Walkeshwar Temple
The Temple and Tank of Walkeshwar at Bombay by Edwin Lord Weeks
LocationMalabar Hill, Mumbai
Walkeshwar Temple is located in Mumbai
Walkeshwar Temple
Walkeshwar temple in Mumbai
Walkeshwar Temple is located in Maharashtra
Walkeshwar Temple
Walkeshwar Temple (Maharashtra)
Walkeshwar Temple is located in India
Walkeshwar Temple
Walkeshwar Temple (India)
Geographic coordinates18°56′42″N 72°47′38″E / 18.945°N 72.794°E / 18.945; 72.794
Funded byLakshman Prabhu
Banganga Tank and Walkeshwar Temple, Bombay, c. 1855.
Gowd saraswat Brahmin Jatiche Devalaya Shree valukeshwar
Kashi Math, Walkeshwar.

Walkeshwar Temple, also known as the Baan Ganga Temple, is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Walkeshwar, near Malabar Hill neighbourhood, in South Mumbai precinct of the city of Mumbai, India. It is situated at the highest point of the city,[1] and close to the temple lies the Banganga Tank.


Legend has it that Hindu god, Rama paused at that spot on his way from Ayodhya to Lanka in pursuit of the demon king, Ravana who had kidnapped his wife, Sita. Then Lord Rama was advised to worship Shiva lingam and he is said to have constructed the original linga of sand, after getting tired of waiting for his brother, Lakshman to bring an idol. The name is etymologically derived from the Sanskrit word for an idol made of sand -- Valuka Iswar, an Avatar of Shiva.

As the story progresses, when Rama was thirsty, as there was no fresh water readily available (only sea water), he shot an arrow and brought Ganges over here. Hence Bana (arrow in Sanskrit) Ganges. The water that feeds the tank stems from an underground spring at that spot, despite its proximity to the sea.


The temple and the attached fresh water Banganga Tank were built in 1127 AD by Lakshman Prabhu, a Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu minister[2][3][4] in the court of Silhara dynasty Kings who ruled Thane, and the islands of Mumbai during 810 to 1240 AD. The temple was destroyed by the Portuguese during their reign over Mumbai in the 16th century. It was rebuilt due to the generosity of Mumbai businessman and philanthropist, Rama Kamat, a Gaud Saraswat Brahmin (known in British records as 'Kamati') in 1715. The main temple has been substantially reconstructed and many smaller temples have come up around the Banganga Tank. By 1860, the temple started attracting greater crowds and 10 to 20 other temples had come up around it and 50 dharamshalas.[5]

Even today the temple itself and much of the property in the complex belongs to the Gaud Saraswat Brahmin Temple Trust.

The temple has inscriptions with 8 verses in Sanskrit, which describe the story of the temple. The inscription is given below;

अत्र शिलाहारन्वय समये द्वादशमिते शते क्रैस्ते |
शिवमन्दिरं पुराणं रेजे यल्लक्ष्मणेश्वराख्यमभ्रुत् ||1||

रचितं लक्ष्मणनाम्ना गोमन्तद्विजमहाप्रधानेन |
ऐतिह्ये वार्तेयं लोकें सौमित्रिणा तु संबद्धा ||2||

काले मुम्बाद्वीपे क्रूरफिरङ्गीतरङ्गभङ्गहते |
विध्वन्सितं तदैतत केवलमासीत शिलासमाहारः ||3||

मुम्बाद्वीपे पश्चात् आङ्ग् वणि क्य संघशासनं प्राप्ते |
आसीन्मुद्राध्यक्ष सेनाध्यक्षस्तथा महाश्रेष्ठी ||4||

सुमतिर्जनाभिराम पुण्यात्मा रामकामतिनाम |
सारस्वतं कुलं यो गार्ग्यं गोत्रं च भूषयामास ||5||

संस्थाप्यादौ 'कोटे' सामळियालाल-वेङ्कटेशौ सः |
नन्दशरर्षिधरित्री -मिते तदूर्ध्वं स विक्रमे वर्षे ||6||

जीर्णोद्धारं कृत्वा पुनरपि शिवमन्दिरं स निर्मितवान् |
चद्वालुकेश्वर इति ख्यातिं लोकेषु पावनीमाप ||7||

क्षुद्रो वालुककण इव विश्व कृत्सन यदग्रतो भाति |
तं वालुकेश्वरमहं वन्दे अनन्तं कृपनिधिं शान्तम ||8||

Translation - During the period of the Shilahar rule in the 12th Century C.E., a Shiva temple was constructed by a leader of Gomantaka Dwijas (Dwijas from modern Goa), named LakshmaN (Prabhu), hence the temple was known as LakshmaNeshwar. Eventually the temple was attributed to the son of Sumitra i.e., LakshmaN.

With the passage of time and arrival of the cruel firangis (Portuguese) in Mumba Island (Mumbai), it was destroyed and reduced to a pile of stones.

Eventually, Mumbai passed on to the East India Company (referred as the English Trade Group). A pious, good natured person named Shri. Rama Kamath, from Saraswat kula and Gaargya Gotra; a great businessman became the Treasurer and Commander of the Army of the East India Company. He consecrated the temple of Samaliyalal (Krishna in Gujarati) and Venkatesh in Fort.

Three years after the Vikram Varsha named Nanda, he performed the Jeernoddhaar (re-consecration) of this Shiva Temple (in 1715 C.E.), which has attained pious fame today as the Walukeshwar.

In front of whom the whole World appears as a speck of sand, my humble prostration to Walukeshwar (The Lord made of sand), who is the ocean of kindness and peace.


The temple is generally busy every month only during the full moon, and at Amavasya (new moon). In the past, it was a favorite of the Malabar pirates who used to frequent the islands during the 16th and 17th centuries.

It is currently the site of an annual Hindustani classical music festival, which in 2005 featured musicians like classical singers Rajan and Sajan Mishra, and Santoor maestro Shivkumar Sharma. Branches of Shri Kavle Math and Shri Kashi Math, famous religious seats of Gaud Saraswat Brahmins, are located on the northern and western banks of the tank, respectively.



  1. ^ Walkeshwar village Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine British Library.
  2. ^ Shamrao Moroji Nayak (1877). A History of the Pattana Prabhus. Oxford University. Family printing press , Fanaswadi.
  3. ^ Mule, S.M. "Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu - Wikipedia | S.Muley,M.A.,PhD (1972). Studies in the Historical and cultural geography and ethnography of the Deccan. Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute, University of Poona. pp. 301, 303, 304. " pg 301: (section)Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu...From our epigraphical evidences, many Prabhus seem to have held high posts in the Silahara kingdom, and controlled the civil and military administration. The Chaul inscription of AD.1088 mentions Veliga Prabhu. Ananta Prabhu and Lakshamana Prabhu appear in a number of records. The former was a MahaPradhana, Kosadhikari, MahasandhiVigrahika and the latter was a MahaPradhana and Mahadandanayaka. Table on Pg 303,304: minister: pradhana, head of treasury: kosadhikari, foreign department charge: Mahasandhivigrahika, head of military: MahaDandanayaka". en.m.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  4. ^ Mulay, Sumati (1954). "Studies in the historical and cultural geography and ethnography of the Deccan". University.
  5. ^ "Malabar Hill - Image, 1850". Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2008.

18°56′42″N 72°47′38″E / 18.945°N 72.794°E / 18.945; 72.794