.141 mph (198.176 km/h) Report
1991 Sunday September 1 33 Harry Gant Leo Jackson Racing Oldsmobile 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:45:18 133.508 mph (214.860 km/h) Report
1992 Sunday September 6 17 Darrell Waltrip DarWal, Inc. Chevrolet 298* 407.068 (655.112) 3:09:10 129.114 mph (207.789 km/h) Report
1993 Sunday September 5 6 Mark Martin Roush Racing Ford 351* 479.466 (771.625) 3:28:34 137.932 mph (221.980 km/h) Report
1994 Sunday September 4 11 Bill Elliott Junior Johnson & Associates Ford 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:55:05 127.952 mph (205.919 km/h) Report
1995 Sunday September 3 24 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:08:07 121.231 mph (195.102 km/h) Report
1996 Sunday September 1 24 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:41:34 135.757 mph (218.480 km/h) Report
1997 Sunday August 31 24 Jeff Gordon* Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:08:17 121.149 mph (194.970 km/h) Report
1998 Sunday September 6 24 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:36:21 139.031 mph (223.749 km/h) Report
1999 Sunday September 5 99 Jeff Burton Roush Racing Ford 270* 368.82 (593.558) 3:25:15 107.816 mph (173.513 km/h) Report
2000 Sunday September 3 18 Bobby Labonte Joe Gibbs Racing Pontiac 328* 448.048 (721.063) 4:08:20 108.273 mph (174.249 km/h) Report
2001 Sunday September 2 22 Ward Burton Bill Davis Racing Dodge 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:05:00 122.773 mph (197.584 km/h) Report
2002 Sunday September 1 24 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:13:35 118.617 mph (190.896 km/h) Report
2003 Sunday August 31 5 Terry Labonte Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:09:08 120.733 mph (194.301 km/h) Report
2004 Sunday November 14 48 Jimmie Johnson Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:00:33 125.044 mph (201.239 km/h) Report
2005 Saturday May 7 16 Greg Biffle Roush Racing Ford 370* 505.42 (813.394) 4:06:29 123.031 mph (197.999 km/h) Report
2006 Saturday May 13 16 Greg Biffle Roush Racing Ford 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:42:36 135.127 mph (217.466 km/h) Report
2007 Sunday May 13* 24 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:01:50 124.372 mph (200.157 km/h) Report
2008 Saturday May 10 18 Kyle Busch Joe Gibbs Racing Toyota 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:34:19 140.35 mph (225.87 km/h) Report
2009 Saturday May 9 5 Mark Martin Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:11:19 119.687 mph (192.618 km/h) Report
2010 Saturday May 8 11 Denny Hamlin Joe Gibbs Racing Toyota 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:57:35 126.605 mph (203.751 km/h) Report
2011 Saturday May 7 78 Regan Smith Furniture Row Racing Chevrolet 370* 505.42 (813.394) 3:53:51 129.678 mph (208.697 km/h) Report
2012 Saturday May 12 48 Jimmie Johnson Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 368* 502.688 (808.997) 3:45:25 133.802 mph (215.333 km/h) Report
2013 Saturday May 11 20 Matt Kenseth Joe Gibbs Racing Toyota 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:32:45 141.383 mph (227.534 km/h) Report
2014 Saturday April 12 4 Kevin Harvick Stewart-Haas Racing Chevrolet 374* 510.884 (822.188) 3:53:37 131.211 mph (211.164 km/h) Report
2015 Sunday September 6 19 Carl Edwards Joe Gibbs Racing Toyota 367 501.322 (806.799) 4:28:35 111.993 mph (180.235 km/h) Report
2016 Sunday September 4 78 Martin Truex Jr. Furniture Row Racing Toyota 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:57:54 126.437 mph (203.481 km/h) Report
2017 Sunday September 3 11 Denny Hamlin Joe Gibbs Racing Toyota 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:46:34 132.761 mph (213.658 km/h) Report
2018 Sunday September 2 2 Brad Keselowski Team Penske Ford 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:48:54 131.408 mph (211.481 km/h) Report
2019 Sunday
Monday
September 1–2 20 Erik Jones Joe Gibbs Racing Toyota 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:44:46 133.825 mph (215.370 km/h) Report
2020 Sunday September 6 4 Kevin Harvick Stewart-Haas Racing Ford 367 501.322 (806.799) 3:47:26 132.256 mph (212.845 km/h) Report
2021 Sunday September 5 Report

