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Wankhede Stadium
Wankhede Stadium during the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final
Map
AddressNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose Rd, Churchgate, Mumbai (South), Maharashtra, India
LocationChurchgate, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Public transitBus interchange at the Churchgate station
OwnerMumbai Cricket Association
OperatorMumbai Cricket Association
Seating typeStadium seating
Capacity32,000 (2011–present)[1]
39,000 (1974–2010)[1]
SurfaceGrass
Construction
ArchitectShashi Prabhu and Associates (1974) Shashi Prabhu and Associates and P.K. Das and associates (2017)
Ground information
TenantsMumbai cricket team
Mumbai Indians
India national cricket team
End names
  Tata End  
Garware Pavilion End
International information
First Test23–29 January 1975:
 India v  West Indies
Last Test3–7 December 2021:
 India v  New Zealand
First ODI17 January 1987:
 India v  Sri Lanka
Last ODI17 March 2023:
 India v  Australia
First T20I22 December 2012:
 India v  England
Last T20I3 January 2023:
 India v  Sri Lanka
Only women's Test10–13 February 1984:
 India v  Australia
First WODI23 December 1997:
 Ireland v  New Zealand
Last WODI28 February 2019:
 India v  England
Only WT20I31 March 2016:
 West Indies v  New Zealand
As of 17 March 2023
Source: Cricinfo

Wankhede Stadium (pronounced [ʋaːnkʰeɖe]) is an international cricket stadium in Mumbai, India.[2] It is owned and operated by Mumbai Cricket Association (MCA) and is the home ground of the Mumbai Indians. It houses the headquarters of MCA, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and the Indian Premier League (IPL).

The stadium is situated near Marine Drive in the Churchgate neighbourhood. Several old cricket clubs are near the stadium, including Hindu Gymkhana, Parsi Gymkhana and Cricket Club of India (CCI).

The stadium has been host to numerous high-profile cricket matches in the past, most notably the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final, in which India defeated Sri Lanka and became the first country to win the Cricket World Cup on home soil. It hosted the last match of Sachin Tendulkar's international career.

History

Previous stadiums

Mumbai has seen Test matches played at three different grounds. The Mumbai Gymkhana ground hosted the first-ever Test in India, in 1933–34 against England. After World War II, the Cricket Club of India's (CCI) Brabourne Stadium – the second ground of the city – was used for 17 Tests.

Construction

Wankhede Stadium was built after disputes between the CCI, which owns Brabourne Stadium, and the Bombay Cricket Association (BCA; now Mumbai Cricket Association) over the allocation of tickets for cricket matches.[3] This became severe after the Test between India and England in 1973. At the initiative of S. K. Wankhede, a politician and the secretary of the Mumbai Cricket Association, BCA built the new stadium in South Bombay (now South Mumbai) near the Churchgate station by appointing Shashi Prabhu & Associates as their architects and B.E. Billimoria & Co as the contractors. It was named after Wankhede in 1974.[citation needed] It was built in approximately 13 months and opened in time for the final Test between India and the West Indies in 1975.[4] Since then, Wankhede Stadium has been the main cricketing venue in the city.

Wankhede Stadium staged its first Test in the 1974–75 season when the West Indies toured India; India lost by 201 runs. The Test also featured a crowd disturbance after a fan who rushed onto the ground to greet West Indies player Clive Lloyd was treated roughly by the police. India's first victory at the stadium was against New Zealand two seasons later. The stadium has been a witness to great innings like Sunil Gavaskar's 205 against the West Indies and Alvin Kallicharan's 187 in the same game in the 1978–79 series and all-round heroics like Ian Botham's century and thirteen wickets in the Jubilee Test in 1979–80, which England won by ten wickets. The highest score by an Indian at the Wankhede Stadium is Virat Kohli's 235 against England in 2016–17. Incidentally Ravi Shastri's six sixes in an over off Baroda's Tilak Raj in Ranji Trophy, en route to the fastest double-hundred in first-class cricket were recorded on this ground in 1984–85. His unbeaten 200 in 113 minutes off 123 balls with 13 fours and 13 sixes at this ground is the fastest double century in first-class cricket since the 2017–18 season when Shafiqullah Shafaq scored a double century in 89 balls.[5][6]

Reconstruction

Since ICC World Cup Cricket 2011 was to be hosted by India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka, and Mumbai was selected to host the final, it was decided to redevelop the Wankhede Stadium to suit the modern facilities and comfort of spectators.

The Managing Committee invited presentations from reputed Architects and shortlisted M/s. P.K. Das & Associates and M/s. Shashi Prabhu & Associates to jointly draw up a project for the redevelopment of the Wankhede Stadium. While redeveloping the Stadium, major changes were at the North end and the South end with better facilities for the spectators in terms of bucket seating, a large number of toilets, and food courts.

While MCA undertook the redevelopment of Wankhede Stadium, the ground was not available for domestic and international cricket until February 2011. In order to ensure that MCA did not miss out on the turn of Test and ODI matches and also to develop a healthy working relationship with the Cricket Club of India.

