Tozhu Tuvans
Тугалар / Тухалар
a Tozhu Tuvan man, Iy (Ий) River, 1897
Total population
4,442 (2002)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Tozhu Tuvan, Russian
Tibetan Buddhism, Tengrism
Related ethnic groups
Other Tuvans, Dukhans, Tofalars, Soyots, Samoyeds,[3] several other Turkic peoples and Uriankhai Mongols

The Tozhu Tuvans, Tozhu Tuvinians, Todzhan Tuvans or Todzhinians (own name: Тугалар Tugalar or Тухалар Tukhalar; Russian Тувинцы-тоджинцы Tuvincy-todžincy, Тоджинцы Todžincy) are a Turkic subgroup of the Tuvans living in Todzhinsky District of Tuva Republic. The Tozhu Tuvans are reindeer herders.[4]


The language of Tozhu Tuvan people is a subdialect of Eastern (or Northeastern) dialect of Tuvan language.[citation needed] The Tozhu Tuvan dialect is classified as part of the Taiga Sayan Turkic branch of Sayan Turkic along with Tere-Khöl Tuvan, while most other Tuvan dialects are classified as part of the Steppe Sayan Turkic branch.[3]


  1. ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года". Archived from the original on 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2009-12-24.
  2. ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b Elisabetta Ragagnin (2011), Dukhan, a Turkic Variety of Northern Mongolia, Description and Analysis, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden
  4. ^ Информация о тоджинцах на сайте Совета Федерации РФ