Notes

Track length notes

Multiple winners (drivers)

# Wins Driver Years Won
6 Jeff Gordon 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2007
5 Cale Yarborough 1968, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1982
4 Bobby Allison 1971, 1972, 1975, 1983
3 Herb Thomas 1951, 1954, 1955
Buck Baker 1953, 1960, 1964
David Pearson 1976, 1977, 1979
Dale Earnhardt 1987, 1989, 1990
Bill Elliott 1985, 1988, 1994
2 Fireball Roberts 1958, 1963
Harry Gant 1984, 1991
Terry Labonte 1980, 2003
Mark Martin 1993, 2009
Greg Biffle 2005, 2006
Jimmie Johnson 2004, 2012
Denny Hamlin 2010, 2017
Kevin Harvick 2014, 2020

Multiple winners (teams)

# Wins Team Years Won
11 Hendrick Motorsports 1986, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2009,
2012
7 Joe Gibbs Racing 2000, 2008, 2010, 2013, 2015,
2017, 2019
4 Junior Johnson & Associates 1969, 1974, 1978, 1994
Roush Racing 1993, 1999, 2005, 2006
Wood Brothers Racing 1968, 1976, 1977, 1981
3 Herb Thomas 1951, 1954, 1955
Richard Childress Racing 1987, 1989, 1990
2 Holman-Moody 1963, 1971
Richard Howard 1972, 1973
Melling Racing 1985, 1988
Furniture Row Racing 2011, 2016
Team Penske 1975, 2018
Stewart-Haas Racing 2014, 2020

Manufacturer wins

# Wins Manufacturer Years Won
27 Chevrolet 1955, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1972,
1973, 1974, 1979, 1980, 1984,
1986, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1992,
1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002,
2003, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2011,
2012, 2014
16 Ford 1956, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1965,
1969, 1981, 1985, 1988, 1993,
1994, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2018,
2020
7 Toyota 2008, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2016,
2017, 2019
5 Mercury 1966, 1968, 1971, 1976, 1977
4 Oldsmobile 1952, 1953, 1978, 1991
3 Dodge 1964, 1970, 2001
2 Hudson 1951, 1954
Plymouth 1950, 1967
Buick 1982, 1983
Pontiac 1960, 2000
1 AMC 1975

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cook Out & Darlington Raceway Partner on Entitlement for the Cook Out Southern 500". Darlington Raceway (Press release). August 25, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  2. ^ "Stage lengths for 2021 NASCAR season". NASCAR. January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  3. ^ "Unique trophies in NASCAR". NASCAR. September 25, 2014. Archived from the original on 2018-04-26. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  4. ^ "Southern 500 Race Shifted To Sunday". The Charlotte Observer. November 1, 1983. p. 23. Retrieved March 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  5. ^ "Bruton willing to buy Darlington - to move race back to Labor Day weekend". Jayski.com (excerpt from Winston Salem Journal). March 11, 2006. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  6. ^ Cain, Holly (October 11, 2013). "KANSAS, DARLINGTON TO SWAP SCHEDULE SPOTS IN '14". NASCAR. Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  7. ^ Pockrass, Bob (August 22, 2014). "Sprint Cup schedule: Darlington gets Labor Day weekend back, Bristol moves spring race to April". Sporting News. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  8. ^ "DARLINGTON'S THROWBACK PAINT SCHEMES". Official Site Of NASCAR. 14 February 2017. Archived from the original on 2015-09-07. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  9. ^ "Darlington nominated for sports event of year". Official Site Of NASCAR. 14 February 2017. Archived from the original on 2016-05-21. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  10. ^ "Jayski's® NASCAR Silly Season Site - 2016 NASCAR Darlington Throwback Paint Schemes". www.jayski.com. Archived from the original on 2016-05-30. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  11. ^ McFadin, Daniel (December 11, 2019). "Bojangles' ends sponsorship of Southern 500". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  12. ^ Eichel, Henry (September 7, 1976). "Race Fans Roar For Carter, Nod To Dole". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1. Retrieved March 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.open access


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