One of the highlights of the stadium is the suspended cantilever roofs. The Teflon fabric roof is lighter in weight and heat resistant. There is no beam support for the roof to ensure that the spectators will have a better view. On the roof, there are exhaust fans that suck the hot air from the stands and allow the breeze from the West to flow in. The stadium has 20 elevators for North and South stands.[7]

The stadium has a capacity of 32,000, following renovations for the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Before the upgrade, the capacity was approximately 39,000.[1]

World Cup 2023

Wankhede Stadium is proposed to be used as one of the venues for World Cup 2023. The up-gradation of the stadium is currently in works where Shashi Prabhu & Associates have once again been appointed to oversee the restoration of entire outfield. The matches will be played in October, 2023

Pitch

The entire square is made of local red soil which gives extra bounce thus making batting slightly. The pitch over the years has generally favoured the batters more than bowlers. However, the pitch come into serious criticism during the 4th test of Border Gavaskar Trophy 2004 where the test match ended in just around two-and-a half days apparently resulting in India's win and was declared a "Minefield" by then Aussies skipper Ricky Ponting as the ball started turning very sharply right from the 1st session of the game. Generally, the pace bowlers get some help off the pitch here with the new ball due to sea-breeze flow along the stadium.

Cricket World Cup

This stadium has hosted 20 One Day International (ODI) matches every time that India has hosted the Cricket World Cup:

1987 Cricket World Cup

17 October 1987
Scorecard
India 
136/2 (27.5 overs)
v
 Zimbabwe
135 (44.2 overs)
Dilip Vengsarkar 46*(37)
John Traicos 2/27 (8 overs)
Andrew Pycroft 61 (102)
Manoj Prabhakar 4/19 (8 overs)
India won by 8 wickets
Umpires: Mahboob Shah and David Shepherd
5 November 1987
Scorecard
India 
219 (45.3 overs)
v
 England
254/6 (50 overs)
Mohammad Azharuddin 64 (74)
Eddie Hemmings 4/52 (9.3 overs)
Graham Gooch 115 (136)
Maninder Singh 3/54 (10 overs)
England won by 35 runs
Umpires: Tony Crafter and Steve Woodward
Player of the match: Graham Gooch

1996 Cricket World Cup

27 February 1996
Scorecard
Australia 
258 (50 overs)
v
 India
242 (48 overs)
Mark Waugh 126 (135)
Venkatapathy Raju 2/48 (10 overs)
Sachin Tendulkar 90(84)
Damien Fleming 5/36 (9 overs)
Australia won by 16 runs
Umpires: Steve Dunne and David Shepherd

2011 Cricket World Cup

13 March 2011
Scorecard
New Zealand 
358/6 (50 overs)
v
 Canada
261/9 (50 overs)
Brendon McCullum 101(109)
Jacob Oram 3/47 (10 overs)
Ashish Bagai 84(87)
Harvir Baidwan 3/84 (9.1 overs)
New Zealand won by 97 runs
Umpires: Bruce Oxenford and Shavir Tarapore
18 March 2011
Scorecard
Sri Lanka 
265/9 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
153/10 (35 overs)
Kumar Sangakkara 111(128)
Muttiah Muralitharan 4/25 (8 overs)
Ross Taylor 33(55)
Tim Southee 3/63 (10 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 112 runs
Umpires: Asad Rauf and Richard Kettleborough
Player of the match: Kumar Sangakkara
2 April 2011
Scorecard
Sri Lanka 
274/6 (50 overs)
v
 India
277/4 (48.2 overs)
Mahela Jayawardene 103(88)
Yuvraj Singh 2/49 (10 overs)
Gautam Gambhir 97(122)
Lasith Malinga 2/42 (9 overs)
India won by 6 wickets
2011 Cricket World Cup Final
Umpires: Aleem Dar and Simon Taufel
Player of the match: MS Dhoni 91*

India became the first country to win the Cricket World Cup on home soil at Wankhede stadium.

Other events

Record and Statistics

See also: List of international cricket centuries at the Wankhede Stadium

See also: List of international cricket five-wicket hauls at Wankhede Stadium

Test Records

ODI Records

T20I Records

Stands

Wankhede Stadium during the first innings of the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final between Sri Lanka and India.
Panoramic shot of Wankhede Stadium during the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final between Sri Lanka and India.

In media

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c Janardhan, Arun (17 October 2013). "Sachin's last Test: Wankhede braces for ticket rush". livemint.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  2. ^ Caless, Kit (19 February 2017). "クリケットの街から眺めるインドサッカー界の未来" [The future of Indian football seen from the city of cricket]. vice.com (in Japanese). Vice Japan. Archived from the original on 28 January 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2023.
  3. ^ "Cricinfo: Brabourne Stadium". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  4. ^ Inglis, Simon (25 May 2000). Sightlines: a stadium odyssey. Yellow Jersey. ISBN 978-0-224-05968-8. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Wankhede Stadium - CricBlogg". Archived from the original on 30 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Every T20 record at the Wankhede Stadium | Highest total to highest run-scorer". 13 October 2021.
  7. ^ "MCA: Wankhede Stadium". mumbaicricket.com. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  8. ^ "BJP govt's swearing-in at Wankhede costed Rs 98.33 lakh: RTI". Hindustan Times. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  9. ^ "Records: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai: Test matches: Most runs". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Records: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai: Test matches: Most wickets". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Records: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai: One-Day Internationals: Highest totals". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 15 October 2016.

Some of IPL record at the wankhede Stadium

Some of T20 record at the wankhede Stadium

18°56′20.1″N 72°49′32.6″E / 18.938917°N 72.825722°E / 18.938917; 72.825722